is especially important in research with an integrated focus on local agrosystems. Scientific cooperation between scientists of the less developed countries and industrialized countries in equal partnership is especially valuable to all parties, as indicated by the collaborative research projects assessed in this report.

  1. Continued and Expanded Networking. Networking, site visits, and other linkages among different programs should be continued and expanded. NRC-BOSTID and AID's Research and Development Bureau's research programs have developed techniques that should be given strong long-term financial support; continuity of support is essential as well. Biological nitrogen fixation research should be supported through an information network.

  2. Support for Germplasm Collections and Characterization. Collections of microorganisms and plants involved in biological nitrogen fixation are of central importance and we recommend expanded support for continued maintenance of such collections. The organisms in these collections must be carefully identified and characterized for useful traits.

  3. New Policy Development. Policies should be developed to encourage expanded use of BNF based on its total economic benefits—including unsubsidized direct and environmental costs of fertilizer nitrogen—its sustainability, its potential to meet world food needs, and its social implications.

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