Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 113
--> References ACHRE (Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Protection Experiments). Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Protection Experiments, Final Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 1995. AMC (U.S. Army Materiel Command). Ionizing Radiation Protection (Licensing, Control, Transportation, Disposal, and Radiation Safety). Army Regulation 385-11 (Safety). Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1980. Annas GJ. Protecting the Soldier from Friendly Fire: The Consent Requirement for Using Investigational Drugs and Vaccines in Combat. American Journal of Law & Medicine 23(2&3):245-260, 1998. Bair WJ. Radionuclides in the Body: Meeting the Challenge. Lauriston S. Taylor Lecture. Health Physics 73(3):423-432, September 1997. Beauchamp TL and Childress JF. Principles of Biomedical Ethics. 4th edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. Berg R. Cancer Prevention and Screening in Light of Health Promotion and Prevention of Disability for the Second 50 Years. Cancer 68:2511-2513, 1991. Bergonié J and Tribondeau L. De Quelques Resultats de la Radiotherapie et Assai de Fixation d'une Technique Rationelle. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie de Sciences 143:983, 1906. (English translation by G.H. Fletcher, Radiation Research 11:587, 1959, excerpted in National Research Council, Health Effects of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation: BEIR V. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1990.) Brent RL. The Effect of Embryonic and Fetal Exposure to X-ray, Microwaves, and Ultrasound: Counseling the Pregnant and Nonpregnant Patient about These Risks. Seminars in Oncology 16(5):347-368, 1989. CFR (Code of Federal Regulations). "Standards for Protection against Radiation: Final Rule." Title 10, Pt. 20, 1991. CFR. "Protection of Human Subjects." Title 45, Pt. 46.101-404, 1993. CFR. "Instruction to Workers." Title 10, Pt. 19.12, 1998a. CFR. "Notification and Reports to Individuals." Title 10, Pt. 19.13, 1998b.
OCR for page 114
--> CFR. ''Diseases Subject to Presumptive Service Connection." Title 38, Pt. 3.309, 1998c. CFR. "Claims Based on Exposure to Ionizing Radiation." Title 38, Pt. 3.311, 1998d. Chappell v. Wallace, 462 U.S. 296, 1983. Covello VT. Risk Comparisons and Risk Communication: Issues and Problems in Comparing Health and Environmental Risks. In: Communicating Risks to the Public. RE Kasperson and PJM Stallen (eds). The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991. Dalton KJ. Comment: Gulf War Syndrome: Will the Injuries of Veterans and Their Families Be Addressed? University of Baltimore Law Review 25(179), Spring 1996. DoD (U.S. Department of Defense). News Briefing, Captain Michael Doubleday. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs), September 24, 1996. DoDI (U.S. Department of Defense Instruction). Occupational Radiation Protection Program. DoDI 6055.8. Washington, D.C: U.S. Department of Defense, 1996. DOE (U.S. Department of Energy). Radiological Control Manual. DOE/EH-0256T. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, 1994. DSWA (Defense Special Weapons Agency; formerly the Defense Nuclear Agency). Dose Binning Report (unpublished data), March 8, 1995a. DSWA. Dose Binning Report (unpublished data), March 17, 1995b. DSWA. Item of Interest: Fly-Away External Dosimetry Lab (unpublished data), November 10, 1998. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). Health Effects of Alpha-Emitting Particles in the Respiratory Tract, NAC/NRC. Report EPA 520/4-76-013. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency, October 1976. EPA. Manual of Protective Action Guides and Protective Actions for Nuclear Accidents. Office of Radiation Programs, Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency, revised 1991. Fearon ER. Human Cancer Syndromes: Clues to the Origin and Nature of Cancer. Science 278:1043-1050, 1997. Feres v. United States, 340 U.S. 135, 1950. Fischhoff B and Watson S. Defining Risk. Policy Studies 17:123-139, 1984. Gostin, LO. Health Information Privacy. Cornell Law Review 80(3):451-528, 1995. Gostin LO. Personal Privacy in the Health Care System: Employer Sponsored Insurance, Managed Care, and Integrated Delivery Systems. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7(4):361-376, 1997. Gostin LO, Lazzarini Z, Neslund VS, and Osterholm MT. The Public Information Infrastucture: A National Review of Law on Health Information Privacy. Journal of the American Medical Association 275(24): 1921-1927, June 26, 1996. HQDA (Headquarters, Department of the Army). NATO Handbook on the Medical Aspects of NBC Defensive Operations. Field Manual 8-9. Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1983. HQDA. NBC Protection. Field Manual 3-4. Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1992. HQDA. NBC Decontamination. Field Manual 3-5. Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army , 1993. HQDA. Nuclear Contamination Avoidance. Field Manual 3-3-1. Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1994.
OCR for page 115
--> IAC (International Advisory Committee). The International Chernobyl Project: Assessment of Radiological Consequences and Evaluation of Protective Measures. Technical Report. Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Energy Agency, 1991. IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). IAEA Safety Series No. 115. International Basic Safety Standards for Protection Against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources. Appendix I: Occupational Exposure. Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Energy Agency, 1996. IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). Cancer: Causes, Occurrence and Control. L Tomatis (ed.). IARC Scientific Publications, Report No. 100. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1990. ICRP (International Commission on Radiological Protection). Nonstochastic Effects of Ionizing Radiation. ICRP Publication 41. Annals of the ICRP 14(3), 1984. ICRP. 1990 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP Publication 60. Annals of the ICRP 21(1-3), 1991 a. ICRP. Principles for Intervention for Protection of the Public in a Radiological Emergency. ICRP Publication 63. Annals of the ICRP 22(4), 1991 b. ICRP. Protection from Potential Exposure: A Conceptual Framework. ICRP Publication 64. Annals of the ICRP 23(1), 1993. IOM (Institute of Medicine). Adverse Reproductive Outcomes in Families of Atomic Veterans: The Feasibility of Epidemiologic Studies. Medical Follow-up Agency. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1995. IOM. An Evaluation of Radiation Exposure Guidance for Military Operations. An interim report of the Committee on Battlefield Radiation Exposure Criteria. JC Johnson and S Thaul (eds.). Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1997. Johnson JC, Thaul S, Page WF, and Crawford H. Mortality of Veteran Participants in the CROSSROADS Nuclear Test. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1996. Lee TR. Environmental Stress Reactions Following the Chernobyl Accident. Background Paper, Session 4, Proceedings of an International Conference, One Decade After Chernobyl: Summing up the Consequences of the Accident, April 8-12. 1996. European Commission, International Atomic Energy Agency, and the World Organization (sponsors). Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Energy Agency. 1996. Mettler FA, Kelsey CA, and Ricks RC (eds.). Medical Management of Radiation Accidents . Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, Inc., 1990. Mettler FA and Upton AC. Medical Effects of Ionizing Radiation, 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1995. Morgan MG, Fischhoff B, Bostrom A, Lave L, and Atman CJ. Communicating Risk to the Public. Environmental Science and Technology 26( 11 ):2048-2056, 1992. National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. The Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare [on line]. Available: helix.nih.gov:8001/ohsr/map/belmont.phtml (April 18, 1979). National Research Council. Improving Risk Communication. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1989. National Research Council. Health Effects of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation: BEIR V. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1990. National Research Council. Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society. PC Stern and HV Fineberg (eds.). Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1996.
OCR for page 116
--> National Research Council. Health Effects of Exposure to Radon: BEIR VI. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1998. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization). Commanders' Guide on Nuclear Radiation Exposure of Groups. STANAG (Standardization Agreement) 2083. Brussels, Belgium: Military Agency for Standardization, September 10, 1986. NATO. ACE Policy for Defensive Measures Against Low Level Radiological Hazards during Military Operations. ACE Directive No. 80-63. Brussels, Belgium: Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, August 2, 1996. NCI (National Cancer Institute). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1973-1991. Tables and Graphs. Bethesda, Md.: National Cancer Institute, 1994. NCRP (National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements). Operational Radiation Safety-Training. NCRP Report No. 71. Bethesda, Md.: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1983. NCRP. Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States. NCRP Report No. 93. Bethesda, Md.: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1987a. NCRP. Exposure of the Population in the United States and Canada from Natural Background Radiation. NCRP Report No. 94. Bethesda, Md.: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1987b. NCRP. Guidance on Radiation Received in Space Activities. NCRP Report No. 98. Bethesda, Md.: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1989. NCRP. Maintaining Radiation Protection Records. NCRP Report No. 114. Bethesda, Md.: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1992. NCRP. Limitation of Exposure to Ionizing Radiation. NCRP Report No. 116. Bethesda. Md.: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1993. NCRP. Radionuclide Exposure of the Embryo/Fetus. Report No. 128. Bethesda, Md.: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1998. Nenot JC and Stather JW. The Toxicity of Plutonium, Americium and Curium. Commission of the European Communities. Oxford, United Kingdom: Pergamon Press, 1979. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Regulatory Guide 8.29, Instruction Concerning Risks from Occupational Radiation Exposure, 1981. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Mission and Organization. [www document]. URL: www.nrc.gov/NRC/WHATIS/mission.html (July 10, 1998). OPRR (Office for Protection from Research Risks, National Institutes of Health). Protecting Human Research Subjects: Institutional Review Board Guidebook. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993. OTSG (Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Army). Occupational Ionizing Radiation Personnel Dosimetry. Army Regulation 40-14 (Medical Services). Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1995a. OTSG. Personnel Dosimetry Guidance and Dose Recording Procedures for Personnel Occupationally Exposed to Ionizing Radiation. Army Pamphlet 40-18 (Medical Services). Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1995b. Perera, FP. Environment and Cancer: Who Are Susceptible? Science 278:1068-1073, 1997. Pierce DA, Shimizu Y, Preston DL, Vaeth M, Ron E, Mabuchi K. Studies of Mortality of Atomic Bomb Survivors. Report 12, Part 1. Cancer: 1950-1990. Radiation Research 146:1-27, 1996. Ponder B. Genetic Testing for Cancer Risk. Science 278: 1050-1058, 1997.
OCR for page 117
--> Preston DL, Kusumi S, Tomonaga M, Izumi S, Ron E, Kuramoto K, Kamada N, Dohy H, Matsui T, Nonaka H, Thompson DE, Soda M, and Mabuchi K. Cancer Incidence in Atomic Bomb Survivors. Part III: Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Multiple Myeloma, 1950-1987. Radiation Research 137:S68-S97, 1994. Reeves GI, Jarrett DG, Seed TM, King GL, and Blakely, WA. Triage of Irradiated Personnel. Proceedings of an Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute Workshop, September 25-27, 1996. Bethesda, Md.: Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, 1998. Saenger EL. Evaluation of Extent of Injury. In Medical Management of Radiation Accidents. FA Mettler, CA Kelsey, and RC Ricks (eds.). Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, Inc., 1990. Schafer SM. U.S. Troops Destroyed Bunker That May Have Contained Chemical Arms. The Associated Press [on line]. Available: Dialog/AP News/258/039258170695 (June 21, 1996). Schull WJ. Effects of Atomic Radiation: A Half-Century of Studies from Hiroshima and Nagasaki. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1995. Shimizu Y, Kato H, Schull WJ, and Hoel D. Studies of the Mortality of Atomic Bomb Survivors, Number 9. Mortality, 1950-1985: Part 3. Noncancer Mortality Based on the Revised Doses (DS86). Radiation Research 130:249-266, 1992. Slovic P. Perception of Risk from Radiation. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 68(3/4): 165-180, 1996. Stencel Aero Engineering Corp. v. United States, 431 U.S. 666, 1977. Taplin S and Mandelson M. Principles of Cancer Screening for Clinicians. Cancer Epidemiology, Prevention and Screening Primary Care 19:513-532, 1992. Thompson DE, Mabuchi K, Ron E, Soda M, Tokunaga M, Ochikubo S, Sugimoto S, Ikeda T, Terasaki M, Izumi S, and Preston DL. Cancer Incidence in Atomic Bomb Survivors. Part II: Solid Tumors, 1958-1987. Radiation Research 137, S17-S67, 1994. United States v. Brown, 348 U.S. 110, 1954. UNSCEAR (United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation). Sources and Effects of Ionizing Radiation. 1977 Report to the General Assembly, with Annexes. New York: United Nations, 1977. UNSCEAR. Ionizing Radiation: Sources and Biological Effects. 1982 Report to the General Assembly, with Annexes. New York: United Nations, 1982. UNSCEAR. Sources, Effects, and Risks of Ionizing Radiation. 1988 Report to the General Assembly, with Annexes. New York: United Nations, 1988. UNSCEAR. Sources and Effects of Ionizing Radiation. UNSCEAR 1994 Report to the General Assembly with Scientific Annexes. New York: United Nations, 1994. Upton AC. Risk Estimates for Carcinogenic Effects of Radiation. Annals of the ICRP 22(1):1-29, 1991. USANCA (U.S. Army Nuclear and Chemical Agency). Current U.S. Positions on Low Level Radiation (LLR) in Military Operations. Memorandum for Committee on Battlefield Radiation Exposure Criteria, Institute of Medicine, May 18, 1998. USC (United States Code). "Notice of Use of an Investigational New Drug or a Drug Unapproved for Its Applied Use." Title 10 (Armed Forces), Section 1107, 1998. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Guide to Clinical Preventive Services: Report of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, 2nd edition. Baltimore, Md.: Williams & Wilkins, 1996.
OCR for page 118
--> VA (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs). VA Fact Sheet: VA Programs for Veterans Exposed to Radiation. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Public Affairs News Service, January 1997. Voelz GL. Evaluation and Treatment of Persons Exposed to Internally Deposited Radionuclides. In Medical Management of Radiation Accidents. FA Mettler. CA Kelsey. and RC Ricks (eds.). Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, Inc., 1990. Wallace RJ. Privacy and the Use of Data in Epidemiology. In Ethical Issues in Social Science Research. TL Beauchamp, RR Faden, RJ Wallace, and L Walters (eds.). Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982. Wardle J and Pope R. The Psychological Costs of Screening for Cancer. Journal of Psychometric Research 36:609-624, 1992. Wilson R. Analyzing the Daily Risk of Life. Technology Review 82(February):41-46, 1979.
Representative terms from entire chapter: