Click for next page ( 430


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 429
References Adler, F. 1975 Sisters in Crime. New York: McGraw-Hill. Ahlstrom, W.M., and Havighurst, R.J. 1971 400 Losers. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey- Bass. Akers, R.L. 1964 Socio-economic status and delinquent be- havior: a retest.Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 1:38~6. Akers, R.L., Krohn, M.D., Lanza-Kaduce, L., and Radosevich, M. 1979 Social learning and deviant behavior: a spe- cific test of a general theory. American So- ciological Review 44:636-655. Alexander, J.F., and Parsons, B.V. 1973 Short-term behavioral interventions with de- linquent families: impact on family process and recidivism. Journal of Abnormal Psy- chology 81:219-225. Anglin, M.D., and McGlothlin, W.H. 1984 Outcome of narcotic addict treatment in Cal- ifornia. Pp. 106-128 in F.M. Tims and J.P. Ludford, eds., Drug Abuse Treatment Eval- uation: Strategies, Progress and Prospects. Research Monograph No. 51. Rockville, Md.: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Ares, H.M., Rankin, A., and Sturz, H. 1963 The Manhattan Bail Project. New York Uni- versity Law Review 38:67-92. Amold, W. 1965 Continuities in research: scaling delinquent behavior. Social Problems 13:5~66. 429 Austin, R. 1978 Race, father-absence, and female delin- quency. Criminology 15:487~04. Avi-Itzhak, B., and Shinnar, R. 1973 Quantitative models in crime control. Jour- nal of Criminal Justice 1 :18~217. Bachman, J.G., Kahn, R.L., Mednick, M.T., David- son, T.N., and Johnston, L.D. 1967 Youth in Transition: Volume 1, Blueprintfora Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Boys. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Institute for Social Research. Bachman, J.G. 1970 Youth in Transition: Volume 11, The Impact of Family Background and Intelligence on Tenth-Grade Boys. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Insti- tute for Social Research. Bachman, J.G., Green, S., and Wirtanen, I.D. 1971 Youth in Transition: Volume 111, Dropping Out: Problem or Symptom? Ann Arbor, Mich.: Institute for Social Research. Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., and Johnston, J. 1978 Youth in Transition, Volume Vl, Adoles- cence to Adulthood: Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Institute for Social Research. Bahr, S.J. 1979 Family determinants and effects of deviance. Pp. 615~;43 in W. Burr, R. Hill, F.I. Nye, and I.L. Reiss, eds., Contemporary Theories About the Family. New York: Free Press. Ball, J.C., Ross A., and Simpson, A. 1964 Incidence and estimated prevalence of re

OCR for page 429
430 corded delinquency in a metropolitan area. American Sociological Review 29:9(~93. Ball, J.C., Rosen, L., Flucck, J.A., and Nurco, D.N. 1981 The criminality of heroin addicts when ad- dicted and when off opiates. Pp. 39-66 in J.A. Inciardi, ea., The Drugs-Crime Connec- tion. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications. Ball, J.C., Shaffer, J.W., and Nurco, D.N. 1983 The day-to-day criminality of heroin addicts in Baltimore: a study in the continuity of offense rates. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 12:11~142. Barnett, A., and Lofaso, A.J. 1985 Selective incapacitation and the Philadel- phia cohort data. Journal of Quantitative Criminology 1~1~:3-36. Baron, R., Feeney, F., and Thornton, W. 1973 Preventing delinquency through diversion. Federal Probation 37:13-18. Barton, R. 1978 Exoffender Post-Release Performance Eval- uation with Related Theoretical Topics in Variable Selection and Followup Intervals for Regression Models Using Grouped Cen- sored Survival Data. Unpublished Ph.D. dis- sertation. School of Operations Research and Industrial Engineering, Cornell University. Barton, R.R., and Turnbull, B.W. 1979 Failure rate regression models for evaluation of recidivism data. Evaluation Quarterly 3:629-641. 1981 A failure rate regression model for the study of recidivism. In J.A. Fox, ea., Models in Quantitative Criminology. New York: Aca- demic Press. Bases, N.C., and McDonald, W.F. 1972 Preventive Detention in the District of Co- lumbia: The First Ten Months. Georgetown Institute of Criminal Law and Procedure, Washington, D.C. Belkin, J., Blumstein, A., and Glass, W. 1973 Recidivism as a feedback process: an analyt- ical model and empirical validation. Journal of Criminal Justice 1:7-26. Berg, I., Consterdine, M., Hullin, R., and Tyrer, S. 1978 The effect of two randomly allocated court procedures on truancy. British Journal of Criminology 18:232-244. Berg, I., Hullin, R., and McGuire, R. 1979 A randomly controlled trial of two court pro- cedures in truancy. In D.P. Farrington, K. Hawkins, and S.M. Lloyd-Bostock, eds., Psy- chology, Law, and Legal Process. London: Macmillan. Berger, A.S., and Simon, W. 1974 Black families and the Moynihan report: a CRIMINAL CAREERS AND CAREER CRIMINALS research evaluation. Social Problems 22: 145-161. Berk, R.A., Lenihan, K.J., and Rossi, P.H. 1980 Crime and poverty: some experimental evi- dence from ax-offenders. American Sociolog- ical Review 45:766-786. Bernal, M.E., Klinnert, M.D., and Schultz, L.A. 1980 Outcome evaluation of behavioral parent training and client-centered parent counsel- ing for children with conduct problems. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 13:66~676. Bernstein, I.N., Kick, E., Lehng, J.T., and Schultz, B. 1977 Charge reduction: an intermediary stage in the process of labelling. Social Forces 56: 362-384. Berntsen, K. , and Christiansen, K. O. 1965 A resocialization experiment with short-term offenders. In K.O. Christiansen, ea., Scandi- navian Studies in Criminology, Volume 1. London: Tavistock. Berrueta-Clement, J.R., Jr., Schweinhart, L.J., Barnett, W.S., Epstein, A.S., and Weikart, D.P. 1984 Changed Lives: The E~ects of the Perry Preschool Program through Age 19. Ypsilanti, Mich.: High/Scope Press. Betsey, C.L., Hollister, R., Jr., and Papageorgiou, M.R., eds. 1985 Youth Employment and Training Programs: The YEDPA Years. Committee on Youth Employment Programs, Commission on Be- havioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Binder, A. no Pre-Trial Intervention and Diversion date Project: 1973-1976. Final Report. California Council on Criminal Justice, Grant No. 1426. University of California, Irvine. Binder, A., Monahan, J., and Newkirk, M. 1976 Diversion from the juvenile justice system and the prevention of delinquency. In J. Monahan, ea., Community Mental Health and the CriminalJustice System. New York: Pergamon. Black, D. 1971 The production of crime rates. American Sociological Review 35:733-748. Black, D., and Reiss, A. 1970 Police control of juveniles. American Socio- logical Review 35:63-77. Bloom, H.S. 1979 Evaluating human service and criminal jus- tice programs by modeling the probability and timing of recidivism. Sociological Meth- ods and Research 8:17~208.

OCR for page 429
REFERENCES Blumen, I., Kogan, M., and McCarthy, P.J. 1955 The Industrial Mobility of Labor as a Proba- bility Process. No. 6, Cornell Studies in In- dustrial and Labor Relations. Ithaca, N.Y. Blumstein, A., and Cohen, J. 1979 Estimation of individual crime rates from arrest records. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 70:561~85. 1982 Analysis of Criminal Careers from an Incapacitative Perspective. Work in progress under grant from National Institute of Jus- tice. (Grant 79-NI-AX-0121.) Unpublished results available from authors. School of Ur- ban and Public Affairs, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. Blumstein, A., and Cohen, J., with Hsich, P. 1982 The Duration of Adult Criminal Careers. Final report submitted to National Institute of Justice, August 1982. School of Urban and Public Affairs, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. Blumstein, A., and Graddy, E. 1982 Prevalence and recidivism in index arrests: a feedback model. Law and Society Review 16:26~290. Blumstein, A., and Larson, R. 1969 Models of a total criminal justice system. Operations Research 17: 199-232. 1971 Problems in modeling and measuring recid- ivism. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 8:12~130. Blumstein, A., and Moitra, S. 1980 The identification of"career criminals" from "chronic offenders" in a cohort. Law and Policy (quarterly 2~3~:321-334. Blumstein, A., Christensen, R., Johnson, S., and Larson, R. 1967 An analysis of crime and the overall criminal justice system. Chapter 5 in Task Force Re- port: Science and Technology. Report of the President's Commission on Law Enforce- ment and Administration of Justice. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., and Das, S. 1985 Crime-Type Switching in Criminal Careers. Unpublished paper. Urban Systems Insti- tute, School of Urban and Public Affairs, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., Martin, S., and Tonry, M., eds. 1983 Research on Sentencing: The Search for Re- form. 2 vols. Panel on Research on Sentenc- ing, Committee on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Edu 431 cation, National Research Council. Washing- ton, D.C.: National Academy Press. Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., and Nagin, D., eds. 1978 Deterrence and Incapacitation: Estimating the Effects of Criminal Sanctions on Crime Rates. Panel on Research on Deterrent and Incapacitative Effects, Committee on Re- search on Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, Assembly of Behavioral and Social Sciences, National Research Council. Wash- ington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. Blumstein, A., Farrington, D.P., and Moitra, S. 1985 Delinquency careers: innocents, amateurs, and persisters. Pp. 187-222 in N. Morris and M. Tonry, eds., Crime and Justice: An An- nual Review of Research, Volume 6. Chi- cago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. Bock, E.W., and Frazier, C.E. 1977 Official standards versus actual criteria in bond dispositions. Journal of Criminal Jus- tice 5:321-328. Boland, B., and Wilson, J.Q. 1978 Age, crime and punishment. The Public In- terest 51(Spring):22 - 34. Boland, B., Brady, E., Tyson, H., and Bassler, J. 1983 The Prosecution of Felony Arrests, 1979. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Depar~nent of Justice. Bonger, W.A. 1916 Criminality and Economic Conditions. Bos- ton, Mass.: Little, Brown. Booth, E. 1929 Stealing Through Life. New York: Knopf. Bordua, D. 1958 Juvenile delinquency and anomie: an at- tempt at replication. Social Problems 6:23~238. Bradburn, N.M., and Sudman, S. 1979 Improving Interviewing Method and Ques- tionnaire Design. San Francisco: Jossey- Bass. Brosi, K.B. 1979 A Cross-City Comparison of Felony Case Processing. Washington, D.C.: Institute for Law and Social Research. Bry, B.H. 1982 Reducing the incidence of adolescent prob- lems through preventive intervention: one- and five-year follow-ups. American Journal of Community Psychology 10:26~276. Bry, B.H., and George, F.E. 1979 Evaluating and improving prevention pro- grams: a strategy from drug abuse. Eval~4a- tion and Program Planning 2:127-136. 1980 The preventive effects of early intervention on the attendance and grades of urban ado

