The panel also makes the following recommendations to NOAA and the other federal agencies for space science data:

  1. NOAA should work more closely with NARA in documenting and establishing directories of its holdings and providing access to them.

  2. NASA should continue to support and improve its active archive services, and strengthen its working relationships in those areas with the scientific community on the one hand and with NARA on the other.

  3. NSF should require that all appropriate level-0 data obtained under its auspices be properly documented and archived.

  4. All federal agencies producing space science data should have in place mechanisms that provide for a proper archive copy of their data.

  1. Finally, the panel urges a strengthened relationship among all the R&D agencies, with significant NARA participation, to ensure that:

    • All data are readily available to scientists anywhere;

    • Data are shared and not duplicated;

    • Each agency fulfills its responsibility for quality controls; metadata structures; documentation of analysis, forms, and systems designed to process the data; and production of data products and development of services and mechanisms for making the data available and usable by the scientist and nonscientist alike; and

    • Each agency participates in electronic networks that enable access, sharing, and transfer of data.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The panel gratefully acknowledges the assistance of Paul Uhlir and Julie Esanu in the preparation of this report, as well as the following individuals, who provided briefings and other information: Joseph Allen, NGDC; Joseph Bredekamp, NASA; Dean Bundy, Naval Research Laboratory; David deYoung, National Optical Astronomical Observatory; Robert Frederick, Air Force Space Forecast Center; Joseph King, NSSDC; Knox Long, Space Telescope Science Institute; Guenther Riegler, NASA Astrophysics Division; Jud Stailey and Thomas Smith, Air Force Environmental Technical Applications Center; Earl Tech and Steven Blair, Los Alamos National Laboratory; Raymond Walker, UCLA; and James Willett, NASA Space Physics Division.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

King, Joseph. 1993. “Saving the Right Data,” NSSDC News, (4)8, Winter 1992/93.

National Academy of Public Administration. 1991. The Archives of the Future: Archival Strategies for the Treatment of Electronic Databases, A Report for the National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 1992a. OSSA Information Systems Program Annual Report 1992, Office of Space Science and Applications, Washington, D.C.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 1992b. State of the Data Union, Office of Space Science and Applications, Information Systems Branch , Washington, D.C.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 1992c. 1991 Annual Statistics and Highlights Report, National Space Science Data Center, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 1993. Magellan Archive Policy and Data Transfer Plan, Final Revision G, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). 1985. Saving the Right Stuff, Office of Records Administration, Washington, D.C.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). 1990. Managing Electronic Records, Office of Records Administration, Washington, D.C.

National Research Council (NRC). 1982. Data Management and Computation, Volume 1: Issues and Recommendations, Committee on Data Management and Computation, Space Science Board , National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

National Research Council (NRC). 1984. Solar-Terrestrial Data Access, Distribution, and Archiving, Joint Panel of the Committee on Solar and Space Physics and the Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.



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