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aI.cu~ue Ace e' '.e tine Adolescent Sexuality; Pregnang~, and Childbearing WORKING PAPERS Sandra L. Hofferth and Cheryl D. Hayes, Editors Pane] on Adolescent Pregnancy and Childbearing Committee on Child Development Research and Public Policy Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1987
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Na~ ~cakm~r ~ · 2101 Coon Movie, 14W · _~, DC 20418 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this publication was appro~cd by she Governing Board of she Nanona1 Rcscarch Council, whose members arc drawn from she councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and she Institute of Mcdicinc. The National Rcscarch Council was established by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associa~tc the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and of advising the federal govcrnmcnt. The Council operates in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy under the authonn of its congrcssion~ charter of 1863, which established the Academy as a pr,ivatc, nonprofit. sclf-go~rerning membership corporation. The Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the Nariona1 Academy of Engineering in the conduct of Blair services to she government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. It is administered jointly by both Academies and she Inseieurc of Medicine. Th.c National Academy of Engineering and the Ins~tieutc of Mcdicinc woo cs~ablished i:, 1964 and 1970, respectively, under the charter of she National Academy of Sciences. This prodece was sponsored by she Ford Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation. the William and Flora Howlers Foundation, she Robert Wood,Iohnson Foundation, and the Charles -'; . ~ are Most Foundation. The inecrprctzeions and conclusions contained in this r -~`icasion represent the views of she panel and not necessarily those of the sponsoring foundations, their trustees, or officers. Printed in the United States of America
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Panel on Adolescent Pregnangy and Childbearing DANIEL D. FRAN (Chair), Haward Medical School WENDY H. BALDWIN. Center for Population Research, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development EZRA C. DAVIDSON. JR., Department of Obseeencs and Gynecology, Charles R. Drew Postgraduate Medical School JOY G. DRYPOOS, Haseings-on-Hudson, New York JACQUELINE D. WORST, Alan Gut~macher Institute, New York FRANK F. FURSTENBERG, JR.. Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania BEATRIX A. HAMBURG, Mt. Sinai Whoop of M~inne, City University of New York RICHARD JESSOR, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado JUDITH E. JONES, Center for Population and Family Health, Columbia University FRANK LEvY. School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland ROBERT H. MNOOK1N, Stanford Law Schoo! KRISTIN A. Met, Child Trends, Inc., Washington, D.C. ROSS D. PARKE. Department of Psychology, University of Illinois HAROLD A. HENCHMAN, Chapin Had Center for Chd~en, Nationd Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago MARTS VINOVSKIS, Department of History, University of Michigan CHERYL D. HAYES, Study Director SANDRA L. HOFFERTH, Advise MARGARET E. ENSMINGER. Consultant DEE ANN L. WENK, Seatise~cal Consultant CELIA SHAPIRO, Staff Assistant . . . Zt'
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CorrlInittee on Child Development Research and Public Policy WILLIAM A. MORR1LL (Chair>, Mathtech, Inc., Princeton WILLIAM KESSEN (Vice Chair), Dcpar~nent of Psychology, Yale University EUGENE S. BARDACH. School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley DONALD T. CAMPBELL. Department of Social Relations, Lehigh University DAVID t. CHAMBER, Whoop of Law, Umversity of Michigan FELTON EARLS, School of Methane, Washington University, St. Louis DORIS R. ENTWISLE. Department of Social Relations, lohns Hopkins University FRANK F. FURSTENBERG, JR.. Department of Sociology, University of Penn sviv an ia HERBERT GINSBURG. Department of Human Development, Columbia University SHEILA B. KAMERMAN. School of Social Work, Columbia University LUIS M. LAOSA, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, N...~. SAMUEL ]. MESSICK, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, N.~. JOHN MODELL, Department of History and Philosophy, Carnegi - Mellon University T.M. JIM PARHAM. School of Social Work, University of Georgia MICHAEL L. RUTTER, Institute of Psychiatry, University of London EUGENE SMOLENSKY. Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin BARBARA STARFIELD, School of Medicine, lohns Hopkins University CAROL K. WHALEN, School of Social Ecology, University of California, Irvine DANIEL D. FEDERMAN (ex officio), Chair, Pane} on Adolescent Pregnancy and Chil~dbeanng V