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APPENDIX C GIossaIy AcRoN`Ms AAFP American Academy of Family Physicians AAMC Association of American Medical Colleges AAOM American Academy of Occupational Medicine ABFP American Board of Family Practice ABIM American Board of Internal Medicine ABMS America,n Board of Medical Specialties ABP American Board of Pediatrics ABPM American Board of Preventive Medicine ACEP American College of Emergency Physicians ACP American College of Physicians ACPM American College of Preventive Medicine ACS American College of Surgeons AMA American Medical Association AOMA American Occupational Medical Association APhA American Pharmaceutical Association ASIM American Society of Internal Medicine ATPM Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics B.S. Bachelor of Science CCERP Committee to Coordinate Environmental and Related Programs CDC Centers for Disease Control CEH Center for Environmental Health CME Continuing Medical Education COSH Coalitions for Occupational Study and Health DHEW Department of Health, Education, and Welfare DHHS Department of Health and Human Services DP Disease Prevention EOHSI Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute EPA Environmental Protection Agency ERC Educational Resource Center FDA Food and Drug Administration FLEX Federation Licensing Examination GMENAC Graduate Medical Education National Advisory Committee HHS Health and Human Services HMO Health Maintenance Organization HP Health Promotion HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration 95
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IOM LCCME MD MMWR MPA MPH M.S. SISHA NAS NBME NCTR NIEHS NIH NIOSH NLM NRC OEHH OEM OHH OSHA PCP PHS PRA Sc.D. SOEH SSDI STEM WC WHO DATA BASES Institute of Medicine Liaison Committee on Continuing Medical Education Medical Doctor Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Master of Public Administration Master of Public Health Master of Science Mine Safety and Health Administration National Academy of Sciences National Board of Medical Examiners National Center for Toxicological Research National Institute of Environmental Health Science National Institutes of Health National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health National Librar, of Medicine National Research Council Occupational and Environmental Health History Occupational and Environmental Medicine Occupational Health History Occupational Safety and Health Administration Primary Care Physician Public Health Service Physicians Recognition Award Doctor of Science Society for Occupational and Environmental Health Social Security Disability Insurance Society of Teachers of Family Medicine Workers' Compensation World Health Organization DXplain is a computer-based diagnostic assistance system developed at the Massachusetts General Hospital Laboratory of Computer Science. The program provides access to a medical diagnosis knowledge base of over 2,000 diseases via a user interface that accepts a description of patient findings and generates a list of disorders having some or all of the characteristics entered. Online access to the program by physicians is provided by the American Medical Associanon's AMA/NET computer networks. REDLINE is the world's largest biomedical bibliographic online search system. Developed and maintained by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), MEDLINE contains over 5 million citations and covers articles appearing in over 3,000journals, monographs, and other technical publications. MEDLINE is available through direct dial-in access to the NLM, through several private U.S. vendors, and via a network of 15 international centers located around the world. The Physician Data QueIy (PDQ) system is an online cancer treatment resource developed and maintained by the National Cancer Institute. It includes concise summaries of the staging, treatment, and prognosis of all major types of human cancer, listings of experimental cancer therapy protocols available nationwide, and directories of physicians and organizations in 96
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valved in cancer treatment. PDQis available online from the NLM and from several private data base vendors. TOXLINE is a specialized online bibliographic file of the NLM that covers the pharmacological, biochemical, physiological, and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals. Like MEW LINE, it is available by dial-in access to the NLM computer system. TOXNET is a collection of factual data base files containing toxicology dam. Its component files include the Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB), Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System (CCRIS), and Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS). TOXNET is built and maintained by the NLM, and like MEDLINE and TOXLINE, is available for searching via dial-in access over public telecommunications networks. 97