Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 57
Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology APPENDIX D Products of ONR-Supported Marine Research and Development Tables D1-D8 follow.
OCR for page 58
Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D1 Products of ONR 32 Research in Sensors and Instrumentation Available Emerging Future multi-line arrays lidar (light detecting and ranging) sensors nuclear/biological/chemical monitoring air deployments of sensors laser line scan underwater imagery autonomous/networked components towed thermistor chains (plug-in) toroidal volume search sonar airborne hyperspectral optical scanners vorticity meters towed vertically directed source (TVDS) remotely piloted vehicle packages turbulence (oceanic and atmospheric) slotted acoustic sources microstate telemetry seafloor shear modulus profiler polymer acoustic sources high-resolution seafloor imagery SPINNAKER UUV (unmanned undersea vehicle) RO/RO (roll on/roll off) aircraft data acquisition system surf-zone turbulence and sediment devices laser in situ settling tube full depth towed gravimeter ocean bottom seismometers superconducting gradiometer acoustic doppler current profilers (ADCP) robust thermal anemometers acoustic lance coherent acoustic doppler for turbulence beta @ 180º meter focal plane array imaging radar (FOPAIR) scanning ocean surface slope gauge remote (optical) slick detection microlayer samplers aerosol samplers (in situ and remote) fiber optic tow cables and connectors polar ozone aerosol measurement system ocean microstructure profilers ice stress/deformation devices suspended sediment acoustical backscatter sensor (ABSS) Source: Office of Naval Research.
OCR for page 59
Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D2 Products of ONR 32 Research, Miscellaneous Available Emerging Future liquid pulsed power switch laser eye surgery for myopia rapid net deployments electron mobility in liquids explosive ordinance disposal methods biology (e.g., fish stock) management by acoustics marine mammal tracking and tagging undersea breathing systems multi-gas sensor Source: Office of Naval Research,
OCR for page 60
Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D3 Products of ONR 32 Research in Algorithms and Measurement/Analysis Techniques Available Emerging Future internal wave imaging (acoustic and optical) ocean color and bottom reflectance water quality by optics extremely low frequency/very low frequency/ low frequency (ELF/VLF/LF) radio propagation synthetic aperture sonar (SAS) underwater object ID by remote optics ocean stereophoto analysis under-ice optical transmission fusion of optical/acoustic signatures matched field processing marine radar “sea spikes” acoustic holography of underwater objects chirp sonar SAR polarimetry for wind stress through-the-sensor data assimilation seismo-acoustic velocities Lagrangian tracer processing stochastic (long-range acoustic) inversions deterministic tomography fathometer sediment classification mine countermeasures by neural nets synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for surface currents, ice thickness electromagnetic sediment classification ultra wideband (UWB) radar “spectroscopy” tunneling electron microscope (TEM)/ environmental cell cloud retrieval from AVHRR (advanced very high-resolution radiometer) over-the-horizon radar for ocean surface currents Lagrangian/Eulerian floats (adaptable) stochastic (ocean) tomography acoustic daylight towed profiling systems surrogate littoral environment ionospheric tomography inverted echo sounder geomorphology province classification marine boundary layer tomography near surface void (air) fraction acoustic thermometry real-time, all source survey optimization flow cytometry on a chip (for in situ devices) bottom tomography, sea ice tomography convection/subduction tracers in situ nitrate/nitrite tracers video plankton recorder bottom acoustic loss (for mine countermeasures) 3-D imaging of sediments, particle velocimetry towed profiling systems benthic surface activity scanner high-capacity/low-power data storage biologic distribution by acoustics rainfall and breaking waves by passive acoustics near-surface hydrodynamics via acoustic scanning Source: Office of Naval Research.
