Albert, R.E., M.Lippmann, and W.Briscoe. The characteristics of bronchial clearance in humans and the effect of cigarette smoking. Arch. Environ. Health 18:738–755, 1969.
Bennett, W.D., M.S.Messina, and G.C.Smaldone. Effect of exercise on deposition and subsequent retention of inhaled particles. J. Appl. Physiol. 59:1046–1054, 1985.
Brain, J.D., and P.A.Valberg. Models of lung retention based on ICRP Task Group report. Arch. Environ. Health 28:1–11, 1974.
Cohen, D., S.F.Arai, and J.D.Brain. Smoking impairs long-term dust clearance from the lung. Science 204:514–517, 1979.
Davies, C.N., J.Heyder, and M.C.Subba Rama. The breathing of half-micron aerosols. I. Experimental. J. Appl. Physiol. 32:591–600, 1972.
Ferin, J., G.Urbankova, and A.Vlokova. Influence of tobacco smoke on the elimination of particles from the lungs. Nature 206:515–516, 1965.
Harbison, M.L., and J.D.Brain. Effects on exercise of particle deposition in Syrian golden hamsters. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 128:904–908, 1983.
Heyder, J. Particle transport onto human airway surfaces. Eur. J. Respir. Dis. 63(Suppl. 119):29–50, 1982.
Hiller, F.C., M.K.Mazumder, J.D.Wilson, P.C.McLeod, and R.C.Bone. Human respiratory tract deposition using multimodal aerosols. J. Aerosol. Sci. 13:337–343, 1982a.
Hiller, F.C., K.T.McCusker, M.K.Mazumder, J.D.Wilson, and R.C.Bone. Deposition of sidestream cigarette smoke in the human respiratory tract. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 125:406–408, 1982b.
Hinds, W.C. Size characteristics of cigarette smoke. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 39:48–54, 1978.
International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), Task Group of Committee 2 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. Physiological data for reference man, pp. 346–347. In ICRP. Report of the Task Group on Reference Man (ICRP 23). New York: Pergamon, 1975.
Keith, C.H., and J.C.Derrick. Measurement of the particle size distribution and concentration of cigarette smoke by the “conifuge.” J. Colloid Sci. 15:340–356, 1960.
Martonen T.B., and J.E.owe. Cigarette smoke pattern in a human respiratory tract model. Proc. Ann. Conf. Eng. Med. Biol. 25:171, 1983 (abstract).
McCusker K., F.C.Hiller, J.D.Wilson, M.K.Mazumder, and R.Bone. Aerodynamic sizing of tobacco smoke particulate from commercial cigarettes. Arch. Environ. Health 38:215–218, 1983.
Muir D.C.F., and C.N.Davies. The deposition of 0.5 µm diameter aerosols in the lungs of man. Ann. Occup. Hyg. 10:161–174, 1967.
Peterson, J.E., and R.D.Stewart. Predicting the carboxyhemoglobin levels resulting from carbon monoxide exposures. J. Appl. Physiol. 39:633–638, 1975.
Sanchis J., M.Dolovich, R.Chalmers, and M.T.Newhouse. Regional distribution and lung clearance mechanisms in smokers and non-smokers, pp. 183–191. In E.H.Walton, Ed. Inhaled Particles, Part III. Surrey, England: Unwin Brothers Ltd., 1971.