Figure 47. Survey of yields of some elements with the TRISTAN FEBIAD ion source. The results are based on g-ray spectra and are corrected to saturation activities. [Gil85; reprinted with permission from Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res.]

tellurium is notable [Gil85]. The yields reported from the high-temperature ion sources also show low or no yield for many elements [Pio84]. For study of short-lived nuclides of these elements, either new ultrafast ion-source techniques or ultrafast chemical techniques are essential.

Isotope separators provide isobaric beams; ideally, an additional separation will provide the best possible sources for far-from-stability spectroscopy studies. Rudstam and coworkers have investigated the possibility of subjecting the isobaric beam obtained from an isotope separator to thermochromatographic separation [Wes69, Gra73, Rud73]. They utilized such a combination to study neutron-rich zinc and cadmium isotopes [Rud81]. In the future, gas-phase chemical separations can be expected to provide Z separation following A separation provided by on-line isotope separators. In addition, production of volatile species in target chambers with a variety of reactive gases may be studied to understand the chemical reactions taking place with energetic nuclear-reaction products.

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