References

Burmaster, D.E., and K.M. Thompson. 1995. Backcalculating cleanup targets in probabilistic risk assessments when the acceptability of cancer risk is defined under different risk management policies. Hum. Ecol. Risk Assess. 1(1):101–120.

Burmaster, D.E., K.J. Lloyd, and K.M. Thompson. 1995. The need for new methods to backcalculate soil cleanup targets in interval and probabilistic cancer risk assessments. Hum. Ecol. Risk Assess. 1(1):89–100.


California Department of Human Services. 1981. California Assessment Manual for Hazardous Wastes. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Health Services.


DTSC (Department of Toxic Substances Control). 1997. Introduction to Regulatory Structure Update: April 10, 1997. State of California, Environmental Protection Agency, Hazardous Waste Management Program.

DTSC (Department of Toxic Substances Control). 1998a. Risk-Based Criteria for Non-RCRA Hazardous Waste: A Report to the National Research Council Introducing Proposed Changes to the Definition of Hazardous Waste in the California Code of Regulations. California Environmental Protection Agency, Science, Pollution Prevention and Technology Program. February 27, 1998. 1,494 pages.

DTSC (Department of Toxic Substances Control). 1998b. A Risk-based Regulatory System: Revision of California Non-Resource Conservation And Recovery Act (RCRA) Waste Classification Regulation. Spring 1998.


EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1989. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Volume 1: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part A). Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. EPA/540/1-89/002.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1990a. Exposure Factors Hand-



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--> References Burmaster, D.E., and K.M. Thompson. 1995. Backcalculating cleanup targets in probabilistic risk assessments when the acceptability of cancer risk is defined under different risk management policies. Hum. Ecol. Risk Assess. 1(1):101–120. Burmaster, D.E., K.J. Lloyd, and K.M. Thompson. 1995. The need for new methods to backcalculate soil cleanup targets in interval and probabilistic cancer risk assessments. Hum. Ecol. Risk Assess. 1(1):89–100. California Department of Human Services. 1981. California Assessment Manual for Hazardous Wastes. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Health Services. DTSC (Department of Toxic Substances Control). 1997. Introduction to Regulatory Structure Update: April 10, 1997. State of California, Environmental Protection Agency, Hazardous Waste Management Program. DTSC (Department of Toxic Substances Control). 1998a. Risk-Based Criteria for Non-RCRA Hazardous Waste: A Report to the National Research Council Introducing Proposed Changes to the Definition of Hazardous Waste in the California Code of Regulations. California Environmental Protection Agency, Science, Pollution Prevention and Technology Program. February 27, 1998. 1,494 pages. DTSC (Department of Toxic Substances Control). 1998b. A Risk-based Regulatory System: Revision of California Non-Resource Conservation And Recovery Act (RCRA) Waste Classification Regulation. Spring 1998. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1989. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Volume 1: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part A). Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. EPA/540/1-89/002. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1990a. Exposure Factors Hand-

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--> book. Office of Health and Environmental Assessment. EPA/600/8-89/043. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1990b. Fugitive Dust Model (FDM) User's Guide (Revised). Volume 1. User's Instructions. Prepared by TRC Environmental Consultants for EPA Region 10. EPA/SW/DK-90/041A. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1992. User's Guide for the Industrial Source Complex (ISC2) Dispersion Models, Volume I- User Instructions (EPA-450/4-92-008a), Volume II- Description of Model Algorithms (EPA-450/4-92-008b), Volume III- Guide to Programmers (EPA-450/4-92-008c). Office of Air Quality planning and Standards, Technical Support Division, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711. March 1992. Addendum A (EPA-450/4-92-008), September 1992. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1995a. Air/Superfund National Technical Guidance Study Series: Guideline for Predictive Baseline Emissions Estimation for Superfund Sites. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. EPA-451/R-96-001. November. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1995b. User's Guide for the Industrial Source Complex (ISC3) Dispersion Models: Volume I- User Instructions (EPA-454/B-95-003a), Volume II- Description of Model Algorithms (EPA-454/B-95-003b). Office of Air Quality planning and Standards, Emissions, Monitoring, and Analysis Division, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711. September 1995. Addendum: User's Guide for the Industrial Source Complex (ISC3) Dispersion Models, Volume I- User Instructions. December 1998. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1996. An SAB Report: Review of a methodology for establishing human health and ecologically based exit criteria for the hazardous waste identification rule (HWIR). EPA-SAB-EC-96-002. May 1996. With a cover letter dated May 22, 1996 from Dr. Genevieve M. Matanoski, Chair Executive Committee, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Science Advisory Board, and Dr. Mark A. Harwell and Dr. Ishwar P. Murarka, Co-Chairs HWIR Subcommittee to Honorable Carol M. Browner, Administrator, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1997a. Exposure Factors Handbook . Office of Research and Development, Washington, DC. Vol 1: General Factors EPA/600/P-95/002F-a; Vol 2: Food Ingestion Factors EPA/600/P-95/002F-b; Vol. 3: Activity Factors EPA/600/P-95/002F-c. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1997b. Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors. AP-42, Fifth Edition, Volume I: Stationary Point and Area Sources. Available from Clearing House for Inventories and Emissions Factors (CHIEF) website at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/.

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--> Hsieh, D.P.H., T.E. McKone, F.F. Chiao, R.C. Currie. and L. Kleinschmidt. 1994. Intermedia Transfer Factors for Contaminants Found at Hazardous Waste Sites: Trichloroethylene (TCE). Prepared for The Office of Scientific Affairs, The Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) and the California Environmental Protection Agency in Support of the CalTOX Model, December 1994. Draft Final Report. Ludwig, J.P., J.P. Giesy, C.L. Summer, W.W. Bowerman, R. Aulerich, S. Bursian, H.J. Auman,. P.D. Jones, L.L. Williams, D.E. Tillitt, and M. Gilbertson. 1993. A comparison of water quality criteria for the Great Lakes based on human and wildlife health. J. Great Lakes Res. 19:789–807. McKone, T.E., and P.B. Ryan. 1989. Human Exposure to Chemicals Through Food Chains: An Uncertainty Analysis. Environ. Sci. Technol. 23:1154–1163. NIOSH (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health). 1974. A Recommended Standard: An identification system for occupationally hazardous materials. HEW Publication No. (NIOSH) 75-126. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. NRC (National Research Council). 1994. Science and Judgment in Risk Assessment. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. RTI (Research Triangle Institute). 1995a. Technical support document for the hazardous waste identification rule: risk assessment for human and ecological receptors. Research Triangle Institute for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Contract Nos. 68-D2-0065, 68-W3-0028. August 1995. U.S. EPA Docket F-95-WHWP-FFFFF RTI (Research Triangle Institute). 1995b. Supplemental technical support document for the hazardous waste identification rule: Risk assessment for human and ecological receptors. Research Triangle Institute for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Contract Nos. 68-D2-0065, 68-W3-0028. November, 1995. U.S. EPA Docket F-95-HWP-FFFFF Travis C.C., and A.D. Arms. 1988. Bioconcentration of organics in beef, milk and vegetation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 22:271–274