collaboration. Building an effective program or set of programs will likely require a patient effort on both sides. Chapter 6 will review options for removing barriers to greater collaboration in upgrading subsystems and for encouraging beneficial collaborative R&D in defense technologies.

TABLE 4-2 U.S.-Japan Collaborative Technology Projects Under the Systems and Technology Forum (S&TF), Current and Under Discussion

Ducted Rocket Engine

The MOU was signed in September 1992 and the project, involving the integration of ducted rocket technology into medium-range surface-to-air missiles, is progressing. An number of components are in various stages of development with planned completion of the demonstrator in 1997. Hardware and technology transfers are ongoing. Primary participants are U.S. Army Missile Command and TRDI; there are private contractors on both sides.

Vehicle Propulsion Using Ceramic Materials

The MOU is in the final stages of negotiation and expected to be signed in fall 1995; agreement has been reached on work shares and schedules. The project involves the use of ceramic materials in higher-performance diesel engines for application in ground-based fighting vehicles. Each side will produce demonstrators for comparison. Primary participants are U.S. Army Tank-Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center, Army Research Laboratory, and TRDI.

Advanced Steel Technology

The MOU is being finalized for development of high-strength, low-cost steel plate and undermatched welding technology for use in naval construction. Primary participants are U.S. Department of the Navy and JDA.

Dual-Mode Seeker

The project, combining millimeter wave and infrared technologies into a single missile unit, was discontinued in December 1994 due to lack of funding and consensus on the U.S. side. The joint working group cochairman recommended that the group be disbanded and a Data Exchange Agreement be implemented, which is currently being reviewed by Army Materiel Command.

Eye-Safe Lasers

A draft MOU is complete and unofficial negotiations are under way; authority to do so is contingent on the progress of the ceramic engine MOU. The project aims to develop eye-safe lasers, specifically an eye-safe radar for obstacle avoidance to be used in rotary-wing aircraft. Primary participants are U.S. Army Communications and Electronics Command, Japan Self-Defense Force, and TRDI.

Josephson Junction Superconductors

Japanese industry participated in a feasibility study in 1993 and it is hoped that an existing MOU will be used for intergovernmental cooperation; Letters of Agreement are being negotiated in the meanwhile. The program is designed to increase capability in image processing using low-temperature superconductor technology; U.S. ability to produce high gate-count circuits would be enhanced by using the Josephson junction microprocessor. The transfer of Japanese computer chips and design information would be involved. Primary participants are BMDO, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Department of Commerce, MITI, and JDA; there are possible private contractors on both sides.

Advanced Composite Materials

Letters of Agreement are being negotiated. The project’s objective is to apply closed-mold techniques in fabricating composite missile components. Primary participants are BMDO, Army Research Laboratory, MITI, and JDA; there are possible private contractors on both sides.

NOTE: Status of projects as of July 1995. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Defense.

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