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OCR for page 109
INTERNATIONAL BENCHMARKING OF US MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING RESEARCH APPENDIX C HOT TOPICS LIST Biomaterials Tissue engineering Molecular architecture Protein analogs Biomimetics Contemporary diagnostic systems Advanced controlled-release systems Bone materials Ceramics Sol-gel-derived materials Self-assembled materials Integrated micromagnetics Multilayer ferrite processing Three-dimensional nanoporous silicates Microwave dielectrics Electrophoretic preparation of thin films MEMS heat engines Single-crystal high-authority ferroelectrics AlN/Diamond heat dissipation for power electronics Films and coatings (thermal barrier coatings, diamondlike carbon, hydroxyapetite) Carbon Nanotubes Composites Polymer matrix composites Large integrated structures
OCR for page 110
INTERNATIONAL BENCHMARKING OF US MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING RESEARCH Ambient temperature curing (electron beams) Design and testing protocols Ceramic matrix composites Oxide composites Nonoxide composites and fibers Metal matrix composites Particle-reinforced alloys Continuous fiber Metals High-temperature structural intermetallics Amorphous (bulk), quasicrystalline, and nanostructured materials (high-strength materials) Theory and modeling of atomic bonding, crystal structure interfaces, phase diagrams, phase transformations, and properties Giant Magnetoresistance and related materials Hydrogen-absorbing materials applications for batteries and hydrogen storage Advanced processing of materials to net shape (metallic alloys) Quantitative understanding and modeling of plastic deformation (polycrystalline materials) Quantitative understanding of structure evolution and plastic deformation of polycrystalline metallic alloys Integrated of models of structure evolution, plastic deformation, composition, and processing (concurrent product–process design) Integrated of dimensional scales from atomic clusters to test coupons to final products Net shape, or novel processing of metallic alloys Next generation of high temperature alloys Surface treatments to enhance structural performance Electronic and Optical–Photonic Materials
OCR for page 111
INTERNATIONAL BENCHMARKING OF US MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING RESEARCH Deep ultraviolet and electron lithography Systems-on-a-chip Copper metalization and other interconnects Sub-micron plasma processing Semiconductor equipment Holographic storage materials Organic transistors, organic lasers, and LEDs Photonic band-gap materials Blue-green lasers (gallium nitride materials) Semiconductor processing Interconnects Magnetic storage Widegap lasers and display Nanomaterials Semiconductor Equipment Wireless Fibers Superconducting Materials High-temperature superconductors High-temperature superconductor synthesis Processing of highly textured, dense bulk forms for wire and energy storage Magnetic phase diagrams and properties Statistical mechanical modeling of transport and critical phenomena Modeling of optical and electronic properties Experimental measurement of flux transport mechanisms Physical properties (other than magnetic) Development of fluxoid imaging technology Thin-film deposition processes Epitaxial and patterning techniques Polymers Controlled polymerization Metallocene polymerization of olefins Living free-radical polymerization Atom transfer radical polymerization Dendrimer polymerization Biologic synthesis Supercritical CO2 as a polymerization medium
OCR for page 112
INTERNATIONAL BENCHMARKING OF US MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING RESEARCH Multicomponent systems Blends or alloys Block and graft copolymers Nanocomposites Macrocomposites Thin-film laminates Interfaces Biomedical polymers Implants Drug delivery Electronic–Photonic Conducting polymers Polymers for display devices Resist materials Electroluminescent Separation media Membranes Molecular recognition Barrier materials Modified-atmosphere packaging Coatings Theory and modeling Molecular simulation Monte Carlo techniques Conformations Scaling theory Processing Rheology Flow instabilities Computer modeling New processes Catalysts Selective oxidation Solid acid–base catalysis Environmental catalysis Catalyst characterization Combinatorial catalysis Asymmetric catalysts
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