interactions with Japan that produce mutual benefits. The task force has endeavored to draw appropriate lessons from this experience that will hopefully benefit U.S. policymakers as they pursue collaboration with Japan.

In Chapter 6, prospects for U.S. and Japanese technological needs, obstacles to achieving U.S. goals, and options for enhancing U.S.-Japan cooperation are reviewed and evaluated. Conclusions and recommendations are presented in Chapter 7. Additional information and assessment are provided in the appendixes.

This report and the resulting recommendations generally focus on issues and interests that come substantially under the purview of the Department of Defense and, to some extent, the Department of State. The committee is aware that a fundamental underpinning of the nation’s security over the long term is our economic and overall technological strength. Further, the increasing industrial power of Japan and other nations relative to the United States poses important questions of how science and technology relations on the civilian side affect the political and military aspects of security.

Apart from pointing out areas where cooperative efforts between U.S. agencies or between U.S. government and industry would enhance U.S. national security, the task force has chosen to refrain from developing specific conclusions and recommendations on this set of issues. The links between competitiveness and security are recognized and examined, in areas such as managing the possible risks of dependence on Japanese technological capabilities for U.S. defense systems. This report also points to areas where the Department of Defense, in cooperation with other agencies of the U.S. government, could play an important role in enhancing national security and competitiveness. The Defense Task Force hopes that this report will be helpful to the Committee on Japan and the Competitiveness Task Force as they consider issues related to the competitiveness of U.S. civilian industries and perhaps develop specific recommendations related to U.S. economic interests and competitiveness.

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