neering, Society for Risk Analysis, and American Nuclear Society and a fellow of the American Physical Society, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the AAAS.

GEORGE J. ANNAS, J.D., M.P.H., is professor and chair, Health Law Department, Boston University School of Public Health, and professor at Boston University Medical School and Boston University Law School. He is the cochair of the Committee on Medical Practice and Medical Research of the American Bar Association's Science and Technology Section and the cofounder of Global Lawyers and Physicians, an organization dedicated to promoting health and human rights. He is an expert on health law and bioethics, author or editor of a dozen books, including The Rights of Patients, and writes a regular feature on "Legal Issues in Medicine" for the New England Journal of Medicine. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

WILLIAM J BAIR, Ph.D., is retired from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, operated by Battelle Memorial Institute, where he held the position of Manager of the Life Sciences Center. His employment at the Hanford, Washington site was from 1954 to 1993. He holds a Ph.D. in Radiation Biology from the University of Rochester. His research was focused on the health effects of radionuclides, particularly with respect to deposition in the respiratory tract, with emphasis on plutonium and other transuranic elements. He has served on or chaired numerous Atomic Energy Commission and Department of Energy committees concerned with potential plutonium-caused health effects. He was a member of a National Academy of Sciences committee on "Hot Particles" and was vice chairman of the committee on Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation, Alpha Radiation (BIER IV). He served on Committee 2 on Derived Limits of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and was a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) for over 20 years. He was elected an honorary member of the NCRP. He currently is a member of the Science Advisory Board and Radiation Advisory Committee of the Environmental Protection Agency. He is a recipient of the E.O. Lawrence Award from the Atomic Energy Commission, the Distinguished Scientific Achievement Award of the Health Physics Society, Distinguished Achievement Citation from Ohio Wesleyan University, and was the NCRP Lauriston Taylor Lecturer in 1997. He is a fellow of the AAAS and the Health Physics Society.

RUTH R. FADEN, Ph.D., M.P.H., is the Philip Franklin Wagley Professor of Biomedical Ethics and Director of the Bioethics Institute, The Johns Hopkins University. She is also a Senior Research Scholar at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University. Dr. Faden is the author and editor of numerous books and articles on biomedical ethics and health policy including "A History and Theory of Informed Consent" (with Tom L. Beauchamp); "AIDS, Women



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