OCR for page 429
432 lescents. Professional Psychology 11:252- 260. Bureau of the Census 1981 Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1981. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. 1983 Statistical Abstract of the United States 1983. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of Justice Statistics 1979a Census of Jails and Survey ofJail Inmates 1978. Preliminary report, National Prisoner Statistics Bulletin. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. 1979b Profile of State Prison Inmates: Sociodemo- graphic Findings from the 1974 Survey of Inmates of State Correctional Facilities. Na- tional Prisoner Statistics Bulletin. Washing- ton, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. 1980a Criminal Victimization of New York State Residents. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Depart- ment of Justice. 1980b Prisoners in State and Federal Institutions on December 31, 1978. National Prisoner Statistics Bulletin. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. 1981a Census of Jails 1978, Volumes I-IV. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. 1981bCriminal Victimization of California Resi- dents. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. 1981c Survey of Inmates of State Correctional Fa- cilities, 1979. U.S. Department of Justice. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Inter-University Consor- tium for Political and Social Research. 1982a Criminal Victimization in the United States, 1980. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. 1982b Prisons and Prisoners. Bureau of Justice Sta- tistics Bulletin. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Gov- ernment Printing Office. 1983 Criminal Victimization in the United States: 1973 82 Trends. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. De- partrnent of Justice. 1984a Criminal Victimization in the United States, 1982. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Washing- ton, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1984b The Prevalence of Guilty Pleas. Report NCJ-95111. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Depart- ment of Justice. 1984c Prison Admissions and Releases, 1981. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. 1984d Returning to Prison. Special Report. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. 1984e Time Served in Prison. Special Report. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. CRIMINAL CAREERS AND CAREER CRIMINALS 1985 State Criminal Records Repositories. Bu- reau of Justice Statistics Technical Report, October 1985. Washington, D.C.: U.S. De- partrnent of Justice. Burgess, E.W. 1928 Factors determining success or failure on parole. In A.A. Bruce, E.W. Burgess, A.J. Harno, and J. Landeseo, eds., The Workings of the Indeterminate Sentence Law and the Parole System in Illinois. Springfield, Ill.: Illinois State Board of Parole. Burkett, S., and Jensen, E. -1975 Conventional ties, peer influence, and the fear of apprehension: a study of adolescent marijuana use. Sociological Quarterly 16: 522-533. Bursik, R.J., Jr. 1980 The dynamics of specialization in juvenile offenses. Social Forces 58:851~64. Bytes, J.A., and Maurice, A. 1979 The juvenile services project: an experiment in delinquency control. CanadianJournal of Criminology 21:155-165. Bynum, T. 1976 An Empirical Exploration of the Factors In- fluencing Release on Recognizance. Unpub- lished Ph.D. dissertation, School of Crimi- nology, Florida State University. Cadoret, R.J., and Cain, C. 1980 Sex differences in predictors of antisocial behavior in adoptees. Archives of General Psychiatry 37:1171-1175. California Department of Corrections 1980 California Prisoners 1980: Summary Sta- tistics of Felon Prisoners and Parolees. Sac- ramento, Calif.: California Department of Corrections. California Department of Justice 1980 Criminal Justice Profile 1979: Santa Clara County. Bureau of Criminal Statistics and Special Services. Sacramento, Calif.: Califor- nia Department of Justice. Cantor, D., and Land, K.C. 1985 Unemployment and crime rates in the post- World War II United States: a theoretical and empirical analysis. American Sociologi- cal Review 50:317-332. Carr-Hill, G.A., and Carr-Hill, R.A. 1972 Reconviction as a process. BritishJournal of Criminology 12:35~3. Carroll, J.S., and Payne, J.W. 1977a Crime seriousness, recidivism risk, and causal attribution in judgments of prison terms by students and experts. Journal of Applied Psychology 62:592-602. 1977bJudgments about crime and the criminal: a model and a method for investigating parole

OCR for page 429
REFERENCES decisions. In B. Sales, ea., Perspectives in Law and Psychology, Volume I: Criminal Justice System. New York: Plenum. Cernkovich, S., and Giordano, P. 1979 A comparative analysis of male and female delinquency. Sociological Quarterly 20: 131-145. Cemkovich, S.A., Giordano, P.C., and Pugh, M.D. 1983 Chronic Offenders: The Missing Cases in Self-Report Delinquency Research. Paper presented at annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Denver, Colo. De- partment of Sociology, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio. Chaiken, J.M., and Chaiken, M. 1982a Varieties of Criminal Behavior. Rand Report R-2814-NIJ. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. Chaiken, J.M., and Chaiken, M., with Peterson, J. 1982bVar~eties of Criminal Behavior: Summary and Policy Implications. Rand Report R- 281~1-NIJ. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. Chaiken, J., and Rolph, J.E. 1983 Self-Reported Commissions of Crimes: Comparison of Two Questionnaire Formats. Unpublished paper. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, Calif. 1985 Identifying High-Rate Serious Criminal Of- fenders. Draft report. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, Calif. Chaiken, M.R., and Chaiken, J.M. 1984 Offender types and public policy. Crime and Delinquency 30~2~:195-226. Challinger, D. 1974 A predictive device for parolees in Victoria. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology 7:44~4. Chelimsky, E., and Dahmann, J. 1981 Career Criminal Program National Evalua- tion. Final Report. National Institute of Jus- tice. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Chi, K.S. 1983 Offender risk assessment: the Iowa model. Innovations, pp. 1-12. Lexington, Ky.: Council of State Governments. Chilton, R.J. 1964 Continuity in delinquency area research: a comparison of studies for Baltimore, Detroit and Indianapolis. American Sociological Re- view 29:71-83. Christensen, R. 1967 Projected percentage of U.S. population with criminal arrest and conviction records. Pp. 216-228 in Task Force Report: Science and 433 Technology. Report to the President's Com- mission on Law Enforcement and the Ad- ministration of Justice, prepared by the In- stitute for Defense Analysis. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Christiansen, K.O., Elers-Nielsen, M., LeMaire, L., and Sturup, G.K. 1965 Recidivism among sexual offenders. Pp. 55-85 in K.O. Christiansen, ea., Scandina- vian Studies in Criminology, Volume 1. Lon- don: Tavistock. Clark, J., and Harvek, E. 1966 Age and sex roles of adolescents and their involvement in misconduct: a reappraisal. Sociology and Social Research 50:495 508. Clark, J., and Wenninger, E. 1962 Socioeconomic class and area as correlates of illegal behavior among juveniles. American Sociological Review 27:82~834. Clarke, S.H. 1974a Getting 'em out of circulation: does incarcer- ation of juvenile offenders reduce crime? The Journal of Criminal Law and Enforce- ment 65~4~:528~35. 1974b Juvenile offender programs and delinquency prevention. Crime and Delinquency 6~3~: 377~399. Clelland, D., and Carter, T.J. 1980 The new myth of class and crime. Criminol- ogy 18:319 336. Cline, ELF. 1980 Criminal behavior over the lifespan. Pp. 641~74 in O.D. Brim, Jr., and J. Kagan, eds., Constancy and Change in Human Develop- ment. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univer- sity Press. Coates, R., Miller, A., and Ohlin, L. 1978 Diversity in a Youth Correctional System. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger. Cohen, A.K. 1955 Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang. New York: Macmillan. Cohen, J. 1978 The incapacitative effect of imprisonment: a critical review of the literature. In A. Blumstein, J. Cohen, and D. Nagin, eds., Deterrence and Incapacitation: Estimating the E~ects of Criminal Sanctions on Cr~me Rates. National Research Council. Washing- ton, D.C.: National Academy Press. 1981 Racial Differences in Individual Arrest Pat- terns. Working paper, presented at annual meeting of American Society of Criminol- ogy. Urban Systems Institute, School of Ur- ban and Public Affairs, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa.

OCR for page 429
434 1982 Patterns of Adult Offending. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. School of Public and Ur- ban Affairs, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. 1983 Incapacitation as a strategy for crime control: possibilities and pitfalls. Pp. 1-84 in M. Tonry and N. Morris, eds., Crime and Jus- tice: An Annual Review of Research, Volume 5. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1984a Categorical Incapacitation Effects: Empirical Issues. Paper presented at the 1984 meeting ofthe American Society of Criminology, Cin- cinnati, Ohio. Urban Systems Institute, School of Urban and Public Affairs, Carne- gie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. 1984b Selective incapacitation: an assessment. Uni- versity of Illinois Law Review 1984(2~: 253-290. 1985a Alternative estimates of the incapacitative effect of increased criminal penalties. In Pro- ceedings of the Attorney General's Crime- conference 85. Sacramento, Calif.: California Department of Justice. 1985b Empirical Estimates ofthe Incapacitative Ef- fect of Imprisonment. Working Paper. Pre- sented at annual meeting of American Asso- ciation for the Advancement of Science, Los Angeles, Calif. Urban Systems Institute, School of Urban and Public Affairs, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. Coleman, J.S. 1964 Models of Change and Response Uncertainty. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall. Collins, J.J., and Allison, M. 1983 Legal coercion and retention in drug abuse treatment. Hospital and Community Psychi- atry 14:1145-1149. Collins, J.J., Hubbard, R.L., Rachal, J.V., and Cavanaugh, E.R. 1984 The Effects of Legal Involvement on Drug Abuse Treatment Outcomes. Research Tri- angle Park, N.C.: Research Triangle Institute. Collins, J.J., Rachal, J.V., Hubbard, R., Cavanaugh, E.R., Craddock, S.G., and Kristiansen, P.L. 1982a Crime and Crime Indicators in the Treat- ment Outcome Prospective Study. Research Triangle Park, N.C.: Research Triangle Institute. 1982b Criminality in a Drug Treatment Sample: Measurement Issues and Initial Findings. Research Triangle Park, N.C.: Research Tri- angle Institute. Consortium for Longitudinal Studies 1983 As the Twig Is Bent . . . Lasting Effects of Preschool Programs. Hillsdale, N.J.: Law- rence Erlbaum. CRIMINAL CAREERS AND CAREER CRIMINALS Cook, P.J. 1975 The correctional carrot: better jobs for parol- ees. Policy Analysis 1:11 - 34. Coombs, R.H. 1981 Back on the streets: therapeutic communi- ties' impact upon drug users. AmericanJour- nal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 8~21: 185-201. Cooper, C.S., Kelley, D., and Larson, S. 1982 Judicial and Executive Discretion in the Sentencing Process: Analysis of State Felony Provisions. Washington, D.C.: The Ameri- can University. Cooper, J.R., Altman, F., Brown, B.S., and Czechowicz, D. 1983 Research on the Treatment of Narcotic Ad- diction: State of the Art. Rockville, Md.: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Copas, J.B. 1983 Regression, prediction, and shrinkage. Jour- nal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B 45:311-354. Cox, D.R. 1972 Regression models and life tables.Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Section B 34:187-220. Cox, D.R., and Miller, H.D. 1965 The Theory of Stochastic Processes. London: Methuen. Datesman, S.K., and Scarpitti, F.R. 1975 Female delinquency and broken homes: a re-assessment. Criminology 13:33-55. Davidson, W.S., Seldman, E., Rappaport, J., Berck, P.L., Rapp, W.A., Rhodes, W., and Herring, J. 1977 Diversion program for juvenile offenders. So- cial Work Research and Abstracts 1:47-56. Davies, M. 1969 Offense behavior and classification of of- fenders. British Journal of Criminology 9:3~50. DeLeon, G. 1984 The Therapeutic Community: Study of Ef- fectiveness, Social, and Psychological Ad- justment of 400 Dropouts and 100 Gradu- ates from the Phoenix House Therapeutic Community. DHHS Publication No. ADM 84-1286. Rockville; Md.: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Dentler, R., and Monroe, L. 1961 Social correlates of early adolescent theft. American Sociological Review 26:733-743. Douglas, J., Ross, J., and Simpson, H. 1968 All Our Future. London: Peter Davies. Duncan, O.D., Ohlin, L.E., Reiss, A.J., and Stanton, H.R. 1953 Formal devices for making selection deci- sions. American Journal of Sociology 58:573-584.

OCR for page 429
REFERENCES Dunford, F.W. 1981 National Evaluation of Diversion Projects: Final Report. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Dunford, F.W., and Elliott, D.S. 1984 Identifying career offenders using self-report ed data. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 21:57-87. Ebbesen, M.D., and Konecni, K. 1975 Decision making and information integra tion in the courts: the setting of bail. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 32(5):805-821. Elion, V., and Megargee, E.I. 1981 1979 Racial identity, length of incarceration, and parole decision making. Journal of Research 1982 in Crime and Delinquency 16:232-245. Elliott, D.S., and Ageton, S.A. 1980 Reconciling race and class differences in self-reported and official estimates of delin quency. American Sociological Review 45:95-100. Elliott, D.S., and Huizinga, D. 1983 Social class and delinquent behavior in a national youth panel: 1976-1980. Criminol ogy 21:149-177. 1984 The Relationship Between Delinquent Be havior and ADM Problems. The National Youth Survey Project Report No. 28. Boul der, Colo.: Behavioral Research Institute. Elliott, D.S., and Voss, H.L. 1974 Delinquency and Dropout. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books. Elliott, D.S., Huizinga, D., and Ageton, S.S. 1985 Explaining Delinquency and Drug Use. Bev erly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications. Elliott, D., Ageton, S., Huizinga, D., Knowles, B., and Canter, R. 1983 The Prevalence and Incidence of Delinquent Behavior: 1976-1980. National Youth Sur vey, Report No. 26. Boulder, Colo.: Behav ioral Research Institute. 1985 The Social Correlates of Delinquency Be havior. Project Report No. 30. Boulder, Colo.: Behavioral Research Institute. Empey, L.T., and Erickson, M.L. 1966 Hidden delinquency and social status. So cial Forces 44:546-554. 1972 The Provo Experiment. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books. Empey, L., and Lubeck, S. 1971 The Silverlake Experiment. Chicago, Ill.: Aldine. Ensminger, M.E., Kellam, S.G., and Rubin, B.R. 1983 School and family origins of delinquency: comparisons by sex. Pp. 7~97 in K.T. Van 435 Dusen and S.A. Mednick, eds., Prospective Studies of Crime and Delinquency. Boston, Mass.: Kluwer-Nijhoff. Erickson, M. 1973 Group violations, socioeconomic status, and official delinquency. Social Forces 52:41-52. Farringgon, D.P. 1979a Delinquent behavior modification in the nat- ural environment. British Journal of Crimi- nology 19:353 372. 1979b Environmental stress, delinquent behavior, and convictions. Pp.9~107 in I.S. Sarasan and C.D. Spielberger, eds., Stress and Anxiety, Volume 6. Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere. The prevalence of convictions. British Jour- nal of Criminology 2~2~: 17~175. Randomized experiments on crime and jus- tice. M. Tonry and N. Morris, eds., Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research, Volume 4. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chi- cago Press. 1983a Further Analyses of a Longitudinal Survey of Crime and Delinquency. Final report to the National Institute of Justice, Washington, D.C. 1983b Offending from 10 to 25 years of age. Pp. 17~37 in K.T. Van Dusen and S.A. Mednick, eds., Prospective Studies of Crime and De- linquency. Boston, Mass.: Kluwer-Nijhoff. 1983c Randomized experiments on crime and jus- tice. Pp. 257~308 in M. Tonry and N. Morris, eds., Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research, Volume 4. Chicago, Ill.: Univer- sity of Chicago Press. 1984 Measuring the natural history of delin- quency and crime. In R.A. Glow, ea., Ad- vances in the Behavioral Measurement of Children, Volume 1. Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press. 1986 Age and crime. In M. Tonry and N. Morris, eds., Crime and Justice, Volume 7. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. Farrington, D.P., and Tarling, R. 1985 Prediction in Criminology. Albany, N.Y.: SUNY Press. Farrington, D.P., and West, D.J. 1981 The Cambridge study in delinquent devel- opment. Pp. 137-145 in S.A. Mednick and A.E. Baert, eds., Prospective Longitudinal Research: An Empirical Basis for the Pri- mary Prevention of Psycho-Social Disorders. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Farrington, D.P., Gundry, G., and West, D.J. 1975 The familial transmission of criminality. Medicine, Science and the Law 15:177-186. Farrington, D.P., Ohlin, L., and Wilson, J.Q. 1986 Understanding and Controlling Crime:

OCR for page 429
436 Toward a New Research Strategy. Report commissioned by the MacArthur Founda- tion, Chicago, Ill. New York: Springer- Verlag. Federal Bureau of Investigation 1966 Crime in the United States 1965. Uniform Crime Reports. Washington, D.C.: U.S. De- partment of Justice. 1971 Crime in the United States 1970. Uniform Crime Reports. Washington, D.C.: U.S. De- partment of Justice. 1974 Crime in the United States 1973. Uniform Crime Reports. Washington, D.C.: U.S. De- partment of Justice. 1977 Crime in the United States-1976. Uniform Crime Reports. Washington, D.C.: U.S. De- partment of Justice. 1981 Crime in the United States 1980. Uniform Crime Reports. Washington, D.C.: U.S. De- partment of Justice. 1982 Crime in the United States 1981. Uniform Crime Reports. Washington, D.C.: U.S. De- partrnent of Justice. 1984 Age-Specific Arrest Rates 196~1983. Fed- eral Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Feeney, F. 1983 Prosecutorial selectivity: a view of current practices. In McGillis et al., eds., Dealing with Dangerous Offenders, Volume 2. Cambridge, Mass.: J.F. Kennedy School of Government. Feeney, F., Dill, F., and Weir, A. 1983 Arrests Without Conviction: How Often They Occur and Why. National Institute of Justice. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Feldhusen, J.F., Thurston, J.R., and Benning, J.J. 1973 A longitudinal study of delinquency and other aspects of children's behavior. Interna- tionalJournal of Criminology and Penology 1:341-351. Figueira-McDonough, J., Barton, W., and Sarri, R. 1981 Normal deviance: gender similarities in ad- olescent subcultures. M. Warren, ea., Com- paring Female and Male Offenders. Sage Research Progress Series in Criminology, Volume 21. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications. Fischer, D.R. 1983 Better public protection with fewer inmates? Corrections Today (December):16~20. 1984 Prediction and Incapacitation: Issues and Answers (An Overview of the Iowa Research on Recidivism and Violence Prediction). Pa- per presented at the annual meeting of the CRIMINAL CAREERS AND CAREER CRIMINALS American Society of Criminology, Cincin- nati, Ohio. Statistical Analysis Center, Des Moines, Iowa. Fisher, F., and Kadane, J. 1983 Empirically based sentencing guidelines and ethical considerations. In A. Blumstein, J. Cohen, S. Martin, and M. Tonry, eds., Research on Sentencing: The Searchfor Re- form, Volume 2. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Folkard, M., Smith, D.E., and Smith, D.D. 1976 IMPACT, Volume 2. London: Her Majesty's - Stationery Office. Forbes, A.F. 1971 Markov chain models for manpower sys- tems. In A.R. Smith and D.J. Bartholomew, eds., Manpower and Management Science. Lexington, Mass.: D.C. Heath. Forst, B., and Brosi, K. 1977 A theoretical and empirical analysis of the prosecutor. Journal of Legal Studies 6: 177-191. Forst, B., Lucianovic, J., and Cox, S.J. 1977 What Happens After Arrest: A Court Per- spective on Police Operations in the District of Columbia. PROMIS Research Publication No. 4. Washington, D.C.: Institute for Law and Social Research (INSLAW). Forst, B., Rhodes, W., Dimm, J., Gelman, A., and Mullin, B. 1982 Targeting Federal Resources on Recidivists. Unpublished final report of the Federal Ca- reer Criminal Research Project. Institute for Law and Social Research, Washington, D.C. Fowles, A.J. 1978 Prison Welfare. London: Her Majesty's Sta- tionery Office. Freeman, R.B. 1982 Crime and the Labor Market. NBCR Work- ing Paper No. 1031. National Bureau of Eco- nomic Research, Cambridge, Mass. Friedrich, R.L. 1977 The Impact of Organization, Individual, and Situational Factors on Police Behavior. Un- published Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Political Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Frum, H.S. 1958 Adult criminal offense trends following juve- nile delinquency. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science 49:29-49. Gandossy, R.P., Willia~ns, J.R., Cohen, J., and Harwood, H.J. 1980 Drugs and Crime: A Survey and Analysis of the Literature. National Institute of Justice. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice.

OCR for page 429
REFERENCES Garber, S., Klepper, S., and Nagin, D. 1983 The role of extralegal factors in determining criminal case dispositions. In A. Blumstein et al., eds., Research on Sentencing: The Search for Reform, Volume 2. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Garrison, S.R., and Stolberg, A.L. 1983 Modification of anger in children by affective imagery training. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 11:11~130. Gay, W.G., and Bowers, R.A. 1985 Career Criminal Initiative Projects: Issues and Practices. Deliverable No. 11 to Na- tional Institute of Justice. Washington, D.C.: University City Science Center. Gerstein, D.R., ed. 1981 Guidelines for Studies on Substance Abuse Treatment. Committee on Substance Abuse and Habitual Behavior, Commission on Be- havioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Gibbons, D.C. 1965 Changing the Lawbreaker. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall. 1975 Offender topologies two decades later. British Journal of Criminology 15:14(}156. Gibson, H.B. 1969 Early delinquency in relation to broken homes.Journal of Child Psychology and Psy- chiatry 10:19~204. Ginsberg, R.B. 1971 Semi-Markov process and mobility. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 15:23~262. Glaser, D. 1964 The Effectiveness of Prison and Parole. Indi- anapolis, Ind.: Bobbs-Merrill. Glaser, D., and Rice, K. 1959 Crime, age, and employment. American So- ciological Review 24:679-686. Glueck, S., and Glueck, E.T. 1930 500 Criminal Careers. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 1934 One Thousand Juvenile Delinquents. Cam- bridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. 1937 Later Criminal Careers. New York: The Commonwealth Fund. 1940 Juvenile Delinquents Grown Up. New York: The Commonwealth Fund. 1943 Criminal Careers in Retrospect. New York: The Commonwealth Fund. 1950 Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency. Cam- bridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Gold, M. 1966 Undetected delinquent behavior. Journalof Research in Crime and Delinquency 3: 27-46. 437 1970 Delinquent Behavior in an American City. Belmont, Calif.: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Gold, M., and Reimer, D. 1975 Changing patterns of delinquent behavior among Americans 13 through 16 years old: 1967-72. Crime and Delinquency Literature 7:483 517. GoldLamp, J.S. 1979 Two Classes of Accused: a Study of Bail and Detention in American Justice. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger. Goldkamp, J.S., and Gotttredson, M.R. 1981a Bail Decisionmaking: A Study of Policy Guidelines. Washington, D.C.: National In- stitute of Corrections. 1981b Bail Decisionmaking: Appendices. Washing- ton, D.C.: National Institute of Corrections. 1984 Policy Guidelines for Bail: An Experiment in Court Reform. Philadelphia, Pa.: Temple University Press. Goodman, L.A. 1961 Statistical methods for the mover-stayer model. Journal of the American Statistical Association 56:841~68. 1962 Statistical methods for analyzing processes of change. American Journal of Sociology 68:57-78. 1968 The analysis of cross-classified data: inde- pendence, quasi-independence, and interac- tions in contingency tables with and without missing entries. Journal of the American Statistical Association 63:1091-1131. Gordon, R.A. 1973 An explicit estimation of the prevalence of commitment to a training school, to age 18, by race and sex. Journal of the American Statistical Association 68:547~53. 1976 Prevalence: the rare datum in delinquency measurement and its implications for the theory of delinquency. Pp. 201-283 in M. Klein, ea., The Juvenile Justice System. Bev- erly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications. Gordon, R.A., and Gleser, L.J. 1974 The estimation of the prevalence of delin- quency: two approaches and a correction of the literature. Journal of Mathematical Soci- ology 3:27~291. Gottfredson, D.M., and Ballard, K.B. 1965 The Validity of Two Parole Prediction Scales. Vacaville, Calif.: Institute for the Study of Crime and Delinquency. Gottfredson, D.M., and Bonds, J.A. 1961 A Manual for Intake Base Expectancy Scor- ing (Form CDC-BE 61A). Research Divi- sion, California Department of Corrections, Sacramento, Calif.

OCR for page 429
438 Gottfredson, D.M., Cosgrove, C.A., Wilkins, L.T., and Wallerstein, J. 1978 Classification for Parole Decision Policy. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Gottiredson, D.M., Wilkins, L.T., and Hoffman, P.B. 1978 Guidelines for Parole and Sentencing: A Policy Control Method. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books. Gottfredson, M.R. 1974 An empirical analysis of pre-trial release de- cisions. Journal of Criminal Justice 2:287- 303. GottEredson, M.R., and Adams, K. 1980 Prison Behavior and Parole Performance: Empirical Reality and Public Policy. Unpub- lished manuscript. Criminal Justice Re- search Center, Albany, N.Y. Gottfredson, M.R., and Gottfredson, D.R. 1980 Decisionmaking in Criminal Justice: Toward the Rational Exercise of Discretion. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger. GottEredson, M.R., Mitchell-Herzfeld, S.D., and Flanagan, T.J. 1982 Another look at the effectiveness of parole supervision. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 19:277-298. Gottlieb, B. 1985 Public Danger as a Factor in Pretrial Re- lease: A Comparative Analysis of State Laws. Washington, D.C.: Toborg Associates, Inc. Gould, L.C. 1969 Who defines delinquency: a comparison of self-reported and officially-reported indices of delinquency for three racial groups. Social Problems 16:325 336. Greenberg, D.F. 1975 The incapacitative effect of imprisonment: some estimates. Law and Society Review 541-580. 1977a Delinquency and the age structure of soci- ety. Contemporary Crises 1: 189-224. 1977b The correctional effect of corrections: a sur- vey of evaluations. In D.F. Greenberg, ea., Corrections and Punishment. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications. 1978 Recidivism as radioactive decay. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 24: 124-125. 1983 Crime and age. Pp. 3(~35 in S.H. Kadish, ea., Encyclopedia of Crime andJustice. New York: Macmillan. Greene, M.A. 1977 The Incapacitative Effect of Imprisonment Policies on Crime. Unpublished Ph.D. the- sis, School of Urban and Public Affairs, CRIMINAL CAREERS AND CAREER CRIMINALS Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. (University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich.) Greenwood, P. 1985 The incapacitative/deterrent role of in- creased criminal penalties. In Proceedings of the Attorney General's Crimeconference 85. Sacramento, Calif.: California Department of Justice. Greenwood, P., with Abrahamse, A. 1982 Selective Incapacitation. Report R-2815- NIJ. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. Greenwood, P.W., and Zimring, F. -1985 One More Chance: The Role of Rehabilita- tion in Reducing the Criminality of Chronic Serious Juvenile Offenders. Report R-3214- OJJDP. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. Greenwood, P.W., Abrahamse, A., and Zimring, F. 1984 Factors Affecting Sentence Sever~ty for Young Adult Offenders. Report No. R-3173- NIJ. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. Greenwood, P.W., Petersilia, J., and Zimring, F.E. 1980 Age, Crime, and Sanctions: The Transition from Juvenile to Adult Court. Report R- 2642-NIJ. Santa Monica, Cali: Rand Corporation. Gropper, B.A. 1985 Probing the Links Between Drugs and Crime. National Institute of Justice, Re- search in Brief. Washington, D.C.: U.S. De- partment of Justice, National Institute of Justice. Haberman, S.J. 1973 The analysis of residuals in cross-classified tables. Biometrics 29:20~220. 1979 Analysis of Qualitative Data, Volume 2. New York: Academic Press. Hackler, J.C., and Hagan, J.L. 1975 Work and teaching machines as delinquency prevention tools: a four-year follow-up. So- cial Services Review 49:9~106. Hagan, J., and Bumiller, K. 1983 Making sense of sentencing: a review and critique of sentencing research. In A. Blumstein et al., eds., Research on Sentenc- ing: The Search for Reform, Volume 2. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Hamparian, D., Schuster, R., Dinitz, S., and Conrad, J. 1978 The Violent Few: A Study of Dangerous Juvenile Offenders. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books. Hannan, M.T. 1971 Aggregation and Disaggregation in Sociol- ogy. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books. Harris, C.M., and Moi~a, S.D. 1978 Improved statistical techniques for the mea

OCR for page 429
REFERENCES surement of recidivism. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 15: 194-213. Harris, C.M., Kaylan, A.R., and Maltz, M.D. 1981 Recent advances in the statistics of recidi- vism measurement. In J.A. Fox, ea., Models in Quantitative Criminology. New York: Ac- ademic Press. Hart, H. 1923 Predicting parole success. Journal of Crimi- nal Law and Criminology 14:40~413. Hart, H.L.A. 1968 Punishment and Responsibility. Oxford: Ox- ford University Press. Harvard Law Review Student Note 1982 Selective incapacitation: reducing crime through predictions of recidivism. Harvard Law Review 96:511-533. Hathaway, S.R., and Monachesi, E.D. 1963 Adolescent Personality and Behavior. Min- neapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Hausner, J., Mullin, B., and Moorer, A. 1982 The Investigation and Prosecution of Con- current Jurisdiction Offenses. INSLAW, Inc. Washington, D.C. Havighurst, R., Bowman, P., Liddle, G., Matthews, C., and Pierce, J. 1962 Growing Up in River City. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Heckman, J.K. 1979 Sample selection bias as a specification error. Econometrica 47:15~161. Hennessey, M., Richards, P.J., and Berk, R.A. 1978 Broken homes and middle class delin- quency: a reassessment. Criminology 15: 505-527. Hinde, R.A. 1980 Family influences. In M. Butter, ea., Scientific Foundations of Developmental Psychiatry. London: Heinemann. Hindelang, M.J. 1971 Age, sex, and the versatility of delinquent involvements. Social Problems 18:522-535. 1976 With a little help from their friends: group participation in reported delinquent behav- ior. British Journal of Criminology 16:10~125. 1978a Race and involvement in common law per- sonal crimes. American Sociological Review 43:93-109. 1978b Victims of Personal Crime: An Empirical Foundation for Theory of Personal Victim- ization. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger Press. 1980 Sex differences in criminal activity. Social Problems 27: 14~156. Hindelang, M.J., Hirschi, T., and Weis, J.G. 1979 Correlates of delinquency: the illusion of discrepancy between self-report and official 439 measures. American Sociological Review 44:995-1014. 1981 Measuring Delinquency. Beverly Hills, Cali: Sage Publications. Hirschi, T. 1969 Causes of Delinquency. Berkeley: Univer- sity of California Press. 1972 Social class and crime. Pp. 503-520 in G.W. Thielbar and S.D. Feldman, eds., Issues in Social Inequality. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown. 1983 Crime and the family. Chapter 4 in J.Q. Wilson, ea., Crime and Public Policy. San Francisco, Calif.: ICS Press. Hirschi, T., and Gottiredson, M. 1983 Age and the explanation of crime. American Journal of Sociology 89:552 - 584. Hirschi, T., and Hindelang, M.J. 1977 Intelligence and delinquency: a revisionist view. American Sociological Review 42:571-587. Hirschi, T., and Selvin, H.C. 1973 Description and prediction. Pp. 23~256 in Principles of Survey Analysis. New York: Free Press. Hoem, J. 1972 Inhomogeneous semi-Markov process, se- lect actuarial tables, and duration-depen- dence in demography. In T.N.E. Grevelle, ea., Population Dynamics. New York: Aca- demic Press. Hoffman, P.B. 1983 Screening for risk: a revised Salient Factor Score (SFS 81~. Journal of Criminal Justice 11:539-547. HofEinan, P.B., and Beck, J.L. 1974 Parole decision-making: a Salient Factor Score. Journal of Criminal Justice 2:195-206. 1976 Salient Factor Score validations: a 1972 re- lease cohort. Journal of Criminal Justice 4:69-76. 1980 Revalidating the Salient Factor Score: a re- search note. Journal of Criminal Justice 8:185-188. Hoffman, P.B., Stone-Meierhoefer, B., and Beck, J.L. 1978 Salient Factor Score and release behavior: three validation samples. Law and Human Behavior 1:47~2. Hubbard, R.L., Allison, M., Bray, R.M., Craddock, S.G., Rachal, J.V., and Ginzburg, H.M. 1983 An overview of client characteristics, treat- ment services, and during-treat~nent out- comes for outpatient methadone clinics in the Treatment Outcome Prospective Study (TOPS). Pp. 714-751 in J.R. Cooper et al.,

OCR for page 429
440 eds., Research on the Treatment of Narcotic Addiction: State of the Art. Rockville, Md.: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Hubbard, ILL., Rachal, J.V., Craddock, S.G., and Cavanaugh, E.R. 1984 Treatment outcome prospective study (TOPS): client characteristics and behaviors before, during, and after treatment. In F. Tims and J. Ludford, eds., Drug Abuse Treatment Evaluation: Strategies, Progress, and Prospects. Monograph No. 56. Rockville, Md.: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Hurwitz, J.I. 1965 Three delinquent types: a multivariate anal- ysis. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science 56:328 334. Hutchings, B., and Mednick, S.A. 1975 Registered criminality in the adoptive and biological parents of registered male crimi- nal adoptees. Pp. 105-116 in R.R. Fieve, D. Rosenthal, and H. Brill, eds., Genetic Re- search in Psychiatry. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press. Inciardi, J.A. 1979 Heroin use and street crime. Crime and Delinquency 25:335-346. Jabine, T., Straf, M., Tanur, J., and Tourangeau, R. 1984 Cognitive Aspects of Survey Methodology. Report of the Advanced Research Seminar on Cognitive Aspects of Survey Methodol- ogy. Committee on National Statistics, Com- mission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Jacoby, J., Mellon, L.R., and Smith, W. 1982 Policy and Prosecution. National Institute of Justice. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Janus, M.G. 1985 Selective incapacitation: Have we tried it? Does it work? Journal of Criminal Justice 13:117-129. Jensen, G.F. 1972 Parents, peers, and delinquent action: a test of the differential association perspective. Amer~can Journal of Sociology 78:562~75. 1976 Race, achievement, and delinquency: a fur- ther look at delinquency in a birth cohort. Amer~can Journal of Sociology 82:379~387. Jensen, G., and Eve, R. 1976 Sex differences in delinquency. Criminology 13:427~48. Jesness, C., DeRisi, W., McCol~l.ick, P., and Wedge, R. 1972 The Youth Center Research Project. Sacra- mento, Calif.: American Justice Institute. CRIMINAL CAREERS AND CAREER CRIMINALS Johnson, R.E. 1980 Social class and delinquent behavior: a new test. Criminology 18:8~93. Johnson, B.D., Goldstein, P., Preble, E., Schmeid- ler, J., Lipton, D.S., Spunt, B., Duchaine, N., Nor- man, R., Miller, R., Meggett, N., Kale, A., and Hand, D. 1983 The Economic Behavior of Street Opiate Users. Final report to the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the National Institute of Justice. Narcotic and Drug Research, Inc., New York City, N.Y. 1985 Taking Care of Business: The Economics of Crime by Heroin Abusers. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books. Johnson, D.L., and Breckenridge, J.N. 1982 The Houston parent-child development cen- ter and the primary prevention of behavior problems in young children. AmericanJour- nal of Community Psychology 10:305~316. Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., and Eveland, L. 1978 Drugs and delinquency: a search for causal connections. Pp. 137-156 in D. Kandel, ea., Longitudinal Research on Drug Use. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Johnstone, J.W.C. 1978 Juvenile delinquency and the family: a con- textual interpretation. Youth and Society 9:299 313. Kamin, L.J. 1985 Letter to the Editor: criminality and adop- tion. Science 227:983. Kandel, D.B. 1978 Longitudinal Research on Drug Use. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Kaplan, E., and Meier, P. 1958 Nonparametric estimation from incomplete observations. Journal of the American Sta- tistical Association 53:457~81. Kaplan, J. 1983 The Hardest Drug: Heroin and Public Policy. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. Karlin, S., and Taylor, H.M. 1975 A First Course in Stochastic Processes. 2nd ed. New York: Academic Press. Karoly, P., and Rosenthal, M. 1977 Training parents in behavior modification: eects on perceptions of family interaction and deviant child behavior. Behavior Ther apy 8:406~10. Kellarn, S.G., Ensminger, M.E., and Simon, M.B. 1980 Mental health in the first grade and teenage drug, alcohol, and cigarette use. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 5:273~304. Kemeny, J.G., Snell, J.L., and Thompson, G.L. 1966 Introduction to Finite Mathematics. 2nd ed. Englewood Clilis, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

OCR for page 429
REFERENCES Kettlewell, P.W., and Kausch, D.F. 1983 The generalization of the effects of a cogni- tive-behavioral treatment program for ag- gressive children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 11:101-114. Kinch, J.W. 1962 Continuities in the study of delinquent types. Journal of Criminal Law, Cr~minol- ogy, and Police Science 53:323-328. Kirby, B.C. 1954 Parole prediction using multiple correlation. American Journal of Sociology 59:539-550. Klepper, S., Nagin, D., and Tierney, L. 1983 Discrimination in the criminal justice sys- tem: a critical appraisal ofthe literature. In A. Blumstein et al., eds., Research on Sentenc- ing: The Search for Reform, Volume 2. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Knapp, K. 1982 Impact of Minnesota sentencing guidelines on sentencing practices. Hamline Law Re- view 5:237-256. Krasker, W., and Welsch, R. 1982 Efficient bounded-influence regression esti- mation. Journal of the American Statistical Association 77:595-604. Kratcoski, P., and Kratcoski, J. 1975 Changing patterns in the delinquent activi- ties of boys and girls. Adolescence 10:8~91. Krohn, M.D., Akers, R.L., Radosevich, M.J., and Lanza-Kaduce, L. 1980 Social status and deviance: class context of school, social status, and delinquent behav- ior. Criminology 18:303-318. Kvaraceus, W.C. 1944 Juvenile delinquency and social class. Jour- nal of Educational Sociology 8:51-54. LaFave, W.R. 1965 Arrest: The Decision to Take a Suspect into Custody. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown and Co. LaFree, G.D. 1985 Official reactions to Hispanic defendants in the Southwest.Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 22:21~237. Lamb, H., and Goertzel, V. 1974 Ellsworth House: a community alternative to jail. American Journal of Psychiatry 131:64-68. Lander, B. 1954 Towards an Understanding ofJuvenile De- linquency. New York: Columbia University Press. Langan, P.A., and Farrington, D.P. 1983 Two-track or one-track justice?: some evi- dence from an English longitudinal survey. 44' The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminol- ogy 74~2~:501-527. Lerman, P. 1975 Community Treatment and Social Control. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. Lichtman, G.M., and Smock, S.M. 1981 The effects of social services on probation recidivism: a field experiment. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 18:81-100. Lipton, D., Martinson, R., and Wilks, J. 1975 The Effectiveness of Correctional Treat- ment: A Survey of Treatment Evaluation Studies. New York: Praeger. Little, A. 1965 The "prevalence" of recorded delinquency and recidivism in England and Wales. Amer- ican Sociological Review 30:260-263. Locander, W.B., and Burton, J.P. 1976 The effect of question form on gathering income data by telephone. Journal of Mar- keting Research 13:189-192. Loeber, R. 1982 The stability of antisocial and delinquent child behavior: a review. Child Develop- ment 53:1431 - 1446. 1984 Experimental Studies to Reduce Antisocial Delinquent Child Behavior: Implications for Future Programs and Optimal Times for In- tervention. Unpublished paper. Western Psychiatric Institute, University of Pitts- burgh. 1985 The Prevalence, Correlates, and Continuity of Illegal Conduct Problems of Elementary School Children. Unpublished paper. West- ern Psychiatric Institute, University of Pittsburgh. Loeber, R., and Dishion, T. 1983 Early predictors of male delinquency: a re- view. Psychological Bulletin 94(10~:68-99. Loeber, R., and Stouthamer-Loeber, M. 1986 Models and meta-analyses of the relation- ships between family variables and juvenile conduct problems and delinquency. In N. Morris and M. Tonry, eds., Crime andJus- tice: An Annual Review of Research, Volume 7. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. London Home Office 1985 Criminal Careers of Those Born in 1953, 1958, and 1963. Home Office Statistical Bul- letin. London: Home Office Statistical De- par~nent. Lukoff, I.F. 1974 Issues in the evaluation of heroin treatment. Pp.129 - 157 in E. fosenhson and F~ ~awol eds., Drug Use: Epidemiological and Socio ,

