Allan D. Murray

Technical Planning Manager

New Generation of Vehicles Program Office

Ford Motor Company

The American Rd, Rm. 354

P.O. Box 1898

Dearborn, Michigan 48121-1899

Telephone: 313-322-5066

Rapifax: 313-594-7303

December 6, 1995

Mr. Trevor O. Jones

National Research Council

2101 Constitution Avenue Washington, DC 20418

Subject: Electric Vehicle Position

Reference: Your November 21, 1995, Memo (Attached)

You requested PNGV to provide a position on straight electric vehicles (vs hybrid electrics). As you know, USCAR sponsors active development of electric vehicle energy storage devices, and each OEM has aggressive electric vehicle development programs. There are many common needs between straight electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles. Both require maximum weight reduction, high efficiency electric motors, inverters, low energy accessories, low rolling resistance tires, etc.

Primarily as a result of limitations in existing and projected energy storage devices, straight electrics in the PNGV timeframe are unlikely to meet PNGV's objectives of affordability and functional equivalence. Functional limitations include range, speed of “re-fueling”, and package space and there are infrastructure concerns. Affordability issues include the initial cost and replacement cost of high-energy storage devices.. The cost of electric drivetrains and associated power electronics must also come down, as they must for hybrid electrics.

Electric vehicles have a relatively low probability of meeting the PNGV “Goal 3” requirements within the next decade. In the long-term we anticipate that possible significant improvements in the cost and efficiency of storage devices, electric drives and high power electronics could be achieved. Thus, the possibility of significant “breakthrough” improvements which would make straight electric vehicles viable, cannot be totally ruled out.

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