9. References

Ada35 Adams, B. A., and Holmes, E. L., J. Soc. Chem. Ind. 54, 1 ( 1935).

Ahr76 Ahrens, H., Kaffrell, N., Trautmann, N., and Herrmann, G., Phys. Rev. C 14, 211 ( 1976).

All86 Allardyce, B. W., in Nuclei Off the Line of Stability, R. A. Meyer and D. S. Brenner, Eds. (Amer. Chem. Soc. Pub., Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 406.

Als86 Alstad, J. Björnstad, T., and Skarnemark, G., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A244, 490 ( 1986).

Ami68 Amiel, S., in Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 1, L. Yaffe, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1968), p. 251.

Amp64 Amphlett, C. B., Inorganic Ion Exchanges (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1964).

And57 Andersson, G., Tove, P. A., Jung, B., and Svensson, I. B., Nucl. Phys. 3, 493 ( 1957).

And69 Andersson, C., Andersson, S. O., Liljenzin, J. O., Reinhardt, H., and Rydberg, J., Acta Chem. Scand. 23, 2781 ( 1969).

And81 Andrl, R. A., Novick, V. J., and Greenwood, R. C., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 186, 153 ( 1981).

Arm85 Armbruster, P., Agarwal, Y. K., Brüchle, W., Brügger, M., Dufour, H., Gäggeler, H., Hessberger, F. P., Hofmann, S., Lemmertz, P., Münzenberg, G., Poppensieker, K., Reisdorf, W., Schädel, M., Schmidt, K. H., Schneider, J. H. R., Schneider, W. F. W., Sümmerer, K., Vermeulen, D., Wirth, G., Ghiorso, A., Gregorich, K. E., Lee, D., Leino, M., Moody, K. J., Seaborg, G. T., Welch, R. B., Wilmarth, P., Yashita, S., Frink, C., Greulich, N., Herrmann, G., Hickmann, U., Hildebrand, N., Kratz, J. V., Trautmann, N., Fowler, M. M., Hoffman, D. C., Daniels, W. R., von Gunten, H. R., and Dornhöfer, H., Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 406 ( 1985).

Arn53 Arnott, D. G., and Wells-Cole, J., Nature 171, 269 ( 1953).

Aro70 Aronsson, P. O., Ehn, E., and Rydberg, J., Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 590 ( 1970).

Aro74a Aronsson, P. O., Johansson, B. E., Rydberg, J., Skarnemark, G., Alstad, J., Bergersen, B., Kvåle, E., and Skarestad, M., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 36, 2697 ( 1974).

Aro74b Aronsson, P. O., Skarnemark, G., and Skarestad, M., Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 10, 499 ( 1974).

Aro74c Aronsson, P. O., Skarnemark, G., and Skarestad, M., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 35, 1689 ( 1974).

Aro74d Aronsson, P. O., Skarnemark, G., Kvåle, E., and Skarestad, M., Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 10, 753 ( 1974).



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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS 9. References Ada35 Adams, B. A., and Holmes, E. L., J. Soc. Chem. Ind. 54, 1 ( 1935). Ahr76 Ahrens, H., Kaffrell, N., Trautmann, N., and Herrmann, G., Phys. Rev. C 14, 211 ( 1976). All86 Allardyce, B. W., in Nuclei Off the Line of Stability, R. A. Meyer and D. S. Brenner, Eds. (Amer. Chem. Soc. Pub., Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 406. Als86 Alstad, J. Björnstad, T., and Skarnemark, G., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A244, 490 ( 1986). Ami68 Amiel, S., in Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 1, L. Yaffe, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1968), p. 251. Amp64 Amphlett, C. B., Inorganic Ion Exchanges (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1964). And57 Andersson, G., Tove, P. A., Jung, B., and Svensson, I. B., Nucl. Phys. 3, 493 ( 1957). And69 Andersson, C., Andersson, S. O., Liljenzin, J. O., Reinhardt, H., and Rydberg, J., Acta Chem. Scand. 23, 2781 ( 1969). And81 Andrl, R. A., Novick, V. J., and Greenwood, R. C., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 186, 153 ( 1981). Arm85 Armbruster, P., Agarwal, Y. K., Brüchle, W., Brügger, M., Dufour, H., Gäggeler, H., Hessberger, F. P., Hofmann, S., Lemmertz, P., Münzenberg, G., Poppensieker, K., Reisdorf, W., Schädel, M., Schmidt, K. H., Schneider, J. H. R., Schneider, W. F. W., Sümmerer, K., Vermeulen, D., Wirth, G., Ghiorso, A., Gregorich, K. E., Lee, D., Leino, M., Moody, K. J., Seaborg, G. T., Welch, R. B., Wilmarth, P., Yashita, S., Frink, C., Greulich, N., Herrmann, G., Hickmann, U., Hildebrand, N., Kratz, J. V., Trautmann, N., Fowler, M. M., Hoffman, D. C., Daniels, W. R., von Gunten, H. R., and Dornhöfer, H., Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 406 ( 1985). Arn53 Arnott, D. G., and Wells-Cole, J., Nature 171, 269 ( 1953). Aro70 Aronsson, P. O., Ehn, E., and Rydberg, J., Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 590 ( 1970). Aro74a Aronsson, P. O., Johansson, B. E., Rydberg, J., Skarnemark, G., Alstad, J., Bergersen, B., Kvåle, E., and Skarestad, M., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 36, 2697 ( 1974). Aro74b Aronsson, P. O., Skarnemark, G., and Skarestad, M., Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 10, 499 ( 1974). Aro74c Aronsson, P. O., Skarnemark, G., and Skarestad, M., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 35, 1689 ( 1974). Aro74d Aronsson, P. O., Skarnemark, G., Kvåle, E., and Skarestad, M., Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 10, 753 ( 1974).

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Ate55 Aten Jr., H. W., and DeVries-Hamerling, T., Physica 21, 544 ( 1955). Aum74 Aumann, D. C., and Weismann, D., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 117, 459 ( 1974). Ays73 Aystö, J., and Valli, K., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 111, 531 ( 1973). Ays74a Aystö, J., Hillebrand, S., Hellmuth, K-H., and Valli, K., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 120, 163 ( 1974). Ays74b Aystö, J., Pummalainen, P., and Valli, K., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 115, 65 ( 1974). Ays76 Aystö, J., Rantala, V., Valli, K., Hillebrand, S., Kortelahti, M., Eskola, K., and Raunemaass, T., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 139, 325 ( 1976). Bäc65 Bächmann, K., Radiochim. Acta 4, 124 ( 1965). Bäc66 Bächmann, K., Radiochim. Acta 6, 62 ( 1966). Bäc75 Bächmann, K., and Matschoss, V., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 37, 15 ( 1975). Bäc76a Bächmann, K., Matschoss, V., Rudolph, J., Steffen, A., and Tsalas, S., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 139, 343 ( 1976). Bäc76b Bächmann, K., and Rudolph, J., J. Radioanal. Chem. 32, 243 ( 1976). Bai62 Bailey, R. A., U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report, NAS-NS-3106 ( 1962). Bak80 Baker, J. D., Gehrke, R. J., Greenwood, R. C., Meikrantz, D. H., and Novick, V. J., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 42, 1547 ( 1980). Bak81 Baker, J. D., Gehrke, R. J., Greenwood, R. C., and Meikrantz, D. H., Radiochim. Acta 28, 51 ( 1981). Bak82 Baker, J. D., Gehrke, R. J., Greenwood, R. C., and Meikrantz, D. H., J. Radioanal. Chem. 74, 117 ( 1982). Bar86 Barth, H. G., Barber, W. E., Lochmüller, C. H., Majors, R. E., and Regnier, F. E., Anal. Chem. 58, 211R ( 1986). Bar88 Barth, H. G., Barber, W. E., Lochmüller, C. H., Majors, R. E., and Regnier, F. E., Anal. Chem. 60, 387R ( 1988). Bec82 Becker, H. W., Buchmann, L., Gorres, J., Kettner, K. U., Krawinkel, H., Rolfs, C., Schmalbrock, P., Trautvetter, H. P., and Vlieks, A., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 198, 277 ( 1982). Bec96 Becquerel, H., C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris 122, 420 ( 1896). Ben81 Benedict, M., Pigford, T. H., and Levi, H. W. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1981), p. 466.

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Bib-1870 Bible, King James version (William W. Harding, Philadelphia, 1870). Bjö77a Björnstad, T., Kvåle, E., Skarnemark, G., Aronsson, P. O., Kaffrell, N., Trautmann, N., and Stender, E., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 39, 1107 ( 1977). Bjö77b Björnstad, T., Kvåle, E., Skarnemark, G., and Aronsson, P. O., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 39, 1929 ( 1977). Bjö81 Björnstad, T., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 188, 375 ( 1981). Bög74a Bögl, W., and Bächmann, K., Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 10, 697 ( 1974). Bög74b Bögl, W., and Bächmann, K., Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 10, 805 ( 1974). Bög74c Bögl, W., and Bächmann, K., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 17, 239 ( 1974). Bög74d Bögl, W., Büttner, K., and Bächmann, K., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 18, 315 ( 1974). Bög74e Bögl, W., Bächmann, K., and Büttner, K., Radiochim. Acta 21, 33 ( 1974). Bög75a Bögl, W., and Bächmann, K., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 37, 1115 ( 1975). Bög75b Bögl, W., Bächmann, K., and Matschss, V., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 37, 1557 ( 1975). Bög76 Bögl, W., and Bächmann, K., J. Radioanal. Chem. 34, 223 ( 1976). Bro80 Brodén, K., Persson, H., Rydberg, J., and Skarnemark, G., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 195, 539 ( 1980). Bro81 Brodén, K., Skarnemark, G., Björnstad, T., Eriksen, D., Haldorsen, I., Kaffrell, N., Stender, E., and Trautmann, N., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 43, 765 ( 1981). Brü82 Brüchle, W., and Herrmann, G., Radiochim. Acta 30, 1 ( 1982). Brü85 Brügger, M., Hildebrand, N., Karlewski, T., Trautmann, N., Mazumdar, A. K., and Herrmann, G., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A234, 218 ( 1985). Brü88 Brüchle, W., Schädel, M., Scherer, U. W., Kratz, J. V., Gregorich, K. E., Lee, D., Nurmia, M., Chasteler, R. M., Hall, H. L., Henderson, R. A., and Hoffman, D. C., Inorg. Chim. Acta 146, 267 ( 1988). Cab75 Cabot, C., Deprun, C., Gauvin, H., Le Beyec, Y., and Lefort, M., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 125, 397 ( 1975). Cam53 Campbell, E. C., and Nelson, F., Phys. Rev. 91, 499A ( 1953). Cam56 Campbell, E. C., and Nelson, F., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 3, 233 ( 1956). Car67 Cartwright, P. F. S., Newman, E. J., and Wilson, D. W., Analyst 82, 663 ( 1967).

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Cas81a Cassidy, R. M., in Trace Analysis, Vol. 1, J. F. Lawrence, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1981), p. 148. Cas81b Cassidy, R. M., in Trace Analysis, Vol. 1, J. F. Lawrence, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1981), p. 121. Cho56a Choppin, G. R., Harvey, B. G., and Thompson, S. G., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 2, 66 ( 1956). Cho56b Choppin, G. R., and Silva, R. J., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 3, 153 ( 1956). Cle74 Clearfield, A., Nancollas, G. H., and Blessing, R. H., in Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction, Vol. 5, J. A. Marinsky and Y. Marcus, Eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1974). Clu71 Clumpner, J. A., J. Chem. Phys. 55, 5042 ( 1971). Col71 Coleman, C. F., and Roddy, J. W., in Solvent Extraction Reviews, Vol. 1, Y. Marcus, Ed. ( 1971), p. 63. Cor51a Coryell, C. D., and Sugarman, N. (Eds.), Radiochemical Studies: The Fission Products, National Nuclear Energy Series, Division IV, Vol. 9, Books 1, 2 and 3 ( McGraw-Hill, New York, 1951). Cor51b Coryell, C. D., and Sugarman, N. (Eds.), Radiochemical Studies: The Fission Products, National Nuclear Energy Series, Division IV, Vol. 9, Books 1, 2, and 3 (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1951). Cur98a Curie, P., and Curie, S. Mme., Compt. Rend. 127, 175 ( 1898). Cur98b Curie, P., Curie, S. Mme., and Bemont, G., Compt. Rend. 128, 1215 ( 1898). Dau73 Dautet, H., Gujrathi, S., Wiesehahn, W. J., D'Auria, J. M., and Pate, B. D., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 107, 49 ( 1973). Dau77 D'Auria, J. M., in Proc. Isotope Separator On-Line Workshop held at Brookhaven National Laboratory, 1977, Report No. BNL-50847 ( 1977), p. 237. Dau86 D'Auria, J. M., in Nuclei Off the Line of Stability, R. A. Meyer and D. S. Brenner, Eds. (Amer. Chem. Soc. Pub., Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 432. De70a De, A. K., Khopkar, S. M., and Chalmers, R. A., Solvent Extraction of Metals (Van Nostrand, London, 1970), p. 57. De70b De, A. K., Khopkar, S. M., and Chalmers, R. A., Solvent Extraction of Metals (Van Nostrand, London, 1970). De70c De, A. K., Khopkar, S. M., and Chalmers, R. A., Solvent Extraction of Metals (Van Nostrand, London, 1970), p. 215.

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS De70d De, A. K., Khopkar, S. M., and Chalmers, R. A., Solvent Extraction of Metals (Van Nostrand, London, 1970), p. 201. De70e De, A. K., Khopkar, S. M., and Chalmers, R. A., Solvent Extraction of Metals (Van Nostrand, London, 1970), p. 165. De70f De, A. K., Khopkar, S. M., and Chalmers, R. A., Solvent Extraction of Metals (Van Nostrand, London, 1970), p. 158. Del67 del Marmol, P., and Néve de Mévergnies, M., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 29, 273 ( 1967). Den66 Denig, R., Trautmann, N., and Herrmann, G., Z. Anal. Chem. 216, 41 ( 1966). Den67 Denschlag, H. O., and Gordus, A. A., Z. Anal. Chem. 226, 62 ( 1967). Dev62 DeVoe, J. R., U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report No. NAS-NS-3108 ( 1962). Die83 Dienstbach, F., and Bächmann, K., Radiochim. Acta 34, 215 ( 1983). Dil51 Dillard, C. R., Adams, R. M., Finston, H., and Turkevich, A., in Radiochemical Studies: The Fission Products, National Nuclear Energy Series, Division IV, Vol. 9, Book 2, C. D. Coryell and N. Sugarman, Eds. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1951), p. 624. Dom83 Domanov, V. P. Khyubener, Z., Shalaevskii, M. R., Timokhin, S. N., Petrov, D. V., and Zvara, I., Sov. Radiochemistry (Eng. Tr.) 25, 23 ( 1983). Dor72 Dorfner, K., Ion Exchangers. Properties and Applications (Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, 1972). Dor90 Dorsey, J. G., Foley, J. P., Cooper, W. T., Barford, R. A., and Barth, H. G., Anal. Chem. 62, 324R ( 1990). Dro56 Dropesky, B. J., and Schardt, A. W., Phys. Rev. 102, 426 ( 1956). Eic79 Eichler, B., Gäggeler-Koch, H., and Gäggeler, H., Radiochim. Acta 26, 193 ( 1979). Eic82 Eichler, B., and Zvara, I., Radiochim. Acta 30, 233 ( 1982). Elc79 Elchuk, S., and Cassidy, R. M., Anal. Chem. 51, 1434 ( 1979). Eng79 Engelhardt, H., High Performance Liquid-Chromatography Chemical Laboratory Practice , translated from German by G. Gutnikov (Springer Verlag, 1979). Eve83 Everaerts, F. M., Mikkers, F. E. P., Verheggen, Th. P. E. M., and Vacik, J., in J. Chromatog. Library, Vol. 22A, “Fundamentals and Applications of Chromatographic and Electrophoretic Methods,” Part A, E. Heftmann, Ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1983), p. A331. Fel69 Felton, H., J. Chromatog. Sci. 7, 13 ( 1969).

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Fel73 Feldstein, H., and Amiel, S., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 113, 181 ( 1973). Fle56 Flegenheimer, J., and Seelman-Eggelbert, W., Proc. Intern. Conf. on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy 7, 152 ( 1956). Fol69 Folger, H., Kratz, J. V., and Herrmann, G., Radichem. Radioanal. Lett. 1, 185 ( 1969). Fra78 Franz, G., and Herrmann, G., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 40, 945 ( 1978). Fre59 Freiser, H., and Morrison, G. H., Ann. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 9, 221 ( 1959). Fri61 Friedli, W., and Schumacher, E., Helv. Chim. Acta 44, 1839 ( 1961). Fri77 Fritz, J. S., Pure Appl. Chem. 49, 1547 ( 1977). Gäg86 Gäggeler, H., Eichler, B., Greulich, N., Herrmann, G., and Trautmann, N., Radiochim. Acta 40, 137 ( 1986). Gau73 Gauvin, H., Hahn, R. L., Le Beyec, Y., Lefort, M., and Livet, J., Nucl. Phys. A208, 360 ( 1973). Geh82a Gehrke, R. J., Greenwood, R. C., Baker, J. D., and Meikrantz, D. H., Radiochim. Acta 31, 1 ( 1982). Geh82b Gehrke, R. J., Greenwood, R. C., Baker, J. D., and Meikrantz, D. H., Z. Phys. A306, 363 ( 1982). Ghi55 Ghiorso, A., Harvey, B. G., Choppin, G. R., Thompson, S. G., and Seaborg, G. T., Phys. Rev. 98, 1518 ( 1955). Ghi58 Ghiorso, A., Sikkeland, J., Walton, J. R., and Seaborg, G. T., Phys. Rev. Lett. 1, 18 ( 1958). Ghi74 Ghiorso, A., Nitschke, J. M., Alonso, J. R., Alonso, C. T., Nurmia, M., Seaborg, G. T., Hulet, E. K., and Lougheed, R. W., Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 1490 ( 1974). Gid65 Giddings, J. C., Dynamics of Chromatography, Part I (Marcel Dekker, 1965). Gil85 Gill, R. L., and Piotrowski, A., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A234, 213 ( 1985). Gil86 Gill, R. L., in Nuclei Off the Line of Stability, R. A. Meyer and D. S. Brenner, Eds. (Amer. Chem. Soc. Pub., Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 420. Gir70 Girardi, F., Pietra, R., and Sabbioni, E., J. Radioanal. Chem. 5, 141 ( 1970). Gla36 Glazebrook, H. H., and Pearson, T. G., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 58, 1777 ( 1936). Gla37 Glazebrook, H. H., and Pearson, T. G., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 59, 567 ( 1937). Gor55 Gordon, L., Anal. Chem. 27, 1704 ( 1955).

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Gor59 Gordon, L., in Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, Vol. IA, C. L. Wilson and E. W. Wilson, Eds. (Elsevier, New York, 1959), p. 530. Gra73 Grapengiesser, B., and Rudstam, G., Radiochim. Acta 20, 85 ( 1973). Gre63a Greendale, A. E., and Love, D. L., Anal. Chem. 35, 632 ( 1963) Gre63b Greendale, A. E., and Love, D. L., Anal. Chem. 35, 1712 ( 1963). Gre63c Greendale, A. E., and Love, D. L., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 23, 209 ( 1963). Gre73 Green, H., Talanta 20, 139 ( 1973). Gre82 Greenwood, R. C., Gehrke, R. J., Baker, J. D., and Meikrantz, D. H., Radiochim. Acta 30, 57 ( 1982). Gre83 Greenwood, R. C., Gehrke, R. J., Baker, J. D., Meikrantz, D. H., and Reich, C. W., Phys. Rev. C27, 1266 ( 1983). Gri85 Griffin, H. C., and Rengan, K., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A241, 511 ( 1985). Hag62 Hagebo, E., Kjelberg A., and Pappas, A. C., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 24, 117 ( 1962). Hah39 Hahn, O., and Strassmann, F., Naturwissenschaften 27 (11), 89 ( 1939). Hah40 Hahn, O., and Strassmann, F., Naturwissenschaften 28, 54 ( 1940). Ham82 Hamilton, R. J., and Sewell, P. A., Introduction to High Performance Liquid Chromatography, second edition (Chapman and Hall, London, 1982). Ham84 Hamel, L. A., Chauvin, J., Lessard, L., and Jeremie, H., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 228, 9 ( 1984). Ham90 Hampton, C. V., and McHarris, Wm. C., J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 142, 183 ( 1990). Han79 Hansen, P. G., Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 29, 69 ( 1979). Har47 Harris, D. H., and Tompkins, E. R., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 69, 2792 ( 1947). Har75 Hardy, J. C., Schmeing, H., Geiger, J. S., and Graham, R. L., Nucl. Phys. A246, 61 ( 1975). Har86 Hardy, J. C., in Nuclei Off the Line of Stability, R. A. Meyer and D. S. Brenner, Eds. (Amer. Chem. Soc. Pub., Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 414. Hel66 Helfferich, F., in Ion Exchange, Vol. 1, J. A. Marinsky, Ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1966), p. 65. Hel75 Hellmuth, K. H., and Valli, K., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 125, 99 ( 1975).

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Hen81 Henry, E. A., Lien III, O. G., and Meyer, R. A., in Proc. Fourth Intern. Conf. on Nuclei Far from Stability (Helsingor, Denmark, 1981), CERN Report 81-09, p. 334. Her69 Herrmann, G., and Denschlag, H. O., Ann. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 19, 1 ( 1969). Her82 Herrmann, G., and Trautmann, N., Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 32, 117 ( 1982). Hic80 Hickmann, U., Greulich, N., Trautmann, N., Gäggeler, H., Gäggeler-Koch, H., Eichler, B., and Herrmann, G., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 174, 507 ( 1980). Hir64 Hirschfelder, J. O., Curtiss, C. F., and Bird, R. B., Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids (John Wiley, New York, 1964), p. 372. Hof39 Hoffman, J. I., and Lundell, G. E. F., J. Research 22, 465 ( 1939). Hof66 Hoffman, D. C., Michelsen, O. B., and Daniels, W. R., Ark. Fys. 36, 211 ( 1966). Hof88 Hoffman, D. C., Henderson, R. A., Gregorich, K. E., Bennett, D. A., Chasteler, R. M., Gannett, C. M., Hall, H. L., Lee, D. M., Nurmia, M. J., Cai, S., Agarwal, R., Charlop, A. W., Chu, Y. Y., Seaborg, G. T., and Silva, R. J., J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 124, 135 ( 1988). Hog66 Hogfeldt, E., in Ion Exchange, Vol. 1, J. A. Marinsky, Ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1966), p. 139. Hor67 Horvath, C. G., Preiss, B. A., and Lipsky, S. R., Anal. Chem. 39, 1422 ( 1967). Hor77 Horwitz, E. P., Bloomquist, C. A. A., and Delphin, W. H., J. Chromatog. Sci. 15, 41 ( 1977). Hub67 Huber, J. R. K., and Hulsman, Y. A. R. J., Anal. Chim. Acta 38, 405 ( 1967). Hub69 Huber, J. F. K., J. Chromatog. Sci. 7, 85 ( 1969). Hüb80a Hübener, S., and Zvara, I., Radiochim. Acta 27, 157 ( 1980). Hüb80b Hübener, S., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 44, 79 ( 1980). Hüb82 Hübener, S., and Zvara, I., Radiochim. Acta 31, 89 ( 1982). Hul80 Hulet, E. K., Lougheed, R. W., Wild, J. F., Landrum, J. H., Nitschke, J. M., and Ghiorso, A., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 42, 79 ( 1980). Hul83 Hulet, E. K., Radiochim. Acta 32, 7 ( 1983). Ima80 Imanishi, N., Fujiwara, I., and Nishi, T., J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. (Japan) 17, 935 ( 1980). Irg74 Irgolic, K. J., and Kudchadker, M. V., in Selenium, R. A. Zingaro and W. C. Cooper, Eds. (Van Nostrand-Reinhold, New York, 1974), p. 708.

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Irv76 Irving, H. M. N. H., J. Radioanal. Chem. 33, 287 ( 1976). Irv82 Irving, H. M. N. H., in Treatise on Analytical Chemistry, Part I, Vol. 5, second edition, P. J. Elving, E. Grushka, and I. M. Kolthoff, Eds. (Wiley, New York, 1982), p. 508. Iye63 Iyer, R. H., Mathews, C. K., Ravindran, N., Rengan, K., Singh, D. V., Ramaniah, M. V., and Sharma, H. D., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 25, 456 ( 1963). Jak62 Jakovac, Z., and Pucar, Z., J. Chromatog. 7, 380 ( 1962). Jos88 Jost, D. T., Gäggeler, H. W., Vogel, C. H., Schädel, M., Jäger, E., Eichler, B., Gregorich, K. E., and Hoffman, D. C., Inorg. Chim. Acta 146, 255 ( 1988). Jun71 Junglas, H., MacFarlane, R. D., and Fares, Y., Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 556 ( 1971). Jun76 Jungclas, H., Wilhelm, H. G., Westmeier, W., Kornahl, W., Fares, Y., Molzahn, D., Brandt, R., and Wollnik, H., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 137, 93 ( 1976). Kau61 Kaufman, H. C., Handbook of Organic Compounds (Van Nostrand, New York, 1961), p. 1489. Kaw82 Kawade, K., Yamamoto, H., Amano, H., Hanada, M., Katoh, T., Okano, K., Kawase, Y., and Fujiwara, I., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 200, 417 ( 1982). Kel77 Keller, Jr., O. L., and Seaborg, G. T., Ann. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 27, 139 ( 1977). Kel84 Keller, Jr., O. L., Radiochim. Acta 37, 169 ( 1984). Ken23 Kendall, J., and Crittenden, E. D., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 9, 75 ( 1923). Ken25 Kendall, J., and Clarke, B. L., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 11, 393 ( 1925). Ken26 Kendall, J., Jette, E. R., and West, Wm., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 48, 3114 ( 1926). Ket47 Ketelle, B. H., and Boyd, G. E., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 69, 2800 ( 1947). Kir69 Kirkland, J. J., J. Chromatog. Sci. 7, 7 ( 1969). Kla69 Klapisch, R., Ann. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 19, 33 ( 1969). Kla74 Klapisch, R., in Nuclear Spectroscopy and Reactions, Part A, J. Cerny, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1974), p. 273. Kle54 Kleinberg, J., U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report LA-1721 (1954). Kle75 Klein, G., Kaffrell, N., Trautmann, N., and Herrmann, G., Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 11, 511 ( 1975).

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Kof51 Kofoed-Hansen, O., and Nielsen, K. O., K. Dan. Vidensk. Selsk. Mat. Fys. Medd. 26 (7) ( 1951). Kol32 Kolthoff, I. M., J. Phys. Chem. 36, 860 ( 1932). Kol36 Kolthoff, I. M., J. Phys. Chem. 40, 1027 ( 1936). Kol39a Kolthoff, I. M., and O'Brien, A. S., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 61, 3409 ( 1939). Kol39b Kolthoff, I. M., and O'Brien, A. S., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 61, 3414 ( 1939). Kol39c Kolthoff, I. M., and O'Brien, A. S., J. Chem. Phys. 7, 401 ( 1939). Kol71 Kolarik, Z., in Solvent Extraction Reviews, Vol. 1, Y. Marcus, Ed. ( 1971), p. 1. Kos74 Kosanke, K. L., McHarris, Wm. C., and Warner, R. A., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 115, 151 ( 1974). Kra65 Kraak, W., and Walz, G. O., J. Chromatog. 20, 197 ( 1965). Kra70 Kratz, J. V., and Herrmann, G., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 32, 3713 ( 1970). Kra73 Kratz, K. L., and Herrmann, G., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 13, 385 ( 1973). Kra78 Kratz, K. L., Radiochim. Acta 25, 1 ( 1978). Kra86 Kratz, J. V., Trautmann, N., and Herrmann, G., in Nuclei Off the Line of Stability, R. A. Meyer and D. S. Brenner, Eds. (Amer. Chem. Soc. Pub., Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 482. Kra89 Kratz, K. V., Zimmermann, H. P., Scherer, U. W., Schädel, M., Brüchle, W., Gregorich, K. E., Gannett, C. M., Hall, H. L., Henderson, R. A., Lee, D. C., Leyba, J. D., Nurmia, M. J., Hoffman, D. C., Gäggeler, H., Jost, D., Baltensperger, U., Ya Nai-Qi, Türler, A., and Lisnert, Ch., Radiochim. Acta 48, 121 ( 1989). Kus61 Kusaka, Y., and Meinke, W. W., U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report, NAS-NS-3104 ( 1961). Lan42 Langer, A., J. Chem. Phys. 10, 321 ( 1942). Lan43 Langer, A., J. Chem. Phys. 11, 11 ( 1943). Lan50 Langer, A., Anal. Chem. 22, 1288 ( 1950). Lee73 Lee, J. K., Barker, J. A., and Abraham, F. F., J. Chem. Phys. 58, 3166 ( 1973). Lev51 Levinger, J. S., Meiners, E. P., Sampson, M. B., Snell, A. H., and Wilkinson, R. G., in Radiochemical Studies: The Fission Products, National Nuclear Energy Series, Vol. 9, Book 2, C. D. Coryell and N. Sugarman, Eds. ( 1951), p. 603.

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Lie81 Lien III, O. G., Steveson, P. C., Henry, E. A., Yaffe, R. P., and Meyer, R. A., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 185, 351 ( 1981). Lie82 Lien III, O. G., Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Davis ( 1982). Lin73 Lin, C. C., and Wahl, A. C., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 35, 1 ( 1973). Lin82 Lin, J., Rengan, K., and Meyer, R. A., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 50, 399 ( 1982). Liv38 Livingood, J. J., and Seaborg, G. T., Phys. Rev. 54, 391 ( 1938). Mac74a MacFarlane, R. D., and McHarris, Wm. C., in Nuclear Spectroscopy and Reactions, Part 1, J. Cerny, Ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1974), p. 243. Mac74b Macias, E. S., Head, R. E., Hseuh, H. C., and Zalusky, M. R., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 122, 365 ( 1974). Mai61 Mair, B. J., in Treatise on Analytical Chemistry, Part I, Vol. 3, I. M. Kolthoff and P. J. Elving, Eds. (Interscience, New York, 1961), p. 1469. Maj82 Majors, R. E., Barth, H. G., and Lochmuller, C. H., Anal. Chem. 54, 323R ( 1982). Maj84 Majors, R. E., Barth, H. G., and Lochmuller, C. H., Anal. Chem. 56, 300R ( 1984). Mar47 Marinsky, J. A., Glendenin, L. E., and Coryell, C. D., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 69, 2781 ( 1947). Mar69 Marcus, Y., and Kertes, A. S., Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction of Metal Complexes (Interscience, New York, 1969). Mar82a Marhol, M., in Wilson and Wilson's Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, Vol. XIV, G. Svehla, Ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1982), p. 24. Mar82b Marhol, M., in Wilson and Wilson's Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, Vol. XIV, G. Svehla, Ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1982), p. 33. Mar82c Marhol, M., in Wilson and Wilson's Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, Vol. XIV, G. Svehla, Ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1982), p. 110. Mar82d Marhol, M., in Wilson and Wilson's Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, Vol. XIV, G. Svehla, Ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1982), p. 490. Mas71 Massart, D. L., Radiochemical Techniques Series Report No. NAS-NS-3113 ( 1971). May61 Mayer, J. E., and Mayer, M. G., Statistical Mechanics (John Wiley, New York, 1961), p. 295. Maz76 Mazumdar, A. K., Wagner, H., Walcher, W., and Lund, T., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 139, 319 ( 1976).

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Osc82 Oscik, J., Adsorption (Ellis Harwood, Chichester, England, 1982). Ove51 Overstreet, R., and Jacobson, L., in Radiochemical Studies: The Fission Products, National Nuclear Energy Series, Division IV, Vol. 9, Book 2, C. D. Coryell and N. Sugarman, Eds. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1951), p. 621. Pat70a Paterson R., An Introduction to Ion Exchange (Hayden, London, 1970), p. 90. Pat70b Paterson R., An Introduction to Ion Exchange (Hayden, London, 1970). Pel42 Peligot, E., Ann. Chim. Phys. 5 (3), 7 ( 1842); quoted by H. M. N. H. Irving in Treatise on Analytical Chemistry, Part I, Vol. 5, P. J. Elving, E. Grushka, and I. M. Kolthoff, Eds. ( 1982), p. 506. Pep57a Peppard, D. F., Mason, G. W., Maier, J. L., and Driscoll, W. J, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 4, 334 ( 1957). Pep57b Peppard, D. F., Moline, S. W., and Mason, G. W., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 4, 344 ( 1957). Pep71 Peppard, D. F., Ann. Rev. Nucl. Sci. 21, 365 ( 1971). Per89 Persson, H., Skarnemark, G., Skålberg, M., Alstad, J., Liljenzin, J. O., Bauer, G., Haberberger, F., Kaffrell, N., Rogowski, J., and Trautmann, N., Radiochim. Acta 48, 177 ( 1989). Pio84 Piotrowski, A., Gill, R. L., and McDonald, D. C., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 224, 1 ( 1984). Pos61 Poskanzer, A. M., and Foreman, Jr., B. M., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 16, 323 ( 1961). Pru79 Prusik, Z., in Laboratory Handbook of Chromatographic and Allied Methods, O. Mikes, Ed. (Ellis Horwood, Chichester, 1979), p. 649. Pry79 Pryde, A., and Gilbert, M. T., Applications of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (Chapman and Hall, London, 1979). Puc60 Pucar, Z., and Jakovac, Z., J. Chromatog. 3, 477 ( 1960). Puc62 Pucar, Z., and Jakovac, Z., J. Chromatog. 9, 106 ( 1962). Puu73 Puumalainen, P., Aystö, J., and Valli, K., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 112, 485 ( 1973). Qur69 Qureshi, I. H., McClendon, L. T., and LaFleur, P. D., National Bureau of Standards, Technical Note No. 458 ( 1969), p. 70. Raj75 Rajcsanyi, P. M., and Rajcsanyi, E., High-Speed Liquid Chromatography, Chromatographic Science Series, Vol. 6 (Marcel Dekker, 1975). Rav79 Ravn, H. L., Phys. Rpts. 54, 201 ( 1979).

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Rei50 Reid, J. C., and Calvin, M., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 72, 2948 ( 1950). Rei66 Reichenberg, D., in Ion Exchange, Vol. 1, J. A. Marinsky, Ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1966), p. 227. Rei67 Reinhardt, H., and Rydberg, J., in Solvent Extraction Chemistry, Proc. Intern. Conf. held at Gothenburg, Sweden, 1966, D. Dyrssen, J. O. Liljenzin, and J. Rydberg, Eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1967), p. 612. Rei69 Reinhardt, H., and Rydberg, J., Acta Chem. Scand. 23, 2773 ( 1969). Ren64 Rengan, K., and Meinke, W. W., Anal. Chem. 1 ( 1964). Ren65 Rengan, K., and Pierson, W. R., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 27, 2113 ( 1965). Ren66 Rengan, K., Ph.D. dissertation submitted to the University of Michigan ( 1966), p. 75. Ren68 Rengan, K., and Griffin, H. C., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 30, 2887 ( 1968). Ren76 Rengan, K., and Griffin, H. C., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 24, 1 ( 1976). Ren77 Rengan, K., and Griffin, H. C., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 29, 253 ( 1977). Ren82a Rengan, K., Lin, J., Massey, T. N., Zendel, M., and Meyer, R. A., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 50, 385 ( 1982). Ren82b Rengan, K., Lin, J., and Meyer, R. A., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 50, 393 ( 1982). Ren82c Rengan, K., Lin, J., Zendel, M., and Meyer, R. A., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 197, 427 ( 1982). Ren82d Rengan, K., Lin, J., and Meyer, R. A., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 51, 339 ( 1982). Ren85a Rengan, K., in Artificial Radioactivity, special lectures delivered at the International Symposium held at Pune, January 1985, K. Narayana Rao and H. C. Arnikar, Eds. (Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1985), p. 61. Ren85b Rengan, K., Lin, J., Lim, T., Harrell, J., and Meyer, R. A., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A242, 160 ( 1985). Ren86a Rengan, K., in Proc. Symp. on Nuclei Off the Line of Stability, Vol. II, Chicago, 1985, R. A. Meyer and D. G. Brenner, Eds. (Clark University Press, 1986), p. S96. Ren86b Rengan, K., and Griffin, H. C., J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 98, 255 ( 1986). Ren90a Rengan, K., J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 142, 173 ( 1990). Ren90b Rengan, K., in Exotic Nuclear Spectroscopy, W. C. McHarris, Ed. (Plenum Press, 1990), p. 609.

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Ric34 Rice, F. O., and Glasebrook, A. L., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 56, 2381 ( 1934). Ric71 Riccato, M. T., Radiochim. Acta 15, 3 ( 1971). Rie70a Rieman III, W., and Walton, H. F., Ion Exchange in Analytical Chemistry (Pergamon Press, 1970), p. 1. Rie70b Rieman III, W., and Walton, H. F., Ion Exchange in Analytical Chemistry (Pergamon Press, 1970), p. 14. Rie70c Rieman III, W., and Walton, H. F., Ion Exchange in Analytical Chemistry (Pergamon Press, 1970), p. 54. Roe86 Roeckl, E., in Nuclei Off the Line of Stability, R. A. Meyer and D. S. Brenner, Eds. (Amer. Chem. Soc. Pub., Washington, D.C., 1986), p. 439. Rot73 Rothbart, H. L., in An Introduction to Separation Science, B. L. Karger, L. R. Snyder, and C. Horrath, Eds. (John Wiley, 1973), p. 337. Rud73 Rudstam, G., and Grapengiesser, B., Radiochim Acta 20, 97 ( 1973). Rud80 Rudolph, J., and Bächmann, K., Radiochim. Acta 27, 105 ( 1980). Rud81 Rudstam, G., Aagraard, P., Hoff, P., Johansson, B., and Zwicky, H. V., Nucl. Instrum. Methods, 186, 365 ( 1981). Run81 Runser, D. J., Maintaining and Troubleshooting HPLC Systems —A User's Guide (John Wiley, New York, 1981). Rut00 Rutherford, E., Philos. Mag, Series 5, XLIX, 1 ( 1900). Rut03 Rutherford, E., and Soddy, F., Philos. Mag. 5, 576 ( 1903). Ryd69 Rydberg, J., J. Acta Chem. Scand. 23, 647 ( 1969). Ryd80 Rydberg, J., Persson, H., Aronsson, P. O., Selme, A., and Skarnemark, G., Hydrometallurgy 5, 273 ( 1980). Sam63 Samuelson, O., Ion Exchange Separations in Analytical Chemistry (John Wiley, New York, 1963). Sat52 Sato, T. R., Diamond, H., Norris, W. P., and Strain, H. H., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 74, 6154 ( 1952). Sch57 Schumacher, E., and Streiff, H. J., Helv. Chim. Acta 40, 234 ( 1957). Sch58 Schumacher, E., and Streiff, H. J., Helv. Chim. Acta 41, 824 ( 1958). Sch60 Schumacher, E., and Friedli, W., Helv. Chim. Acta 43, 1706 ( 1960).

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Sch69 Schüssler, H. D., Grimm, W., Weber, M., Tharun, U., Denschlag, H. O., and Herrmann, G., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 73, 125 ( 1969). Sch72 Schüssler, H. D., and Herrmann, G., Radiochim. Acta 18, 123 ( 1972). Sch73 Schmidt-Ott, W-D., Mlekodaj, R. L., and Bingham, C. A., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 108, 13 ( 1973). Sch75 Schmidt-Ott, W-D., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 130, 177 ( 1975). Sch76 Schmeing, H., Koslowsky, V., Wightman, M., Hardy, J. C. MacDonald, J. A., Faestermann, T., Andrews, H. R., Grieger, J. S., and Grahman, R. L., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 139, 335 ( 1976). Sch77a Schädel, M., Trautmann, N., and Herrmann, G., Radiochim. Acta 24, 27 ( 1977). Sch77b Schmidt-Ott, W. D., von Dincklage, R. D., and Hiller, W. J., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 141, 553 ( 1977). Sch78 Schädel, M., Brüchle, W., Haefner, B., Kratz, J. V., Schorstein, W., Trautmann, N., and Herrmann, G., Radiochim. Acta 25, 111 ( 1978). Sch79 Schwedt, G., Chromatographia 12, 613 ( 1979). Sch88a Scherer, U. W., Kratz, J. V., Schädel, M., Brüchle, W., Gregorich, K. E., Henderson, R. A., Lee, D., Nurmia, M., and Hoffman, D. C., Inorg. Chim. Acta 146, 249 ( 1988). Sch88b Schädel, M., Brüchle, W., and Haefner, B., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A264, 308 ( 1988). Sch89 Schädel, M., Brüchle, W., Jäger, E., Schimpf, E., Kratz, J. V., Scherer, U. W., and Zimmermann, H. P., Radiochim. Acta 48, 171 ( 1989). Sea46a Seaborg, G. T., McMillan, E., Kennedy, J. W., and Wahl, A. C., Phys. Rev. 69, 366 ( 1946). Sea46b Seaborg, G. T., Wahl, A. C., and Kennedy, J. W., Phys. Rev. 69, 367 ( 1946). Sea58 Seaborg, G. T., The Transuranium Elements (Addison Wesley, Reading, MA, 1958), p. 149. Sea82 Seaborg, G. T., in Actinides in Perspective, N. M. Edelstein, Ed. (Pergamon Press, New York, 1982), p. 1 Sem83 Semkow, T., and Wahl, A. C., J. Radioanal. Chem. 79, 93 ( 1983). Shu62a Shukla, S. K., and Adloff, J. P., J. Chromatog. 8, 501 ( 1962). Shu62b Shukla, S. K., and Adloff, J. P., J. Chromatog. 9, 455 ( 1962).

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Shu71 Shukla, J. P., Chandrasekharan, E. S., and Rengan, K., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 6, 307 ( 1971). Shu72 Shukla, J. P., Chandrasekharan, E. S., and Rengan, K., Sep. Sci. 7, 193 ( 1972). Sic80 Siczek, A. A., Meisenhelder, J. H., Bernstein, G. J., and Steindler, M. J., Radiochim. Acta 27, 51 ( 1980). Sil70a Silva, R., Sikkeland, J., Nurmia, M., and Ghiorso, A., Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 6, 733 ( 1970). Sil70b Silva, R., Harris, J., Nurmia, M., Eskola, K., and Ghiorso, A., Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 6, 871 ( 1970). Sil77 Silva, R. J., Trautmann, N., Zendel, M., Dittner, P. F., Stender, E., and Ahrens, H., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 147, 371 ( 1977). Ska76 Skarnemark, G., Stender, E., Trautmann, N., Aronsson, P. O., Björnstad, T., Kaffrell, N., Kvåle, E., and Skarestad, M., Radiochim. Acta 23, 98 ( 1976). Ska77a Skarnemark, G., Aronsson, P. O., Björnstad, T., Kvåle, E., Kaffrell, N., Stender, E., and Trautmann, N., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 39, 1487 ( 1977). Ska77b Skarnemark, G., dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden ( 1977). Ska80 Skarnemark, G., Aronsson, P. O., Brodén, K., Rydberg, J., Björnstad, T., Kaffrell, N., Stender, E., and Trautmann, N., Nucl. Instrum. Methods 175, 323 ( 1980). Ska83 Skarnemark, G., Brodén, K., Yun, M., Kaffrell, N., and Trautmann, N., Radiochim. Acta 33, 97 ( 1983). Ska86a Skarnemark, G., Brodén, K., Kaffrell, N., Prussin, S. G., Trautmann, N., Rengan, K., Eriksen, D., Kusnezov, D. F., and Meyer, R. A., Z. Phys. A323, 407 ( 1986). Ska86b Skarnemark, G., Skålberg, M., Alstad, J., and Björnstad, T., Physica Scripta 34, 597 ( 1986). Ska90 Skarnemark, G., Alstad, J., Kaffrell, K., and Trautmann, N, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 142, 145 ( 1990). Smi56 Smith, H. L., and Hoffman, D. C., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 3, 243 ( 1956). Smi72 Smith, I., and Feinberg, J. G., Paper and Thin Layer Chromatography and Electrophoresis, second edition (Longman, London, 1972), p. 114. Sny75 Snyder, L. R., in Chromatography—A Laboratory Handbook of Chromatographic and Electrophoretic Methods , E. Heffman, Ed. (Van Nostrand, New York, 1975), p. 46.

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ULTRAFAST CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS Sny79 Snyder, L. R., and Kirkland, J. J., Introduction to Modern Liquid Chromatography, second edition (John Wiley, New York, 1979). Sod05 Soddy, F., “Annual Progress Reports to Chemical Society,” reproduced in Trenn, T. J., Radioactivity and Atomic Theory, Vol. 1. (Halsted Press, 1975), p. 263. Sod14 Soddy, F., Ann. Prog. Report Chem. Soc. 10, 266 ( 1914). Spe47a Spedding, F. H., Voigt, A. F., Gladrow, E. M., and Sleight, N. R., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 69, 2777 ( 1947). Spe47b Spedding, F. H., Voigt, A. F., Gladrow, E. M., Sleight, N. R., Powell, J. E., Wright, J. M., Butler, T. A., and Figard, P., J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 69, 2786 ( 1947). Sta64 Stary, J., The Solvent Extraction of Metal Chelates, Vol. 1 (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1964). Sta84 Stachel, J., Kaffrell, N., Trautmann, N., Skarnemark, G., and Eriksen, D., Z. Phys. A316, 105 ( 1984). Ste61a Stevenson, P. C., and Nervik, W. E., U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report NAS-NS-3020 ( 1961). Ste61b Stevenson, P. C., and Nervik, W. E., U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report NAS-NS-3020 ( 1961), p. 155. Ste61c Stevenson, P. C., and Nervik, W. E., U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report NAS-NS-3020 ( 1961), p. 156. Ste78 Stevenson, P. C., private communication ( 1978). Ste80 Stender, E., Trautmann, N., and Herrmann, G., Radiochem. Radioanal. Lett. 42, 291 ( 1980). Str73 Strelow, F. W. E., in Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction, Vol. 5, J. A. Marinsky and Y. Marcus, Eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1973), p. 121. Str74 Strickert, R. G., Amiel, S., and Wahl, A. C., Inorg. Nucl. Chem. Lett. 10, 129 ( 1974). Sug47 Sugarman, N., J. Chem. Phys. 15, 544 ( 1947). Sun55 Sunderman, D. N., U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report AECU-3159 ( 1955). Sun57 Sunderman, D. N., and Meinke, W. W., Anal. Chem. 29, 1578 ( 1957). Syn90 Synovec, R. E., Johnson, E. L., Moore, L. K., and Renn, C. N., Anal. Chem. 62, 357R ( 1990).

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