OCR for page 429
442 logical Approaches. New York: John Wiley and Sons. 1976 Consequences of use: Heroin and other nar cotics. Pp. 195-227 in J. Rittenhouse, ea., The Epidemiology of Heroin and Other Nar cotics. NIDA Research Monograph Series. Rockville, Md.: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Lundman, R.J. 1984 Prevention and Control of Juvenile Delin quency. New York: Oxford University Press. Lundman, R.J., McFarlane, P.T., and Scarpitti, F.R. 1976 Delinquency prevention: a description and assessment of projects reported in the profes sional literature. Crime and Delinquency 22:297~308. Mallar, C., Kerachsky, S., Thornton, C., and Long, D. 1982 Evaluation of the Economic Impact of the Job Corps Program, Third Follow-Up Re port. Princeton, N.J.: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. Maltz, M. 1984 Recidivism. New York: Academic Press. Maltz, M., and McCleary, R. 1977 The mathematics of behavioral change. Evaluation Quarterly 1~3~:421-438. Mannheim, H., and Wilkins, L.T. 1955 Prediction Methods in Relation to Borstal Training. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Marquis, K.H., with Ebener, P.A. 1981 Quality of Prisoner Self-Reports: Arrest and Conviction Response Errors. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. Martin, J.B. 1952 My Life in Crime: The Autobiography of a Professional Thief. New York: Knopf. Martin, S. 1984 Catching Career Criminals: An Evaluation of the Repeat Offender Project. Paper pre sented at the annual meeting of the Ameri can Society of Criminology, Cincinnati, Ohio. The Police Foundation, Washington, D.C. Matsueda, R. 1982 Testing control theory and differential asso- 1985 ciation: a causal modeling approach. Ameri can Sociological Review 47:489-504. McCord, J.M. 1977 A comparative study of two generations of native Americans. In R. Meier, ea., Theory in Cr~minology. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications. 1978 A thirty-year follow-up of treatment effects. American Psychologist 32:284-289. 1979 Some child-rearing antecedents of criminal CRIMINAL CAREERS AND CAREER CRIMINALS behavior in adult men. Journal of Personal- ity and Social Psychology 37(9): 1477- 1486. 1981 Consideration of some effects of a counseling program. Pp. 394 405 in S. Martin, L. Sechr- est, and R. Redner, eds., New Directions in the Rehabilitation of Criminal Offenders. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 1982 A longitudinal view of the relationship be- tween paternal absence and crimes. Pp. 11~128 in J. Gunn and D. Farrington, eds., Abnormal Offenders, Delinquency, and the Criminal Justice System. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons. McCord, J.M., and McCord, W. 1959 A follow-up report on the Cambridge- Somerville Youth Study. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 322:89-96. McDonald, W.F., ed. 1978 The Prosecutor. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications. McGahey, R.M. 1982 Labor Market Seg~nentation, Human Capital and the Economics of Crime. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Graduate Faculty of Po- litical and Social Science, New School for Social Research, New York City. McGinnis, R. 1968 A stochastic model of social mobility. Amer- ican Sociological Review 33:71~721. McGlothlin, W.H., and Anglin, M.D. 1981 Shutting o methadone: costs and benefits. Archives of General Psychiatry 38:885. McGlothlin, W.H., Anglin, M.D., and Wilson, B.D. 1977 An Evaluation of the California Civil Addict Program. Services Research Issues Series, No. 78-558. Rockville, Md.: National Insti- tute on Drug Abuse. 1978 Narcotic addiction and crime. Criminology 16:293 315. Mednick, S.A., Gabrielli, W.F., Jr., and Hutchings, B. 1984 Genetic influences in criminal convictions: evidence from an adoption cohort. Science 224:891-894. Response to letters from L.J. Ka~nin and L.E. Moses regarding Mednick's criminality and adoption paper. Science 227:984. Mednick, S.A., Pollock, V., Volavka, J., and Gabrielli, W.F. 1982 Biology and Violence. Pp. 85-158 in M.E. Wolfgang and N.A. Weiner, eds., Criminal Violence. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications. Menard, S., and Morse, B.J. 1984 A structuralist critique of the IQ-delin

OCR for page 429
REFERENCES quency hypothesis: theory and evidence. American Journal of Sociology 89:1347-1378. Merton, R.K. 1938 Social structure and anomie. American So- ciological Review 3:67~682. Michigan State Police 1983a CCH- A Closer Look: Update. Internal doc- ument. Michigan State Police, East Lansing. 1983b Michigan's Computerized Criminal History System: A Closer Look. Internal document. Michigan State Police, East Lansing, Mich. Miller, F., Court, S., Knox, E., and Brandon, S. 1974 The School Years in Newcastle-Upon-Tyne. London: Oxford University Press. Miller, S., Dinitz, S., and Conrad, J. 1982 Careers of the Violent. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books. Minnesota Sentencing Guidelines Commission 1984 The Impact of the Minnesota Sentencing Guidelines: Three-Year Evaluation. St. Paul: Minnesota Sentencing Guidelines Commis- sion. Mitchell, S., and Rosa, P. 1981 Boyhood behavior problems as precursors of criminality: a fifteen-year follow-up study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 22:19 33. Moitra, S.D. 1981 Analysis of Sentencing Policies Considering Crime Switching Patterns and Imprison- ment Constraints. Unpublished Ph.D. dis- sertation. School of Urban and Public Affairs, Carnegie-Mellon University. Monahan, J. 1981 Predicting Violent Behavior: An Assessment of Clinical Techniques. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications. 1982 The case for prediction in the modified just desert model of criminal sentencing. Inter- national Journal of Law and Psychiatry 5:10~113. Monahan, T.P. 1960 On the incidence of delinquency. Social Forces 39~0ctober):66-72. Moore, J.W., Garcia, C., Garcia, R., Cerda, L., and Valencia, F. 1978 Homeboys: Gangs, Drugs and Prison in the Barrios of Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Pa.: Temple University Press. Moore, M., Estrich, S.R., McGillis, D., and Spelman, W. 1984 Dangerous Offender: The Elusive Target of Ohlin, L.E. Justice. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univer sity Press. Morash, M. 1984 Establishment of a juvenile police record: 443 the influence of individual and peer group characteristics. Criminology 22:97-111. Morris, N., and Miller, M. 1985 On "dangerousness" in the judicial process. Pp. 1~0 in M. Tonry and N. Morris, eds., Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research, Volume 6. Chicago, Ill.: tJniver- sity of Chicago Press. Moses, L.E. 1985 Letter to the Editor: criminality and adop- tion. Science 227:983. Moynihan, D. 1965 The Negro Family: The Case for National Action. ("The Moynihan Report") Washing- ton, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor. Mrad, D.F. 1979 The effect of differential follow-up on rear- rests: a critique of Quay and Love. Criminal Justice and Behavior 6:2~29. Nagel, I. 1983 The legal/extra-legal controversy: judicial decisions in pretrial release. Law and Soci- ety Review 17:481~15. Nagel, I., and Hagan, J. 1984 Gender and crime: Offense patterns and criminal court sanctions. In N. Morris and M. Tonry, eds., Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research, Volume 4. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. Nash, G. 1976 An analysis of twelve studies of the impact of drug abuse treatment upon criminality. Pp. 231-271 in Appendix to Drug Use and Crime: Report of the Panel on Drug Use and Criminal Behavior. Research Triangle Park, N.C.: Research Triangle Institute. National Council on Crime and Delinquency 1970 Hidden crime. Crime and Delinquency 2: 1~9. Nuffield, J. 1982 Parole Decision-Making in Canada. Ottawa: Supply and Services Canada. Nye, F.I. 1958 Family Relationship and Delinquent Behav- ior. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Nye, F.I., Short, J.F., and Olson, V.J. 1958 Socioeconomic status and delinquent behav- ior. American Journal of Sociology 63:381- 389. O'Donnell, C.R., Lydgate, T., and Fo, W.S.O. 1979 The "buddy system": review and follow-up. Child Behavior Therapy 1: 161-169. 1951 Selection for Parole. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Ohlin, L.E., and Duncan, O.D. 1949 The efficiency of prediction in criminology.

OCR for page 429
444 American Journal . of Sociology 54:441- 445. Olweus, D. 1979 Stability of aggressive reaction patterns in males: a review. Psychological Bulletin 86:85~857. Osborn, S.G., and West, D.J. 1979 Conviction records of fathers and sons com- pared. British Journal of Criminology 19:12(}133. Ouston, J. 1984 Delinquency, family background, and edu- cational attainment. BritishJournal of Crim- inology 24:2-26. Palmer, J., and Carlson, P. 1976 Problems with the use of regression analysis in prediction studies. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 13~1~:64-81. Palmer, T.B. 1971 California's community treatment program for delinquent adolescents. Journal of Re- search in Crime and Delinquency 8:74-92. 1974 The youth authority's community treatment project. Federal Probation 38:3-14. Palmore, E.B., and Hammond, P.E. 1964 Interacting factors in juvenile delinquency. American Sociological Review 29:848-854. Parker, W. 1972 Parole: Origins, Development, Current Prac- tices, and Statutes. Research Document 1. American Correctional Association, College Park, Md. Patterson, G.R. 1980 Treatment for children with conduct prob- lems: a review of outcome studies. Pp. 83-132 in S. Feshback and A. Fraczek, eds., Aggression and Behavior Change: Biologi- cal and Social Process. New York: Praeger. 1982 A Social Learning Approach, Volume 1: Coer- cive Family Process. Eugene, Ore.: Castalia. Patterson, G.R., and Stouthamer-Loeber, M. 1984 The correlation of family management prac- tices and delinquency. Child Development 55:1299-1307. Patterson, G.R., Chamberlain, P., and Reid, J.B. 1982 A comparative evaluation of parent training programs. Behavior Therapy 13:638-650. Penick, B., and Owens, M., eds. 1976 Surveying Crime. Panel for the Evaluation of Crime Surveys, Committee on National Sta- tistics, Assembly of Mathematical and Phys- ical Sciences. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. Petersilia, J. 1983 Racial Disparities in the Criminal Justice System. Report No. R-2947-NIC. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. CRIMINAL CAREERS AND CAREER CRIMINALS Petersilia, J., Greenwood, P.W., and Lavin, M. 1977 Criminal Careers of Habitual Felons. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. Petersilia, J., Turner, S., Kahan J., and Peterson, J. 1985 Granting Felons Probation: Public Risks and Alternatives. Report No. R-3186-NIJ. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. Peterson, M.A., and Braiker, H.B. 1980 Doing Crime: A Survey of California Prison Inmates. Report R-2200-DOJ. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. Peterson, M.A., and Braiker, H.B., with Polich, S. -1981 Who Commits Crime. Cambridge, Mass.: Oel- geschlager, Gunn, and Hain Publishers, Inc. Peterson, M., Chaiken, J., Ebener, P., and Honig, P. 1982 Survey of Prison and Jail lamates: Back- ground and Methods. A Rand Note. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. Peterson, R.A., Pit~llan, D.J., and O'Neal, P. 1962 Stabilities in deviance: a study of assaultive and non-assaultive offenders. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Sci- ence 53:44 48. Peterson, R.D., and Hagan, J. 1984 Changing conceptions of race: towards an account of anomalous findings of sentencing research. American Sociological Review 49:56-70. Piliavin, I., and Briar, S. 1964 Police encounters with juveniles. American Journal of Sociology 70:26-214. Polk, K., Alder, C., Basemore, G., Blake, G., Cardray, S., and Coventry, G. 1981 Becoming Adult: An Analysis of Matura- tional Developmentfrom Age 16 to 30. Final report, Grant No. MH 14806, Center for Studies of Crime and Delinquency, National Institute of Mental Health. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Hu ~ . man ~ervlces. Polk, K., Frease, D., and Richmond, F.L. 1974 Social class, school experience, and delin- quency. Criminology 12:8~96. Pollack, O. 1950 The Criminality of Women. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Pond, E. 1970 The Los Angeles Community Delinquency Control Project: An Experiment in the Reha- bilitation of Delinquents in an Urban Com- munity. Los Angeles: California Youth Authority. Porterfield, A.L. 1946 Youth in Trouble. Fort Wor~, Tex.: Leo Potishman Foundation. Pulkkinen, L. 1983 Search for alternatives to aggression in Fin

