Cover Image

Not for Sale



View/Hide Left Panel
Click for next page ( R2


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page R1
KOHTpOJIlIpOBaHlIe ORaCHb~ MaTOreHOB r~pOeKT pOCCHUCKO-aMep~KaHCKOrO COTpy~HU9eCTBa Coral rIo 3aKa3y M~H~CTepCTBa 060pOHbI CELIA, pO~aMMa COBMeCTHOrO CHH*eHHR yrpo HaUMOHa~bHaH aKa~eMun HayK/ l]HCTHTyT Me~HHBl/ HaUBOHa~bHMM COBeT IIO Ha~IHbIM lICCRe~OBaHH~M i

OCR for page R1
KOMlITeT ,Z~Komya ~e~ep6epr (Hau~oHa~bHan aKaneM~n HayK, MHCTuTyT Mu) npedcedame~b, r~poteccop Ha rIeHCHM ,~KOH in. cTa~H6ploHep' 3aMecmume~b npedcedame=, CTap~H HayqHbIM COTpy~H~K, ~pOrpaMMa H3~eHM~ Sapy6e*HOM HO~HT~K~, ~HCTHTyT ~pyK~HrC Peppy AXIOM (HaUMOHa~bHaH aKaDeMMR HayK, ~HCTHTyT Me~HUHHbI), MCCReDOBaTe~b, MeD~UHHCKHU MHCTHTyT HM. xoBap,la xbloca' Ko~e~c MeD~UHHb! MM. ~b6epTa 3HH~TeMHa rem Keccen (EIHcTnTyT Mu, rIpe~ce~aTeJI~ OT~eJIeH~ M~Kpo6~o~or~, rIpocheccop M~Kpo6no~ornH, YH~BepCHTeT mTaTa ARa6aMa' 5HpM~HraM PobepT WOK (HaUMOHaRBHaR aK=eMMR HayK), Casey Ra6opaTopnen MHteK~HOHHb~ 3a6oJIeBaHHIi' HauMoHa~bHMIi MHCTHTyT a~eprnn ~ MHteKUMOHHEIX 3a6o~eBaHnIi' HaUnOHanEHuH lIHCTlITyT 3~0pOBBB P. ,D;]KOH Keep (HauMoHanBHaH aKa,QeMMs HayK)' rIpoteccop M~Kpo6HoRorHM ~ MO~eKyn~pHOH reHeTlIKlI, 4)aKy~BTeT Me~HUHHM, rapBap~CKHM yHUBepCHTeT Mopuc P. ~n~eMaH (HaunoHanbHan aKa~eM~ HayK), Pop, MHCT~TyT MepK, Hay~Ho ~cc~e~qosaTe~bcKne ~abopaTopnn MepK Instep 13. ,~KapJ~Hr, Hay~Hu~i KoHcyJIbTaHT ~ cTapIllHM y~eHu~i-nccJIe~osaTenb~ Me,~nL~HcK~ HaY~HO-HCCRe~OBaTe~bCKHM MHCTHTYT MHleKUMOHHb1X 3a60ReBaHMM APMHM COe~HHeHHb1X ~TaTOB AMep~KH ,~Ke~Mc ~e,ayK, HOMO~H~K D~peKTOpa H0 BOUpOCaM BCeM~pHOrO 3~paBOOXpaHeHM~, HaUMOHaRbHblM UeHTp MHteKUMOHHblX 3a60~eBaHHM, UeHTPb! H0 KOHTpO~ ~ HpOtH~aKT~Ke 3a60ReBaHMM MaTTb'O Mece~coH (HaU~OHanbHa~ aKa~eM~n HayK, MHCTuTyT Me~U~Hb~), ~poteccop eCTeCTB03HaHHR, rapBap~CKHM yH~BepCHTeT TOMaC MOHaT, snue-npe3~,qeHT, Hay~Hble MCCRe~OBaHMR ~ 3KCHepUMeHTa~bHble pa3pa60T~, a~'b~HKT-HpOteCCOp, ~aKy~bTeT 06~eCTBeHHOrO 3~paBOOXpaHeHM9, rapBap~CKHM yHUBepCHTeT ~pe,qep~R A. Mep.~, IIpocheccop, Q)aKy~bTeT seTep~HapHo~i Me~nu~Hb~, YHnsepc~TeT IIITaTa Ka~OpHH~, ~3BUC G)~m K. PacceJ~, reHepan-J'e~TeHaHT (apM~ CIHA B OTCTaBKe), 1Ipoteccop Me~yHapo~Horo 3~paBOOXpaHeHM~, ~aKy~bTeT r~rHeHb! ~ 06~eCTBeHHOrO 3~0pOBb~, YHUBepCHTeT HM. ~OHCa XOOK~HCa AJIeKCMC ~eROKOB, ~HpeKTOp, Me~HHCKHe BOUpOCbI, UeHTp pa3pa60T~ 6~0~0rHHeCKHX HpeHapaTOB, ~HCTHTyT MM. CO~Ka COmpy3HUKU KP~CTO.eP II. XaYCOH, QHPeKTOP, COBeT IIO Me~YHaPODHOMY 3DPaBOOXPaHeHHIO, I1HCTHTYT MeD~UHHbI ,~KO ~. XaC6aH~3, D~peKTOp, KOM~TeT H0 Me~yHapODHOM 6e30HaCHoCTH ~ KOHTpO~ 3a BOOp~KeHMeM, HaUMOHa~bHaR aKa~eMnn HayK rJIeHH E. IIIBa~eP, QHPeKTOP, OTReJI LIeHTPaJIbHO11 EBPO1IbI ~ EBPa3~H, HaUMOHa~bHbI}i COBeT H0 Hay~HbIM MCC~e~OBaHH~M pJIb3 r. 4)oreJ'rpeH, IIOMO~H~K H0 Hay~HbIM MCC~e~OBaHM~M, KOM~TeT H0 Me~yHapODHOH 6e3oHacHocTH ~ KOHTpORIO 3a BOOpy;KeHMeM, HaUMOHanbHaH aKa,JeMH~ HayK JIa'0'aH JIbIoMc-oJIMBep, rIoMomH~K rIo aDM~H~CTPaTHBHbIM BOUPOCaM, KOM~TeT H0 Me~YHaPODHOH 6e3onacHocTH ~ KOHTpOnIO 3a BOOpy~eHMeM, HaUMOHanbHaH aKa,QeMHs HayK CTe~aHM H. CM~T, nOMO~H~K no a,QM~H~CTpaTHBHbIM BOnpOCaM, COBeT no Me~yHapO,QHOMy 3~paBOOXpaHeHH~, ~HCTHTyT MeDH~HHbI . . 11

OCR for page R1
***** Ilpe~HC~OBMe B 1980 rosy HaunoHa~BHo~ aKa~eMnen HayK (HAH) 6~m co3~aH KoM~TeT no Me~yHapO~HOH 6e30HaCHoCTH ~ KOHTpO~ 3a BOOpy~eHMeM B Rebox McHonB3oBaHn Hay~HO-TeXHHHeCKHX peCypCOB aKaneM~ mB peter HaCyWHbIX Spored Me~yHapO~HOH 6e30HaCHoCTH ~ MNpa. OCHOBHaH nepBoHaHaRBHaH DenTenBHocTB KoM~TeTa no Me~yHapODHOH 6e30HaCHoCTH ~ KOHTpOR~ 3a BOOpy~eHHeM 3aKR~Ha~aCb B Be~eHHn Dora C COBeTCKOM CTOpOHOH, UTO B Repros 60~b~0H HaDpR*eHHOCTH B COBeTCKO-aMep~KaHCKHX OTHOIIleHM~X CHOC06CTBOBa~O HO=ep~aHM~ B3aMMODeNCTBHS HO BOUpOCaM KOHTpO~ 3a a~epHuM soopy~eHneM. B 1986 rosy KOM~TeT HO Me~yHapO~HOH 6e30HaCHoCTH ~ KOHTpO~ 3a Boopy~eHneM coma cHeUnaREHylo pa60~ylo rpyrIny no KOHTpORIO 3a 6~0~0rHYeCK~M BOOpy)KeHHeM, OCHOBHOe BH~MaHHe KOTOpOH to COCpe,JOTO~eHO Ha oUepe'~HoM Ba*HOH IIpO6JIeMe - pa3pa60TKe COBepIIIeHCTBOBaHHbIX MeTODOB KOHTpO~bHOM HpOBepKH KOHBeHUMM O 6~oJIorn~ecKnx surtax opt. rpyrIrIa IIpOBO,0~Ra DB~CTOpOHHHe neperosopu c Hpe'QcTas=Io~eH ,Qpyrylo CTOpOHy rpyrInoH, KoTopaH 6bma y~pe~eHa no~l 3rn,~0H coBeTcKoH aKa,z~eMn~ HayK ~ BHOC~e~CTBMM 6bma no~ep~aHa POCCH~CKOH aKa~eM~e~ HayK. Ha~nHan c 1993 ro,Qa, oco6ylo o6ecHoKoeHHocTb pa60HeM rpynDb! CTann Bbl3MBaTb B03MO)KHOCTH paCHpOCTpaHeHM~ HOy-Xay, CBH3aHHOrO C 6~0~0rMUeCK~M BOOpy~eHMeM, o6~ncHReMble SKOHOMM~eCK~MM Tpy,JHOCTHMM, KOTOpble rIoc~e pacHa,Qa COBeTCKOrO C0103a HOCTHr~H 6bIB~H COBeTCKHM KOMHReKC 6~0~0rM~eCKOrO BOOpy~eHHR, a TaK*e ~ ~pyrHe pocc~cKne y~pe~eHu~. B TO ~Ke BpeMB, pOCCH~CKHe CHeUMa~bHMe 3HaHHR B 06~aCTH 6Ho~ornHecKHx HayK ~ 6HoTexHo~orMM oKa3a~n Ha rpyrTrly cHRbHoe sneHaT~eHHe. Ka3aaocb xopomeH B03MO*HOCTblO OHepeTbCH Ha 3TOT OUbIT B COBMeCTHOM ycH~H H0 60pb6e CO BCeM~pHOH yRpo30H HORB~eHMR HOBb1X MHteKUMOHHb1X 3a60ReBaHHM ~ HO~ep~aTb Hau~oHa~bHb~e ~HTepecb~ 6e3onacHocTn C~A. 9~eHb~ pa60~en rpyr~nb~ Ha~an~ o6cy~eH~e 3TOH B03MO)KHOCTH C COOTBeTCTBylO~HMM OtHUMa~bHbIMM ~HUaMM HpaBUTeRbCTBa C~A ~ noompnnn TaK~e MepbI, KaK pemeH~e Me~yHapo~Horo Hay~HO-TeXHHHeCKOrO ueHTpa (MHTU) o tHHaHcHposaHnn cooTseTcTsylolU~x HpoeKTos Hay~Hb1X nccRelosaHuM Ha 6bIBW~X COBeTCKHX Ha~HO-MCC~e~OBaTe~bCKHX Hpe~HpH~TH~X 6~0~0rMUeCKOrO BOOp~eHHH. B 1995 roDy M~HucTepcTBo 060poHM C~A 06paTH~OCb B KoM~TeT no Me~yHapO,lHOH 6e3oIlacHocTH ~ KOHTpOJIlO 3a BOOpy~eHMeM 3a CO,leliCTBMeM IIO pa3pa6oTKe IIpOrpaMMM ,~a paC~MpeHH~ DByXCTOpOHHeM COBMeCTHOH pa60TbI, UpOBO~MMOM Me~y yUeHbIMM CWA ~ ~x pOCCH~CK~MM KO~eraMM, KOTOpMe yHaCTBOB~H B 6MB~eM COBeTCKOH HpOrpaMMe 6no~orn~ecKoro BOOpy)KeHMH. 3a co ~eucTsneM no pa3pa6oTKe 3Toro HpoeKTa KoM~TeT no Me~yHapODHOH 6e3onacHocTH ~ KOHTpO~IO 3a BOOpy~eHHeM 06paTH~CH K ~ByM ~pyrnM HaCTHM KOMHReKCa aKaneM~n - COBeTy I10 Me~yHapO~HOMy 3~paBOOXpaHeHM~ ~HCTHTyTa Me~HUHHbI ~ OT~eRy ~eHTpa~bHOM EBpODbI ~ EBpa3~H HaUMOHa~bHOrO COBeTa H0 Hay~HbIM MCCRe~OBaHH~M. 06a MMeRH 06~MpHbIM OUbIT B 06RaCTRX, HMelO~MX HeHOCpe~CTBeHHOe OTHO~eHHe K BbIHO~HeHM~ 3aDpOCa M~H~CTepCTBa 060pOHbI CWA. MHCTuTyT Me~unHbI 3aH~Ma~c~ HpO6~eMaMM paCHpOCTpaHeHH~ MHteKUMOHHbIX 3a60ReBaHHH; HO~rOTOBReHHbIM MHCTHTyTOM B 1992 ropy OTHeT noRe~eHue HOffbOC UH~eKUUU. MUKD06Ha~ V2DO3a 380nnRhm Ha~n~H' Coedunenub~x ~mamoe AMepuKu noMor ~p~s~e~b nosbImeHHoe HaunoHanbHoe ~ Me~yHapO~HOe BH~MaHMe K OHaCHOCTH CO CTOpOHbI HOBbIX ~ BHOBb HORB~MXCH CTapbIX 3a60JIesaHn~i. ~ : ~7 - ~- ~-t- ~--r~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~ - B 1997 ro,ry CoseT no Me~yHapO~HOMy ~pasooxpaHeHHIo BbIrlyCTHn OTHeT ~U3HeHHblU uHmepec A~epu~cu co SCeMUpHOM S3PaBOOXpaHeHUU, B KOTOpOM ~OKaS~BaRaCb HeO6XO0HMOCTb COBMeCTHOrO aMep~KaHCKOrO yYaCT~ B MepORp~T~X, aHa~OrH~H~X TeM, KOTOpMe 06Cy~aloTCH B HaCTOR~eM OTHeTe. . . .

OCR for page R1
CO CBOeH CTOPOHM, OT~eR LIeHTPa~bHO}I EBPOIIM ~ EBPa3~H Ha IlPOT~eHHM IIOUTH 40 JIeT HO=ep*MBa~ KOHTaKTM ~ 06MeHM C COBeTCK~MM/ pOCCHUCK~MM yUeHbIMM, HpH06peTaR yH~Ka~BHMM OUST ~ C03DaBaH 6eCH0006Hy~ CeTB KOHTaKTOB. B oKTn6pe 1996 rosa OT~en UeHTPa~BHOM EBPOUbI ~ EBPa3~H BM~YCTH~ OReHKY Me~C0YHaPO0HOZO HaY~HO-meXHUVeCKOBO u~eHmpa ~ BcRed' 3a KOTOPOH B ~ 997 ro ~y sumen cs~3aHHu~ c Hen oT~eT npodneMbc pacnpocmpanenu~: Ananus de~menbuocmu COe0UHeHHbCX ~mamoe no o6ecnevenu~o 6esonacuocmu R0epHb~x U ~pyBux ffb~coKoorlacHb~x Mamepuanoff U mexHonocuNv ff cmpaHax 6b!fftueBo CCCP". HAH UPe0CTaBHRa B M~H~CTePCTBO 060POHM CWA OPe=O*eHHe O Pa3Pa60TKe H~aHa DIO PaC~HPeHHIO POCCH~CKO-aMeP~KaHCKOrO COTPY0HUYeCTBa B 06~aCTH HaY~HE1X MCC~eJOBaHHM, HaDPaBReHHb[X Ha aCHeKTb! 06IUeCTBeHHOrO 3RPaBOOXPaHeHMR B 06~aCTH O~aCHb~X ~aTOreHOB, ~p~ O,~HOBpeMeHHOM r~pO,~B~;KeH~ ueneu C~A r~o HepacIIpocTpaHeHn~o. B DOIIOJIHeHMe K IIPO RBH)KeHMIO HPOrPaMM 061UeCTBeHHOrO a~pasooxpaHeH~n obe~x cTpaH, no MHeHn~o HAH, r~o,qo6Hoe coTpy~Hn~ecTso TaK*e Mor~o 6M nOC~y*nTB ,reny yKpen~eHnn ,qosepun B 063TaCTH CO6~10ReHH~ Me~YHaPORHE1X cor~ameHn~ no 6no~orn~ecK~M BM~aM Opy*~, KaK Ha pa60~eM, TaK ~ Ha IIpaBIITenbCTBeHHOM ypOBHe. HpoeKT 6Bm HaHaT oceHblo 1996 roRa up~ t~HaHcuposaH~ co CTOPOHb! nPOrPaMMb! H0 COBMeCTHOMy CHM*eHH~ yrpo3b~, 06~eM3BeCTHoM no~ Ha3BaHMeM ~HHUMaTHBa HaHHa ~yrapa. M~HUCTepCTBO 060poHM C~A HPeDOCTaBHRO DeHe*HbIe CPe~CTBa HPOrPaMMbI H0 COBMeCTHOMy CHlI*eHlIK) yRpO3bI Ha IIOp~ep)KKY HpOBeDeHMR OUbITHbIX Hay~HO MCC~eDOBaTeRbCKHX HpOeKTOB B pOCCH~CKHX MHCTHTyTaX B ne~nx ~3y~eHns noTeHu~a~bHux B03MO)KHOCTeM COBMeCTHOM Hay~HO-HCC~e~OBaTeRbCKOH ~eRTe~bHOCTH, KOTOpaH MOr~a 6M 3~teKTHBHO BMHO~TbCH Ha 06~eKT=, yYaCTBOBaB~MX B 6bIB~eM COBeTCKOH HpOrpaMMe 6~0~0rH~eCKOrO BOOpy~eHHH. KOMuTeT, COCTOR~HH H3 14 ~eHOB, B H~C~e KOTOPb1X Hpe,JCTaB~eHb! ~eHbI pa60YeH rpynDb! KoM~TeTa no Me~yHapO,QHOM 6e3onacHocTH ~ KOHTPOJI1O 3a BOOPY*eHHeM, COIIPe0Ce~aTeRb COBeTa rIO Me=YHaPORHOMY 3RPaBOOXPaHeHHIO ~ DOHO~H~TeRbHble CHeUMaRMCTb! n0 BOUpOCaM 6~onorn~ecKoro BOOpy~eHM~ ~ Me~YHaPO~HOMY 31PaBOOXPaHeHHIO, DIO0rOTOBM~H HPe0CTaBJIeHHbIM B HaCTORIUeM OTHeTe H~aH HpH co'~eNcTBMM COTpy'1H~KoB KoMuTeTa no Me~yHapODHOM 6e3onacHocTH ~ KOHTPO~ 3a BOOpy)KeHHeM, COBeTa no Me~yHapODHOMy 3~paBOOXpaHeHM~ ~ OT~e~a UeHTpaRbHOH EBPOUbI ~ EBPa3~. BHOrPalMM COTpy,QH~KOB ~ ~eHOB KOMUTeTa co'~ep~aTcH B ~pH~O*eHHM A. M~H~cTepcTBo 060pOHb! CIIIA B03JIO~JIO Ha KOMuTeT OTBeTCTBeHHOCTb 3a rIpH'~aHMe oco60ro 3HaHeHHn riepexo~y Hay~Hb1X COTpy,JH~KOB 6bIBmero COBeTCKOrO KOMUneKCa 6~0~0rMMeCKOrO BOOPY)KeHH~ Ha rPa~aHCKY1O Pa60TY (CM. IlpHRo~eHMe 13 B oTHoIIleHHM COOTBeTCTBY1O1U~X Bb~eP)KeK H3 KOHTPaKTa). O~HaKO, C TeX HOP KOHrPeCC O1PaHHHH~ MaH0aT IIporpaMMbI IIO COBMeCTHOMY CHM*eHMIO YrPO3bI, TaK~M 06Pa30M, HTO oHa 60Ree He 1O=eP*HBaeT MePOUPH~TH~ H0 KOHBePCHM, KaK TaKOBbIe. B De3VnhTaTe ne9Te~hHOCTh KOM~TeTa 6b~a COCPe~OTOHeHa Ha CBR3aHHb1X, HO _ , , ~ 6oJIee IIIMpOKHX, ue~nx HepaCHpOCTpaHeHM~, KOTOpble HpO~O~*a~T OCTaBaTbCH HaCTb~ MaH~aTa ~pOPpaMMb! n0 cosMecTHoMy cHn~eHMIo yrpo3bI. B HaHane csoeH pa60Tu' nocne neperosopos c M~H~cTepcTBoM 060pOHbI CWA, KOM~TeT Hp~H~R ~Ba ~OHOnH~TeRbHb~ peWeHMH. BO- rIepBbIx~ 6bIno pemeHo COCpe,QOTOHuTb CBOIO ,JenTenbHOCTb Ha poccHn, a He Ha BCeM 6bIBmeM coBeTcKoM C0103e. B nepHo,1 apb! coBeTcKoro C0103a 3a Hpe,lenaMn Tepp~TopHM POCCH~CKOH ~e,QepaUHn Haxo'l~nocb orpaHHHeHHoe KonnHecTBo o6~eKToB 6HonorMUecKoro Boopy:KeHun; pacHo~araIoluHucH BHe Tepp~TOpHn poccHn Kpy~HuM o6~eKT - cTenHoropcKan pe3epsHan rIpoH3Bo~cTBeHHa~R yCTaHOBKa B Ka3axcTaHe - y;Ke nBnneTCH o6~eKToM 3HaUNTenbHbIX MePOUPH~THM, HPeR[IP~H~MaeMbIX HPaB~TeRbCTBOM CWA B HaDPaBReHMU [IePeOPHeHTaUHM ~ DeMOHTa)Ka. BO-BTOPLIX, 6bInH COCpe~OTOHeHbI ycnnnn Ha ~p~sne~eHn~ ocHosHoro n~pa H3 Y~Cna COTpy~H~KOB ~ y~pe~eH~ 6b~smero COBeTCKOrO KoMuneKca 6~onorn~ecKoro BOOPY)KeHM9, KOTOPbIe rIP~HUManH YHaCTHe B HaY~HbIX MCCneJOBaHM~X B 06naCTH OHaCHb1X IlaTOreHOB. nO MHeHHIO KOMUTeTa, POCCH~CKO-aMeP~KaHCKOe COTPY0HHHeCTBO B 3TOH oGnacT~, upe,qycMaTp~saIoIuee Hp~MbIe KOHTaKTbI Me~y na6opaTopnsMn ~ OCHOBaHHOe Ha IIpilHUHHe ~HpOKOH TpaHCHapeHTHOCTH, OKa~eTCH HOne3HbIM ~nH HaunoHa~bHo~ 1V

OCR for page R1
6esonacHocT~ CWA, o6~uecTseHHoro a~pasooxpaHeH~n ~ aKoHoM~ecKmx nHTepecos, a Tame ,~a riporpecca tyH'~aMeHTaREHoH HayKH. ocHoBono~aralo~He coo6pa~eHHR KoM~TeTa IlpeDCTaB~eHbI B HaCTOH~eM OTHeTe. no MHeHHIO KOM~TeTa, upus~e~eH~e pocc~c~x y~eHb1X ~ otHUMa~bHE1X YOU Ha paHH~x aTanax pa6oTbI rIo rI~aH~posaHulo HMeRo cyluecTBeHHoe SHaHeHHe ,~R ycHexa ~o~rocpo~Ho~ ~porpaMMb~ coTpy~H~ecTsa. B uen~x r~pose~eHnn STOH KOHCy~bTaUMOHHOM pa60Tb! ~ =H HO~yMeHMR HS HOBO OUbITa SHaHMM, Kacamm~xcn yC~OBMM ~ peCypCOB Ha Hay~HO-MCC~e~OBaTe~bCKHX o6~eKTax 6bIsmero COBeTCKOrO KOMH~eKCa 6no~or~YecKoro BOOpy~eHlI~, pan NOB KOM~TeTa ~ COTpy0H~KOB HeCKORbKO pa3 COBep~H HOe3DKH B Pocc~o. B HaCTOH~eM OTHeTe Hp~BOD~TCH OHUCaHMe MX HOCe~eHHH. ~pH COCTaB~eHHM H~aHa KOM~TeT CMOr B KaHeCTBe OCHOBM MCHO~b3OBaTb OTHeTb! pe3y~bTaTb! MCC~e~OBaHMM HO BOUpOCaM 6~0~0rM~eCKOrO BOOpy~eHHR, KOTOpble 6bMM HODrOTOB~eHb! MHOr~MM HpaBUTeRbCTBeHHbIMM BeDOMCTBaMM ~ HerOCyDapCTBeHH~MM opraHn3aUn~Mn, a TaK*e OT~e~bHbIMn CIIeU~a~nCTaMn no TeXHn~eCK~M soIIpocaM ~ BOUpOCaM HO~HT~KH. B ~nc~o OTHOCH~MXCH K DeRy HpaBuTenbCTBeHHb1X ~enapTaMeHTOB ~ opraHn3au~i CIIIA BXOp;SIT rOCy~apCTBeHHbIM ~eHapTaMeHT CWA, AreHTcTso no paSOpy~eHHIO ~ KOHTpO~IO Sa BOOpy~eHHeM, M~H~CTepCTBO 060pOHbI, M~H~CTepCTBO TOprOB~H, ~eHTpa~bHOe paSBe~bIBaTeRbHOe y~paB~eHHe ~ ~OCTO~HHMM HODKOM~TeT H0 paCC~eDOBaHM~M KOM~TeTa H0 rOCyDapCTBeHHbIM ~eRaM CeHaTa C~A. Cpe~H aK=eMHHeCKHX MHCTHTyTOB ~ HerOCy~apCTBeHHbIX OpraHM3aUMM ~ HpOrpaMM, KOTOpMe 6bMM Sa~HTepeCOBaHM B aKTya~bHb[X BOUpOCaX, CBRSaHH~X C 6~0~0rMMeC~M BOOp~KeHHeM: ~HCTHTyT KOHTpO~H Sa X~MM~eCK~M ~ 6~0~0rHHeCK~M Opy*HeM, rapBap~CKO CYCCeKCKaR r~porpaMMa no X~MHHeCKOMV ~ 6no~or~ecKoMv BOOD~eHH~ ~ omaHn~eHn ., ., ~, ~' ~. . BOOpy)KeHIIR, peHTp MM. 1 eHpH ~. ~THMCOHa, ~blO-HOpKCK~ aKa~eMHR HayK, me~epaunn