Appendix G

Summary of the NSF FY 1998 Funding for Solar and Solar-related Research

OVERVIEW

The following summary of the National Science Foundation grants program in solar and solar-related research and NSF funding of NSO and HAO is based on NSF grants-program budget estimates and the NSO and HAO budgets for FY 1998.

1. Total NSO and HAO budgets for operation of sites, overhead, observatories, visitors; does not include temporary and special projects (e.g., GONG, SOLIS)

$10.5 M

(NSO, $5.1 M)

(HAO, $5.4 M)

2. Total NSF grants budget for solar research

$11.3 M

(90% to univ + obs)

Total NSF grants budget for solar and solar-related research (univer + obs = universities and observatories)

17.5 M

(88% to univ + obs)

3. Budget for solar grants program 8% more than funding for NSO + HAO

$11.3 M>10.5

 

4. Budget for solar + solar-related grants 67% more than funding for NSO + HAO

$17.5 M>> 10.5

 

5. 10 divisions within the NSF that funded solar and solar-related research

   
 

Solar Res

Sol+Sol−Rel*

Division

% of 11.3M

% of 17.5M

ATM

43.4 (91)

54.6 (160)

AST

10.9 ( 21)

7.1 (21)

OPP

5.6 (13)

11.2 ( 11)

PHY

33.1 (11)

21.5 ( 11)

Others**

33.1 (11)

21.5 ( 11)

 

**(number of grants).

 

* Solar plus solar-related research grants.

** Others = DEB, DMI, IBN, INT, OCE.

6. ATM, AST, INT divisions grants funding to ground-based solar Observatories during FY 1998

$1.3 M

 

7. AST funding of GONG research through grants during FY 1998 or 2.6% of $11.3 M solar research budget (U.S. scientists)

$0.30 M

 

8. TOTAL AST funding for analysis of GONG data by U.S. scientists during April 1995 to February 1999

$1.2 M

 


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GROUND-BASED SOLAR RESEARCH: AN ASSESSMENT AND STRATEGY FOR THE FUTURE Appendix G Summary of the NSF FY 1998 Funding for Solar and Solar-related Research OVERVIEW The following summary of the National Science Foundation grants program in solar and solar-related research and NSF funding of NSO and HAO is based on NSF grants-program budget estimates and the NSO and HAO budgets for FY 1998. 1. Total NSO and HAO budgets for operation of sites, overhead, observatories, visitors; does not include temporary and special projects (e.g., GONG, SOLIS) $10.5 M (NSO, $5.1 M) (HAO, $5.4 M) 2. Total NSF grants budget for solar research $11.3 M (90% to univ + obs) Total NSF grants budget for solar and solar-related research (univer + obs = universities and observatories) 17.5 M (88% to univ + obs) 3. Budget for solar grants program 8% more than funding for NSO + HAO $11.3 M>10.5   4. Budget for solar + solar-related grants 67% more than funding for NSO + HAO $17.5 M>> 10.5   5. 10 divisions within the NSF that funded solar and solar-related research       Solar Res Sol+Sol−Rel* Division % of 11.3M % of 17.5M ATM 43.4 (91) 54.6 (160) AST 10.9 ( 21) 7.1 (21) OPP 5.6 (13) 11.2 ( 11) PHY 33.1 (11) 21.5 ( 11) Others** 33.1 (11) 21.5 ( 11)   **(number of grants).   * Solar plus solar-related research grants. ** Others = DEB, DMI, IBN, INT, OCE. 6. ATM, AST, INT divisions grants funding to ground-based solar Observatories during FY 1998 $1.3 M   7. AST funding of GONG research through grants during FY 1998 or 2.6% of $11.3 M solar research budget (U.S. scientists) $0.30 M   8. TOTAL AST funding for analysis of GONG data by U.S. scientists during April 1995 to February 1999 $1.2 M  

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GROUND-BASED SOLAR RESEARCH: AN ASSESSMENT AND STRATEGY FOR THE FUTURE NSO AND HAO BUDGET DETAILS (ESTIMATES FOR FY 1998) NSO funding through AST (Astronomy) and partners         NSO/Sunspot NSF $1.842 M       Overhead 0.177 M @ 9.6%     Air Force 0.525 M   Total = $2.544 M NSO/Tucson & Kitt Peak NSF $1.700 M includes director's office budget     overhead 0.343.M @ 19.8%     Kitt Peak 0.500 M       NASA 0.032 M   Total = $2.575 M Temporary projects: GONG 1.850 M       SOLIS 2.000 M       overhead 0.762 M @ 19.8% Total = $4.612 M HAO support through ATM (Atmospheric Sciences)           NSF $4.433 M includes overhead     Supercomputers 0.496 M for staff     Visitor Program* (0.394 M)       Supercomputers (0.075 M) for visitors Total = $5.398 M   Special Funding** 0.469 M     *salary for visitors, post-docs, graduate and summer students, non-salary support for short-term visitors and affiliate scientists, invited talks **funding from USGCRP for SunRISE workshop, a CEDAR enhancement, and space weather coupling research Total NSO and HAO Budgets:       $15.129 M Information on the NSO budget was provided by NSO (the base budget and partner contributions, the GONG operations budget) and the National Optical Astronomy Observatories (NOAO) (overhead and Kitt Peak (KP) support) for the 1999 NSO budget. The overhead rates and Kitt Peak support were applied to the 1998 NSO budget numbers. The monies for overhead and NSO/KP support are extracted by NOAO before NSO obtains its fraction of the total NOAO budget. This fraction is fixed. The monies for GONG and SOLIS with overhead are considered as separate line items. The HAO budget estimate was provided by HAO. The HAO budget includes overhead for the building, the utilities, and the operation of the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory. Called out separately are HAO’s visitor programs, supercomputer use, and special projects.

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GROUND-BASED SOLAR RESEARCH: AN ASSESSMENT AND STRATEGY FOR THE FUTURE NSF GRANTS PROGRAM FOR SOLAR AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL RESEARCH The tables below are a compilation of the number of grants and level of funding for fiscal year 1998 within two research areas: Solar research, which includes direct and indirect studies of the Sun, solar-stellar, solar neutrinos; Solar-related studies, which include solar-terrestrial studies, studies of the solar wind, solar-wind interactions with the magnetosphere and ionosphere, solar influences on climate, oceans, and biological systems, and workshops. Direct solar research grants are restricted to observational and theoretical studies primarily of the Sun. Indirect studies of the Sun include those using, for example, ice core samples to determine solar activity levels in the past. As the base period for these calculations, a one-year interval (10/1/97 to 9/30/98) was considered. All solar and solar-related grants funded by the NSF for one or more months during this period were counted. The funding amounts for FY 1998 for each grant were calculated as the total funding of the grant multiplied by the number of months funded during the base period divided by the total number of months the grant was funded. The total amounts for these grants were determined separately for (1) solar studies and (2) solar-related studies. Funding for universities, colleges, and observatories was also determined. Also tabulated are the number of grants and funding amounts for each NSF division, divided into the different research categories. This survey does not include support from NASA (several million dollars) through its Supporting Research and Technology (SR&T), Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) and Yohkoh Guest Investigator, and other Sun-Earth Connection programs, the Air Force, Office of Naval Research (ONR) (~$0.4 M/yr to support Mt. Wilson, Wilcox, and NSO), DOD, and other federal agencies for the National Space Weather Program. Solar Research: $11.3 M of which $10.2 M (90%) was awarded to universities and observatories in 137 out of 163 (84%) grants Solar-related Research: $17.5 M of which $15.4 M (88%) was awarded to universities and observatories in 222 out of 255 (87%) grants Observatories/GONG funded by the NSF grants program FY 1998 BBSO $0.509 M   OVRO 0.259 M   Mt. Wilson 0.032 M   Wilcox 0.055 M   Lowell Obs 0.167 M   GONG research 0.300 M   Total $1.321 M or 11.7% of $11.3 M NSF grants funding solar research

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GROUND-BASED SOLAR RESEARCH: AN ASSESSMENT AND STRATEGY FOR THE FUTURE Details of NSF Funding by Division and Research Area for FY 1998   SOLAR RESEARCH SOLAR + SOLAR-RELATED RESEARCH   Research Areaa $ Amount % of $11.3M # of Grants Research Areaa $ Amount % of $17.5 M # of Grants Division of Astronomy (AST) ds ss ws total 880360 88612 11083 980055 7.8 0.8 0.1 8.7 18 2 3 25 ds ss ws total 880360 88612 11083 980055 5.0 0.5 0.1 5.6 18 2 3 25 Atmospheric Sciences (ATM) ds is ss ws sw/mg/gm total 4540320 235763 141173 7826 0 4925082 40 2.1 1.2 0.1 0 43.4 81 4 3 3 0 91 ds is ss ws sw/mg/gm total 4540320 235763 141173 7826 4988957 9914039 26 1.3 0.8 0.0 28.6 56.7 81 4 3 3 78 169 Environmental Biology sa/sb is total 0 227869 227869 0 2.0 2.0 1 1 sa/sb is total 292258 227869 520127 1.7 1.3 3.0 2 1 3 Design, Manufacturing & Industrial Innovation (DMI) inst sw/mg/gm total 124431 0 124431 1.1 0 1.1 1 0 1 inst sw/mg/gm total 124431 99645 224076 0.7 0.6 1.3 1 1 2 Mathematical Sciences (DMS) ds sw total 22275 0 22275 0.2 0 0.2 1 0 1 ds sw total 22275 11718 33993 0.1 0.1 0.2 1 1 2 Integrative Biology & Neuroscience (IBN) sb 0     sb 240065 1.4 3 International Programs (INT) ds sn sa/sb sw/mg/gm total 97151 24464 0 0 121615 0.9 0.2 0 0 1.1 13 3 0 0 16 ds sn sa/sb sw/mg/gm total 97151 24464 8048 11943 141606 0.6 0.1 0 0.1 0.8 13 3 1 3 20 Ocean Science (OCE) sa 0 0   sa 3022196 1.7 5 Antarctic Aeronomy & Astrophysics (OPP) ds is sw/mg/gm total 330542 304584 0 635126 2.9 2.7 0 5.6 3 10 0 13 ds is sw/mg/gm total 330542 304584 1030600 1665726 1.9 1.7 5.8 9.4 3 10 13 26 Physics (PHY) sn ds total 3744016 11786 3755802 33 0.1 33.1 9 2 11 sn ds total 3744016 11786 3755802 31.4 0.1 31.5 9 2 11 NOTE: Grants may appear in more than one research area, e.g., ds and sw/mg/gm, if each area is considered a major part of research.

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GROUND-BASED SOLAR RESEARCH: AN ASSESSMENT AND STRATEGY FOR THE FUTURE aResearch areas: ds =   direct sun studies   is = indirect sun studies   ss = solar-stellar studies   ts = theoretical studies relevant to the sun   sn = solar neutrino studies   ws = workshops   mg = magnetospheric studies related to solar activity or solar wind   gm = geomagnetic storms related to solar activity or solar wind   in = ionospheric studies related to solar activity or solar wind   sa = climate/weather/oceans related to solar radiation   sb = biological studies related to solar radiation   inst = instrumentation development specifically for solar research

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