ideal markets—rather than as integral parts of a phenomenon in need of conceptualization. Just as the political dominance of the commodity view puts a burden of proof on those who assert claims based on environmental preservation or social equity, the central place of the commodity view in economic analyses puts a burden of proof on those who assert that more analytic effort should be given to understanding ecological or equity issues.


8. Weatherization is more cost-effective than energy assistance in the same sense that insulation is often cheaper than energy: since weatherization costs a building owner less over the long term than energy, it is an equally good investment for a government agency that would otherwise be paying for the energy.


9. Such a plan apparently lay behind President Reagan’s March 1982 veto of congressional authority to allocate petroleum supplies in an emergency.

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