Appendix E:

Abbreviations

AA

Auswärtiges Amt (German Foreign Office)

BNFL

British Nuclear Fuels, Limited

BWR

boiling water reactor

CANDU

Canadian deuterium-uranium reactor

CISAC

Committee on International Security and Arms Control

CTR

Cooperative Threat Reduction Program

DOD

U.S. Department of Defense

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy

ECU

European Currency Unit (about US$1.33)

ES&H

environment, safety, and health

FMEF

Fuel and Materials Examination Facility (at Hanford)

GOSATOMNADZOR

Russian nuclear regulatory agency

GRS

Gesellschaft für Reaktorsicherheit (Association for Reactor Safety)

GW

Gigawatt

HEU

highly enriched uranium

HLW

high-level waste

HLLW

high-level liquid waste

HWR

heavy water reactor

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

ISTC

International Science and Technology Center (in Moscow)

JRC

Joint Research Center of the European Commission

LEU

low enriched uranium

LWR

light water reactor

MINATOM

Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy

MPC&A

materials protection, control, and accounting

MW

megawatts

MWe

megawatts (electric)

MOX

mixed plutonium uranium oxide fuel

NPT

Non-Proliferation Treaty

NRC

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

PWR

pressurized water reactor

RBMK

Russian graphite moderated water cooled reactor

RPu

reactor-grade plutonium

R&D

research and development

SPD

Social Democratic Party of Germany

SUPR

test critical assembly in Russia

WPu

weapons-grade plutonium

VVER-1000

newer Russian light water reactor design

VVER-440

older Russian light water reactor design



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U.S.-GERMAN COOPERATION IN THE ELIMINATION OF EXCESS WEAPONS PLUTONIUM Appendix E: Abbreviations AA Auswärtiges Amt (German Foreign Office) BNFL British Nuclear Fuels, Limited BWR boiling water reactor CANDU Canadian deuterium-uranium reactor CISAC Committee on International Security and Arms Control CTR Cooperative Threat Reduction Program DOD U.S. Department of Defense DOE U.S. Department of Energy ECU European Currency Unit (about US$1.33) ES&H environment, safety, and health FMEF Fuel and Materials Examination Facility (at Hanford) GOSATOMNADZOR Russian nuclear regulatory agency GRS Gesellschaft für Reaktorsicherheit (Association for Reactor Safety) GW Gigawatt HEU highly enriched uranium HLW high-level waste HLLW high-level liquid waste HWR heavy water reactor IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency ISTC International Science and Technology Center (in Moscow) JRC Joint Research Center of the European Commission LEU low enriched uranium LWR light water reactor MINATOM Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy MPC&A materials protection, control, and accounting MW megawatts MWe megawatts (electric) MOX mixed plutonium uranium oxide fuel NPT Non-Proliferation Treaty NRC U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission PWR pressurized water reactor RBMK Russian graphite moderated water cooled reactor RPu reactor-grade plutonium R&D research and development SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany SUPR test critical assembly in Russia WPu weapons-grade plutonium VVER-1000 newer Russian light water reactor design VVER-440 older Russian light water reactor design