REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAM OF THE PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLES

SECOND REPORT

Standing Committee to Review the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles

Board on Energy and Environmental Systems

Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems

Transportation Research Board

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
1996



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page R1
REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAM OF THE PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLES: SECOND REPORT REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAM OF THE PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLES SECOND REPORT Standing Committee to Review the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles Board on Energy and Environmental Systems Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems Transportation Research Board National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. 1996

OCR for page R1
REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAM OF THE PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLES: SECOND REPORT National Academy Press 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C.20418 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Harold Liebowitz is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Harold Liebowitz are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. This report and the study on which it is based were supported by Contract No. DTNH22-94-G-07414 from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. Limited copies of this report are available from the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418. Copyright 1996 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

OCR for page R1
REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAM OF THE PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLES: SECOND REPORT Standing Committee to Review the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles TREVOR O. JONES (chair,) NAE, Libbey-Owens-Ford Company (retired), Cleveland, Ohio DONALD J. BAILEY, Ohio Aerospace Institute, Cleveland, Ohio (from September 1995) HARRY E. COOK, NAE, University of Illinois, Urbana (until September 1995) R. GARY DIAZ, Case Corporation, Burr Ridge, Illinois KENNERLY H. DIGGES, George Washington University, Ashburn, Virginia DEBORAH GORDON, Union of Concerned Scientists, Washington, D.C. DAVID HAGEN, Michigan Center for High Technology, Detroit, Michigan ROBERT L. HIRSCH, Energy Technology Collaborative, Inc., Washington, D.C. CRAIG MARKS, NAE, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor SEYMOUR L. MEISEL, NAE, Mobil Oil Corporation (retired), Princeton, New Jersey JEROME G. RIVARD, NAE, Global Technology and Business Development, Harrison Township, Michigan VERNON P. ROAN, University of Florida, Palm Beach Gardens SUPRAMANIAM SRINIVASAN, Texas A&M University, College Station VICKIE V. SUTTON, Uniformed Services University for the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland C. MICHAEL WALTON, NAE, The University of Texas at Austin Committee Subgroup on Systems Analysis JEROME G. RIVARD (chair) R. GARY DIAZ DAVID HAGEN VERNON P. ROAN Committee Subgroup on Powertrains CRAIG MARKS (chair) DAVID HAGEN VERNON P. ROAN SUPRAMANIAM SRINIVASAN

OCR for page R1
REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAM OF THE PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLES: SECOND REPORT Committee Subgroup on Materials DAVID HAGEN (chair) DONALD J. BAILEY HARRY E. COOK SEYMOUR L. MEISEL Committee Subgroup on Infrastructure and Safety KENNERLY H. DIGGES (chair) DEBORAH GORDON SEYMOUR L. MEISEL VICKIE V. SUTTON C. MICHAEL WALTON Committee Subgroup on Program Management ROBERT L. HIRSCH (chair) JEROME G. RIVARD VICKIE V. SUTTON MICHAEL WALTON Committee Subgroup on National Commitment DEBORAH GORDON (chair) KENNERLY H. DIGGES VICKIE V. SUTTON Project Staff MAHADEVAN MANI, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems JILL WILSON, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems NAN HUMPHREY, Transportation Research Board WENDY LEWALLEN, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems

OCR for page R1
REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAM OF THE PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLES: SECOND REPORT Board on Energy and Environmental Systems H. M. (HUB) HUBBARD (chair), Pacific International Center for High Technology Research (retired), Honolulu, Hawaii RICHARD MESERVE (vice chair), Covington & Burling, Washington, D.C. R. DARRYL BANKS, World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C. ALLAN BARD, NAS, The University of Texas at Austin JAN BEYEA, National Audubon Society, New York, New York DAVID E. DANIEL, The University of Texas at Austin LINDA C. DOLAN, Martin Marietta Electronics and Missiles, Orlando, Florida ROBERT L. HIRSCH, Energy Technology Collaborative, Inc., Washington, D.C. FRANCOIS E. HEUZE, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California THOMAS O'ROURKE, NAE, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York LAWRENCE T. PAPAY, NAE, Bechtel Group, Inc., San Francisco, California RUTH A. RECK, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois JOEL SPIRA, NAE, Lutron Electronics Company, Inc., Coopersburg, Pennsylvania Liaison Members from the Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems RICHARD A. CONWAY, NAE, Union Carbide Corporation, South Charleston, West Virginia TREVOR O. JONES, NAE, Libbey-Owens-Ford Company (retired), Cleveland, Ohio Staff MAHADEVAN MANI, director (to February 1996) JAMES ZUCCHETTO, director (from February 1996) JILL WILSON, senior program officer TRACY WILSON, senior program officer SUSANNA CLARENDON, administrative assistant WENDY LEWALLEN, senior project assistant

OCR for page R1
REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAM OF THE PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLES: SECOND REPORT ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The committee wishes to thank all the members of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles who contributed significantly of their time and effort to this National Research Council review, whether by giving presentations at meetings, providing responses to committee requests for information, or hosting site visits. The committee also acknowledges the valuable contributions of organizations outside the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, including those from outside the United States, who provided information on advanced vehicle technologies and development initiatives. Finally, the chairman wishes to recognize the committee members and the staff of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems of the National Research Council for their hard work during the meetings and for their individual efforts in gathering information and writing sections of the report.

OCR for page R1
REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAM OF THE PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLES: SECOND REPORT ACRONYMS ABS anti-lock braking system ACC Automotive Composites Consortium AISI American Iron and Steel Institute ANSI American National Standards Institute ATP Advanced Technology Program CAD computer-aided design CAE computer-aided engineering CAM computer-aided manufacture CFD computerized flow dynamics CNG compressed natural gas CRADA cooperative research and development agreement CVT continuously variable transmission DICI direct-injection, compression-ignition DOC U.S. Department of Commerce DOD U.S. Department of Defense DOE U.S. Department of Energy DOT U.S. Department of Transportation EPA Environmental Protection Agency FMEA failure modes and effects analysis FY fiscal year GFRP graphite fiber-reinforced polymer HEV hybrid electric vehicle ITS Intelligent Transportation System LEP Low Emission Partnership NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NSF National Science Foundation NRC National Research Council OBD on-board diagnostics OEM original equipment manufacturer OTA Office of Technology Assessment PEM proton exchange membrane PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles R&D research and development SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SID side impact dummy SRIM structural resin-injection molding TACOM Tank Automotive Command ULEV ultra-low emission vehicle USCAR United States Council for Automotive Research WWW World Wide Web

OCR for page R1
REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAM OF THE PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLES: SECOND REPORT This page in the original is blank.