Education of Architects and Engineers for Careers in Facility Design and Construction

Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment

Committee on Education of Facilities Design and Construction Professionals

National Academy Press
Washington, D.C. 1995



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Education of Architects and Engineers for Careers in Facility Design and Construction Education of Architects and Engineers for Careers in Facility Design and Construction Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment Committee on Education of Facilities Design and Construction Professionals National Academy Press Washington, D.C. 1995

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Education of Architects and Engineers for Careers in Facility Design and Construction NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. This project was carried out under the technical program of the Federal Construction Council (FCC). The FCC is a continuing activity of the Building Research Board (BRB), which is a unit of the NRC Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems. The purpose of the FCC is to promote cooperation among federal construction agencies and between such agencies and other elements of the building community in addressing technical issues of mutual concern. The FCC program is supported by 18 federal agencies: the Department of the Air Force (2 agencies), the Department of the Army (2 agencies), the Department of Commerce, the Department of Energy, the Department of the Interior, the Department of the Navy, the Department of State, the General Services Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Endowment for the Arts, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Information Agency, the U.S. Postal Service, the U.S. Public Health Service, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Funding for the project was provided through the following agreements between the indicated federal agency and the National Academy of Sciences: Department of State Contract No. 1030-270106; National Science Foundation Grant No. MSS-9203138, under master agreement 8618641; and U.S. Postal Service grant unnumbered Additional copies of this report are available from: Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW HA 274 Washington, D.C. 20418 202/334-3378 Copyright 1995 by the National Academy of Sciences . All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

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Education of Architects and Engineers for Careers in Facility Design and Construction COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION OF FACILITIES DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION PROFESSIONALS KENNETH F. REINSCHMIDT, Chair, President, Stone and Webster Advanced Systems Development Services, Boston, Massachusetts RICHARD O. ANDERSON, Senior Vice President, Soil and MaterialsEngineers, Inc., Plymouth, Michigan REBECCA G. BARNES, AIA, Planning Department, City of Seattle, Seattle, Washington KWEKU K. BENTIL, Chairman and Associate Professor of the Department of Building Construction, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Washington, Seattle WILLIAM J. COAD, President, McClure Engineering Associates, St.Louis, Missouri ROBERT W. DORSEY, Professor of Construction Science, OMI College of Applied Science, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio THOMAS L. MCKITTRICK, FAIA, Associate Professor, College of Architecture, Texas A&M University, College Station CONSTANTINE E. MICHAELIDES, Dean Emeritus, School of Architecture, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri WALTER P. MOORE, President and Chairman of the Board, Walter P. Moore and Associates, Inc., Houston, Texas MONTE L. PHILLIPS, Professor, Civil Engineering Department,University of North Dakota, Grand Forks MICHAEL A. PRICE, Director of Architecture and Engineering Programs, Research Center for Continuing Professional and Higher Education, University of Oklahoma, Norman JAMES E. STICE , The Bob R. Dorsey Professor of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin JON S. TRAW, P.E., President, International Conference of Building Officials, Whittier, California ROGER B. WILLIAMS, AIA,Managing Principal / Director, International Projects, Mithun Partners, Inc., Seattle, Washington Agency Liaison Representatives DENNIS J. FECK, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C. THOMAS GROOMS, National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, D.C. WILLIAM MINER, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C. RONALD JOHNSON, Navy Facilities Engineering Command, U.S. Department of the Navy, Alexandria, Virginia

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Education of Architects and Engineers for Careers in Facility Design and Construction JIM LOVO, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, D.C. JESSE SINTES, P.E., Indian Health Service, Rockville, Maryland ROBERT TYSON, U.S. Department of State, Arlington, Virginia DWAIN WARNE, General Services Administration, Washington, D.C. NRC Board on Engineering Education Liaison SAMUEL C. FLORMAN, Kreisler Borg Florman Construction Company, Scarsdale, New York Project Staff HENRY A. BORGER, Senior Project Officer LENA B. GRAYSON, Project Assistant MARY T. MCCORMACK, Project Assistant LINDA VOSS, Consulting Editor

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Education of Architects and Engineers for Careers in Facility Design and Construction BOARD ON INFRASTRUCTURE AND THE CONSTRUCTED ENVIRONMENT GEORGE BUGLIARELLO, Chair, Chancellor, Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, New York CATHERINE BROWN, Director of Special Projects, Design Center for American Urban Landscape, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis NANCY RUTLEDGE CONNERY, Consultant, Public Works Infrastructure, Woolwich, Maine LLOYD A DUSCHA, Consulting Engineer, Reston, Virginia ALBERT A. GRANT, Consulting Engineer, Potomac, Maryland E. R. HEIBERG III, Heiberg Associates, Inc., Mason Neck, Virginia RONALD W. JENSEN, Public Works Director, City of Phoenix, Phoenix, Arizona JAMES K. MITCHELL, Charles E. Via, Jr. Professor of Civil Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg HAROLD J. PARMELEE, President, Turner Construction Company, New York, New York STANLEY W. SMITH, McLean, Virginia RAYMOND L. STERLING, Shimizu Professor of Civil and Mineral Engineering, Director, Underground Space Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis Staff DENNIS CHAMOT, Acting Director (through January, 1995) RICHARD LITTLE, Director (from February, 1995) HENRY A. BORGER, Executive Secretary, Federal Construction Council SUSAN COPPINGER, Administrative Assistant LENA B. GRAYSON, Program Assistant

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Education of Architects and Engineers for Careers in Facility Design and Construction The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was established by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and of advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice-chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.