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Statement on Quality of Care NATIONAL ROUNDTABLE ON HEALTH CARE QUALITY BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES Mark R.Chassin, M.D., M.P.P., M.P.H. (Co-Chair) Mark Chassin is professor and chairman of the Department of Health Policy at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine. He is also senior vice president for clinical quality at the Mount Sinai Hospital and Health System. Before coming to Mount Sinai, Dr. Chassin served as commissioner of the New York State Department of Health from 1992 to 1994. He is a board-certified internist and practiced emergency medicine for 12 years. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. He is a member of the Boards of the National Committee for Quality Assurance and the Association for Health Services Research. Robert W.Galvin (Co-Chair) Robert Galvin started his career at Motorola in 1940. He held the senior officership position in the company from 1959 until January 11, 1990, when he became chairman of the Executive Committee. He continues to serve as a full-time officer of Motorola. Motorola is the first large company-wide winner of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award. Galvin attended the University of Notre Dame and the University of Chicago and is currently a member and was the recent chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Illinois Institute of Technology. He has been awarded honorary degrees and other recognitions, including election to the National Business Hall of Fame and presentation of the National Medal of Technology in 1991. Kathleen O.Angel Kathleen Angel has over twenty-five years experience in the field of healthcare benefits. In her capacity as Vice President for Digital, Ms. Angel is responsible for Benefit and Work Life programs covering 55,000 active employees plus their families worldwide. Ms. Angel is a member of the Board of Directors of the Washington Business Group on Health and the National Committee for Quality Assurance. She also on the Steering Committee for the Affiliated Health Information Networks of New England. Marcia Angell, M.D., F.A.C.P. Marcia Angell is the executive editor of the New England Journal of Medicine and lecturer in the Department of Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Angell writes frequently for the Journal and other publications on a wide range of topics, and has particular interests in health policy, the ethics of biomedical research, the nature of medical evidence, and care at the end of life. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Association of Physicians. She served as a Director of the Council of Biology Editors and is a member of the Board of Directors of Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research (PRIM&R), the Board of Visitors of the Boston University School of Public Health, and the Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellowships Advisory Board. Robert A.Berenson, M.D. Robert A.Berenson is a board-certified internist who practiced in Washington D.C. for twelve years. Prior to starting his medical practice in 1981, Dr. Berenson spent three and a half years on the Carter White House Domestic Policy staff, initially as a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholar. Dr. Berenson also served as co-chair to two working groups as part of the Clinton White House
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Statement on Quality of Care Task Force on Health Reform, one on malpractice reform, the other on the structure and function of accountable health plans. In July 1987, Dr. Berenson helped found National Capital PPO (NCPPO) and is a member of its Board of Directors. He has served as co-medical director since its inception. Dr. Berenson became national program director of the Improving Malpractice Prevention and Compensation systems program in 1994. Dr. Berenson recently left his position as a vice president at The Lewin Group, a privately held health care corporation to take the job of Director of the Center for Health Plans and Providers at the Health Care Financing Administration. Robert H.Brook, M.D., Sc.D., F.A.C.P. Robert Brook is a corporate fellow at RAND and Vice President and Director of RAND’s Health Sciences Program. At the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Dr. Brook is the Director of the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program. He is also a professor of medicine and health services at the UCLA Center for Health Sciences. Dr. Brook is a member of the Institute of Medicine, the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the American Association of Physicians, and the Board of Overseers of the University of California, Davis, Medical School. He has been awarded the Baxter Foundation Prize for Excellence in Health Services Research, the Rosenthal Foundation Award of the American College of Physicians for contributions to improving the health of the nation, the Distinguished Health Services Researcher Award of the Association of Health Services Research, and the Robert J. Glaser Award of the Society of General Internal Medicine. Dr. Brook is the author of over 250 articles on quality of care. Ezra C.Davidson, Jr., M.D. Ezra Davidson is professor and past chairman, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Associate Dean, Primary Care of the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science. He currently also has professorships in obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Dartmouth School of Medicine. Dr. Davidson has lectured widely, both domestically and internationally, and has been elected to the National Black College Alumni Hall of Fame; the Fellowship ad eundem of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; and to the membership of the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Davidson is a member of the Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society. Arnold M.Epstein, M.D., M.A. Arnold Epstein is Professor and Chairman of the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Harvard School of Public Health, and Chief of the Section on Health Services Research and Policy Research in the Department of Medicine at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Dr. Epstein’s research interests focus on access to care and quality of care especially for disadvantaged populations. He has published more than 100 articles on these and other topics. He has served as Advisor on health policy to the Department of Health and Human Services, the Health Care Financing Administration, the Departments of Public Health in Maryland and Massachusetts, and internationally to the Ministries of Health in Germany and Columbia. In 1993–94 Dr. Epstein worked in the White House on issues related to the health care delivery system, in particular, quality management. He serves on the Board of the Association of Health Services Research and on the Executive Committee of JCAHO’s Council on Performance Measurement. Clifton R.Gaus, Sc.D. Clifton Gaus is Senior Vice President for Research & Development at Kaiser Permanente. From 1994–1997 he was the Administrator of the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) in the Department of Health and Human Services. Dr. Gaus has a diverse background in health care policy and research, with broad experience in government, academia, and the private business sector. He has served in senior health positions under Presidents Nixon, Ford, and Carter, as well as in the Clinton
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Statement on Quality of Care Administration. As co-founder and past president of the Association for Health Services Research, Dr. Gaus served on the Association’s board for nine years. He has also served in a number of consulting roles with health care companies. In the late 1970s, Dr. Gaus was associate administrator for Policy, Planning and Research for the Health Care Financing Administration. Dr. Gaus has held faculty positions at the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health and at the Georgetown University Medical School. Charlene A.Harrington, Ph.D., R.N., F.A.A.N. Charlene A.Harrington is Professor and Chair of the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco. She is a nurse and sociologist who is a fellow in the American Academy of Nursing and a member of the American Nurses Association Task Force on Reimbursement. Dr. Harrington was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine in 1996. John K.Iglehart John Iglehart is a founding editor of the journal Health Affairs. For the last 15 years Mr. Iglehart has been the national correspondent of The New England Journal of Medicine, for which he writes the regular essay “Health Policy Report.” Before that (1979–1981), he was a vice president of the Kaiser Foundation Health Plan and director of its Washington office. During the decade 1969 to 1979, at different times, he held a variety of editorial positions, including the editorship of the National Journal, an influential Washington-based, privately published weekly on federal policymaking. Iglehart was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine in 1977 and served on its Governing Council for six years (1985–1991). He is also an elected member of the National Academy of Social Insurance. Brent James, M.D., M.Stat. Brent James is Vice President for Medical Research and Executive Director of the Institute for Health Care Delivery Research at Intermountain Health Care. Dr. James presently holds an Adjunct Professorship in the University of Utah’s Department of Family and Preventive Medicine. He is a Visiting Lecturer in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Harvard School of Public Health. Dr. James also serves on the Institute of Medicine’s Board on Health Care Services. Stephen C.Joseph, M.D., M.P.H. Stephen Joseph was confirmed as assistant secretary of defense for health affairs by the Senate on March 22, 1994. As Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs ASD(HA), Dr. Joseph was responsible for overall supervision of the health and medical affairs of the Department of Defense (DOD). He served as the principal staff assistant and advisor to the secretary of defense for all DOD health policies, programs, and activities and, subject to the direction of the secretary of defense, exercised oversight of all DOD health resources. Prior to his appointment, Dr. Joseph served as dean of the School of Public Health, and professor of public health and pediatrics at the University of Minnesota. He previously served as the commissioner of health in New York city. Dr. Joseph has received numerous awards and honors, including the Outstanding U.S. Alumnus Award for Public Health Leadership from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. He is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and the Johns Hopkins University Society of Scholars, and a fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Public Health Association. Rhoda H.Karpatkin Since 1974, Rhoda Karpatkin has been president of the Consumers Union of the United States, Inc., which publishes Consumer Reports and other consumer information. Before joining Consumers Union, Ms. Karpatkin was a lawyer specializing in consumer and education law. She had been Consumer Union’s legal counsel for 16 years. Ms. Karpatkin
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Statement on Quality of Care recently served two terms as president of Consumers International, and now serves as its vice president. Kenneth W.Kizer, M.D., M.P.H. Kenneth Kizer was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) under secretary for health on September 28, 1994. In this capacity, Dr. Kizer functions as the chief executive officer of the Veterans Health Administration. Since assuming his position, Dr. Kizer has become the chief architect of re-engineering the veterans health care system. He has held senior academic positions at the University of California, Davis, and continues as an adjunct professor of public policy at the University of Southern California. Among his state government positions, Dr. Kizer was director of California’s Department of Health Services for over six years. Gerald D.Laubach, Ph.D. Gerald Laubach was formerly the president of Pfizer, Inc., and is a retired director of CIGNA and several biotechnology companies. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and the National Academy of Engineering, served on the former IOM Council on Health Care Technology and is the former chair of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Committee on Technological Innovation in Medicine. David M.Lawrence, M.D., M.P.H. David McK. Lawrence was named Chief Executive Officer in 1990 and Chairman of the Board of Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc. and Kaiser Foundation Hospitals in 1991. He began his career with Kaiser Permanente with the Northwest Permanente Medical Group in 1981. Dr. Lawrence currently serves on the Boards of Hewlett-Packard, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Raffles Medical Group of Singapore, the Conference Board, the Bay Area Council, and the Bay Area Economic Forum among others. He is Board Certified in General Preventive Medicine. Dr. Lawrence is a member of the Alpha Omega Alpha Society and the Institute of Medicine. William L.Roper, M.D., M.P.H. William L.Roper is Dean of the School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC). Before joining UNC in July, 1997, Dr. Roper was senior vice president of Prudential HealthCare. Before coming to Prudential, Dr. Roper was director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), served on the senior White House staff, and was administrator of the Health Care Financing Administration. Dr. Roper is the immediate-past president of the Association for Health Services Research, and is Chairman of Partnership for Prevention. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. O.David Taunton, M.D. David Taunton is Clinical Professor of Medicine at the University of Alabama Medical Center and a practicing internist and endocrinologist in Birmingham, Alabama. Prior to entering private practice in 1977 spent eleven years in research in endocrinology and metabolism while at the N.I.H., the U.S. Army Medical Research and Nutrition Laboratory at Fitzsimons General Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. Dr. Taunton has served on the Board of Governors of the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM), the Task Force for Recertification and the Subcommittee on Self Assessment Examination for ABIM. He is past president of the medical staff at Baptist Medical Center Montclair and is currently a trustee of the Baptist Health Systems Division Board and serving on the Board of Director of Baptist Health Centers.
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Statement on Quality of Care Bruce C.Vladeck, Ph.D. Bruce C.Vladeck is Professor of Health Policy a the Mt. Sinai Medical Center in New York. He is the former Administrator of the Health Care Financing Administration. In this position he also served as a key health policy advisor to the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and other top administration officials. In July, 1995, Dr. Vladeck received the 1995 National Public Service Award for his outstanding contributions to public service. Dr. Vladeck is a nationally recognized expert in health policy and financing. He has been a member of the Prospective Payment Assessment Commission, the New York State Council on Health Care Financing, and the New York State AIDS Advisory Council. He has also been a member of the board of directors of the New York City Health and Hospitals Corp. and a trustee of the Henry J.Kaiser Family Foundation. In addition, he is a member of the Institute of Medicine.
Representative terms from entire chapter: