APPENDIX A

SYMPOSIUM PROGRAM

SYMPOSIUM ON COASTAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND LITTORAL WARFARE

AN EVENT SPONSORED BY THE OCEANOGRAPHER OF THE NAVY

CHIEF OF NAVAL RESEARCH

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (OCEAN STUDIES BOARD)

AUGUST 2-5, 1993

FLEET COMBAT TRAINING CENTER

TACTICAL TRAINING GROUP, PACIFIC

200 CATALINA BOULEVARD

SAN DIEGO, CA

Littoral Warfare is an extremely complex and dynamic extension of naval warfare, and it demands long-term commitment to research and development, acquisition, threat assessments, tactical and operational analysis, training, education and realistic fleet exercises.

Littoral warfare is the use of combined forces, shaped for forward operations in sea/land/air environment, to influence, deter, or contain and defeat a regional threat through the projection of maritime power.



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PROCEEDINGS OF SYMPOSIUM ON COASTAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND LITTORAL WARFARE: (Unclassified Summary) APPENDIX A SYMPOSIUM PROGRAM SYMPOSIUM ON COASTAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND LITTORAL WARFARE AN EVENT SPONSORED BY THE OCEANOGRAPHER OF THE NAVY CHIEF OF NAVAL RESEARCH NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (OCEAN STUDIES BOARD) AUGUST 2-5, 1993 FLEET COMBAT TRAINING CENTER TACTICAL TRAINING GROUP, PACIFIC 200 CATALINA BOULEVARD SAN DIEGO, CA Littoral Warfare is an extremely complex and dynamic extension of naval warfare, and it demands long-term commitment to research and development, acquisition, threat assessments, tactical and operational analysis, training, education and realistic fleet exercises. Littoral warfare is the use of combined forces, shaped for forward operations in sea/land/air environment, to influence, deter, or contain and defeat a regional threat through the projection of maritime power.

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PROCEEDINGS OF SYMPOSIUM ON COASTAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND LITTORAL WARFARE: (Unclassified Summary) A primary need, emerging from recent actions, is to detect, locate and either avoid or clear mines and obstacles from shallow water through the craft landing zones ahead and in support of amphibious operations. The primary shortfall is in the timeliness with which high confidence Mine Countermeasures (MCM) can be completed. MCM capabilities are required in three categories: (1) rapid reconnaissance and assessment of the mine threat; (2) organic detection, avoidance and/or other means of protecting the Carrier Battle Group and Amphibious Task Force assets; (3) clearance of the sea mine threat, including rapid breakthrough at choke points. Operational maneuver from the sea is the desired tactic for present and future maritime power projection ashore. Whenever possible it is initiated from a position at sea that threatens a large part of the enemy's littoral area. Current counter-mine/obstacle technology limits our capability to conduct operational maneuvers from the sea across beaches defended by both mine and obstacle barriers. OBJECTIVES OF THE SYMPOSIUM ADDRESS TIMELY OPERATIONAL PROBLEMS, FLEET MISSION NEEDS, AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS WHERE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE AND INPUTS ARE SOUGHT BY NAVY LEADERS AND PROGRAM MANAGERS. ENHANCE COMMUNICATION AND UNDERSTANDING AMONG THE BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH COMMUNITIES, AND BETWEEN THESE COMMUNITIES AND OUR NAVAL FORCES. ENABLE AN EXTENDED GROUP OF RESEARCHERS TO BECOME FAMILIAR WITH CHALLENGING NAVAL ISSUES OR STRONGLY APPLICABLE TO THE LITTORAL REGIME.

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PROCEEDINGS OF SYMPOSIUM ON COASTAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND LITTORAL WARFARE: (Unclassified Summary) SYMPOSIUM ON COASTAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND LITTORAL WARFARE FLEET COMBAT TRAINING CENTER TACTICAL TRAINING GROUP (TTG) PACIFIC 200 CATALINA BLVD. SAN DIEGO, CA August 2-5, 1993 Monday, August 2 0700 Buses Depart Sheraton Harbor Island (East Tower) and Admiral Kidd BOQ 0730-0830 Security Check-In/Registration Continental Breakfast 0800-1700 LITTORAL WARGAME 0830-1130 Tactical Oceanography Briefings CDR Peter Bishop, Fleet ASW Training Center, Pacific Mr. Thomas Little, Naval Oceanographic Office 1130-1300 Speaker and Lunch RADM John Chubb, Commander, Naval Oceanography Command “Operational Needs in Oceanography” 1300-1700 Conflict Simulation 1700 Adjourn/Buses Depart for Sheraton Hotel and BOQ Tuesday, August 3 0700 Buses Depart Sheraton Harbor Island (East Tower) and Admiral Kidd BOQ 0730-0830 Security Check-In/Registration Continental Breakfast SYMPOSIUM - PLENARY SESSION I Mine Warfare Moderator: Dr. James Andrews, Office of Naval Research 0830-0900 Welcoming Remarks CAPT J.A. Burke, Commanding Officer, TTG, Pacific RADM G. Chesbrough, Oceanographer of the Navy Dr. Kenneth Brink, NAS Ocean Studies Board

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PROCEEDINGS OF SYMPOSIUM ON COASTAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND LITTORAL WARFARE: (Unclassified Summary) 0900-0945 The New Threat - Regional Instabilities COL Michael Patrow, USMC, Office of Chief of Naval Operations 0945-1030 Mine Warfare - WWII to Present Dr. T. Moser Melia, The Naval War College 1030-1100 Break 1100-1145 Mine Warfare in the Persian Gulf CAPT F. West, Jr., USN (Ret.) 1145-1315 Speaker and Lunch “Focus and Needs in Naval Special Warfare” CAPT R. C. Mabry, Commander, Naval Special Warfare Group One PLENARY SESSION II Joint Littoral Warfare Moderator: Dr. Curtis Collins 1315-1345 Oceanographic Support of Littoral Warfare RADM Geoffrey Chesbrough, Oceanographer of the Navy 1345-1415 Environmental Parameters for Mine Countermeasures CAPT F. West, Jr., USN (Ret.) 1415-1445 Break 1445-1600 The Role of Ocean Science and Technology in the Navy of Today and the Future Dr. Arthur Bisson, ONR Dr. Bruce Robinson, ONR Mr. Robert Winokur, Office of the Oceanographer of the Navy 1600 Buses Depart TTG for Reception at Submarine Base Officers' Club (“Ocean View”) 1630-1830 Reception/Submarine Tours 1830 Buses Depart Officers' Club for Sheraton and BOQ

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PROCEEDINGS OF SYMPOSIUM ON COASTAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND LITTORAL WARFARE: (Unclassified Summary) Wednesday, August 4 0700 Buses Depart Sheraton Harbor Island (East Tower) and Admiral Kidd BOQ 0730-0800 Continental Breakfast PLENARY SESSION III The State of Science, Technology and Environmental Data Bases Moderator: Dr. Kenneth Brink, Woods Hole Oceanographic institution 0800-0900 Overview of Inner Shelf Dynamics Dr. Robert Guza, Scripps Institution of Oceanography Dr. Steven Lentz, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 0900-1000 Coastal Modeling Dr. John Allen, Oregon State University 1000-1030 Break 1030-1100 Ocean Prediction System Dr. Kenneth Brink, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 1100-1145 Navy Environmental Data Bases, Coastal Modeling, and Operational Support CDR David Martin, Naval Oceanographic Office 1145-1315 Speaker and Lunch “Technology and State of Mine Warfare” RADM John Pearson, Commander, Mine Warfare Command 1315-1630 WORKING GROUPS (Concurrent) Harbors & Approaches Straits & Archipelagoes Surf Zone Shelves Working groups will discuss science and technology/R&D aspects of the three fold process of detection, localization and neutralization of targets within the four environments. Working groups will also discuss how each environment requires special handling, special sensors and specific equipment to meet the littoral warfare challenge expeditiously. A formatted set of questions will be provided to working group chairs. 1630 Buses Depart TTG for Naval Air Station, North Island Officers' Club (“Island Club”) 1700 Aircraft Displays and Aircraft Trainer Demonstrations

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PROCEEDINGS OF SYMPOSIUM ON COASTAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND LITTORAL WARFARE: (Unclassified Summary) 1830 Reception/Dinner at “Island Club” 2100 Buses Depart Officers' Club for Sheraton and BOQ Thursday, August 5 0700 Buses Depart Sheraton Harbor Island (East Tower) and Admiral Kidd BOQ 0730-0800 Continental Breakfast 0800-1145 WORKING GROUPS Reconvene (Concurrent) 1145-1315 Demonstration and Lunch “Tactical Decision Aid” 1315-1515 PLENARY SESSION IV Presentations by Working Group Chairs Moderators: Dr. James Andrews and Dr. Kenneth Brink 1515-1545 Break 1545-1715 Navy Panel Mr. Robert Feden, Office of Naval Research CAPT F. West, Jr., USN (Ret.) Dr. William Moseley, Naval Research Laboratory Dr. Steven Ramberg, Office of Naval Research 1715-1730 Closing Remarks Dr. James Andrews Dr. Kenneth Brink 1730 Adjourn 1730 Buses Depart TTG for Sheraton and BOQ NOTES: This symposium is an invitation-only event. For information call: Mary Hope Katsouros or Mary Pechacek, NAS Ocean Studies Board, (202) 334-2714. Unless otherwise noted in the program, all activities will be held at the Tactical Training Group (TTG), Pacific. TTG, Pacific telephone numbers are Voice: 619-553-8341 or 8337 FAX: 619-225-9449

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PROCEEDINGS OF SYMPOSIUM ON COASTAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND LITTORAL WARFARE: (Unclassified Summary) TTG Pacific is a secure facility with very limited and restricted parking. All symposium attendees are encouraged to use the shuttle buses. The Littoral Wargame on Monday, August 2, is limited to 50 selected participants. Symposium registration fee is $125, payable to the “National Academy of Sciences/Ocean Studies Board.” Advance payment is appreciated. Symposium Steering Group: Ocean Studies Board Dr. Kenneth Brink, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Dr. Stewart Nelson (Consultant) Office of Naval Research Dr. James Andrews Dr. Thomas Kinder CDR Peter DeVries Office of the Oceanographer of the Navy Mr. Robert Winokur CAPT Dieter Rudolph Mr. Philip Vinson ENS Cynthia Viernes Uniform for military personnel is khakis.

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PROCEEDINGS OF SYMPOSIUM ON COASTAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND LITTORAL WARFARE: (Unclassified Summary) This page in the original is blank.