OCR for page 61
Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D4 Products of ONR 32 Research in Evolution (Process) Models and Simulation Available Emerging Future optical radiative transfer (e,g., HYDROLIGHT) Langmuir circulations fully coupled nearshore wave/current/ bathymetry hydraulic control of straits new mixed layer models assimilating regional models radiation belt models frontal dynamics massively parallel codes surf-zone wave prediction aerosol nucleation on-scene analysis/forecast internal wave spectra 2-D and 3-D acoustic propogation/ reverberation coastal meteorology eddy-resolving (1.4º) basin models Kalman assimilation and fusion methods atmosphere-pulsed optical properties global ocean prediction (1/8º) radionuclide assessments embedded training and simulation coupled operational predictive models ice rafting, ridging, and leads virtual product developments ice/ocean/air prediction estuarine (dynamic) classification volume visualization tropical cyclone motion and structure marine boundary layer large-eddy simulation codes distributed and interactive systems coastal water clarity simulations simulator linking protocols littoral remote sensing simulations sediment shock wave propogation nearsurface bubble distributions simulator control architectures/protocols (for uniform idelity) Source: Office of Naval Research.
OCR for page 62
Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D5 Products of ONR 32 Research in Ocean/Civil/Coastal Engineering and Research Vessel Designs Available Emerging Future fish-bite damage assessment (cables) slack cable dynamics autonomous ocean sampling networks novel mooring designs (S-tether) full-induced vibration models for cable strumming nonlinear stochastic design vortex sediment resuspension expendable moorings shock mitigation for high-speed boats imbedded “design wave” stochastic simulations acoustic lenses shallow water sub-bottom swath mapping multiaxial material testing hand-held sonars offboard unmanned sensor platforms inductive modems (moorings) fish propulsion mechanisms real-time sensor fusion and model assimilation nonlinear floodgate models water jet propulsion (efficiency) parallel sampling from single ship wave groupiness effects high-speed projectile water entry adaptive remote sampling undersea membrane models “wick” combustor power source low- or self-powered gliders (ocean and atmosphere) 3-D unsteady flow codes infragravity surf wave models lithium-seawater battery offshore bar migration and beach profile evolution harbor/jetty wave attenuation high-temperature material fracture and constitutive behavior destratification due to bubble plumes ice forces on structures remote vehicle designs airship methods floating instrument platform (FLIP) remotely piloted aircraft (RPAs) arctic logistics/methods arctic submarine manned submersibles (ALVIN) profiler motion compensation remotely operated vehicle (ROV) controls “expendable” mini-winch deep-submergence ROVs profiling CTD ROV/AUV tools (e.g., rock drill) Source: Office of Naval Research.
OCR for page 63
Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D6 Products of ONR 33 Research in Environmental Protection and Materials and Coatings Available Emerging Future large and small shipboard solid waste pulper nontoxic, antifouling coatings shipboard HAZMAT destruction solid waste shredder automated underwater hull maintenance vehicle shipboard air conditioning systems oil-water separator inhibitor of vandate corrosion shipboard refrigeration systems paint removal and containment system paints without volatile organic compounds new antifouling coatings shipboard, gray water treatment system electrochemical spectroscopy for coating evaluation shipboard, oily wastewater treatment system remote sensing of crevice corrosion water-displacing coatings microencapsulation for coatings Source: Office of Naval Research.
OCR for page 64
Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D7 Products of ONR 34 Research in Biofouling, Biocorrosion and Biosensors, and Marine Mammal Studies Available Emerging Future duplex coating system, reduces toxic curing nonfouling materials algal biotechnology zinc optic fiber biosensor structural materials for sensor array scaffolding molecular composites diving physiology of marine mammals biosensors with combination of receptors sediment biogeochemistry information on low-frequency sound impacts biomimetic autonomous underwater vehicles biomimetic engineering of sonars, signal processing Source: Office of Naval Research.
OCR for page 65
Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D8 Products of NRL 7000 Research in Acoustics, Remote Sensing, Oceanography, Marine Geosciences, and Marine Meteorology Available Emerging Future acoustic signal processing deep-towed acoustic geophysics system simulation of acoustics at-sea acoustic sensors for locating objects fiber-optic strain sensors modeling and simulation of remote sensing ocean modeling and prediction ultraviolet cameras advanced techniques for mapping seafloor biocorrosion research probes for pore-water pressure bioluminescence system Polar Ozone Aerosol Measurement system simulation, visualization, and image analysis techniques shipboard systems for data management, processing, display, and dissemination digital database design and data compression techniques Source: Office of Naval Research.
OCR for page 66
Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology This page in the original is blank.
Representative terms from entire chapter: