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opt, a Take ~ pace Kpyra rIoTeHL~aJIbH~Ix coTpy~H~Kos Ha Tepp~Top~n COe0HHeHH~X ~TaTaX Accept. n~TH~eTHH~ HpOrpaMMa, HpeDyCMaTp~Ba~aH ypOBeHb, HpH KOTOpOM H9THa~UaTb TpeX~eTH~X HpOeKTOB IT WHO Hpe~Hp~H~MaTbCH C Hp~BReHeHMeM B CpeDHeM HO Ka~OMy HpOeKTy Recite, pa60TalO~MX Ha HO~HOH CTaBKe, pOCCH~CKHX CHeUMa~HCTOB, MOr~a 6bI Sa~eNCTBOBaTb SHaHUTe~bHOe KORHHeCTBO BeDy~MX pOCCH~CKHX CHeUMa~HCTOB B STOH 06~aCTH ~ 60X HaCTh OCHOBHb1X pOCCH~CKHX Hay~Ho-Hcc~eDoBaTe~BcKHx 06~eKToB. CM. Ta6~Huy E-3 ,~R HO+a3OBOM PaS6MBKH COBMeCTH~X MCC~e~OBaTe~ECKHX UPOeKTOB. TaGn~a E-3 Pa36~sKa no ~a3aM cosMecTHb~x ~cc~e,~osaTe~bcK~ upoe~ros Ha3BaHne 3a~aH ~1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 rl r2 r3 r4 r5 r6 r7 r8 r, rlO IIIeCTb 3KCHep~MeHTa~b HbIX IIpOeKTOB Elba 3KCHep~MeHTa~b HbIX IIpOeKT CHTb ~ OeKTOB P BeHa~UaTb UpOeKTOB HTHaDUaTb OpOeKTOB n~THaRUaTb npOeKTOB 1 n~THa~UaTB r.pOeKTOB 1 Spa cTa6unsHoro | COTpy~HM~eCTBa OT60P IIpOeKTOB 6y~nTeT IlpOlICXOLllITb Ha KOHKypcHoll OCHOBe C lICIIOJIB30BaHIleM KpilTepileB, IIpilBeleHHbIx BMIlle. CpelCTBa, OTBOlHMMe Ha Ka~ylo HpoPpaMMHylo o6RacTb' RO~Hn Haxo'lMTbcH B 3aBlIClIMOCTI1 OT Ka'IeCTBa IlpOeKTHbIX IIpe,ZlnO*eHlIl1 I10 BCeM 06naCT,lM. 9KCHepuMeHTanbHMe HpOeKTb! pacHpele=IoTcH rio HeCKOnbK~M o6nacTHM' ~ B03MO*HOCTb paCIll~peHI15I 3TlIX OPpaHlIIIeHHbIX p;ellCTBlIl1 ,D;OJI*Ha 6nTb paCCMOTpeHa rIpH Han~lIMM o6eIualoIu~x peSynbTaToB. HeKOTOpble BCHOMOraTenbHble MepOnpH~THn MornH 6b! C~y;KuTb 3~teKTHBHuM ~Or~O~HeH~eM Hay~Ho-~ccne~osaTenbcKou ~enTe~bHOCTn. A nMeHHO, yMeCTHb~M~ 06~aCT~M~ COTpy'1HMMecTBa RBJIRIOTCH: MO'RepHH3aUMB cpe~lCTB CBR3H BbI6paHHbIX pOCClIMCKHX lIHCTlITyTOB; COBepIIIeHCTBOBaHIle XpaHeHlI~ ~ MCHORb30BaHH~ KO0HeKUMM ~TaMMOB, MCHO~b3yeMb[X B KaHeCTBe HaUMOHaRbHb1X 6a30Bb[X :)TanOHOB; ~ paC~HpeHHe MHtOpMaUMOHHb1X 06MeHOB n0 Tpe60BaHH~M ~ MeTO4aM 6nonor~YecKo~ 6e3onacHocT~. B ,qoIIoJIHeHMe K e)KerOp;HOMy aHanlI3y BCeX IlpOeKTOB, B KOHLle BTOpOrO rona 6y,qeT IlpOM3BO,~HTbCSI IlO,QpO6HaR OUeHKa BCeO6~erO rIo,qxo,ra c sHeceHueM cooTseTcTsy~om~x KOppeKTHpOBOK. 9

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Korea mama ~ o6~acmu r~amozeHoe 6y~'eT rIORHOCTblO paspa6oTaHa B 2000 t~HaHcosoM rosy, SaTpaTM Ha pOCCH~CKHM Hay~HMM KO=eKTHB COCTaB~T 4, 5 ASH. aMep~KaHC~X Capes (53%~; saTpaTu Ha aMep~KaHcKnx coTpy,qH~Kos cocTasaT 2,5 MOTH. aMep~KaHCKHX '~omapoB (29%~; SaTpaTu Ha Met no cocTaB~eHHIo rIpoeKTa cocTaB~T 500000 aMep~KaHcKHx '~o~rmapoB (6%~; ~ SaTpaTu Ha oueHKy BblHoRHeHnH rIporpaMMM' tHHaHcoBoe y~paB~eHMe ~ COrlyTCTBylO~ylO BCHOMOraTe~bHylO '~enTeRbHocTB COCTaB~T 1 MATH. aMep~KaHcKmx Capes (12%~. Ta6J'=a E-4. PaCIIpeAeJIeHHe tO-OB DO MHaHCOBbIM rO,QaM B DepHO,ZI AeHCTB~ ~Huquamusb! ~ o6~acmu na rnozenos (B M.T H. aMep~KaHCI ~ AO~apOB) (P~HaHcosu ~13lO~KeT Hosue 06~ee COHEN ~COHEN ~COHEN ~ rod IIpoeKru KO~HeCTBO pOCCH~CKOH CO~y~H~KOB HpOe=HOrO HpOeKTOB2 CTOpOHM CIIIA yr~pas~eH~ 1998 6,0 10 10 3,5 1,5 1,0 1999 7,0 12 22 4,0 2,0 1,0 2000 8,5 15 37 4,5 2 5 1,5 2001 8,5 15 42 4,5 2,5 1,5 2002 8,5 15 45 4,5 2,5 1,5 Lana 2: Spa 6O~ee,=~Te~bnoro cTa6mbHoro coTpy,~ecTsa KaK r~oKa3aHo BbI~e, paSMepbI HpOrpaMMb! HpeDHORO*HTeRbHO 6y~yT HOCTeHeHHO yBe~MBaTbCH C OHM BbIpaBH~BaHMeM B done cTa6~RbHoro coTpy~HHHecTBa. COrRaCHO MODe~H, Hpe~araeMoH B KaHeCTBe ueRM paCm~peHMR ~eRTeRbHOCTH, paCHeTHble ro,qosbIe 3aTpaTbI ,~ Coe,~nHeHHbIx ~TaTos AMep~K~, Ha~Ha~ c 2003 t~HaHcosoro ro,qa, cocTasaT 5 MJIH. aMeplIKaHCKlIX AO=apOB (50~) Ha no~ep~Ky aMep~KaHcKnx coTpy~H~Kos; 2 M~H. aMep~KaHCKHX DO=apOB (20%) Ha no~ep*Ky sbI6paHHbIx acneKTos poccu~cKoro ~aCTHR B MepOUpH~TH~X, HpeDCTaBRH~MX OCO6bIM MHTepeC =R COeD~HeHHbIX ~TaTOB AMep~KH; 1 M~H. aMep~KaHCKHX ~O=apOB (10~) Ha pa3pa60T~ ~ OueHKy BbIHORHeHHS HpOeKTa ~ CODyTCTBy~He MepOUpH~THH; ~ 2 M~H. aMep~KaHCKHX DO~apOB (20~) Ha HO=ep*Ky Me*HpaB~Te~bCTBeHHOrO MexaHH3Ma ~ CODyTcTBy~oIuMx cHeuMa~3MpoBaHHEIx KoM~TeTos rIo Ha~30py 3a sceu ,renTeJIbHocTb~o. 06~ sK~a~ CIIIA 6y,qeT cocTas=Tb 10 M~H. aMep~KaHCKHX DOmapOB B ro,l, a OT pOCCH~CKHX y~pe~eHHM 6y~eT O*~DaTbCH _ V rIoKpbITHe )oRBIlIeH YaCTH CBOnX paCXO,QOB. O~AEMbIE PE3YJILTAThI IIPOrPAMME'I ~pe~araeMbIe COBMeCTHbIe MepOUpH~TH~ MO~T yCTaHOB~Tb 3HaY~TeRbHbIM ypOBeHb ~OBepHR Me~y Hay~HbIMM KpyraMM Poccn~ ~ COeD~HeHHb1X ~TaTOB AMep~K~, TeM CaMbIM CO~eUCTBy~ CMeHe AHH~OMaTHHeCKOrO TOHa B OTHOWeHMM aCHeKTOB Me~yHapODHOH 6e30HaCHoCTH B 06RaCTH OHaCHbIX HaTOreHOB. TaKHe MepOUpH~TH~ MOryT Bo3bIMeTb r~y6oKoe Hp~MOe ~ KOCBeHHOe BRH~HHe Ha CHH*eHHe yrpo3b~ paCHpOCTpaHeHHR ~ Teppop~3Ma. TaK*e, rIporpaMMa rIp~BHeCeT MHOrO noRe3Horo B De~o 60pb6bI C onacHbIMM MHC~eKUMOHHbIMM 3a6oneBaHH~MM ~ RBRH~Cb MO,QeRblO BCeMnpHOH DeBTeRbHocTH B yCROBH~X 60Ree nO~HOrO pacrIo3HaBaHHn OrIaCHOCTH HOBbIX ~ 3aHOBO nOBB=IOlU~XCH 3a6oneBaHHn BO MHOr~X CTpaHaX. Bepo~THbIM pe3y~bTaToM rIposeDeHHs MHOrOJIeTHeH llporpaMMbI B poccHM Ilpe,JCTaBRHeTCH rIepecTpo~Ka CTpyKTypbI Hay~HO-HCCReDOBaTeRbCKOrO Hpe~HpH~THR, 3aH~MaIoluerocn oHacHbIMM riaToreHaMn. Mccne~qosaTenbcKne HpoeKTbI 6y~yT BCe 6onEme COCpeDOTaH~BaTbCH B He60nbW0M KOnHHeCTBe nyHm~x y~pe~eHHM ~ KoTopbIe cTaHyT UeHTpaMM OT~. OHM ~on*HbI 6bITb 3a~HTepeCOBaHb! B OTbICKaHHM pa60TbI BHe 06~aCTH OHaCH~X HaTOPeHOB, HpH 3TOM B TOH Mepe, HpH KOTOpOH DpyrHe MHCTHTyTbI 6y~yT ocTaBaTbcH ~ClI3HeCHOC06HbIMH. 3To o6mee KOnHHeCTBO He BKnIOHaeT 3KcHepuMeHTaRbHbIe ripoeKTbI. 11

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TaK~M 06pa30M? MMeeTCH BbICOK~ BepORTHOCTb TOrO, HTO HpOrpaMMa Cyst CHOC06CTBOBaTb DOCTH*eHH~ UeReH M~H~CTepCTBa 060pOHb! CWA, 3aK~Hamm~xcH B HepaCHpOCTpaHeHHM ~ nepecTpo~Ke aCHeKTOB hero COBeTCKOrO KOMH~eKCa 6~0~0rMUeCKOrO BOOpy~eHHR B Hpe~HpH~THe MeHee paCHRbIBYaTOe, MeHee HeOUpeDeReHHO thee OpHeHTHpOBaHHOe Ha 06~eCTBeHHOe 3DpaBOOXpaHeHHe. 12