Environmental Protection Agency. Revised Evaluation of Health Effects Associated with Carbon Monoxide Exposure: An Addendum to the 1979 EPA Air Quality Criteria Document for Carbon Monoxide. Publ. No. EPA-600/8–83–033F. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984.

Foliart, D., N.L.Benowitz, and C.E.Becker. Passive absorption of nicotine in airline flight attendants. N. Engl. J. Med. 308:1105, 1982.

Garland, C., E.Barrett-Connor, L.Suarez, M.Criqui, and D.Wingard. Effects of passive smoking on ischemic heart disease mortality of nonsmokers. Am. J. Epidemiol. 121:645–650, 1985.

Gillis, C.R., D.J.Hole, V.M.Hawthorne, and P.Boyle. The effect of environmental tobacco smoke in two urban communities in the west of Scotland. Eur. J. Respir. Dis. 65(S133):121–126, 1984.

Harke, H.-P. Zum Problem des “Passiv-Rauchens.” Münch Med Wochenschr. 51:2328–2334, 1970.

Harke, H.-P., and A.Bleichert. Zum Problem des Passivrauchens. Int. Arch. Arbeitsmed. 29:312–322, 1972.

Hirayama, T. Lung cancer in Japan: Effects of nutrition and passive smoking, pp. 175–195. In M.Mizell and P.Correa Eds. Lung Cancer: Causes and Prevention. New York: Verlag Chemie, International, Inc., 1984.

Huch, R., J.Danko, L.Spatling, and R.Huch. Risks the passive smoker runs. Lancet 2:1376, 1980.

Hugod, C., L.H.Hawkins, and P. Astrup. Exposure of passive smokers to tobacco smoke constituents. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 42:21–29, 1978.

Hurshman, L.G., B.S.Brown, and R.G.Guyton. The implications of sidestream cigarette smoke for cardiovascular health. J. Environ. Health 41:145–149, 1978.

Jarvis, M.J., M.A.H.Russell, and C.Feyerabend. Absorption of nicotine and carbon monoxide from passive smoking under natural conditions of exposure. Thorax 38:829–833, 1983.

Lawther, P.J., and B.T.Commins. Cigarette smoking and exposure to carbon monoxide. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 174:135–147, 1970.

Lightfoot, N.F. Chronic carbon monoxide exposure. Proc. R. Soc. Med. 65:798–799, 1972.

Liu, L.B., C.B.Taylor, S.K.Peng, and B.Mikkelson. Experimental arteriosclerosis in Rhesus monkeys induced by multiple risk factors: Cholesterol, vitamin D and nicotine. Arterial Wall 5:25–38, 1979.

Luquette, A.J., C.W.Landess, and D.J.Merki. Some immediate effects of a smoking environment on children of elementary school age. J. Sch. Health 40:533–535, 1970.

Matsukura, S., T.Taminato, N.Kitano, Y.Seino, H.Hamada, M.Uchihashi, H.Nakajima, and Y.Hirata. Effects of environmental tobacco smoke on urinary cotinine excretion in nonsmokers: Evidence for passive smoking. N. Engl. J. Med. 311:828–832, 1984.

McGill, H.C. Jr. Potential mechanisms for the augmentation of atherosclerosis and astherosclerotic disease by cigarette smoking. Prev. Med. 8:390–403, 1979.

Pimm, P.E., F.Silverman, and R.J.Shephard. Physiological effects of acute passive exposure to cigarette smoke. Arch. Environ. Health 33:201–213, 1978.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement