Study Committee Biographical Information

Martin Wachs, Chairman, is Professor, Urban Planning Program, at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he is also Director of the Institute of Transportation Studies. Dr. Wachs has taught at the University of Illinois, Chicago Circle, and at Northwestern University. He has authored three books and many articles on urban transportation, public transportation finance and subsidy policy, and the relationships among land use, transportation, and air quality. Dr. Wachs is active in the Transportation Research Board (TRB), the American Planning Association, and other professional organizations.

Jose A. Gomez-Ibanez is Professor, Graduate School of Design, at Harvard University. Before joining the Harvard faculty, Gomez-Ibanez served as Senior Staff Economist for the Council of Economic Advisors. Dr. Gomez-Ibanez is the author and coauthor of many publications on transportation policies and planning. He has served on several TRB committees and is a member of the American Economic Association and the American Planning Association.

Susan E. Hanson is Professor of Geography and Director of the Graduate School of Geography of Clark University. Dr. Hanson has also taught at the State University of New York at Buffalo and at Middlebury College. She has published many papers and articles on the travel patterns of



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CURBING GRIDLOCK: Peak-Period Fees To Relieve Traffic Congestion Study Committee Biographical Information Martin Wachs, Chairman, is Professor, Urban Planning Program, at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he is also Director of the Institute of Transportation Studies. Dr. Wachs has taught at the University of Illinois, Chicago Circle, and at Northwestern University. He has authored three books and many articles on urban transportation, public transportation finance and subsidy policy, and the relationships among land use, transportation, and air quality. Dr. Wachs is active in the Transportation Research Board (TRB), the American Planning Association, and other professional organizations. Jose A. Gomez-Ibanez is Professor, Graduate School of Design, at Harvard University. Before joining the Harvard faculty, Gomez-Ibanez served as Senior Staff Economist for the Council of Economic Advisors. Dr. Gomez-Ibanez is the author and coauthor of many publications on transportation policies and planning. He has served on several TRB committees and is a member of the American Economic Association and the American Planning Association. Susan E. Hanson is Professor of Geography and Director of the Graduate School of Geography of Clark University. Dr. Hanson has also taught at the State University of New York at Buffalo and at Middlebury College. She has published many papers and articles on the travel patterns of

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CURBING GRIDLOCK: Peak-Period Fees To Relieve Traffic Congestion individuals and households in urban areas and on gender issues in local labor markets. Dr. Hanson is an active member and Past President of the Association of American Geographers and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Steve Heminger is Manager of Legislation and Public Affairs for the Metropolitan Transportation Commission, the metropolitan planning organization for the San Francisco Bay Area. When he joined the study committee, he was Vice President, Transportation, for the Bay Area Council, a regional business-sponsored public policy group. Previously he served as a chief aide to the Chairman of the California State Senate Transportation Committee. Mr. Heminger is also a member of the San Francisco Parking and Traffic Commission. Joel L. Horowitz is Professor of Economics at the University of Iowa. He has also taught at George Washington University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Horowitz has written books and articles on transportation systems analysis, econometric analysis of choice behavior, and reduction of adverse environmental impacts of urban transport systems. He is active in TRB, is coeditor or associate editor of several professional journals, and is a member of the Econometric Society and the American Economics Association. Laura A. Jibben is Executive Director of the Regional Transportation Authority of Northeastern Illinois where she previously was Chief Administrative Officer, among other management positions. She has held several administrative posts in Illinois, including Manager of Toll Services for the Illinois Tollway Department. Ms. Jibben is a member of the National Association of Female Executives and the Women's Transportation Seminar. Ryuichi Kitamura is Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Kyoto, Japan. He previously taught at the University of California, Davis. Dr. Kitamura has published extensively on life-cycle and household time-space paths, car ownership and house travel patterns, activity analysis, and effects of aging and motorization on travel behavior. He is active in TRB, the Econometric Society, and the Operations Research Society. Daniel L. McFadden is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley. He previously taught at the Massachusetts Institute

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CURBING GRIDLOCK: Peak-Period Fees To Relieve Traffic Congestion of Technology and Yale University. Dr. McFadden has published many articles on economics; his work in transportation has been in transportation demand modeling. He has been active in the American Economics Association and served on the Board of Directors of the National Bureau of Economic Research and as the editor of professional journals. He is a past member of the TRB Executive Committee and currently serves as a member of the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Dr. McFadden is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. John G. Milliken is with Venable, Baetjer, & Howard of McLean, Virginia. During the course of this study, he was Secretary of Transportation, Commonwealth of Virginia. He is the former managing partner of the Washington, D.C., office of the law firm of Winston and Strawn. Mr. Milliken served for 10 years as an elected member of the Arlington County Board and during that period as a member of the Board of Directors and Past Chairman of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, of the Northern Virginia Transportation Commission, and of the Interstate Air Quality Commission for the Washington Metropolitan Area. Paul E. Peterson is Professor of Government and Director of the Center for American Political Studies at Harvard University. He previously served as the Director of Governmental Studies for the Brookings Institution and has taught at Johns Hopkins University and the University of Chicago. He has authored many articles on intergovernmental relations, education, youth unemployment, and urban policy. Dr. Peterson is a member of the American Political Science Association and the Association of Public Policy and Management. Mark A. Pisano is the Executive Director of the Southern California Association of Governments. Previously he was the Director of the Environmental Protection Agency's Water Quality Planning Division. He has written several papers on economics and water resources. Mr. Pisano is a member of several regional organizations in Southern California addressing issues such as transportation, housing, and the environment. He is active in the National Association of Regional Councils, the Urban Land Institute, and other professional organizations. Robert C. Repetto is the Vice President and Senior Economist for the World Resources Institute (WRI). Before joining WRI, Dr. Repetto taught at the Harvard School of Public Health and worked as an economist for the

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CURBING GRIDLOCK: Peak-Period Fees To Relieve Traffic Congestion World Bank. He has authored books and articles on resource economics and conservation, population, and environmental protection. He is a member of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, American Economic Association, and the Population Association of America. William T. Roach is Supervisor, Market Development, Transit Department, King County Metro, located in Seattle, Washington. He previously served as the manager for the Seattle-King County Ridesharing Program. Mr. Roach has been actively involved in developing policies and practices for transportation demand management and land use, and site design guidelines to encourage public transit use, parking management, and special transportation. He is a member of and active in the TRB Transportation Demand Management Task Force and the Association for Commuter Transportation. Kenneth A. Small is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Irvine. He previously taught at Princeton University and was a Research Associate at the Brookings Institution. Dr. Small has authored books and articles on urban economics, transportation, public finance, and environmental economics, and has contributed to major national studies addressing highway financing policy and traffic congestion. Dr. Small serves on the editorial boards of several professional journals in the fields of urban and transportation studies and is a member of the American Economic Association.

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CURBING GRIDLOCK: Peak-Period Fees To Relieve Traffic Congestion The Transportation Research Board is a unit of the National Research Council, which serves the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. The Board's purpose is to stimulate research concerning the nature and performance of transportation systems, to disseminate the information produced by the research, and to encourage the application of appropriate research findings. The Board's program is carried out by more than 330 committees, task forces, and panels composed of more than 3,900 administrators, engineers, social scientists, attorneys, educators, and others concerned with transportation; they serve without compensation. The program is supported by state transportation and highway departments, the modal administrations of the U.S. Department of Transportation, and other organizations and individuals interested in the development of transportation. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purpose of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both the Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

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