The Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986 - (Public Law 99-512)

  • mandated that technology transfer be a responsibility of all federally employed scientists and engineers and be considered as part of federal laboratory employee performance evaluations

  • established principle of royalty sharing for federal inventors (15 percent minimum) and set up reward system for other innovators

  • chartered the Federal Laboratory Consortium (FLC) for Technology Transfer and provided funding for its operations

  • Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRDAs) made possible between government labs and private companies, with negotiation of licensing agreements and exchange of personnel, services, and equipment.

Executive Order 12591 of 1987 - (EO 12591)

  • emphasized the government’s commitment to facilitating access to science and technology.

National Competitiveness Technology Transfer Act of 1989 - (Public Law 101-189; included as Section 3131 of the Department of Defense Authorization Act for FY 1990)

  • granted opportunities to government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO) federal laboratories to enter into CRDAs and other activities with universities and private industry

  • provided technology transfer mission for nuclear weapons laboratory

  • revised amount of budgetary support for domestic technology transfer

Defense Conversion, Reinvestment and Transition Act of 1992

  • provided funding for technology transfer activities

  • established Technology Reinvestment Project (TRP), administered by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)

Small Business Technology Transfer Act of 1992 - (PL 102-564)

  • established Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs, within DOD and other federal agencies. STTRs are similar to Small Business Innovation Research programs.

  • required federal agencies to fund cooperative R&D projects with small companies, researchers at universities, federally funded research and development companies, or nonprofit research institutions.

Defense Authorization Acts of 1993 and 1994 - (Public Law 102-484; Public Law 103-160)

  • encouraged DOD to transfer technology to small businesses

  • streamlined processes for technology transfer

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