AN ASSESSMENT OF CONTINUED R&D INTO AN ELECTROMETALLURGICAL APPROACH FOR TREATING DOE SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL

Committee on Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment

Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology

Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications

National Research Council
Washington, D.C.
1995



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AN ASSESSMENT OF CONTINUED R&D INTO AN ELECTROMETALLURGICAL APPROACH FOR TREATING DOE SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL AN ASSESSMENT OF CONTINUED R&D INTO AN ELECTROMETALLURGICAL APPROACH FOR TREATING DOE SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL Committee on Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications National Research Council Washington, D.C. 1995

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AN ASSESSMENT OF CONTINUED R&D INTO AN ELECTROMETALLURGICAL APPROACH FOR TREATING DOE SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Harold Liebowitz is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Harold Liebowitz are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. Support for this project was provided by the Department of Energy. Copyright 1995 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Available from: Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC20418 Printed in the United States of America

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AN ASSESSMENT OF CONTINUED R&D INTO AN ELECTROMETALLURGICAL APPROACH FOR TREATING DOE SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL Committee on Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment FRED BASOLO, Northwestern University, Chair MICHAEL J. APTED, INTERA Information Technologies, Inc. PATRICIA A. BAISDEN, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory SOL BURSTEIN, Wisconsin Electric Power Co. (retired) ALFRED F. LACAMERA, ALCOA Technical Center L. EUGENE MCNEESE, Oak Ridge National Laboratory LAWRENCE J. MULLINS, Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired) ROBERT A. OSTERYOUNG, North Carolina State University RAYMOND G. WYMER, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (retired) Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology Liaison GREGORY R. CHOPPIN, Florida State University Staff SCOTT T. WEIDMAN, Study Director DOUGLAS J. RABER, Director, BCST JENNIFER F. BUTERA, Project Assistant MARIA P. JONES, Senior Project Assistant

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AN ASSESSMENT OF CONTINUED R&D INTO AN ELECTROMETALLURGICAL APPROACH FOR TREATING DOE SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology ROYCE C. MURRAY, University of North Carolina, Co-Chair EDWIN P. PRZYBYLOWICZ, Rochester Institute of Technology, Co-Chair PAUL S. ANDERSON, The Du Pont Merck Pharmaceutical Company DAVID C. BONNER, Premix, Inc. PHILIP H. BRODSKY, Monsanto Company MARVIN H. CARUTHERS, University of Colorado GREGORY R. CHOPPIN, Florida State University FRED P. CORSON, Dow Chemical Company MOSTAFA EL-SAYED, Georgia Institute of Technology JOANNA S. FOWLER, Brookhaven National Laboratory BERTRAM O. FRASER-REID, Duke University JUDITH C. GIORDAN, Henkel Corporation JOSEPH G. GORDON II, IBM Almaden Research Center L. LOUIS HEGEDUS, W.R. Grace & Co. GEORGE J. HIRASAKI, Rice University DOUGLAS A. LAUFFENBERGER, Massachusetts Institute of Technology MARSHA I. LESTER, University of Pennsylvania W. HARMON RAY, University of Wisconsin GABOR A. SOMORJAI, University of California at Berkeley JOHN J. WISE, Mobil Research and Development Corporation DOUGLAS J. RABER, Director JENNIFER F. BUTERA, Project Assistant MARIA P. JONES, Administrative Secretary SYBIL A. PAIGE, Administrative Associate TAÑA L. SPENCER, Senior Secretary SCOTT T. WEIDMAN, Senior Program Officer TAMAE M. WONG, Program Officer

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AN ASSESSMENT OF CONTINUED R&D INTO AN ELECTROMETALLURGICAL APPROACH FOR TREATING DOE SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications RICHARD N. ZARE, Stanford University, Chair RICHARD S. NICHOLSON, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Vice Chair STEPHEN L. ADLER, Institute for Advanced Study SYLVIA T. CEYER, Massachusetts Institute of Technology SUSAN L. GRAHAM, University of California at Berkeley ROBERT J. HERMANN, United Technologies Corporation RHONDA J. HUGHES, Bryn Mawr College SHIRLEY A. JACKSON, Rutgers University KENNETH I. KELLERMANN, National Radio Astronomy Observatory HANS MARK, University of Texas at Austin THOMAS A. PRINCE, California Institute of Technology JEROME SACKS, National Institute of Statistical Sciences L.E. SCRIVEN, University of Minnesota LEON T. SILVER, California Institute of Technology CHARLES P. SLICHTER, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ALVIN W. TRIVELPIECE, Oak Ridge National Laboratory SHMUEL WINOGRAD, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center CHARLES A. ZRAKET, MITRE Corporation (retired) NORMAN METZGER, Executive Director

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