Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 221
Energy Use: The Human Dimension Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff ELLIOT ARONSON is professor of psychology at the University of california, Santa Cruz. He previously taught at Harvard, the University of Minnesota, and the University of Texas. His recent work is in applying the techniques of experimental social psychology to specific social problems, such as ethnic prejudice and energy conservation. He has won distinguished research awards from the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Psychological Association, and his experiments in desegregated classrooms recently won the Gordon Allport prize for intergroup relations. Of the many books he has written or edited, The Social Animal received the National Media Award in 1972. He has a Ph.D. degree in social psychology from Stanford. ROBERT AXELROD is professor in the Department of Political Science and the Institute of Public Policy Studies of the University of Michigan. His research interests include mathematical models of decision making and national security policy. He and biologist William Hamilton received the Newcomb Cleveland Prize of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for their article, “The Evolution of Cooperation.” He received a B.A. degree from the University of Chicago and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Yale University. ELLIS COSE was a National Research Council fellow who worked with the Committee on Behavioral and Social Aspects of Energy Consumption and Production. He is currently president of the Institute for Journalism Education at the University of California, Berkeley. Formerly, he was chief
OCR for page 222
Energy Use: The Human Dimension writer on the workplace and management for USA Today, an editorial columnist for the Chicago Sun-Times, a member of the editorial board of the Detroit Free Press, and a senior fellow and director of the Energy Policy Project at the Joint Center for Political Studies. He has been awarded several fellowships and has won several awards in journalism. He has an M.A. degree in science, technology, and public policy from George Washington University. JOHN McCONNON BARLEY is professor and chairman of the Department of Psychology at Princeton University. He previously taught at New York University. His earlier work included research on people’s reactions to emergencies, particularly reactions that determine whether people will give help to victims. Currently he studies perceptions of energy and energy problems and the ways in which information can be made available to people to facilitate their energy-conserving behaviors. He received a B.A. degree from Swarthmore College and a Ph.D. degree from Harvard University. RICHARD HOFRICHTER worked as research associate for the committee on Behavioral and Social Aspects of Energy Consumption and Production. A legal sociologist, he was previously research associate for the Criminal Justice and the Elderly Program of the National Council of Senior Citizens. He has written articles on neighborhood justice, legal services delivery, restitution, and victim compensation. His interests include democratic social planning, alternatives to courts, and class struggle in American cities. He received a Ph.D. degree in political science from the City University of New York. SARA KIESLER is professor of social science and social psychology at Carnegie-Mellon University. She has been on the faculties of Yale University, Connecticut College, and the University of Kansas and served as a study director at the National Research Council from 1975 to 1979. Her current research interests include behavioral and social aspects of computing, telecommunications, technological change in organizations, group decision making, and public policy in the areas of technology, aging, and energy. She is an editor for Social Issues and a member of the Panel on Consensus Development of the National Institutes of Health, the executive council of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, and the council of the American Psychological Association. She received a B.S. degree from Simmons College, an M.A. degree from Stanford University, and a Ph.D. degree in psychology from Ohio State University. DOROTHY LEONARD-BARTON is assistant professor of management at the Sloan School of Management of the Massachusetts Institute of
OCR for page 223
Energy Use: The Human Dimension Technology. Her interest in the transfer of technologies began in Southeast Asia, where she spent eight years as a journalist. Subsequently she directed research at SRI International on the diffusion of energy-conserving practices and technologies. In her current research, she continues to study the psychological, sociological, and organizational factors influencing the acceptance or rejection of computer, medical, and energy-saving innovations. She has served on several advisory panels for the National Science Foundation and the Solar Energy Research Institute. She has a B.A. degree from Principia College and a Ph.D. degree in communication research from Stanford University. JAMES G.MARCH is Fred H. Merrill Professor of Management and professor of political science and sociology at Stanford University and a senior fellow of the Hoover Institution. His research focuses on organizations, decision making, and leadership. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the National Academy of Education. He received a B.A. degree from the University of Wisconsin and a Ph.D. in political science from Yale University. JAMES N.MORGAN is a research scientist at the Institute for Social Research and a professor of economics at the University of Michigan. His major research, involving surveys on consumer behavior, has covered saving, income, and assets, the behavior of the affluent and of the poor, auto accident victims, and injured workers, and he has also conducted studies of philanthropy, retirement, and unpaid productive effort. He is the principal investigator of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, which has been following a representative sample of individuals and their family situations for sixteen years. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a fellow of the American Statistical Association and the Gerontological Society of America. He is also a longtime member of the board of directors of Consumers Union, a product-testing organization. He has a B.A. degree from Northwestern and a Ph.D. degree in economics from Harvard University. PETER A.MORRISON is director of the Rand Corporation’s Population Research Center in Santa Monica, California. Previously he was assistant professor of sociology at the University of Pennsylvania and a research associate at its Population Studies Center. His principal interests are applied demographic analysis and forecasting. His research has centered on a variety of policy-related topics, including urban and regional decline, the financing of Social Security, health care delivery, and personal energy use. He has served on the board of directors of the Population Association of America and on various committees of the National Science Foundation,
