References

Aldridge, W.N. 1990. An assessment of the toxicological properties of pyrethroids and their neurotoxicity. Crit. Rev. Toxicol. 21:89–104.

Anadon, A., M.R. Martinez-Larranaga, M.J. Diaz, and P. Bringas. 1991. Toxicokinetics of permethrin in the rat. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 110:1–8.

Anderson, D., and C.P. Richardson. 1976. Permethrin (PP557): Cytogenetic study in the rat. CTL/P/294. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd.

Andrews, E.B., M.C. Joseph, M.J. Magenheim, H.H. Tilson, P.A. Doi, and M.W. Schultz. 1992. Postmarketing surveillance study of permethrin creme rinse. Am. J. Public Health 82:857–861.

Barrueco, C., A. Herrera, C. Caballo, and E. de la Peña. 1994. Induction of structural chromosome aberrations in human lymphocyte cultures and CHO cells by permethrin. Teratogen. Carcinogen. Mutagen. 14:31–38.

Barrueco, C., A. Herrera, C. Caballo, and E. de la Peña. 1992. Cytogenetic effects of permethrin in cultured human lymphocytes. Mutagenesis 7:433–437.

Bartelt, N., and J. Hubbell. 1987. Percutaneous absorption of topically applied 14C-permethrin in volunteers: Final medical report. Burroughs Wellcome Co.

Ben-Dyke, R., M.J. Toscano, P. Ventura, and R. Shapiro. 1987.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms References Aldridge, W.N. 1990. An assessment of the toxicological properties of pyrethroids and their neurotoxicity. Crit. Rev. Toxicol. 21:89–104. Anadon, A., M.R. Martinez-Larranaga, M.J. Diaz, and P. Bringas. 1991. Toxicokinetics of permethrin in the rat. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 110:1–8. Anderson, D., and C.P. Richardson. 1976. Permethrin (PP557): Cytogenetic study in the rat. CTL/P/294. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Andrews, E.B., M.C. Joseph, M.J. Magenheim, H.H. Tilson, P.A. Doi, and M.W. Schultz. 1992. Postmarketing surveillance study of permethrin creme rinse. Am. J. Public Health 82:857–861. Barrueco, C., A. Herrera, C. Caballo, and E. de la Peña. 1994. Induction of structural chromosome aberrations in human lymphocyte cultures and CHO cells by permethrin. Teratogen. Carcinogen. Mutagen. 14:31–38. Barrueco, C., A. Herrera, C. Caballo, and E. de la Peña. 1992. Cytogenetic effects of permethrin in cultured human lymphocytes. Mutagenesis 7:433–437. Bartelt, N., and J. Hubbell. 1987. Percutaneous absorption of topically applied 14C-permethrin in volunteers: Final medical report. Burroughs Wellcome Co. Ben-Dyke, R., M.J. Toscano, P. Ventura, and R. Shapiro. 1987.

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms Permanone tick repellent: An acute 4-hour inhalation toxicity study in rats. Product Safety Labs, Inc. Bowerman, J.G., M.P. Gomez, R.D. Austin, and D.E. Wold. 1987. Comparative study of permethrin 1% creme rinse and lindane shampoo for the treatment of head lice. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 6:252–255. Bradbrook, C., P.B. Banham, C.W. Gore, I. Pratt, and T.M. Weight. 1977. PP557: A study of the reversibility of hepatic biochemical and ultrastructural changes in the rat. CTL/P/354. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Brammer, A. 1989. Permethrin: 4-hour acute inhalation toxicity study in the rat. CTL/P/2492. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Brandenburg, K., A.S. Deinard, J. DiNapoli, S.J. Englender, J. Orthoefer, and D. Wagner. 1986. 1% permethrin cream rinse vs. 1% lindane shampoo in treating Pediculosis capitis. Am. J. Dis. Child. 140:894–896. Braun, W.G., and W.E. Rinehart. 1977. A twenty-four month oral toxicity/ carcinogenicity study of FMC 33297 in rats. Bio-Dynamics, Inc. Braun, W.G., and J.C. Killeen. 1975. Acute oral toxicity in rat. Compound No. FMC 33297. Bio-Dynamics, Inc. Breeden, G.C., C.E. Schreck, and A.L. Sorensen. 1982. Permethrin as a clothing treatment for personal protection against chigger mites (Acarina: Trombiculidae). Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 3:589–592. Butterworth, S.T.G., and R.W. Hend. 1976. Toxicity studies on the insecticide WL43470: A five week feeding study in rats. TLGR.0056.76. Shell Research Ltd. Callander, R.D. 1989. Permethrin: An evaluation in the Salmonella mutation assay. CTL/P/2423. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Casida, J.E., K. Ueda, L.C. Gaughan, L.T. Jao, and D.M. Soderlund. 1976. Structure-biogradability relationships in pyrethroid insecticides . Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 3:491–500. Casida, J.E., D.W. Gammon, A.H. Glickman, and L.J. Lawrence. 1983. Mechanisms of selective action of pyrethroid insecticides. Annu. Rev. Pharmacol. Toxicol. 23:413–438. CEPA (California Environmental Protection Agency). 1992. Permethrin (Permanone Tick Repellent) Risk Characterization Document . Medical Toxicology and Worker Health and Safety Branches, Depart

