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E Biographies of Committee Members Raymond Viskanta, Chair, is the W.F.M. Goss Distinguished Professor of Engineering in the School of Me- chanical Engineering at Purdue University. His areas of specialty include radiation transfer in gases and solids, applied thermodynamics, heat transfer in combustion systems, and heat transfer in materials processing. Dr. Viskanta' s honors include the Senior U.S. Scientist Award presented by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Germany (1975), the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Heat Transfer Memorial Award (1976), the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Thermophysics Award (1979), the American Institute of Chemical Engineers/ASME Max Jakob Memorial Award (1986), the ASME Melville Medal (1988), and the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Thermal Engineering Award for International Activity (1994~. He was named an ASME fellow (1976), a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science fellow (1983), and an AIAA fellow (1988~. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering (1987) and as a foreign member of the Academy of Engineering Sciences of the Russian Federation (1995~. He also received an honorary doctor of engineering degree (Doctor Honoris Causa) from the Technical University of Munich (1994~. Robert A. Altenkirch is the vice president for research at Mississippi State University. His areas of expertise are radiative heat transfer in flames, flame spreading over solid and liquid fuels, buoyancy effects on flames, low- gravity combustion modeling, microgravity experimentation, and the chemistry of pulverized-coal combustion. He has published a variety of articles on these subjects. He is also a fellow in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and was awarded its Gustus L. Larson Memorial Award. Robert L. Ash is professor of engineering and associate vice president for research at Old Dominion University. His current research is focused on developing systems to produce oxygen from the Martian atmosphere using glow-discharge techniques, accurate methods for including atmospheric effects in modeling commercial aircraft wake vortex hazards at congested airports, and methods for incorporating relaxation effects in simple fluids. He has also held positions as chairman of the Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics Department at Old Dominion and as a visiting distinguished research engineer at NASA's Langley Research Center. Robert ,1. Bayuzick is a professor of materials science and director of materials science at Vanderbilt University. His research for the last several years has been directed toward materials processing under microgravity condi- tions, with a particular emphasis on the structure and properties of alloys resulting from deep undercoating through containerless solidification. Dr. Bayuzick recently served on the lead team working on TEMPOS, an electromag- 203

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204 APPENDIX E netic levitation facility that allowed containerless processing of metallic samples in microgravity aboard the space shuttle Columbia. Dr. Bayuzick also served as the director of the Center for the Space Processing of Engineering Materials, one of the NASA-supported centers for the commercial development of space. He was a visiting senior scientist at the NASA Office of Space Science and Applications and won NASA's Public Service Medal. Charles W. Carter, fir., is a professor of biochemistry and biophysics at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His study of protein crystallography focuses on structure determination by X-ray crystallography of electron transport proteins and macromolecules responsible for incorporating tryptophan into proteins. He is a member of the Biophysical Society, the American Crystallographic Association, the American Society of Bio- chemistry and Molecular Biology, and the American Cancer Society. Gretchen I. Darlington is a professor in the Departments of Pathology and Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics at the Baylor College of Medicine. She is currently investigating the role of the C/EBP family of transcription factors in the acute phase response, in the differentiation of adipose tissue in viva, and growth inhibition. Dr. Darlington is a member of the American Society of Human Genetics, the American Association for the Advance- ment of Science, the New York Academy of Sciences, Sigma Xi, the Society for Cell Biology, and the Society for In Vitro Biology. She has been the recipient of an American Heart Association Established Investigatorship and an awardee of the Irma T. Hirschl Trust. Richard T. Lahey, ,Ir., is the Edward E. Hood, Jr., Professor of Engineering and was the former dean of engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He is an internationally recognized authority on multiphase flow and heat transfer technology. He also has extensive experience in nuclear reactor thermal hydraulics and safety, two-fluid modeling, and the evaluation of instability mechanisms in phase-change systems. Prior to joining Rensselaer in 1975, he held several technical and managerial positions with the General Electric Company, including overall responsibility for all domestic and foreign research and development programs associated with nuclear reactor thermal-hydraulics and safety technology. He has received numerous honors and awards, includ- ing the E.O. Lawrence Memorial Award of the U.S. Department of Energy, the American Nuclear Society's Seaborg Medal, the Technical Achievement Award, the Arthur Holly Compton Award, the Meritorious Service Award, and the American Institute of Chemical Engineering's Kern Award. Dr. Lahey has been a Fulbright fellow and an Alexander von Humboldt senior fellow. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the Russian Academy of Science, and the New York Academy of Science and is a fellow of the American Nuclear Society and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Ralph A. Logan is a distinguished member of the technical staff (retired) at AT&T Bell Laboratories, where he worked in the Solid State Research Department at Murray Hill, New Jersey. His work includes studies of dislocations, pen junctions, electroluminescence, lasers, and crystal growth to form optical communication de- vices. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers and a member of the Optical Society. Franklin K. Moore is the Joseph C. Ford Professor of Mechanical Engineering (emeritus) at Cornell University. Dr. Moore pioneered fundamental research in fluid mechanics and has continued to contribute innovative engi- neering in the fields of gas turbine dynamics, thermal engineering, and boundary layer theory. In addition to his work at Cornell, Dr. Moore is a consultant for NASA and a variety of other public and private institutions. He is a past member of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the National Research Council. Dr. Moore's honors include NASA's Distinguished Scientific Achievement Medal and membership in the National Academy of Engineering. He is also a member of the National Physical Society and a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. William W. Mullins is a professor (emeritus) of applied science in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. He was employed at the Westinghouse Research Laboratories in

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APPENDIX E 205 Pittsburgh (1955-1960) and then at Carnegie Mellon University (formerly, the Carnegie Institute of Technology), where he served as head of the Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science (1963-1966) and as dean of the then College of Engineering and Science (1966-1970). In 1985, he was appointed University Professor of Applied Science. His research has been concentrated in the areas of the morphology of phase transformations, the capillarity-induced evolution of surfaces, the thermodynamics of stressed solids and solid surfaces, and the mathematical theory of grain boundary motion, grain growth, and coarsening. He was awarded a Fulbright fellowship and a Guggenheim fellowship (1961), received the Mathewson Gold Medal (1963) and the Philip M. McKenna Memorial Award (1981), was elected to the National Academy of Sciences (1984), received a Professional Achievement Citation from the University of Chicago Alumni Association (1990), a Humboldt senior fellowship (1992), the Mehl Medal and Memorial Lecturership (1994), and the Von Hippel Award of the Materials Research Society (1995), and was elected a fellow of TMS (1995). Rosalia N. Scripa is associate dean for academic and student affairs and professor of materials and mechanical engineering at the University of Alabama's (UAB's) School of Engineering. She is also professor of biomedical engineering at UAB's Center for Telecommunications, Education, and Research Biomedical Implant Center. Dr. Scripa's research interests include semiconductor crystal growth, solidification of semiconductors under low gravity, development and characterization of biocompatible coatings for orthopedic materials, properties and processing of ceramic/glass and ceramic composites, and fracture analysis of ceramics and glass. She has been the recipient of more than 25 awards and honors, including the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Certifi- cate of Appreciation for her work as co-investigator on a crystal growth experiment aboard a 1992 space shuttle mission, the 1995 NASA MSFC Certificate of Excellence, the 1997 Alabama Society of Professional Engineers Outstanding Engineering Faculty Award, and the 1997 Outstanding Alumni of Achievement Award from the University of Florida. Forman A. Williams is a professor of engineering physics and combustion, director of the Center for Energy and Combustion Research, and chair of the Department of Applied Mechanics and Engineering Sciences at the University of California at San Diego. His areas of specialty are flame theory, combustion in turbulent flows, asymptotic methods in combustion, fire research, reactions in boundary layers, and other areas of combustion and fluid dynamics. His current research topics include the prediction of emissions of oxides of nitrogen from large diesels, theory of flames with real chemistry, high-pressure combustion of binary fuel sprays, droplet burning experiments in the space shuttle, experimental and theoretical studies of fuel droplets and flames subject to straining flows, stretched diffusion flames in von Karman swirl flows, catalytic combustion fundamentals, and the fundamentals of acoustic instability in liquid propelled rockets. He is the author of Combustion Theory, co-author of Fundamental Aspects of Combustion, and a member of the editorial advisory boards of Combustion and Flame, Combustion Science and Technology, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, and Archivium Combustionis.