Energy Planning, Management, and Efficiency in a Local Context

Summary of an American-Bulgarian-Romanian Workshop

November 8-18, 1993

Stephen G. Deets and Theresa L. Gilbride, Editors

National Research Council

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Romanian Academy

National Academy Press
Washington, DC 1994



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Energy Planning, Management, and Efficiency in a Local Context: Summary of an American-Bulgarian-Romanian Workshop Energy Planning, Management, and Efficiency in a Local Context Summary of an American-Bulgarian-Romanian Workshop November 8-18, 1993 Stephen G. Deets and Theresa L. Gilbride, Editors National Research Council Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Romanian Academy National Academy Press Washington, DC 1994

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Energy Planning, Management, and Efficiency in a Local Context: Summary of an American-Bulgarian-Romanian Workshop NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. Additional copies of this report are available from: Office for Central Europe and Eurasia National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20418 Copyright 1994 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

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Energy Planning, Management, and Efficiency in a Local Context: Summary of an American-Bulgarian-Romanian Workshop PREFACE In November 1993, the National Research Council (NRC), the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, and the Romanian Academy co-sponsored a workshop on “Energy Planning, Management, and Efficiency in a Local Context. ” This activity sought to build on the findings and recommendations of a November 1992 NRC-Romanian Workshop on “Development and Efficient Use of Energy Resources” by expanding the contacts Central European energy specialists have with U.S. energy experts and practitioners. The specific goals of this workshop were to examine planning, management, and efficiency in the Bulgarian, Romanian, and U.S. energy sectors. This publication summarizes the meetings and visits held during the workshop, including the final discussions of the three American-Bulgarian-Romanian working groups. Therefore, the views expressed in this publication are those of the individual meeting participants and the working groups and do not represent the views of any official organization or agency, including the National Research Council. The NRC expresses its appreciation to the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and the Romanian Academy for co-sponsoring this workshop. Special thanks also go to Stephen Deets (National Research Council), Joanne Angle (Pacific Northwest Laboratory), and many colleagues in New York for their efforts in organizing this workshop and to Terri Gilbride (Pacific Northwest Laboratory), without whose extraordinary efforts this report never would have been completed. Financial support from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is also gratefully acknowledged.

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