OCR for page 429
REFERENCES land. In A.P. Goldstein and M. Segall, eds., Aggression in Global Perspective. New York: Pergamon. Quay, H.C., and Love, C.T. 1977 The eect of a juvenile diversion program on rearrests. Criminal Justice and Behavior 4:377-396. 1979 Effects of a juvenile diversion project on rearrests: a reply to Mrad. Criminal Justice and Behavior 6:31-33. Quetelet, A. 1984 Research on the Propensity for Crime at Different Ages. (Originally published 1831.) Translated by S.F. Sylvester. Cincinnati, Ohio: Anderson Publishing Co. Rankin, J.H. 1983 The family context of delinquency. Social Problems 30:466~79. Reckless, W.C., and Dinitz, S. 1972 The Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency. Co- lumbus: Ohio State University Press. Reckless, W.C., Dinitz, S., and Kay, B. 1957 The self component in potential delin- quency and potential non-delinquency. American Sociological Review 22:56~570. 445 Reid, J. 1983 Home-Based Treatment for Multiple Of- fending Delinquents. Final Report to the National Institute of Mental Health. Grant No. ROlMH37939, Rockville, Md. Reiss, A.J. 1971 The Police and the Public. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press. 1973 Survey of Self-Reported Delicts. Unpub- lished paper. Department of Sociology, Yale University, New Haven, Conn. 1980a Crime rates and victimization. In S.E. Fienberg and A.J. Reiss, eds., Indicators of Crime and Criminal Justice: Quantitative Studies. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. 1980b Understanding changes in crime rates. In S.E. Fienberg and A.J. Reiss, eds., Indicators of Crime and CriminalJustice: Quantitative Studies. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Reiss, A.J., and Rhodes, A.L. 1959 A Socio-Psychological Study of Adolescent Conformity and Deviance. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education. 1961 The distribution of juvenile delinquency in the social class structure. American Sociolog- ical Review 26:72(}732. Research and Forecasts, Inc. 1980 The Figgie Report on Fear of Crime: Amer- ica Afraid. Willoughby, Ohio: Figgie Inter- national, Inc. Rhodes, W. 1980 Investment of prosecution resources in ca- reer criminal programs. TheJournal of Cr~m- inal Law and Criminology 71:11~123. 1984 Empirical Comparisons of Prediction-Based Decision Rules with Decisions Made in Cur- rent Practice. Unpublished paper. Presented at the Workshop on Research on Criminal Careers, Woods Hole, Mass. U.S. Sentencing Commission, Washington, D.C. 1985 The adequacy of statistically derived predic- tion instruments in the face of sample selec- tivity: criminal justice as an example. Evalu- ation Review 9:369-382. Rhodes, W., Tyson, H., Weekley, J., Conly, C., and Powell, G. 1982 Developing Criteria for Identifying Career Cr~minals. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Depart- ment of Justice. Robins, L.N. 1966 Deviant Children Grown Up: A Sociological and Psychiatric Study of Sociopathic Per- sonality. Baltimore, Md.: Williams and Wilkins. 1975 Discussion of genetic studies of criminality and psychopathy. Proceedings of the Ameri- can Psychopathological Association 63:117- 122. 1979 Addict careers. Pp. 325~36 in R. DuPont, A. Goldstein, and J. O'Donnell, eds., Handbook on Drug Abuse. Rockville, Md.: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Robins, L.N., and Lewis, R.G. 1966 The role of the antisocial fa~nily in school completion and delinquency: a three gener- ation study. Sociological Quarterly 7~4~:50 514. Robins, L.N., and Taibleson, M. 1972 An actuarial method for assessing the direc- tion of influence between two datable life events. Sociological Methods and Research 1(2):24~270. Robins, L.N., and Wish, E. 1977 Childhood deviance as a developmental process: a study of 223 urban black men from birth to 18. Social Forces 56(2):44~473. Robins, L.N., Gyman, H., and O'Neal, P. 1962 The interaction of social class and deviant behavior. American Sociological Review 27:480-492. Robins, L.N., West, P.A., and Herjanic, B.L. 1975 Arrests and delinquency in two generations: a study of black urban families and their children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 15: 12~140. Robinson, W.S. 1950 Ecological correlations and the behavior of

OCR for page 429
446 individuals. American Sociological Review 15:351-357. Roebuck, J., and Quinney, R. 1967 Criminal Behavior Systems: A Typology. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. Rojek, D.G., and Erickson, M.L. 1982 Delinquent careers: a test ofthe career esca- lation model. Criminology 20~1~:~28. Rolph, J.E., Chaiken, J.M., and Houchens, R.L. 1981 Methods for Estimating Crime Rates of In- dividuals. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation. Rossi, P.EI., Berk, R.A., and Lenihan, K.J. 1980 Money, Work, and Crime: Some Exper~men- tal Results. New York: Academic Press. 1982 Saying it wrong with figures: a comment on Zeisel. American Journal of Sociology 88:390-393. Roth, J., and Wice, P. 1978 Pretrial Release and Misconduct in the Dis- trzct of Columbia. PROMIS Research Project Publication No. 16. Washington, D.C.: INSLAW. Ruppert, D. 1985 On the bounded-influence regression esti- mator of Krasker and Welsch. Journal of the American Statistical Association 80: 20~208. Rutter, M. 1977 Separation, loss, and family relations. Pp. 47-73 in M. Rutter and Littersov, eds., Child Psychiatry: Modern Approaches. Oxford: Blackwell. 1981 Epidemiological/longitudinal strategies and causal research in child psychiatry. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychia- try 20:513 544. Rutter, M., and Giller, H. 1984 Juvenile Delinquency: Trends and Perspec- tives. London: Guilford Press. Schmidt, P., and Witte, A. 1980 Evaluating correctional programs: models of criminal recidivism and an illustration of their use. Evaluation Quarterly 4:585 600. Schuessler, K.F. 1954 Parole prediction: its history and status.Jour- nal of Criminal Law and Criminology 45( N ovember): 42~431 . Schweinhart, L.J., and Weikart, D.P. 1980 Young Children Grow Up: The Eff7ectiveness of the Perng Preschool Program on Youths Through Age 15. Ypsilanti, Mich.: High/Scope Press. Scott, J.E. 1974 The use of discretion in determining the severity of punishment for incarcerated of CRIMINAL CAREERS AND CAREER CRIMINALS fenders. Journal of Criminal Law and Crim- inology 65(2):214-224. SEARCH Group, Inc. 1982 Criminal Justice Information Policy: Pri- vacy and Juvenile Justice Records. Report of work prepared under BJS Grant No. 81-BJ- CX-0012. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Sechrest, D.K. 1979 Methadone programs and crime reduction: a comparison of New York and California ad- dicts. The International Journal of the Ad- - dictions 14(3):377~400. Sechrest, L., White, S.O., and Brown, E., eds. 1979 The Rehabilitation of Criminal Offenders: Problems and Prospects. Panel on Research on Rehabilitative Techniques, Committee on Research on Law Enforcement and Crim- inal Justice, Assembly of 13ehavioral and So- cial Sciences, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of ~ . ~clences. Sellin, T. 1958 Recidivism and maturation. National Proba- tion and Parole Association Journal 4:241- 250. Sellin, T., and Wolfgang, M. 1964 The Measurement of Delinquency. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Sells, S.B. 1979 Treatment effectiveness. Pp. 19~218 in R.L. DuPont, A. Goldstein, and J. O'Donnell, eds., Handbook on Drug Abuse. Rockville, Md.: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Sells, S.B., Stimson, D.D., Joe, G.H., Demaree, R.G., Savage, L.J., and Woyd, M.R. 1976 A national follow-up study to evaluate the effectiveness of drug abuse treatment: a re- port on cohort I of DARP five years later. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 3:545 556. Severy, L.J., and Whitaker, J.M. 1982 Juvenile diversion: an experimental analysis of effectiveness. Evaluation Review 6:75 774. Shannon, L.W. 1968 Scaling juvenile delinquency. Journal of Re- search in Crime and Delinquency 5:52 65. 1978 A longitudinal study of delinquency and crime. In C. Wellford, ea., Quantitative Studies in Criminology. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications. 1981 Assessing the Relationship of Adult Crimi- nal Careers to Juvenile Careers. Final Re- port to National Institute of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Iowa Urban

OCR for page 429
REFERENCES Community Research Center. University of Iowa. 1982a Assessing the Relationship of Adult Cr~mi nal Careers to Juvenile Careers. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Preven tion. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. 1982bAssessing the Relationship of Adult Cr~mi nal Careers to Juvenile Careers: A Summary. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Depart ment of Justice. Shaw, C.R. 1930 The Jack Roller: A Delinquent Boy's Own Story. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. 1931 The Natural History of a Delinquent Career. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. Smith, D.A. Shaw, C.R., and McKay, H.D. 1969 Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas. Re vised Version. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. Shaw, M. 1974 Social Work in Prison. London:. Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1986 Sherman, L. 1980 Causes of police behavior: the current state of quantitative research.Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 17:69-100. Sherman, L.W., and Click, B.D. 1984 The Quality of Police Arrest Statistics. Po lice Foundation Reports No. 2. Washington, D.C.: The Police Foundation. Shinnar, R., and Shinnar, S. 1975 The effect of the criminal justice system on the control of crime: a quantitative approach. Law and Society Review 9:581-612. Shore, M., and Massimo, J. 1979 Fifteen years after treatment: a follow-up study of comprehensive vocationally ori ented psychotherapy. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 49:240-245. Short, J.F., and Nye, F.I. 1957 Reported behavior as a criterion of deviant behavior. Social Problems 5:207-213. 1958 Extent of unrecorded juvenile delinquency: tentative conclusions. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 49:269~02. Sickles, R.C., Schmidt, P., and Witte, A.D. 1979 An application of the simultaneous Tobit model: a study of the determinants of crimi nal recidivism. Journal of Economics and Business 31:166-171. Simon, F.H. 1971 Prediction Methods in Criminology. Lon don: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 447 Simpson, D.D., Savage, L.J., Lloyd, M.R., and Sells, S.B. 1978 Evaluation of drug abuse treatments based on first year follow-up. In Evaluation of Drug Abuse Treatments. DHEW Publica- tion No. ADM 78-701. Rockville, Md.: Na- tional Institute on Drug Abuse. Singer, B., and Spilerman, S. 1978 Some methodological issues in the analy- sis of longitudinal surveys. In K.E. Taeu- ber, L. Bumpass, and J.A. Sweet, eds., So- cial Demography. New York: Academic Press. Slocum, W., and Stone, C. 1963 Family culture patterns and delinquent type behavior. Journal of Marriage and Family 25:202-208. 1982 Invoking the Law: Situational, Community, and Organizational Determinants of Arrest Decisions. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Sociology, Indiana Univer- sity. (University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich.) The neighborhood context of police behav- ior. In A. Reiss and M. Tonry, eds., Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research, Volume 8. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chi- cago Press. Smith, D.A., and Klein, J.R. 1984 Police control of interpersonal disputes. So- cial Problems 31:468-481. Smith, D.A., and Visher, C.A. 1981 Street-level justice: situational determinants of police arrest decisions. Social Problems 29: 167-177. Smith, D.R., and Smith, W.R. 1984 Patterns of delinquent careers: an assess- ment of three perspectives. Social Science Research 13:129-158. Sonquist, J.A., Baker, E.C., and Morgan, J.N. 1973 Searching for Structure. Ann Arbor: Insti- tute for Social Research, University of Michigan. Soothill, K.L., and Gibbens, T.C.N. 1978 Recidivism of sexual offenders: a reappraisal. British Journal of Criminology 18:267-276. Spelman, W. 1984 A Sensitivity Analysis of the Rand Inmate Surveys. Paper presented at the 1984 meet- ing of the American Society of Criminology, Cincinnati, Ohio. Police Executive Research Forum, Washington, D.C. Spilerman, S. 1972a The analysis of mobility processes by the introduction of independent variables into a

OCR for page 429
448 Markov chain. American Sociological Re- view 37:277-294. 1972bExtensions ofthe mover-stayer model. Amer- icanJournal of Sociology 78:599~27. Springer, F., and Phillips, J. no The Career Criminal Prosecution Pro date gram: An Examination of Program Results. Draft report submitted to Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, U.S. Department of Justice. MetaMetrics, Inc., Washington, D.C. Statistical Analysis Center 1984 Risk Assessment in Iowa: An Overview. Of- fice for Planning and Programming, Des Moines, Iowa. April 25, 1984. Stollmack, S., and Harris, C. 1974 Failure rate analysis applied to recidivism data. Operations Research 22:1192-1205. Stryker, R., Nagel, I., and Hagan, I. 1983 Methodological issues in court research: pre- trial release decisions for federal defendants. Sociological Methods and Research 2:469-500. Stuart, R.B., Jayaratne, S., and Tripodi, T. 1976 Changing adolescent deviant behavior through reprogramming the behavior of par- ents and teachers: an experimental evalua- tion. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Sci- ence 8:133-144. Sutherland, E. 1937 The Professional Thief. Chicago, Ill.: Uni- versity of Chicago Press. Sutherland, E.H., and Cressey, D.R. 1978 Criminology. 10th ed. New York: Lippincott. Thornberry, T. P. , and Christensen, ILL. 1984 Unemployment and criminal involvement: an investigation of reciprocal causal struc- tures. American Sociological Review 49:398-411. Thornberry, T.P., and Farnworth, M. 1982 Social correlates of criminal involvement: further evidence on the relationship be- tween social status and criminal behavior. American Sociological Review 47:505-518. Tittle, C.R. 1980 Sanctions and Social Deviance: The Ques- tion of Deterrence. New York: Praeger. Tithe, C.R., Villemez, W.J., and Smith, D.A. 1978 The myth of social class and criminality. American Sociological Review 43:643 656. Tracy, P.E., Wolfgang, M.E., and Figlio, R.M. 1985 Delinquency in Two Birth Cohorts. Chi- cago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. U.S. Department of Justice 1979 Evaluation of Treatment Alternatives to Street Crime. National Evaluation Program, Phase II Report, Law Enforcement Assist- ance Administration. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. CRIMINAL CAREERS AND CAREER CRIMINALS U.S. Parole Commission 1981 Federal Parole Commission's Guidelines for Decisionmaking. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Van Alstyne, D.J., and GottEredson, M.R. 1978 A multidimensional contingency table anal- ysis of parole outcome. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 15:172-193. Van Dusen, K.T., Mednick, S.A., Gabrielli, W.F., and Hutchings, B. 1983 Social class and crime in an adoption cohort. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology - 74:25() 269. Venezia, P.S. 1972 Unofficial probation: an evaluation of its ef- fectiveness. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 9:149-170. Vera Institute of Justice 1977 Felony Arrests: Their Prosecution and Dis- position in New York City's Courts. New York: Vera Institute of Justice. Viscusi, W.K. 1983 Market Incentives for Criminal Behavior. Pa- per prepared for the Conference on Inner City Black Youth Unemployment in Cambridge, Massachusetts, August 11-12. National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc., Cambridge, Mass. van Hirsch, A. 1985 Past or Future Crimes: Deservedness and Dangerousness in the Sentencing of Crimi- nals. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univer- sity Press. van Hirsch, A., and Gottfredson, D. 1984 Selective incapacitation: some queries on research design and equity. New York Uni- versity Review of Law and Social Change 12~1~: 11-51. Wadsworth, M.E.J. 1976 Delinquency, pulse rates, and early emo- tional deprivation. British Journal of Crimi- nology 16~3~:245-255. 1979 Roots of Delinquency. London: Barnes and Noble. Walberg, H., Yeh, E., and Patton, S. 1975 Family background, ethnicity, and urban de- linquency.Jo~4rnal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 11:80-87. Waldo, G.P., and Chiricos, T.G. 1972 Perceived penal sanctions and self-reported delinquency: a neglected approach to deter- rence research. Social Problems 19:52~540. Wallerstein, J.S., and Wyle, C.J. 1947 Our law-abiding law-breal~ers. Probation 25:107-112. Walters, H.I., and Gilmore, S.K. 1973 Placebo versus social learning effects in pa- rental training procedures designed to alter the behavior of aggressive boys. Behavior Therapy 4:361-377.

OCR for page 429
REFERENCES Ward, P.F. 1968 The comparative efficiency of differing tech- niques of prediction scaling. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology 1:10~112. Warren, M.Q. 1971 Classification of offenders as an aid to effi- cient management and effective treatment. Social Problems 19:522-540. Wechsler, H., and McFadden, D. 1976 Sex differences in adolescent alcohol and drug use. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 37:1299-1301. Weis, J. 1973 Delinquency Among the Well-to-Do. Un- published Ph.D. dissertation, School of Criminology, University of California, Berkeley. (University Microfilms, Ann Ar- bor, Mich.) 1976 Liberation and crime: the invention of the new female criminal. Crime and Social Jus- tice 1~61:17-27. West, D.J. 1969 Present Conduct and Future Delinquency. London: Heinemann. 1982 Delinquency: Its Roots, Careers, and Pros- pects. London: Heinemann. West, D .J . , and Farrington, D. P. 1973 Who Becomes Delinquent? London: Heinemann. 1977 The Delinquent Way of Life. London: Heinemann. White, H.C. 1970 Stayers and movers. American Journal of Sociology 76:307-324. Wilkins, L.T., and MacNaughton-Smith, P. 1964 New prediction and classification methods in criminology.Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 1:19-32. Wilkinson, K. 1980 The broken home and delinquent behavior. Pp. 21-42 in T. Hirschi and M. Gotttredson, eds., Understanding Crime. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications. Williams, J.R., and Gold, M. 1972 From delinquent behavior to official delin- quency. Social Problems 20(Fall):209 229. Wilson, H. 1975 Juvenile delinquency, parent criminality, and social handicap. BritishJournal of Crim- inology 15:241 - 250. Wilson, J.Q. 1968 Varieties of Police Behavior. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Wilson, J.Q., and Hellllstein, R.J. 1985 Crime and Human Nature. New York: Simon and Schuster. Winslow, R. 1967 Anomie and its alternatives: A self-report 449 study of delinquency. Sociological Quar- terly 8:468~80. Witte, A.D. 1980 Estimating the economic model of crime with individual data. Quarterly Journal of Economics 94:57 84. Wodarski, J.S., and Pedi, S.J. 1978 The empirical evaluation of the effects of different group treatment strategies against a controlled treatment strategy on behavior exhibited by antisocial children, behaviors of the therapist, and two self-rating scales that measure antisocial behavior.Journal of Clin- ical Psychology 34:471~81. Wodarski, J.S., Filipczak, J., McCombs, D., Koustenis, G., and Rusilko, S. 1979 Follow-up on behavioral interventions with troublesome adolescents. Journal of Behav- ior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 10:181-188. Wolfgang, M.E. 1977 From Boy to Man From Delinquency to Crime. Paper presented at the National Sym- posium on the Serious Juvenile Offender, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Center for Studies in Criminology and Criminal Law, Univer- sity of Pennsylvania. Wolfgang, M.E., and Collins, J. 1978 Offender Careers and Restraint: Probabili- ties and Policy Implications. Final report to National Institute of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency, April 1978. Center for Studies in Criminology and Criminal Law, Univer- sity of Pennsylvania. Woligang, M.E., Figlio, R.M., and Sellin, T. 1972 Delinquency in a Birth Cohort. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. WolEgang, M.E., Thornberry, T., and Figlio, R. 1985 From Boy to Man-From Delinquency to Crime. Sellin Center for Studies in Crimi- nology and Criminal Law, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Wright, W.E., and Dixon, M.C. 1977 Community prevention and treatment of ju- venile delinquency: A review of evaluation studies. Journal of Research in Crime aru] Delinquency 14:3547. Zatz, M.S. 1984 Race, ethnicity, and detenninate sentencing: a new dimension to an old controversy. Criminology 22: 147-171. Zeisel, H. 1968 Say It with Figures. New York: Harper and Row. 1982a Disagreement over the evaluation of a con- trolled experiment. American Journal of so ciology 88:378-389. 1982b Hans Zeisel concludes the debate. Amer?can Journal of Sociology 88:394-396.

OCR for page 429