• The mine countermeasures arsenal is inadequate to ensure success with the necessary rapid timing in landing operations.

  • Today's planning scenarios neglect the need to deal with large populations in potential objective areas, which will often be highly urbanized.

  • There is insufficient attention to field medicine suited to the littoral environment.

  • There is insufficient attention to several aspects of force protection in operations along the littoral—in particular, vulnerability of the logistic ships to antiship cruise missiles and quiet submarines, and vulnerability of the entire force to potential use of weapons of mass destruction;

  • Many opportunities to benefit from joint system elements are not yet recognized. Coalition issues, especially command and control in complex arrangements involving the United States, other coalition partners, and the United Nations, also have to be addressed.

  • The new OMFTS concept and associated systems will require resources beyond current plans.

In the chapters that follow, each of these problem areas is addressed in turn. The committee has attempted to show what must be done to make the evolving OMFTS concept work most effectively. The problems and issues in each area are outlined, and remedial actions are recommended.

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