OCR for page 224
Energy Use: The Human Dimension the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and the Department of Agriculture. He received an A.B. degree from Dartmouth College and a Ph.D. degree in sociology from Brown University. LINCOLN MOSES is a professor in the departments of statistics and preventive medicine at Stanford University. He has been Dean of Graduate Studies and Associate Dean of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford. He served as the first administrator of the Energy Information Administration, in the U.S. Department of Energy, from 1978 to 1980. His principal interests are in the applications of statistics to medical and behavioral research. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and a fellow of the American Statistical Association and the Institute for Mathematical Statistics. He received A.B. and Ph.D. degrees from Stanford University. LAURA NADER is professor of anthropology at the University of california, Berkeley. Her principal research interests have included law and social control, indirect controlling processes, the history and anthropology of science, and more recently, the behavioral components of energy research. She has worked in Mexico, the Middle East, and the United States and has produced two films on her research. She was recently a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. She has a B.A. degree from Wells College and a Ph.D. degree from Radcliffe College (Harvard University). STEVEN E.PERMUT is associate professor of organization and management and is affiliated with the Institution for Social and Policy Studies at Yale University. He is responsible for the graduate program in marketing management and consumer behavior and has particular interest in the applications of consumer behavior to problems of public policy. He is general editor of the Praeger Series in Public and Nonprofit Marketing and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Marketing, Journal of Business Forecasting, and Journal of Consumer Marketing, among others. He has an interdisciplinary Ph.D. degree in communications from the University of Illinois. ALLAN SCHNAIBERG is professor of sociology and urban affairs at Northwestern University. He has done extensive research on sociopolitical conflicts over energy and environmental issues. He has served as a consultant to the Bureau of Land Management in its social effects study, as chairman of the environmental problems division of the Society for the Study of Social Problems, and is a member and frequent session organizer for the American Sociological Association. He has recently been engaged in international collaboration with the Institute for Environment and Society at Wissenschaftszentrum-Berlin. He is an associate editor for Eval-
OCR for page 225
Energy Use: The Human Dimension uation Review. He has a B.S. degree in chemistry from McGill University and a Ph.D. degree in sociology from the University of Michigan. ROBERT H.SOCOLOW is professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering and director of the Center for Energy and Environmental Studies at Princeton University. The goals of his current research are to clarify issues of science and values related to the global energy and environmental crisis. His specific interests include residential energy conservation strategies, technologies for economic development, and the role of analysis in decisions about natural resources. Since 1972, he has directed a team of scientists, engineers, architects, statisticians, and psychologists in a research program on energy conservation in the built environment. He received B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees in physics from Harvard University. PAUL C.STERN is study director for the Committee on Behavioral and Social Aspects of Energy Consumption and Production. He heads the energy committee of the Division of Population and Environmental Psychology of the American Psychological Association. Previously he was research associate in the Program on Energy and Behavior at Yale University’s Institution for Social and Policy Studies. His research on energy and environmental policy issues has resulted in numerous articles and a book. He has a B.A. degree from Amherst College and a Ph.D. degree in psychology from Clark University. THOMAS J.WILBANKS is associate director of the Energy Division at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He formerly served on the faculty at Syracuse University and as chair of the geography department at the University of Oklahoma, where he also participated in the Science and Public Policy Program. His principal interests are in energy policy, institutional roles and structures in science and technology, and relationships between society and technology. He has been a national officer of the Association of American Geographers and a member of a number of panels concerned with national energy research policy. He has a Ph.D. degree in geography from Syracuse University. SIDNEY G.WINTER is professor of economics and of organization and management at Yale University. He was previously a professor at the University of Michigan, and has also taught at the University of California, Berkeley, and other universities. His research interests include behavior of the firm and industrial organization, with particular emphasis on technological change and the evolution of industrial structure. He received a B.A. degree from Swarthmore College and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Yale University, all in economics.
OCR for page 226
Energy Use: The Human Dimension This page intentionally left blank.