Table 12. List of ultrafast radiochemical separation procedures.

Element

Proc. #

Mode

Technique

Time

Actinides

An-1

Autobatch

Gas chromatography

Few min

Actinium

Ac-1

Batch

Extraction

3 min

Actinium

Ac-2

Batch

Extraction, ion exchange

100 s

Antimony

Sb-1

Autobatch

Volatilization

2.7 s

Antimony

Sb-2

Batch

Volatilization

5.4 s

Antimony

Sb-3

Batch

Volatilization

10 s

Antimony

Sb-4

Batch

Volatilization

6 s

Antimony

Sb-5

Autobatch

Volatilization

1.6 s

Antimony

Sb-6

Batch

Extraction

~1 min

Antimony

Sb-7

Batch

Volatilization

10 to 15 s

Antimony

Sb-8

Batch

Volatilization

~10 s

Antimony

Sb-9

Batch

Electrolysis

10 to 20 s

Antimony (As)

Sb-10

Batch

Volatilization

<10 s

Antimony (for Te)

Sb-11

Autobatch

Volatilization

7.3 s

Antimony

Sb-12

Batch

Plating, chemical

<1 min

Antimony

Sb-13

Batch

Volatilization

Few s

Argon

Ar-1

Batch

Condensation

<1 s

Arsenic

As-1

Autobatch

Volatilization

2.5 s

Arsenic

As-2

Autobatch

Volatilization

5 s

Arsenic

As-3

Batch

Volatilization

5.A s

Arsenic

As-4

Continuous

Adsorption, extraction

Few s

Arsenic

As-5

Batch

Volatilization

10 s

Arsenic

As-6

Continuous

Extraction

3 or 4 s

Arsenic

As-7

Autobatch

Volatilization

1.9 s

Arsenic

As-8

Batch

Volatilization

~10 s

Arsenic

As-9

Batch

Electrolysis

10 to 20 s

Arsenic (Sb)

As-10

Batch

Volatilization

<10 s

Arsenic

As-11

Continuous

Extraction

1.0 s

Astatine

At-1

Batch

Volatilization

~30 s

Astatine

At-2

Batch

Extraction

Few min

Astatine

At-3

Batch

Volatilization

<30 s

Astatine

At-4

Batch

Extraction

90 s

Barium

Ba-1

Batch

Electrophoresis

<1 min

Barium

Ba-2

Continuous/batch

Extraction

<1 min

Barium

Ba-3

Batch

Precipitation

Few min

Barium

Ba-4

Batch

Precipitation

Few min

Barium (from Cs)

Ba-5

Continuous

Ion exchange

Few s

Barium (from La)

Ba-6

Batch

Precipitation

3 to 4 s

Bismuth

Bi-1

Batch

Extraction

5 min

Bismuth (+Po)

Bi-2

Batch

Precipitation

4 min

Bromine

Br-1

Batch

Volatilization

Few s

Bromine

Br-2

Batch/continuous

Hot atom, gas phase

10 s

Bromine

Br-3

Batch

Volatilization

8 s

Bromine

Br-4

Continuous

Adsorption

~1 s



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