aMep~KaHCKHX yUeH~X, AMep~KaHCKOe M~Kpo6no~orn~ecKoe 06~eCTBo, CTOKrORbMCKHM Me~yHapODHblM Hay~HO-HCC~eDOBaTe~bCKHM MHCTHTyT M~pa, ~yrBOWCKHe KOHtepeHUHM n0 HayKe ~ Me~yHapO~HbIM BOUpOCaM, ~aKy~bTeT n3y~eH~n M~pa ~p3~0p~CKOrO yHlIBepClITeTa, HaUlIOHa~bHble ~a6opaTopnn caH~na, HaunoHa~bHan RabopaTopHs BopeHc ~UBepMOp" U MoHTePeUCK-U-U UHCTUTYT n0 U3ygeHU~ Me~yHapO0HbIX upo6~eM. KpOMe TOrO, eBpOHeUCKUMU yYeH~MU HpOBO~TCH HOCBR~eHHMe ~aHHOU TeMe CeMUHapbI ~ HpOeKTM B paMKax OpraHu3a~uu cesepoaT~aHTuMecKoro ,Qorosopa. HaYuHaH c {987 ro,la, B anpeRe Ka~oro ro,Qa yHacTH-u-K-u- KoHBeHU-u--u- o 6-u-oRor-u-~ecK-u-x B-u-~Qax opy~uR Hpe,QCTaB=IOT B UeHTp IIO sorIpocaM pa3opy~eHuH rIpu OpraHu3aunu o6~e'~uHeHHb~ Haunu ,~e~cnapaquu Mep rlo ylcpemenu~o docepu~ c IIpe'~ocTaBJIeH-u-eM oco60 lIORe3HOU UCXO,QHOU U-HtoPMaU-U--U-, TaK KaK clo,Qa BKnioHaloTcH KaK aMepuKaHcKue TaK u noccuncKue neknananuu R OTHOlITP.HUU nno~* U HaCTOg~eU DeRTeREHoCT-U-. CHeU-U-aR-U-CTaM-U- UeHTpOB H0 KOHTpORK) U HpOtU~aKTU-Ke 3a60ReBaHU.*. Me~UUUHCKOrO HaYYHO-UCC~e~OBaTeRbCKOrO U-HCT-U-TYTa UHleKUUOHHbIX 3a60~eBaHHM APMMM CIIIA 6bIJIlI OIly6~HKOBaHbI MHOrOH~C~eHHbIe KHUrH ~ CTaTbM, B TOM ~uc~e MHor~e Ha~HbIe OTHeTbI, n0 upo6~eMaM 06~eCTBeHHOrO 3~pasooxpaHeHnn, CBH3aHH~M C OHaCH~MM IlaToreHaMn. BCeM~pHaH opraHH3aUnH 3~paBOOXpaHeHH~, npO~OBORbCTBeHHaR CeRbCKOX03~HCTBeHHaH opraH~3aUns ~ MHorne aMep~KaHCKne ~ 3apy6e*HbIe opraHn3au~ ~ oT~e~bHbIe ~nua r~pe ~ocTas~n o63opHbIe oT~eTbI no ~po6neMaM sceM~pHoro 3~paBOOXpaHeHHR, CBR3aHHbIM C HOBbIMM ~ BHOBb HORBRH~MM~CH MHteKUMOHHbIMM 3a6o~eBaHM~MH. ADM~HUcTpauMn H0 KOHTpOJIlO 3a KaHeCTBOM HMIueBbIX HpO~yKTOB ~ ReKapCTB CIIIA, AreHTCTBO IIO OXPaHe OKPY)KaIOIUeH CPe~bI CIIIA, M~HucTepcTBo CeJIbCKOrO xo3~HcTBa CWA ~ HaUMOHaRbHble MHCTHTyTbI 3~0pOBb~ ony6~HKoBaRM pe3y~bTaTbI MccReDoBaHHn B o6nacTH acrIeKToB 6Ho6e3orIacHocTH HpH o6palueHHn c OnaCHbIMn HaToreHaMM B KaHeCTBe YaCTH HODrOTOB~TeRbHOM pa60TbI n0 COCTaB~eHH~ HOpMaTHBHbIX pyKOBODCTB ~ Tpe60BaHHM. XOTH 3TOT nepeHeHb He RB=eTCH H~KOMM o6pa3oM McHepUbIBaIo~HM~ OH H:TMIOCTp~pyeT pa3HocTopoHHMe ~ pacTy~He MCTOYH~KH MHtOpMaUHn ~ CrIeUMaRbHbIX 3HaHHIi, KOTOphIe KOMuTeT H3bICKaH B03MO*HOCTb MCIIORb30BaTb B KaYeCTBe OCHOBHOrO MaTepHa~a HpH IIODrOTOBKe HacTonmero OTYeTa. V

OCR for page R1
Ha r~poT~*eH~u sole o ~Ho~eTHero upoeKTa MHoro~ncneHHb~e otnu~a~BHue aqua ~ Sponge CHeUMaRMCTM Ha Tepp~TOpHM COe~HHeHH~X ~TaTOB AMep~KH ~ B PoccHM 3aHlIMa~HCb Hpe~OCTaB~eHHeM KOMUTeTy ~ COTpy~H~KaM HpOeKTa Bathos MHtOpMaUHM ~ OUeHOK, HMe~MX OTHOWeHMe K KOMHReKCH~M paCCMaTp~BaeMbIM BOUpOCaM. B STOM CBH3H oco60 nORe3HuMn oKa3aQ~ch Hpe~cTasHTeRM M~H~CTepCTBa 060poHM Cut, rOCy~apCTBeHHOrO DeHapTaMeHTa ~ MHT0. B Hpn~o~eHn~ B yKa3aHn ot~u~an~Hue KOHCy~bTauMM KOMUTeTa ~ ~TaTH~X COTpy~H~KOB. JO OpraHH30BaHO HpOBeDeHMe HeOtHUM=bHE1X 06Cy~eHHM HO MHOrOY~C~eHH~M KIM, KaK B COeD~HeHHb~ Surtax AMP, TaK ~ B POCCHM, YTO MMe~O He MeHee Backhoe 3HaYeHMe. KOMUTeT B~Pa)KaeT IlpI13HaTeRBHOCTb MHOrOH~CReHH~M HHUaM ~ yype~eHH~M' KOTOpMe oKa3usan~ CODe~CTBMe B pa60Te KOMUTeTa; KOM~TeT Taste 6~arO~apeH COTpy~H~KaM KOM~TeTa, COBeTa HO Me~yHapO~HOMy 3DpaBOOXpaHeHM~ ~ OT~eRa UeHTpa~BHOM EBPOUM ~ EBpa3~H 3a MX HOMO~b. KpOMe TOrO, CO~e~CTBMe ~ByX CHeUHa~HCTOB, pa60TalO~MX B KaYeCTBe HeOrI~aYMBaeMBIX KOHCynBTaHTOB HpOeKTa, HplIHeCRO KOMlITeTy HeOUeHlIMyX) HO~b3y. Ilpo4?eccop poaJIb'l car'~eeB' rIpoteccop tH3HKH B YH~BepCHTeTe M3pH~eHDa, Mrp~ Ba*H pO~b HpH pa3pa60TKe HpOeKTa. nORKOBH~K Y. Paccem 6HpH, HaHaRbH~K OT~eRa reHeT~KH ~ tH3~0~0rMM OT~e~eHMR 6aKTepHO~OrHM Me~HUHHCKOrO HayYHO-HCC~e~OBaTeRbCKOrO MHCTHTyTa MHteK~HOHHb1X 3a6o~esaHHn APMHM CWA, yHaCTBOBan B ,QByX rIoe3~lKax B PoccHIo ~ oKa3an HeoueHuMylo rIoMo~b HpH pa3pa6oTKe OnbITHb1X HpOeKTOB. KoMuTeT supa;KaeT r~y6oKylo 6Raro,JapHocTb 3a Mx rIoMo~b. i[,KmYa ne,Qep6epr, 17pe~ce~amenb KOMlITeT DIO pOCCHIICKO-aMepilKaHCKOMy COTpy~HHHeCTBy B 06RaCTH OHaCHb1X HaTOreHOB ,3;*OH CTa~H6PIOHeP, 3a~eCmUme~b npedcebamen~ KOM~TeT HO POCCH~CKO-aMeP~KaHCKOMY COTPY~HM~eCTBY B 06~aCTH OHaCHb1X HaTOreHOB V1