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms ment of Pesticide Regulation, California Environmental Protection Agency, Sacramento, Calif. Chesher, B.C., and J.C. Malone. 1974a. Occular irritancy of 21Z73 in rabbits. HEFG 74-6. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Chesher, B.C., and J.C. Malone. 1974b. Guinea pig sensitisation study with 21Z73 using the maximization test method. HEFG 74-3. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Chesher, B.C., R.C. Clampitt, and J.C. Malone. 1975a. 21Z73—Preliminary into the cumulative oral toxicity on dogs. HEFG 75-9. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Chesher, B.C., J.C. Malone, and M.J. Parker. 1975b. 21Z73. Dominant lethal study in male mice. HEFG 75-10. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Clapp, M.J.L., P.B. Banham, J.R. Glaister, and A. Moyes. 1977a. PP557: 28 day feeding study in mice. CTL/P/354. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Clapp, M.J.L., P.B. Banham, I.S. Chart, J. Glaister, C. Gore, and A. Moyes. 1977b. PP557: 28 day feeding study in rats. CTL/P/355. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Clark, D.G. 1978. Toxicology of WL43479: Acute toxicity of WL43479. TLGR 0043.78. Shell Research Ltd. Clive, D. 1977. Mutagenicity of BW 21Z73 in L5178Y/TK± mouse lymphoma cells with and without exogenous metabolic activation . TTEP/77/0001. Burroughs Wellcome Co. Cunnick, L.E. 1985. Shimkin mouse lung bioassay. DAAD05-84-C-0234. Biocon, Inc. Dayan, A.D. 1980. 21-day neuropathological study in the Sprague-Dawley rat of permethrin (21Z73ZJ) administered in the diet. BPAT 80/48. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Dees, W.H., K.R. Overington, E.R. Karuru, I. Helmy, and C.E. Schreck. 1986. Preliminary investigations of protective clothing and repellents used against medically important arthropods in the Sinai Desert [abstract] . Proceedings of the American Mosquito Control Association and New Jersey Mosquito Control Association Meetings. DiNapoli, J.B., R.D. Austin, S.J. Englender, M.P. Gomez, and J.F. Barrett. 1988. Eradication of head lice with a single treatment. Am. J. Public Health 78:978–980.

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms Dorman, D.C. 1990. Diethyltoluamide (DEET) nsect repellent toxicosis. Vet. Clin. North Am. Small Anim. Pract. 20(2):387–391. Dyck, P.J., M. Shimono, G.P. Schoening, A.C. Lais, K.F. Oviatt, and M.F. Sparks. 1984. The evaluation of a new synthetic pyrethroid pesticide (permethrin) for neurotoxicity. J. Environ. Pathol. Toxicol. Oncol. 5:109–117. Edwards, M.J., and T.J. Iswaran. 1977. Permethrin: Residue transfer and toxicology study with cows fed treated grass nuts. TMJ1519/B. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Edwards, D.B., B.E. Osborn, N.J. Dent, and D.A. Kinch. 1976. Toxicity study in beagle dogs (oral administration for three months) . Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Eil, C., and B.C. Nisula. 1990. The binding properties of pyrethroids to human skin fibroblast androgen receptors and to sex hormone binding globulin. J. Steroid Biochem. 35:409–414. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1986. Guidelines for carcinogen risk assessment. Fed. Regist. 51(185):33992–34003. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1988. Permethrin—Quantitative risk assessment, two year chronic/oncogenicity mouse (females) study. Memo from Bernice Fisher to John Doherty, Health Effects Division, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Dec. 23. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1989a. Peer review of permethrin. Memo from Esther Rinde, Health Effects Division, to George LaRocca, Registration Division, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. April 7. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1989b. Second peer review of permethrin—Consideration of recommendations by the scientific advisory panel regarding the oncogenic classification of permethrin. Memo from Edwin R. Budd, Health Effects Division, to George LaRocca, Registration Division, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Sept. 18. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1990a. Evaluation of exposure for military uses of permethrin tick repellant . HED Project No. 0-1507. Memo from Curt Lunchick, Health Effects Division, to

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms George LaRocca, Registration Division, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. July 30. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1990b. Insect/arthropod repellent fabric treatment formulations containing permethrin for military use. Memo from Roger Gardner, Health Effects Division, to George LaRocca, Registration Division, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. December. Evans, S.R., G.W. Korch, Jr., and M.A. Lawson. 1990. Comparative field evaluation of permethrin and deet-treated military uniforms for personal protection against ticks. J. Med. Entomol. 27(5):829–834. Farquhar, J.A., D.B.A. Hutchinson, A.W. Periam, and R.G. Sparks. 1981. An investigation into the absorption of permethrin from impregnated clothing. BKPL/81/1. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Flannigan, S.A., and S.B. Tucker. 1985. Variation in cutaneous sensation between synthetic pyrethroid insecticides . Contact Dermatitis 13:140–147. Flannigan, S.A., S.B. Tucker, M.M. Key, C.E. Ross, E.J. Fairchild, II, B.A. Grimes, and R.B. Harrist. 1985a. Primary irritant contact dermatitis from synthetic pyrethroid insecticide exposure. Arch. Toxicol. 56:288–294. Flannigan, S.A., S.B. Tucker, M.K. Marcus, C.E. Ross, E.J. Fairchild, II, B.A. Grimes, and R.B. Harrist. 1985b. Synthetic pyrethroid insecticides: A dermatological evaluation. Br. J. Ind. Med. 42:363–372. Garrett, N.E., H.F. Stack, and M.D. Waters. 1986. Evaluation of the genetic activity profiles of 65 pesticides. Mutat. Res. 168(3):301–326. Gaughan, L.C., T. Unai, and J.E. Casida. 1977. Permethrin metabolism in rats. J. Agric. Food Chem. 25:9–17. Glaister, J.R., I. Pratt, and D. Richards. 1977. Effects of high dietary levels of PP557 on clinical behavior and structure of sciatic nerves in rats. CTL/P/317. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Glickman, A.H., A.A.R. Hamid, D.E. Rickert, and J.J. Lech. 1981. Elimination and metabolism of permethrin isomers in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 57:88–98.

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms Glickman, A.H., and J.J. Lech. 1981. Hydrolysis of permethrin, a pyrethroid insecticide, by rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) and mouse tissues in vitro: A comparative study. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 60:186–192. Hart, D., P.B. Banham, J.R. Glaister, I. Pratt, and T.M. Weight. 1977. PP557: Whole life feeding study in mice. CTL/P/359. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. He, F., S. Wang, L. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Zhang, and J. Sun. 1989. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of acute pyrethroid poisoning . Arch. Toxicol. 63:54–58. Hend, R.W., and S.T.G. Butterworth. 1977. Toxicity of insecticides: A short-term feeding study of WL 43379 in rats. TLGR.0108.77. Shell Research Ltd. Herrera, A., C. Barrueco, C. Caballo, and E. de la Peña. 1992. Effect of permethrin on the induction of sister chromatid exchanges and micronuclei in cultured human lymphocytes. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. 20:218–222. Hodge, M.C.E., P.B. Banham, J.R. Glaister, D. Richards, K. Taylor, and T.M. Weight. 1977. PP557: Three-generation reproduction study in rats. CTL/P/361. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Hodge, M.C.E.. 1988. Permethrin: Teratogenicity study in the rat. CTL/P/2269. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Hoellinger, H., A. Lecorsier, M. Sonnier, C. Leger, Do-Cao-Thang, and Nguyen-Hoang-Nam. 1987. Cytotoxicity, cytogenotoxicity, and allergenicity tests on certain pyrethroids. Drug Chem. Toxicol. 10:291–310. Hoellinger, H., A. Lecorsier, and Do-Cao-Thang. 1984. The micronucleus test for possible cytogenotoxicity of some pyrethroids . Mutat. Res. 130:244. Hogan, G.K., and W.E. Rinehart. 1977. A twenty-four month oral carcinogenicity study of FMC 33297 in mice . Bio-Dynamics, Inc. Hussain, A.S., and W.A. Ritschel. 1988. Influence of dimethylacetamide N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide and 1-dodecylazacycloheptan-2-one on ex vivo permeation of phosphonoformic acid through rat skin. Methods Find Exp. Clin. Pharmacol. 10:691–694. Hutson, D.H. 1979. The metabolic fate of synthetic pyrethroid insecticides in mammals . Prog. Drug Metab. 3:215–252.

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms IPCS (International Programme on Chemical Safety). 1990. Permethrin. Environmental Health Criteria 94. Series 94. Geneva: World Health Organization. Ishmael, J.E. 1989. Permethrin: Acute oral toxicity to the rat. CTL/P/2453. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Ishmael, J., and M.H. Litchfield. 1988. Chronic toxicity and carcinogenic evaluation of permethrin in rats and mice. Fundam. Appl. Toxicol. 11:308–322. IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry). 1981. The chemistry, metabolism and residue analysis of synthetic pyrethroids . Pure Appl. Chem. 53:1967–2022. Jaggers, S.E., and G.R. Parkinson. 1979. Permethrin: Summary and review of acute toxicities in laboratory species. CTL/P/461. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. James, D.A. 1974a. Foetal toxicity study of 21Z73 (NRDC 143) in the rat. BPAT 74/10. Wellcome Research Laboratories. James, D.A. 1974b. Foetal toxicity study of 21Z73 (NRDC 143) in the mouse. BPAT 74/12. Wellcome Research Laboratories. James, D.A. 1974c. Foetal toxicity study of 21Z73 (NRDC 143) in the rabbit. BPAT 74/19. Wellcome Research Laboratories. James, D.A. 1979. A multigeneration reproduction study of 21Z73 (permethrin) in the rat. BPAT 79-3. Wellcome Research Laboratories. James, J.A., D.M. Creasy, and A.D. Dayan. 1977. Preliminary investigation of the neurological effects offered diets containing NRDC 143. HEFG 77-C3. Wellcome Research Laboratories. James, J.A., P.E. Taylor, and F.J.C. Roe. 1980. Carcinogenicity study in mice with permethrin (21Z73). Wellcome Research Laboratories. Kadota, T., J. Miyamoto, and N. Ito. 1975. Six-month subacute oral toxicity of NRDC in Sprague-Dawley rats. Sumitomo Chemical Co. Killeen, J.C., and W.R. Rapp. 1976a. A three month oral toxicity study of FMC 33297 in rats. Bio-Dynamics, Inc. Killeen, J.C., and W.R. Rapp. 1976b. A three month oral toxicity study of FMC 33297 in beagle dogs. Bio-Dynamics, Inc. Kohda, H., T. Kadota, and J. Miyamoto. 1976a. Teratogenic evaluation with permethrin in rats. JT-60-0102. Sumitomo Chemical Co. Kohda, H., T. Kadota, and J. Miyamoto. 1976b. Teratogenic evalua-

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms tion with permethrin in mice. JT-60-0101. Sumitomo Chemical Co. Kohda, H., T. Kadota, and J. Miyamoto. 1979. Acute oral, dermal and subcutaneous toxicities of permethrin in rats and mice. Sumitomo Chemical Co. Kolmodin-Hedman, B., A. Swensson, and M. Akerblom. 1982. Occupational exposure to some synthetic pyrethroids (permethrin and fenvalerate). Arch. Toxicol. 50:27–33. Le Quesne, P.N., I.C. Maxwell, and T.G. Butterworth. 1980. Transient facial sensory symptoms following exposure to synthetic pyrethroids: A clinical and electrophysiological assessment. Neurotoxicology 2:1–11. Leah, A.M. 1989a. Permethrin: Skin sensitization study. CTL/P/22456. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Leah, A.M. 1989b. Permethrin: Eye irritation to the rabbit. CTL/P/2455. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Life Science Research. 1980. Chronic feeding study of permethrin in the rat. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Lillie, T.H., C.E. Schreck, and A.J. Rahe. 1988. Effectiveness of personal protection against mosquitoes in Alaska . J. Med. Entomol. 25:475–478. Litton Bionetics, Inc. 1975. Mutagenicity evaluation of permethrin. Litton Bionetics, Inc. Longstaff, E. 1976. Permethrin: Short-term predicitive tests for carcinogenicity. Results from the Ames test. CTL/P/301. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Marei, A.E.M., L.O. Ruzo, and J.E. Casida. 1982. Analysis and persistence of permethrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, and fenvalerate in the fat and brain of treated rats. J. Agric. Food Chem. 30:558–562. McCorkle, F., R. Taylor, D. Martin, and B. Glick. 1980. The effect of permethrin on the immune response of chickens [abstract] . Poult. Sci. 59:1568. McCreesh, A.H. 1977. Toxicological evaluation of 3-(phenoxyphenyl)-methyl (+)-cis,trans-3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate (permethrin). Study No. 51-0831-78. U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Edgewood, Md.

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms McGregor, D.B., and G.A. de S. Wickramaratne. 1976a. Teratogenicity study in rats of ICI-PP557. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. McGregor, D.B., and G.A. de S. Wickramarante. 1976b. Dominant lethal study in mice of 95.3% ICI-PP557. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. McSheehy, T.W., R. Ashby, P.A. Marin, P.L. Hepworth, and J.P Finn. 1980. 21Z: Potential toxicity and oncogenicity in dietary administration to rats for a period of 104 weeks. HEFG 80-33. Burroughs Wellcome Co. Mehr, Z.A., D.W. Korte, J.D. Justus, and R.K. Gupta. 1988. Mutagenic potential of permethrin in the Drosophila melanogaster sex-linked recessive lethal test. Letterman Army Institute Research Rep. 302. Letterman Army Institute, San Francisco. NTIS No. AD-A201 802/6/XAB. Metker, L.W. 1978. Subchronic inhalation toxicity of 3-(phenoxyphenyl)methyl(+)-cis,trans-3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate (permethrin). 75-51-0026-80. U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Edgewood, Md. Metker, L.W., R.A. Angerhofer, C.R. Pope, and K.C. Swentzel. 1977. Toxicology evaluation of 3-(phenoxyphenyl)methyl(+)-cis,trans-3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-demethylcyclopropanecarboxylate (permethrin). 75-51-0837-78. U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Edgewood, Md. Millner, C.K., and S.T.G. Butterworth. 1977. Toxicity of pyrethroid insecticides: Investigation of the neurotoxic potential of WL 43479 to adult hens. TLGR.0069.77. Shell Research Ltd. Mitchell, J.A., M.C. Wilson, and M.J. Kallman. 1988. Behavioral effects of pydrin and ambush in male mice. Neurotoxicol. Teratol. 10:113–119. Miyamoto, J. 1976. Degradation, metabolism and toxicity of synthetic pyrethroids. Environ. Health Perspect. 14:15–28. Moody, R.P., D. Riedel, L. Ritter, and C.A. Franklin. 1987. The effect of DEET (N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide) on dermal persistence and absorption of the insecticide fenitrothion in rats and monkeys. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 22:471–479. Mount, G.A., and E.L. Snoddy. 1983. Pressurized sprays of perme-

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms thrin and deet on clothing for personal protection against the lone star tick and the American dog tick (Acari: Ixodidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 76:529–531. Nelson, D.C. 1989. Studies on the combined toxicity of deet and permethrin. Report to the Repellents Committee, Armed Forces Pest Management Board. Newell, G.W., and W.A. Skinner. 1976. In vitro microbiological mutagenicity study of an FMC Corp. compound . Stanford Research Institute. NRC (National Research Council). 1992a. Environmental Neurotoxicology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council). 1992b. Biological Markers in Immunotoxicology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRCC (National Research Council of Canada). 1986. Pyrethroids: Their effects on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. NRCC No. 24376. National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Okuno, Y., H. Miyagawa, R. Hosoi, and T. Kadota. 1976a. Skin and eye irritation study of permethrin (S-3151) in rabbits. Sumitomo Chemical Co. Okuno, Y., T. Kadota, and J. Miyamoto. 1976b. Neurotoxic effects of some synthetic pyrethroids by short-term feeding in rats. AT-60-0046. Sumitomo Chemical Co. Paldy, A. 1981. Examination of the mutagenic effect of synthetic pyrethroids on mouse bone marrow cells. Proc. Hung. Annu. Meet. Biochem. 21:227–228. Parkinson, G.R. 1978. Permethrin: Acute toxicity to male rats. CTL/P/388. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Parkinson, G.R., P.N. Berry, J. Glaister, C.W. Gore, V.K. Lefevre, and J.A. Murphy. 1976. PP557 (permethrin): Acute and sub-acute toxicity. CTL/P/225. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Pegum, J.S., and B.J. Doughty. 1978. Human skin patch tests with pyrethrins, Kadethrin, permethrin, and Decamethrin. NEFJ 78-2. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Pluijmen, M., C. Drevon, R. Montesano, C. Malaveille, A. Hautefeuille, and H. Bartsch. 1984. Lack of mutagenicity of synthetic pyrethroids in Salmonella typhimurium strains and in V79 Chinese hamster cells. Mutat. Res. 137:7–15.

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms Prinsen, G.H., and N.J. van Sittert. 1978. Exposure and medical monitoring study of the pyrethroid WL 43479 after single application for stable fly control in West Germany. Rep. Ser. Tox 78-005. Shell Chemical Co. Rapp, W.R. 1978. Twenty-four month oral toxicity/oncogenicity study of FMC 33297 in mice. Histopathology report. Bio-Dynamics, Inc. Rapp, W.R. 1980. Twenty-four month oral toxicity/oncogenicity study of FMC 33297 in mice. Pathology report. Bio-Dynamics, Inc. Reynolds, J., D.W.T. Piercy, R.B. Clampitt, J.A. James, P.M. Thompson, D.A. Farebrother, and A.D. Dayan. 1978. Permethrin oral administration to dogs for 6 months. HEFG 78-14. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Richards, D., P.B. Banham, I.S. Chart, J.R. Glaister, G.W. Gore, I. Pratt, K. Taylor, and T.M. Weight. 1977. PP557: Two-year feeding study in rats. CTL/P/357. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Richards, D., P.B. Banham, M. Kilmartin, and T.M. Weight. 1980. Permethrin: Teratogenicity study in the rabbit. CTL/P/523. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Rishikesh, N., J.L. Clarke, H.L. Martin, J.S. King, and J. Pearson. 1978. Evaluation of decamethrins and permethrin against Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus in a village trial in Nigeria. WHO/VBC/78.679. Division of Vector Biological Control, World Health Organization. Robinson, P. 1989a. Permethrin: Acute dermal toxicity to the rat. CTL/P/2454. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Robinson, P. 1989b. Permethrin: Skin irritation to the rabbit. Rep. No. CTL/P/2452. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Ross, D.B., and D.E. Prentice. 1977. Examination of permethrin (PP557) for neurotoxicity in the domestic hen. ICI/157-NT/77468. Huntington Research Centre, Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. Ruzo, L.O., and J.E. Casida. 1977. Metabolism and toxicology of pyrethroids with dihalovinyl substituents . Environ. Health Perspect. 21:285–292. Sasinovich, L.M., and T.N. Panshina. 1987. Substantiation of hygienic rules for synthetic pyrethroid content in the work zone air [in Russian]. Gig. Tr. Prof. Zabol. 8:48–50. Schreck, C.E., and D.L. Kline. 1989. Personal protection afforded by

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms controlled-release topical repellents and permethrin-treated clothing against natural populations of Aedes taeniorhynchus. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 5:77–80. Schreck, C.E., and T.P. McGovern. 1989. Repellents and other personal protection strategies against Aedes albopictus. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 5:247–250. Schreck, C.E., K. Posey, and D. Smith. 1978. Durability of permethrin as a potential clothing treatment to protect against blood-feeding arthropods. J. Econ. Entomol. 71:397–400. Schreck, C.E., D.A. Carlson, D.E. Weidhaas, K. Posey, and D. Smith. 1980a. Wear and aging tests with permethrin-treated cotton-polyester fabric . J. Econ. Entomol. 73:451–453. Schreck, C.E., E.L. Snoddy, and G.A. Mount. 1980b. Permethrin and repellents as clothing impregnants for protection from the lone star tick. J. Econ. Entomol. 73:436–439. Schreck, C.E., G.A. Mount, and D.A. Carlson. 1982a. Pressurized sprays of permethrin on clothing for personal protection against the lone star tick (Acari: Ixodidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 75:1059–1061. Schreck, C.E., G.A. Mount, and D.A. Carlson. 1982b. Wear and wash persistence of permethrin used as a clothing treatment for personal protection against the lone star tick (Acari: Ixodidae) . J. Med. Entomol. 19:143–146. Schreck, C.E., F. Kane, and D.A. Carlson. 1982c. Permethrin impregnations of military fabrics: An evaluation of application rates and industrial methods by bioassay and gas chromatographic analysis. Soap Cosmetics Chem. Spec. (Aug.). Schreck, C.E., D.G. Haile, and D.L. Kline. 1984. The effectiveness of permethrin and deet, alone or in combination, for protection against Aedes taeniorhynchus. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 33:725–730. Schreck, C.E., E.L. Snoddy, and A. Spielman. 1986. Pressurized sprays of permethrin or deet on military clothing for personal protection against Ixodes dammini (Acari: Ixodidae). J. Med. Entomol. 23:396–399. Schroeder, R.E., and W.E. Rinehart. 1977. A three generation reproduction study of FMC33297 in rats. Bio-Dynamics, Inc. Schultz, M.W., M. Gomez, R.C. Hansen, J. Mills, A. Menter, H. Rodgers, F.N. Judson, G. Mertz, and H.H. Handsfield. 1990. Com-

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms parative study of 5% permethrin cream and 1% lindane lotion for the treatment of scabies. Arch. Dermatol. 126:167–170. Shah, P.V., R.J. Monroe, and F.E. Guthrie. 1981. Comparative rates of dermal penetration of insecticides in mice. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 59:414–423. Shah, P.V., H.L. Fisher, M.R. Sumler, and R.J. Monroe. 1987. Comparison of the penetration of 14 pesticides through the skin of young and adult rats. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 21:353–366. Shapiro, R. 1989a. Permanone multi-use insecticide spray: EPA acute oral toxicity limit test. Product Safety Labs, Inc. Shapiro, R. 1989b. Permanone multi-use insecticide spray: EPA acute dermal toxicity limit test. Product Safety Labs, Inc. Sherman, R.A. 1979. Preliminary behavioural assessment of habituation to the insecticide permethrin. 75-51-002679. U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Edgewood, Md. Shirasu, Y., M. Moriya, and T. Ota. 1979. Mutagenicity of S-3151 in bacterial test systems. Sumitomo Chemical Co. Sholdt, L.L., C.E. Schreck, A. Qureshi, S. Mammino, A. Aziz, and M. Iqbal. 1988. Field bioassays of permethrin-treated uniforms and a new extended duration repellent against mosquitoes in Pakistan. J. Am Mosq. Control Assoc. 3:233–236. Sholdt, L.L., C.E. Schreck, M.I. Mwangelwa, J. Nondo, and V.J. Siachinji. 1989. Evaluations of permethrin-impregnated clothing and three topical repellent formulations of deet against tsetse flies in Zambia. Med. Vet. Entomol. 3:153–158. Sidon, E.W., R.P. Moody, and C.A. Franklin. 1988. Percutaneous absorption of cis- and trans-permethrin in rhesus monkeys and rats: Anatomic site and interspecies variation. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 23:207–216. Simmon, V.F. 1976. In vitro microbial mutagenicity study of an FMC Corporation compound . LSC-4768. Stanford Research Institute. Snodgrass, H.L., Jr. 1986. Skin sensitization of the insecticide permethrin in man and the potential for nonimmunological contact urticaria. Study No. 15-51-0351-86. U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Edgewood, Md. Snodgrass, H.L. 1992. Permethrin transfer from treated cloth to the

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms skin surface: Potential for exposure to humans. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 35:91–105. Spencer, F., and Z. Berhance. 1982. Uterine and fetal characteristics in rats following a post-implantational exposure to permethrin. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 29:84–88. Stelzer, K.J., and M.A. Gordon. 1984. Effects of pyrethroids on lymphocyte mitogenic responsiveness. Res. Commun. Chem. Pathol. Pharmacol. 46(1):137–150. Taplin, D., and T.L. Meinking. 1993. Scabies and Lice: An Update for the 90's. Paper presented at the 53rd Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology, Dec. 4-9, Washington, D.C. Tierney W.J., and W.E. Rinehart. 1979. A twenty-four month oral carcinogenicity study of FMC 33297 in mice (Mouse II). 76-1695. Bio-Dynamics, Inc. Trueman, R.W. 1988. Permethrin: Assessment for the induction of unscheduled DNA synthesis in primary rat hepatocyte cultures. CTL/P/1888. Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. U.S. Army. 1989. Quantitative risk assessment, permethrin-impregnated battle dress uniform. Transmitted by U.S. Army Medical Materiel Development Activity under cover entitled Insect/Arthropod Repellent Protective Treatment for Military Battle Dress Uniform. EPA Reg. No. Basic Formulation FE C75, Vol. 3, Permethrin Quantitative Risk Assessment, Registration Supplement, Dec. 8, 1989. U.S. Army. 1993. Permethrin exposure criteria. Memo (with attachments) from Col. Lyman W. Roberts, Office of the Surgeon General, to Dr. Kulbir Bakshi, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., March 31, 1993. U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency. 1988.. Field evaluation of a permethrin-impregnated battle dress uniform (BDU) versus a permethrin-sprayed BDU for prevention of tick bite . USAEHA Special Study No. 16-44-0600-89. U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Edgewood, Md. U.S. Army Natick Research, Development, and Engineering Center. 1987. August progress report of arthropod repellent impregnant project (no. washes vs. mosquito efficacy). U.S. Army Natick Research, Development, and Engineering Center. van der Rhee, H.J., J.A. Farquhar, and N.P. Vermeulen. 1989. Effi-

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms cacy and transdermal absorption of permethrin in scabies patients . Acta Derm. Venereol. 69:170–173. van den Bercken, J. 1977. The action of allethrin on the peripheral nervous system of the frog . Pestic. Sci. 8:692–699. van den Bercken, J., A.B.A. Kroese, and L.M. Akkermans. 1979. Effects of insecticides on the sensory nervous system. Pp. 183–210 in Neurotoxicology of Insecticides and Pheromones, T. Narahashi, ed. New York: Plenum Press. Vijverberg, H.P.M., and J. van den Bercken. 1990. Neurotoxicological effects and the mode of action of pyrethroid insecticides . CRC Crit. Rev. Toxicol. 21:105–126. Wallwork, L.M., R.B. Clampitt, and J.C. Malone. 1974a. 10-day cumulative oral toxicity study with 21Z73 in mice. HEFG 74-9. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Wallwork, L.M., R.B. Clampitt, and J.C. Malone. 1974b. 10-day cumulative oral toxicity study with 21Z73 in rats. HEFG 74-10. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Wallwork, L.M., G.S. Poll, and J.C. Malone. 1975. Effect on the rat oral toxicity of changes in the cis/trans with 21Z73 (NRDC 143) series. HEFG 75-5. Wellcome Research Laboratories. Windheuser, J.J., J.L. Haslam, L. Caldwell, and R.D. Shaffer. 1982. The use of N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide to enhance dermal and transdermal delivery of drugs. J. Pharm. Sci. 71:1211–1213. Woodruff, R.C., J.P. Phillips, and D. Irwin. 1983. Pesticide-induced complete and partial chromosome loss in screens with repair-defective females of Drosophila melanogaster. Environ. Mutagen. 5:835–846. Yonkosky, D., L. Ladia, L. Gackenheimer, and M.W. Schultz. 1990. Scabies in nursing homes: An eradication program with permethrin 5% cream. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 23:1133–1136.

OCR for page 113
Health Effects of Permethrin-Impregnated Army Battle-Dress Uniforms This page in the original is blank.