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TABLE 2–4 Measured Concentrations of Carbon Monoxide in ETSa

Location

Tobacco Burned

Ventilation

Carbon Monoxide Concentrations, ppm

References

 

Nonsmoke Controls

Mean

Range

Mean

Range

Rooms

4.3–9

2.2±0.98

0.4–4.5

Coburn et al., 1965

Train

1–18 smokers

Natural

0–40

Harmsen and Effenberger, 1957

Submarines (66 m3)

157 cigarettes/day

94–103 cigarettes/day

Yes Yes

<40 <40

Cano et al., 1970

18 military aircraft

Yes

<2–5

U.S. Department of Transportation, 1971

8 commercial aircraft

Yes

<2

U.S. Department of Transportation, 1971

Rooms

5–25

Porthein, 1971

14 public places

<10

Perry, 1973

Ferry boat

18.4±8.7

3.0±2.4

Godin et al., 1972

Theater foyer

3.4±0.8

1.4±0.8

Godin et al., 1972

Intercity bus

23 cigarettes

3 cigarettes

15 changes/h

15 changes/h

32

18

Seiff, 1973

2 conference rooms

8 changes/h

8 (peak)

1–2

Slavin and Hertz, 1975

Office

236 m3/h

Natural

<2.5–4.6

< 2.9–9.0

Harke, 1974

Automobile

2 smokers (4 cigarettes)

Natural

Mechanical

42 (peak)

32 (peak)

13.5 (peak)

15.0 (peak)

Harke and Peters, 1974

9 night clubs

Varied

13.4

6.5–41.9

Sebben et al., 1977

14 restaurants

9.9±5.5

9.2 (outdoor)

3.0–35

Sebben et al., 1977

45 restaurants

8.2±2.2

7.1±1.7

Sebben et al., 1977



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