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Appends Table

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`363 Vitamin Tolerance of Animals APPENDIX TABLE Estimated Vitamin Requirements of Domestic and Laboratory Animals (Dry Diet Bases) Vitamin K Vitamin A Vitamin D Vitamin E (menadione) Vitamin C Species (IU/kg BW/day) (IU/kg diet) (IU/kg BW/day) (IU/kg diet) (IU/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) - Birds~ Chickens q growing chicks 1,500 200 10 0.5 laying hens 4,000 500 5 0.5 breeding hens 4,000 500 10 0.5 Ducks q starting and growing ducks 4,000 220 0.4 breeding ducks 4,000 500 0.4 Geese q starting and growing geese 1,500 200 breeding geese 4,000 200 Pheasants q starting and growing pheasants Quail q starting bobwhite quail breeding bobwhite quail starting and growing Japanese quail 5,000 1,200 12 1 breeding Japanese quail 5,000 1,200 25 1 Turkeys q growing poults 4,000 900 10-12 0.8-1.0 breeding turkey hens 4,000 900 25 1 Catsb 10,000 1,000 80 q Cattle q dry heifersC 42 2,200 6.6 300 dairy bullsC 42 2,200 6.6 300 lactating cowsC 76 3,200 300 pregnant dry cowsC 3,200 300 beef cattle 2,200 275 Dogse 5,000 500 50 q Fishes breamf carpf 10,000 200-300 catfishf 1,000-2,000 500-1,000 30 60 Goldwater species" 2,500 2,400 30 10 100 Foxesh 2,440 q Goatsi 24-60 4.8-12.9 q Guinea pigs 23,333 1,000 50 5 200 Hamstersk 3,636 2,484 3 4 q Horsesi q ponies 25 gestating mares 50 lactating mares 55-65 weanlings, yearlings 40 2^year-olds 30 Micek 500 150 20 3 q Minkh 27 4 Nonhuman primatesm 10,000-15,000 2,000 50 . 100 Rabbitsn q growing 580 40 pregnant ~ 1,160 40 0.2 lactating 40 Ratsk 4,000 1,000 30 0.5 4

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Summary 89 Pantothenic Thiamin Niacin Riboflavin Pyridoxine Folacin Acid Biotin Vitamin Be Choline (mg/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) (mglkg diet) (mg/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) (mgtkg diet) (pa/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) 1.8 27 3.6 2.5-3.0 0.25-0.55 10 0.1-0.15 3-9 500-1,300 0.8 10 2.2 3 0.25 2.2 0.1 4 0.8 10 3.8 4.5 0.35 10 0.15 4 55 4 2.6 11 40 4 3 11 35-55 2.5-4.0 15 20 4 40-60 3.0-3.5 10 1,000-1,500 30 3.8 13 1,500 20 4 15 1,000 40 4 3 1 10 0.3 3 2,000 20 4 3 1 15 0.15 3 1,500 2.0 40-70 2.5-3.6 3.0-4.5 0.7-1.0 9-11 0.1-0.2 3 800-1,900 2.0 30 4 4 1 16 0.15 3 1,000 5 45 5 4 1 10 0.5 20 2,000 11.4 2.2 1 0.18 10 0.1 22 1,250 5-6 30-50 1 4,000 28 7 5-6 10-20 1 14 9 3 5 40 1 20 3,000 10 150 20 10 1 9.6 3.7-5.5 1.8 0.2 7.4 2 10 3 3 4 20 0.3 10 1,000 20 90 15 6 2 40 0.6 10 2,000 5 1.3 4 10 20 50 1.6 1.6 5 0.5 10 0.2 10 600 0.5 8 0.12 32.6 2.5 0.2 15 0.1 180 39 1,200 20 3 6 1 8 50 1.000

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90 Vitamin Tolerance of Animals APPENDIX TABLE-Continued Vitamin K - VitanlinA Vitamin D Vitamin E (menadione) Vitamin C Species (IU/kg BW/day) (IU/kg diet) (IU/kg BW/day) (IU/kg diet) (IU/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) . Sheep q ewes, nonlactating, early gestation 26 5.6 ewes, late gestation, lactation 35 5.6 rams 43 5.6 lambs, early-weaned 35 6.6 lambs, finishing 26 5.5 Shrimpsf 10,000 SwineP q growing, finishing 1,300-2,200 125-200 11 2 bred gilts and sows, boars 4,000 200 10 2 lactating gilts and sows 2,000 200 10 2 aNational Research Council. 1984. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 8th rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 71 pp. National Research Council. 1978. Nutrient Requirements of Cats. Rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 56 pp. National Research Council. 1978. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 5th rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 76 pp. National Research Council. 1984. Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle. 6th rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 90 pp. National Research Council. 1985. Nutrient Requirements of Dogs. Rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 56 pp. National Research Council. 1983. Nutrient Requirements of Warmwater Fishes and Shellfishes. Rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 63 pp. "National Research Council. 1981. Nutrient Requirements of Coldwater Fishes. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 63 pp. hNational Research Council. Nutrient Requirements of Mink and Foxes. 1982. 2nd rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 72 pp. "National Research Council. 1981. Nutrient Requirements of Goats: Angora, Dairy, and Meat Goats in Temperate and Tropical Countries. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 91 pp. Recommended dietary allowances (not requirements) are given for this species. kNational Research Council. 1978. Nutrient Requirements of Laboratory Animals. 3rd rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 96 PP. iNational Research Council. 1978. Nutrient Requirements of Horses. 4th rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 33 pp. mNational Research Council. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates. 1978. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 83 pp. nNational Research Council. 1977. Nutrient Requirements of Rabbits. 2nd rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 33 pp. National Research Council. 1975. Nutrient Requirements of Sheep. 5th rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 72 pp. National Research Council. 1979. Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 8th rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 52 pp. qAscorbic acid is not a dietary essential for this species.

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Appendix Tables 91 Pantothenic Thiamin Niacin Riboflavin Pyridoxine Folacin Acid Biotin Vitamin BE Choline (mg/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) (pa/kg diet) (mg/kg diet) 120 120 120 600 1.1-1.3 10-22 2.2-3.0 1.1-1.5 0.6 11-13 0.1 11-22 400-1,100 10 3 1 0.6 12 0.1 15 1,250 10 3 1 0.6 12 0.1 15 1,250

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