5. See, for example, Uwe E. Reinhardt, “The GMENAC forecast: An alternative view,” American Journal of Public Health, 71(10):1149–57, 1982.

6. For an excellent example of such an analysis, see William B. Schwartz, Frank A. Sloan, and Daniel MN. Mendelson, “Why there will be little or no physician surplus between now and the year 2000,” The New England Journal of Medicine 318(14):892–7, 1988.

7. Donald E. Yett, Leonard Drabek, Michael D. Intriligator, and Larry T. Kimball, “The Use of An Econometric Model to Analyze Selected Features of National Health Insurance” (mimeographed), Los Angeles: The University of Southern California, 1971.

8. Jonathan P. Weiner, “Forecasting the effects of health reform on U.S. physician requirements: Evidence from HMO staffing patterns,” Journal of the American Medical Association 272(3):222–30, 1994.

9. A careful analysis of this problem is provided in Robert H. Ebert and Eli Ginzberg, “The reform of medical education,” Health Affairs 7(Suppl.):5–38, 1988. See also Uwe E. Reinhardt, “An economist's perspective,” pp. 96–103 in the same volume.

10. For a lengthier discussion of these issues, see Uwe E. Reinhardt, “Planning the nation's health work force: Let the market in,” Inquiry 31(Fall):250–63, 1994.

11. For a collection of thoughtful essays on this topic, see Barbara Castel and David E. Rogers, eds., Clinical Education and the Doctor of Tomorrow, New York: New York Academy of Medicine, 1989.

12. Robert H. Ebert and Eli Ginzberg, op. cit., note 9.

13. See Uwe E. Reinhardt, op. cit., note 10.

14. For further detail on this proposal, see Uwe E. Reinhardt, op. cit., note 10.

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