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--> References Amendola, A., S. Contini, and I. Zromas. 1992. Uncertainties in Chemical Risk Assessment: Results of a European Benchmark Exercise . Journal of Hazardous Materials. February. 29(3): 347. American Nuclear Society (ANS). 1986. American National Standards Measurement of the Leachability of Solidified Low-Level Radioactive Wastes by a Short-Term Test Procedure. ANS Standards Committee Working Group 16-1. ANSI/ANS-16.1-1986. Atkins, M., D. Damidot, and F. P. Glasser. 1994. Performance of Cementitious Systems in the Repository. In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XVII. Vol. 333. A. Barkatt and R. A. Van Konynenburg, (Eds.). Pp. 315–326. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Materials Research Society. Berry, J. B. 1994. Mixed Waste Integrated Program Strategic Plan, Revision B (draft). 1994. Office of Technology Development. U.S. Department of Energy. Case, D. R. 1991. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. In Environmental Law Handbook, 11th ed. J. G. Arbuckle et al. (Eds.). Pp. 406–442. Rockville, Md.: Government Institutes, Inc. Conner, J. R. 1990. Chemical Fixation and Solidification of Hazardous Wastes. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Connolly, M. 1997. Review of the Current Status of Mixed Waste Focus Area Efforts. Idaho Falls, Id. September 15.
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--> Cunnane, J. C. et al. (Eds.). 1994. High-Level Waste Borosilicate Glass: A Compendium of Corrosion Characteristics. Vols. I, II, and III. DOE/EM 0177. Office of Waste Management. U.S. Department of Energy. Donald, I. W., B. L. Metcalfe, and R. N. J. Taylor. 1997. Review: The Immobilization of High-Level Radioactive Wastes Using Ceramics and Glasses. Journal of Materials Science. 32: 5851–5887. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). 1997a. Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Technologies: Results of Mixed Waste Treatment at the M-4 Facility. EPRI-TR-107974. September. Electric Power Research Institute. 1997b. Mixed Waste Advanced Treatment Technologies: Waste Processing Products and Their Recycling Application. EPRI-107990. October. Evans, L., A. Pernstein, and E. Wong, 1997. Application of Quantum-CEP Technology to Utility Mixed Waste. Journal of the Franklin Institute. 334A. Ewing, R. C., and M. J. Jercinovic. 1987. Natural Analogues: Their Application to the Prediction of the Long-Term Behavior of Nuclear Waste Forms. In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management. X. J. K. Bates and W. B. Seefeldt (Eds.). Materials Research Society Proceedings. 84: 67–86. Pittsburgh, Pa. Ewing, R. C., W. I. Weber, and F. W. Clinard, Jr. 1995. Radiation Effects in Nuclear Waste Forms. Progress in Nuclear Energy: An International Review Journal. 29(2): 63–127. Federal Facility Compliance Act (FFCA). 1992. Public Law 102–386. Available from the FFCA Bulletin Board. Internet http://www.em.doe.gov/ostp/#ba. Franz, E. M., M. Fuhrmann, B. Bowerman, S. Bates, and R. Peters. 1994. Proposed Waste Form Performance Criteria and Testing Methods for Low-Level Mixed Waste. BNL-52436. Upton, N.Y.: Brookhaven National Laboratory. Fuhrmann, M., R. Pietrzak, J. H. Heiser, E. M. Franz, and P. Colombo. 1990. Method for Accelerated Leaching of Solidified Waste. BNL-52268. Upton, N.Y.: Brookhaven National Laboratory.
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--> Gershey, E. L., R. C. Klein, E. Party, and A. Wilkerson. 1990. Low-Level Radioactive Waste: From Cradle to Grave. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Gilliam, T. M., and C. Wiles (Eds.). 1996. Stabilization and Solidification of Hazardous, Radioactive, and Mixed Wastes. West Conshohocken, Pa.: American Society for Testing and Materials. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). 1996. Clearance Levels for Radionuclides in Solid Materials: Application of Exemption Principles . Interim Report for Comment. IAEA-TECDOC-855. IT Corporation. 1993. Mixed Low-Level Waste System Analysis Methodology and Applications Report (draft). Vol. 1. Radioactive Waste Technical Support Program. DOE/LLW-194. Jantzen, C. M., N. E. Bibler, D. C. Beam, W. G. Ramsey, and B. J. Waters. 1993. Standard Test for Determining Chemical Durability of Nuclear Waste Glasses: The Product Consistency Test (PCT). ver. 6.0. Submitted to ASTM C-26.13. Kalb, P., D. J. R. Conner, J. L. Mayberry, B. R. Patel, J. M. Perez, and R. L. Treat. 1997. Stabilization/Solidification. Annapolis, Md.: American Academy of Environmental Engineers. Kirk, D. R. 1996. Summary of USEPA Research on Solidified Waste for Long-Term Durability. In Stabilization and Solidification of Hazardous, Radioactive, and Mixed Wastes. Vol. 3. T. M. Gilliam and C. C. Wiles (Eds.). ASTM STP 1240. West Conshohocken, Pa.: American Society for Testing and Materials. Kolts, J. 1996. Presentation to the NRC Mixed Waste Subcommittee. Overview of the Mixed Waste Problem. Idaho Falls, Id. November 19–20. Lee, J. H., D. M. Roy, B. Mann, and D. Stahl. 1995. Integrated Approach to Modeling Long-Term Durability of Concrete Engineered Barrier in LLRW Disposal Facility . In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XVIII. Vol. 353. R. C. Ewing and J. Murakami (Eds.). Pp. 881–889. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Materials Research Society. Lutze, W., and R. C. Ewing (Eds.). 1988. Radioactive Waste Forms for the Future. Amsterdam: North-Holland Physics Publishing.
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--> Mayberry, J. L., and T. L. Huebner. 1993. Technical Area Status Report for Low-Level Mixed Waste Final Waste Forms. DOE/MWIP-3. Idaho Falls, Id.: Science Applications International Corporation. Means, J. L., L. A. Smith, K. W. Nehring, S. E. Brauning, A. R. Gavaskar, B. M. Sass, C. C. Wiles, and C. I. Mashni. 1995. The Application of Solidification/Stabilization to Waste Materials. Boca Raton, Fla.: Lewis Publishing. National Research Council (NRC). 1996a. Glass as a Waste Form and Vitrification Technology: Summary of an International Workshop. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1996b. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: A Potential Solution for the Disposal of Transuranic Waste. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1996c. Environmental Management Technology Development Program at the Department of Energy, 1995 Review. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1997. Building an Effective Environmental Management Science Program: Final Assessment. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Perret, D. 1998. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Glasses: The Opinion of Selected Experts. Report 2. Swiss Agency for Environment, Forests and Landscape. October. Pohl, P. I., W.-C. Cheng, T. Wheeler, and R. D. Waters. 1996. Waste Form Performance Assessment Task. Letter Report. TTP AL2-6-TI-01. Albuquerque, N. Mex.: Sandia National Laboratories. Poon, C. S. 1989. A Critical Review of Evaluation Procedures for Stabilization/Solidification Processes. Environmental Aspects of Stabilization and Solidification of Hazardous and Radioactive Wastes. P. Cote and M. Gilliam (Eds.). ASTM STP 1033. Philadelphia, Pa. Quillin, K. C., S. L. Duerden, and A. J. Majumdar. 1994. Accelerated Aging of Blended OPC Cements. In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XVII. Vol. 333. A. Barkatt and R. A. Van Konynenburg (Eds.). Pp. 341–347. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Materials Research Society.
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--> Rechard, R. P. 1995. An Introduction to the Mechanics of Performance Assessment Using Examples of Calculations Done for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Between 1990 and 1992. SAND 93–1378. Albuquerque, N. Mex.: Sandia National Laboratories. Schwinkendorf, W. E., B. C. Musgrave, and R. N. Drake. 1997. Evaluation of Alternative Nonflame Technologies for Destruction of Hazardous Organic Waste. INEL/EXT-97-00123. April. Seitz, R. Assessment of Health and Environmental Effects from Radioactive and Chemically Toxic Waste. In Proceedings from the International Workshop on Comparative Evaluation of Health Effects of Environmental Toxicants from Advanced Technologies, January, 28–30, 1998, Chiba City, Japan. Sewards, T., et al. 1991. Mineralogy of the Rustler Formation in the WIPP-19 Core. SAND87-7036. Albuquerque, N. Mex.: Sandia National Laboratories. Shevenell, L., and F. O. Hoffman. 1993. Necessity of Uncertainty Analysis in Risk Assessment. Journal of Hazardous Materials. December. 35(3): 369. Singh, D., D. Barber, A. S. Wagh, R. V. Strain, and M. Tlustochowicz. 1998. Stabilization and Disposal of Argonne-West Low-Level Mixed Wastes in Ceramicrete Waste Forms. Idaho Falls, Id.: U.S. Department of Energy. Sullivan, T. F. P. (Ed.). 1997. Environmental Law Handbook. 14th ed. Rockville, Md.: Government Institutes, Inc. Sullivan, T. N. 1993. Disposal Unit Source Term (DUST) Data Input Guide. BNL-52375. Upton, N.Y.: Brookhaven National Laboratory. Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA). 1998. Report 4752. Stockholm, Sweden. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 1995a. The DOE National 1995 Mixed Waste Inventory Report. Internet http://www.em.doe. gov/ffcabb/ffcaftp/index.html. January 1999. U.S. Department of Energy. 1995b. Index of FFCA Act Bulletin Board Downloadable Documents and Files. Internet http://www.em. doe.gov/ffcabb/ffcaftp/index.html. June 1997.
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--> U.S. Department of Energy. 1996a. Mixed Waste Focus Area Integrated Technical Baseline Report. DOE/ID-10524. Vols. 1 and 2. Idaho Falls, Id. January. U.S. Department of Energy. 1996c. Interim Format and Content Guide and Standard Review Plan for U.S. Department of Energy Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility Performance Assessments. Washington, D.C. October. U.S. Department of Energy. 1997a. Mixed Waste Focus Area Technical Baseline Report. DOE/ID-10524. Vols. 1 and 2. Idaho Falls, Id. April. U.S. Department of Energy. 1997b. Mixed Waste Focus Area Annual Report. Washington, D.C. April. U.S. Department of Energy. 1998a. Order DOE 5400.1. General Environmental Protection Program. November 8, 1988, Change 1. June 29, 1990. Washington, D.C. U.S. Department of Energy. 1998b. Waste Form Initiative Close Out Report (draft). INEEL EXT-98-00105. Idaho Falls, Id. February. U.S. Department of Energy. 1998c. Accelerating Cleanup: Paths to Closure. DOE/EM-0362. Washington, D.C. June. U.S. Department of Energy. 1998d. Deactivation and Decommissioning Focus Area. Quarterly Report. Washington, D.C. April. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1987. Joint USNRC-EPA Guidance Conceptual Design Approach for Commercial Mixed Low-Level Radioactive and Hazardous Waste Disposal Facilities. OSWER Directive #9487.00-8. 1987. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1996. United States Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. July 1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1999a. Approach to Reinventing Regulations on Storing Mixed Low-Level Radioactive Waste: Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Federal Register. 64(39): 10063–10073. March 1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1999b. Draft Technical Guidance for RCRA/CERCLA Final Covers.
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