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TpaHCHapeHTHOCTb HaH~HaeTCH Ha ypOBHe HpOeKTa ~ Gotcha 6MTb OCHOBaHa Ha 066~Hb1X ~ CTa6~RBH~X KOHTaKTaX Meanly aMep~KaHCK~MM MCCReDOBaTeR~MM ~ MX pOCCH~CK~MM KOnJIeraMM, a TaK;Ke Ha pery~HpHux IlocemeHM~x o6~eKToB' rue HpOBOD~TCH Hay~HOe MCC~e~OBaHHe. B STOM CBH3H, MHTU Pa3Pa60TaR PYKOBO~CTBO Ho DOCTY~Y Ha 06~eKTM Ha YPOBHe DIPOeKTa (BPe3Ka 1-2~. XOTH 3TO pyKOBODCTBO HOCHT OrpaHM~eHHMM XapaKTep, OHM Hpe~CTaB=~T XOpOWylO MCXO~Hy~ 6a3y =H COTpy~HHHeCTBa. Co BpeMeHeM, 60Ree ~MpOKOe HOH~THe TpaHCHapeHTHOCTH, OH~CaHHOe B rRaBe l, PONCHO BK~HaTB 60Ree ~HpOKHM '1HaIla3oH llcc3Ie,QoBaTe~BcKoM 'ReRTe~BHocTH Ha ypOBHe MHCTHTyTa. ,0;O~HO 6bITb IIO,~HepKHyTO 3HaHeHHe Hp~MbIX KOHTaKTOB Me~y cHeuHanucTaMH. np~H~MaH BO BHuMaHMe oco6ylo 3HaH~MOCTb TeMbI, otHuHaRbHMe rIpaBuTeRbCTBeHHbIe RHua B o6eux CTpaHaX ,lOn*HbI yHaCTBOBaTb B pa3pa6oTKe ~ yTBep~eHHM ~poeKTos. O~HaKo, nocne TOrO, KaK HpOrpaMMa HpODeMOHCTp~pOBa~a, YTO ee pyKoso~cTso 6y,QyT ocyluecTB~TbcH CO BCeM OTBeTCTBeHHOCTblO, HpaB~Te~bCTBa ,QO=CHM CBeCTH CBOe sMemaTe~bcTso ~o M~HuMyMa. Kopo~e rosopH, OHM ,QO~HbI CTHMy~HpOBaTb OTBeTCTBeHHOe COTpy0HHHeCTBO, ~ HpH 3TOM Hpe~OCTaBR~Tb COTpy~HH~alOW~M y~eHbIM MaKCHMyM CB060DbI oc~e yCTaHOB]IeHHR OCHOBHbIX HpaBMR B OTHOmeHHn COTpy~HHHeCTBa. UeHTpa~bHbIM KOOp,lHHaUMOHHbIM HyHKT B HpaBuTeRbCTBe Ka=OM CTpaHbI DOR*eH H3Be~aTbCH O HRaH~pyeMOH COBMeCTHOH ~e~TeRbHOCTH. ~p~HUMaB BO BH~MaHMe so3pacTalo~ee KoJInllecTBo ,QByXCTOpOHHuX MepOIlpH~THM, Ba*HO, HT06bI UeHTpaJIbHbIe y~pasReHHn o6Ra,QaRH nocRe,JHeH MHtopMauMeH' Kacalo~e~cH n0,~06Hb1X MeporipH~THn. TaK KaK O,QHn ~ Te ~e ylIeHbIe MoryT yHaCTBOBaTb B IlpOeKTaX, rIpoBo~HMbIx rIo'l 3rM~0H pa3HbIX COBMeCTHbIX HpOrpaMM, rIo'Ro6HaH perMcTpauMB 6y'1eT KpanHe IIoJIe3Ha B cJIyHae, ecJIn OHa BKnIOHaeT BClO COBMeCTHylO ,Qe~Te~bHOCTb C yHacTHeM yUeHbIX B o6RacTH 060pOHbI. 3. Pe3y~bTaTbI COBMeCTHbIX ripOeKTOB ,lO~KHbI 6bITb paCHpOCTpaHeHbI cpe,1H KaK MO*HO 60~ee W~pOKOH 3a~HTepeCOBaHHOH ayD~TOpHM. ~pH B03MO*HOCTH pe3y~bTaTbI MCC~eDOBaHHM ~O~*HbI OHepaTHBHO ODy6~HKOBbIBaTbCH H~H DOBO~HTbCH ~0 CBe~eHH~ Me~yHapO~HOH ayD~TOpHM HOCpeDCTBOM Dpyr~x KaHaROB. Ba*HbIM aCHeKTOM Me~yHapODHOM HayKH RB=eTCH 06MeH pe3y~bTaTaMM HpOeKTOB. OHepaTHBHOe ~ W~pOKOe paCHpOCTpaHeHMe pe3y~bTaTOB ~O~HO OKa3bIBaTb HO~e3HOe ~e~CTBMe H0 CTHMy~MpOBaHM~ B3aMMHOrO 06MeHa MHtOpMaUMeH, HTO HOMOraeT H36e~aTb HeHy*HOrO ~y6~MpOBaHM~ MCC~eDOBaTe~bCKOH ~eNTeRbHOCTH HpH O~HOBpeMeHHOM paCIIIMpeHHM TpaHCIIapeHTHOCTH. ~HTe~eKTyaRbHaH C06CTBeHHOCTb ~ Tpe6y~He oco60ro 06pa~eHHR pe3y~bTaTb! DOR*HbI 6bITb 3alUM~eHbI. HeCMOTpS Ha ~e~aTeRbHOCTb ~HpOKOrO paCHpOCTpaHeHnH pe3y~bTaTOB MCCRe,QOBaHHn, yUeHbIe' pa6oTaIo~He B o6nacTH OnaCHbIX HaTOreHOB, o6Ra,Qalo~Mx nOTeHUManbHOH B03MO*HOCTblO Mx McHo~b3oBaHHR B 6Ho~orHHecKoM opy*~, HecyT oco6ylo OTBeTCTBeHHOCTb 3a rapaHTHIO TOrO, UTO, B COOTBeTCTBHM C KOHBeHUMeH O 6no~orn~ecKnx BH0aX opy*~n, MHtOpMaUHR =H c~y~e6Horo HO~b30BaHMR He nepe'~aeTcH HeOTBeTCTBeHHbIM CTOpOHaM. KpOMe TOrO, MccRe'~osaTe~H ~O~HbI 6bITb B COCTORHHM 3alUnTHTb MH+opMaunIo, KOTOpaH HMeeT KOMMepHeCKylO UeHHOCTb. ~O~eH 6bITb pa3pa6oTaH MeXaHH3M ,~ 06eCEIeHeHHn COOTBeTCTByIO~erO 6anaHCa Me~y CB060,QHbIM IIOTOKOM Hay~HOH MH+OpMaUHM ~ OrpaHM~eH~MM, OCHOBaHH~MM Ha 3T~X ~ByX 3aKOHHbIX IIpilH~HaX, B OTHO~eHMM OrpaHHHeHMN paCOpOCTpaHeHHR MHtOpMaUHM B KOHKpeTHbIX cRyHaRx. . ~paBa Ha MHTe~eKTyaRbHy~ C06CTBeHHOCTb, BbITeKa~He H3 COBMeCTHOM 9Te~bHOCTH, ~O~HbI 6bITb pa3~eReHbI Me~y yHaCTBy~MMM y~pe~eHM~MM Ha CHpaBe~MBbIX ~ paBHbIX yC~OBM~X. nO Mepe pa3BUTH~ COBMeCTHOrO HpOeKTa DOR*Ha B03paCTaTb B3aMMHaH yBepeHHOCTb B TOM, HTO COTpy~H~KH HpOeKTa He 6y~yT MCHO~b30BaTb MHTe~eKTya~bHy~ C06CTBeHHOCTb B HeUpe~yCMOTpeHHbIX ue~x; ~ 3Toro HpoeKTHbIe COr~a~eHHR DOR*HbI BKH~HaTb COOTBeTCTBy~He HORO*eHHR, KaCa~HeCH HpaB Ha TaK MHTeJI~eKTYaRbHY1O CO6CTBeHHOCTb. llOJIO;KeHH~ THrIOBOrO IlPOeKTHOrO COrJIaIIIeHM~ MHTLI, HpUBeDeHHbIe BO Bpe3Ke 2-2, 06eCHeH~Ba~T OTHpaBHOH HyHKT =H paCCMOTpeHMB Mep B OTHOIlleHHM KOHKpeTHbIX HpOeKTOB. 38

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BPeSKa 2.2 OCHOBHbIe MOMeHTL! BIOnO]KeH~ MOTIF B OTHOmeH~ HPaB Ha MHTenneKTYanbHY1O C06CTBeHHOCTb Bce HpaBa Ha pe3y~bTaTb! MCCReDOBaHMM Hp~H90Re~aT pOCCH~CKOMy MHCTHTyTy, KOTOpMM IlpOBO~HT HpOeKT. Bce CTOpOHb! MHTD ~Me~T Spat Ha 6ec~aTHb~e ~ueH3~ Ha nc~o~b30saHne pe3y~bTaTos lICCIIe~OBaHMM B HeKOMMepYeCKHX ue~x. 0)lIHaHClIpyK)~aR CTOpOHa MMeeT HpaBO Ha 6ec~aTHym 3KC=~3MBHy~ ~ueH3~m Ha MCHO~b30BaHMe pe3y~bTaTOB MCCReDOBaHMM B KOMMepYeCKHX He~nx Ha csoe~ Tepp~Topnn. POCCH~CKHM MHCTHTyT MO*eT MCHORb30BaTb pe3y~bTaTb! MCCRe~OBaHMM B KOMMepYeCKHX ~eR~X B ~pyr~x perHoHax M~pa H~H MO*eT IlO~yM~Tb leHe~cHylo KoMIleHcaLIMIo 3a ~HLleH3~H Ha no,qo6Hoe ncuon~30saHne. ~MHaHCHp~O~aR CTOpOHa ~ pOCCH~CKHM MHCTH~ MOr~ yCROB~TbCH O ~pyr~x ~OrOBOpeHHOCT=. [ICTO~H~K:YCTaB MHTU, CTaTbSXIII, 17MaPTa 1994 ro~a. OPrAHH3AUM51 MCC~E,D;OBATE:~bCKO0,ZI;ENTE:~LHOCTH B BY~Y~EM Ba*HbIe aCHeKTM COTpy~HMUeCTBa B 6~*aMWeM 6y~y~eM 6y~yT NBR~TbCH Kp~Tepn~Mn, ncrIoJIb3yeMbIMn ~n su60pa Ha~6oJIee o6ema~om~x cosMecTH~Ix rIpoeKTos, pa3Mepa ~ Ctepb! OT,QeRbHbIX HpOeKTOB lI tHHaHCOBbIX DOrOBOpeHHOCTeH B OTHOIIIeHHM IIo'=ep*KH IlpOeKTOB. Kp~rrep~ oqeHK~ I'pe,qno~KeH~ I'o ~ccne,qosaH - M KplITeplIM, pa3pa60TaHHMe B xoDe oueHKH 3KcHep~MeHTa~bHbIx HpOeKTOB ~ H3~0*eHHbIe paHee B HaCTOR~eH r~aBe, HO~XO~T =R OUeHKH DOCTOMHCTB 6y~ym~x rlpoeKToB. HH;Kec~e'JylomMe'~Ba KpUTepHR TaK'Ke MMeloT Ba~cHoe 3HaHeHHe B cRyHae BBe'ReHnH paCIIIMpeHHOH [IpOrpaMMM: i. BepoRTHocTb cTa6~bHocTH: HpoeKT '~o~*eH 6hITh MHTepecHbIM ,~ KOMMeplIeCKHX' IlpaBlITeRECTBeHHbIX H~H ,Qpyr~X OpraHM3aUMM, KOTOpMe XOTHT MCH0~630BaTh peSy~bTaTbI MCC~eDOBaHMM ~ o6~a~amT tHHaHCOBbIMM Cpe0CTBaMM ~ HpO~O~*eHH~ HO=ep~aHHR MCCRe~OBaHMM B o6me~ o6nacTn noc~e sasepmeHnn ~poeKTa. MHor~e acneKTb~ MCC)TeDOBaHHM B 06RaCTH OHaCHbIX HaTOreHOB CH~Ta~TCH BXO~HMM B tyHKUHM IlpaBlITeRbCTBa B ctepe o6mecTseHHoro 3~pasooxpaHeHnn; n03TOMy, ~ ~po~o~eHnn DeRTe~bHOCTH B p~e o6nacTen HecoMHeHHo Tpeby~oTcn o6mecTseHHbIe neHe*HbIe cpe~cTsa. Me~y TeM, B HeKoTopbIx o6nacTRx' HaHo~o6He ~HarHOCTHHeCKOH aHDapaTypbI ~ BaKUHH' CyIIleCTBeHHOe 3Ha~eHne MMelOT MepOUpH~TH~ n0 ~p~sne~eHn~o KOMMepHeCKHX opraH~3aU~ K Ilpe~OCTaBBeHMIO +MHaHCOBOM HO=ep*KH. 2. ~;O~e~iCTBMe CBR3RM Me~Y 06~eKTaMM ~JIM YUeHbIMM B 06JIaCTH 060pOHbI ~ rpa~aHcK~MM y~eHbIMM HnH 06~eKTaMH: B HPOeKTHOM ReRTeRbHOCTH RO~HEI HaMTH CBOe OTPa)KeHMe HOBMe BHYTPeHHMe CeTH. XOTH YUeHbIe B 06RaCTH 060POHM RBRBIOTCH Upe3BbIHanHO CrIOCo6HbIMM ~ HeKOTOpbIe rpa~aHCKHe OpraHHaaUHM 06Ra,QalOT 60nee 06~MpH~M OH~TOM ~ OtHUMaRbHbIMM tyHKUH~MM H0 peWeHMIO HpO6ReM 06~eCTBeHHOrO a~pasooxpaHeH~. B HeKoTopbIx c~y~a~x, MOF),T 6bITb yMeCTHM HpOeKTbI C yYaCTHeM paSHbIX OpraHM3aUMM, KOTOpbIe Hpe~yCMaTp~Ba~T HpH=eHeHHe CHeUMa~HCTOB H3 o60Mx CeKTOpOB; B ~pyr~x c~y~anx, Hpe'lHo~TeHHe Mo;KeT 6bITb OT~aHO ~OHOnHUTe~bHbIM HpOeKTaM. B ~60M cJIylIae, COBMeCTHaH ~eRTeRbHOCTb B 06RaCTH HRaHUpOBaHHR ~ KOOpD~HaUMM DOR*Ha CHOC06CTBOBaTb yCHeWHOMy BMHOnHeHH~ HpOeKTa ~ c6~*eHn~o DByX CeKTOpOB. Pa3Mep ~ 06'beM MCCJle~OBaT~bC~ ~OeKTOB B o6~eM c~yHae, 6y,ly~He HpOeKTbI ,lO~KHbI 6bITb 60nee Kpy~HbIMM ~ 60~ee =HTeJIbHbIMM H0 CBOeI! IIPO,QOn*HTeJIbHOCTH, HeM 3KCIIeP~MeHTaJIbHbIe TIPOeKTbI. MHTU 39

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MMe~ ~OBO~bHO KOHCTpyKTHBHblM OUbIT B o6RacTH no~ep*KH 60Ree Kp~Hb1X HpOeKTOB, HTO oTpa~aeT Ba*HOe 3Ha~eHne COBMeCTHOrO COXpaHeHHR HayYHO-HCCReDOBaTe~bCKHX Ko~eKTHBoB. KpoMe Toro, ycTaHoBneHMe 6o~b~oro HucRa He60~bW~X HpOeKTOB Hp~BOD~T K BbICOK~M ~M~H~CTpaTHBHbIM H3Dep*KaM. YMeCTHbIMM HpeDCTaBRHIOTCH Tpe~eTHHe HpOeKTb! C y~aCTHeM KO~eKTHBOB B COCTaBe OKORO 10 pOCCH~CKHX cHeuMaRMcToB. B TO ~e BpeMH, Ba*HOe SHaHeHHe HMeeT rM6KOCTb B OTHO~eHMM HO=ep*KH MeHee H~H 60Ree Kpy~Hb~x IpOeKTOB, B 3aB~CHMOCTH OT KOHKpeTHb1X ue~eH MCCReDOBaHHR. .HHaHCOBaR ~e~CTB=e~bHOCTb Ka~an cTopoHa, no Mepe B03MO)KHOCTH, ~O~*Ha HOKpbIBaTb CBOH CO6CTBeHHMe paCXODbI, CBR3aHHMe C COTpy~HM~eCTBOM, Hpe~yCMaTp~BaR paBHOe paCHpeDeReHMe 3aTpaT B Ka~ecTse ~o~rocpo~Ho~ ne~. np~H~MaR BO BH~MaHMe HMelO~HeCH B HaCTOR~ee BpeM~ B PoccHM tHHaHCOBble Tpy~HOCTH ~ TOT taKT, HTO ~eHe*HaH HO~ep~Ka RBRHeTCH e~HHCTBeHHbIM BM0OM BKRa~a B COBMeCTHbIM HpOeKT, HO~XO=~HM Hpe~CTaB=eTCH cne,~y~o~unu no~xo~ K HOKpbITH~ 3aTpaT HO COTpy~HHHeCTBy B 6~*aHWeM 6y~y~eM: I. B oTHomeHnn cosMecTHux ncc~elosaTenbcKnx rIpoeKTos: COe~HHeHHbIe ~TaTb! AMep~KH AOR*Hb! HOKpbIBaTb 3aTpaTb! Ha Tepp~TOpHM COeD~HeHHbIX ~TaTOB AMep~KH; ~ COeD~HeHHbIe ~TaTbI AMep~KH DOR*HbI yYaCTBOBaTb B HOKpbITHM 3aTpaT Ha Tepp~TOpHM PoccHM B COOTBeTCTBMM C HpaBMRaMM MHTD B OTHOWeHHM ~ODyCTHMb1X 3aTpaT (HaDpUMep, 3apunaTa, o60py,qosaHue, BCHOMOraTe~bHble MaTepHa~bI, HOe3DKH ~ 3aTpaTb! Ha lIClIO~b30BaHMe TeXHM~eCKHX CHeUMaRMCTOB, BblY~C~HTeRbHb~ Cpe~CTB ~ BCHOMOraTeRbHOe 06C~y*MBaHHe, 06yC~OBReHHbIe OCO6eHHOCTHMM HpOeKTa) ~ ~O~HbI O~aHRBaTb paCXODbI aMepilKaHCKHX COTpy~H~KOB Ha Tepp~TOpHM POCCHM, HpH STOM POCCH~ HORpbIBaeT HpOHHe HpOM3BO~CTBeHHbIe, a~M~H~CTpaTHBHbIe ~ KOCBeHHbIe 3aTpaTbI. 2. . yHaCTH~KOB; . B oTHoIIleHnn TexHn~ecKmx coseIuaHnn ~ ceM~Hapos Ha TeppuTop~ Poccn~: COe~HHeHHbIe ~TaTbI AMep~KH ~O~*HbI HOKp~BaTb paCXODbI aMep~KaHCKHX PoCClI~ ~O~*Ha HOKpbIBaTb paCXODbI pOCCH~CKHX yYaCTH~KOB; ~ 06e CTpaHbI ~O~HbI paCHpeDe=Tb 3aTpaTbI, CBH3aHHbIe C HpOBODUMbIMM MepOIIplIRTH~MH. 3. B oTHomeHnn TexHu~ecKmx cosemaH~n ~ ceM~Hapos Ha Tepp~Top~n COeD~HeHHbIX ~TaTbI AMep~KH: POCCIIR ~OR*Ha HOKpbIBaTb paCXODbI, CBR3aHHbIe C Me~yHapODHbIMM epee3,QaMH; a . COeD~HeHHbIe ~TaTbI AMep~KH DO~*HbI HOKpbIBaTb BCe HpoUMe 3aTpaTbI. 40

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