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Kettering Institute, the Goodwin Institute for Cancer Research, the Institute Merieux, and others. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and holds a Sc.D. from Johns Hopkins University.

HENRY R.SHINEFIELD is chief of pediatrics at the Kaiser Permanente Medical Center in San Francisco and clinical professor of pediatrics at the University of California School of Medicine in San Francisco. He has served as a member or chairman of many committees on infectious disease, anti-infective agents, and vaccines for the National Institutes of Health and the Food and Drug Administration. He is a member of national and regional medical, pediatric, and infectious diseases societies, and has served as a consultant or as a member of the editorial boards of pediatric and infectious diseases journals.

JANE E.SISK is a project director in the Health Program of the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA), a position she has held since 1981. She has recently completed a project on the medical devices industry and previously worked on studies of federal vaccine policies and on cost-effectiveness analyses of influenza and pneumococcal vaccines. From 1978 to 1981, she was a Veterans Administration scholar based at the National Center for Health Services Research, where she examined the use of medical technologies under different financing and organizational arrangements. She received a Ph.D. in economics from McGill University and a B.A. in international relations from Brown University.

CLADD E.STEVENS became head of the Laboratory of Epidemiology of The New York Blood Center in 1981. For the preceding seven years, she had worked in that laboratory with the late Wolf Szmuness, following 2 years in Taiwan as a postdoctoral fellow. Her research on the epidemiology of viral hepatitis has included extensive experience in efficacy trials of hepatitis B vaccine. She has an M.D. degree from Baylor College of Medicine and an M.P.H. degree from the University of Washington.

LEROY WALTERS has been director of the Center for Bioethics at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, since 1971. He is also an associate professor of philosophy at Georgetown and has served on numerous national committees and advisory panels, including the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee, National Institutes of Health, and the National Council on Health Care Technology, Department of Health and Human Services. He is editor of the Bibliography of Bioethics (Vol. 1–9), co-editor of Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, and the author of many articles on ethical issues in biomedical research. He is also a member of the editorial boards of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, IVF: The Journal of In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer, and the American Journal of Reproductive Immunology. He has a M. Phil, degree and a Ph.D. in Religious Studies (Ethics) from Yale University.

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