TABLE OF CONTENTS

Section

Page No.

1.

 

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF NUCLEAR POWER REACTOR SYSTEMS AND PRIMARY COOLANT CHEMISTRY

 

1–1

   

1.1   Boiling Water Reactor (BWR)

 

1–1

   

1.2   Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR)

 

1–5

   

1.3   References

 

1–7

2.

 

RADIOACTIVITY PRODUCTIONS IN NUCLEAR REACTORS

 

2–1

   

2.1   Radioactive Species in Light Water Reactors

 

2–1

   

2.2   Nuclear Fission

 

2–3

   

2.2.1   Mass Distribution and Fission Product Chains

 

2–4

   

2.2.2   Charge Distribution

 

2–6

   

2.3   Transuranic Nuclides

 

2–8

   

2.4   Activation of Water and Impurities in Reactor Coolant

 

2–14

   

2.5   Activation of Corrosion Products

 

2–17

   

2.6   References

 

2–20

   

2.7   Bibliography

 

2–20

3.

 

FISSION PRODUCTS

 

3–1

   

3.1   Fission Product Release Calculation—A Theoretical Model

 

3–1

   

3.1.1   Release of Fission Products into Fuel Gap

 

3–1

   

3.1.2   Release of Fission Product from Defective Fuel into Reactor Coolant

 

3–3

   

3.1.3   Release of Fission Product from Fuel Containment

 

3–5

   

3.2   Characterization of Fission Product Release Patterns in BWR

 

3–6

   

3.2.1   Empirical Methods

 

3–6

   

3.2.2   Release of Noble Gas Activities

 

3–8

   

3.2.3   Release of Iodine Activities

 

3–12

   

3.2.4   Calculation of Nonvolatile Soluble Fission Product Release Rate

 

3–13

   

3.2.5   Estimation of the Exposure for Defective Fuel Rods

 

3–14

   

3.2.6   BWR Radioactivity Source Terms and Fission Product Activities in the Primary Coolant

 

3–16

   

3.3   Characteristics of Fission Product Release Patterns in PWR

 

3–19

   

3.3.1   Activity Release Rate

 

3–19



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