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Appendix D Biographical Sketches of Committee Members RUTHERFORD H. PLATT, chairman, is a professor of geography and planning law at the University of Massachu- setts at Amherst. He received a B.A. from Yale in 1962, a J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School in 1967, and a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1971. He served on the National Research Council's Committees on Flood Insurance Studies, Federal Water. Resource Research, and National Flood Insurance Program Levee Policy. He is a member of the Urban Ecosystems Directorate of the U.S. Man and the Biosphere Program. Dr. Platt's research interests include land-use management; natural hazards; and manage- ment of coastal areas, floodplains, and wetlands. He is co- editor of the book Cities on the Beach: Management Issues of Developed Coastal Barriers, and the author of numerous other publications on floodplain, coastal, and wetland policy. MILNER BALL is Caldwell Professor of Constitutional Law at the University of Georgia Law School. He received an A.B. from Princeton University in 1 95S, an S.T.B. from Harvard University in 1961, a J.D. from the University of Georgia in 1971, and was a Fulbright Fellow at the Univer- sity of Tuebingen from 1961-62. He has served as a news reporter for various newspapers and is a minister of the Presbyterian Church, U.S.A. He was editor-in-chief of the Georgia Law Review from 1970-71 and staff member on the Secretary of Statets Advisory Committee on the U.N. Con 119

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120 A ppend ix D Camden, NJ., from 1972-78 and was a senior fellow at the Dean Rusk Center for International and Comparative Law from 1978-81. He is past president of the Athens chapter of the Lawyers Alliance for Nuclear Arms Control, a founding member of the Law and Humanities Institute, and a member of the International Council on Environmental Law. Included in the list of Mr. Ball's wide-ranging interests are environ- mental law, the law of the sea, and the management and legal aspects of natural resources. BEN GERWICK is a professor of civil engineering at the University of California at Berkeley, where he teaches courses in construction engineering and management. He was an executive in the construction industry for 30 years before taking his present university post in 1971. Since then he also has been involved as a consulting engineer on marine and foundation projects, including major bridges and offshore platforms. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and serves on the Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems of the National Research Council. He is past chairman of the Marine Board and a past member of the Polar Research Board. He is a Fellow and Honorary Member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the American Concrete Institute, the Prestressed Concrete Insti- tute and the Federation Internationale de la Precontrainte. EUGENE HARLOW is a coastal engineer. He received the degrees of B.A. in 1935 and M.S. in 1936 from Harvard University. He is vice president of SOROS Associates, a major engineering firm in New York City, and recently was executive vice president and director of Frederic R. Harris, Inc. He has more than 35 years' professional experience in planning, design, and construction of ports and harbors, including docks, piers, cofferdams, heavy foundations, break- waters, and offshore structures. He has published numerous technical articles on these subjects. Mr. Harlow is a member of the National Research Councils Marine Board, the Amer- ican Society of Civil Engineers, the American Association of Port Authorities, the Permanent International Association of Navigation Congresses, and many other national and interna- tional professional engineering organizations. He chaired the Marine Board's Technical Panel on Ports, Harbors, and Navi

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Biographical Sketches 121 gallon Channels and was a member of the Marine Board's Panel on Harbor/Port Entrance Design. FRANCIS ROSS HOLLAND is a historian. He received a B.C.S. from the University of Georgia in Atlanta in 1950 and an M.A. in history from the University of Texas in 1958. He is writing a history of the Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island res- toration project. Previously, he was the assistant to the President of the Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation Inc., and has held various positions in the National Park Ser- vice since 1950, most recently in cultural resources manage- ment. In 1976 he received the Meritorious Service Award from the Department of Interior for his contributions to his- toric preservation and the Distinguished Service Award in 1983 for his contributions to the National Park Service's Cultural Resource Management Program. His areas of research interest include maritime history, especially shore whaling and lighthouse administration; Spanish explorations, historic preservation, and the cultural resources of the national park system. VALERIE I. NELSON is the executive director of the Lighthouse Preservation Society. She received a B.A. from Radcliffe College in 1969, an M.Sc. from the London School of Economics in 1971, and a Ph.D. from Yale University in 1977. She has been a visiting assistant professor at MIT, and a consultant in public policy for the National Academy of Sciences, the General Accounting Office, and the Center for Employment and Income Studies at Brandeis University. Previously, she was a research associate at University Con- sultants Inc. from 1972-81, and an instructor and a lecturer at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University from 1974-77 and from 1977-79. Dr. Nelson's research inter- ests include adult and vocational education, urban develop- ment, and the economics and sociology of employment. DAG NUMMEDAL is a professor of geology at Louisiana State University. He holds B.A. and M.A. degrees from the University of Oslo, Norway, and a Ph.D. from the University of Illinois. His research has concentrated on shallow marine sedimentation, particularly tidal inlet stability and tidal delta sedimentation; barrier island evolution; and shoreline change.

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122 A ppend ix D His current research focuses on sedimentation in modern and ancient continental shelves. Dr. Nummedal has served as consulting geologist to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and is a member of the Coastal Engineering Board of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. He has served on the NRC Committee on Engineering Implications of Changes in Relative Mean Sea Level. CHARLES HENRY PETERSON is a professor of marine science and biology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he has worked since 1976. He received an A.B. from Princeton University in 1968 and an M.A. in zoology and a Ph.D. in biology from the University of Cali- fornia at Santa Barbara in 1970 and 1972. He has taught at the University of California Extension (1970-72), the Univer- sity of California at Santa Barbara ~ 1971 -72), and the Uni- versity of Maryland ~ 1972-76~. ~~ Fellow in 1972 and served on National Science rounua~on review panels in biological oceanography in 1980 and 1985- 1987. Dr. Peterson's main areas of research are population biology, ~~ ~ - - -I ticularly species diversity of marine benthic invertebrates and barrier island plants. He is a member of the National Science Foun- dation's Ocean Sciences Advisory Committee and recently of the North Carolina Marine Fisheries Commission. ^F M~rvl~nc1 ( 1979-761 , He was a Ford Foundation _ ~. ~a ~ _ _ 1 _ ~_ fisheries management, and community ecology, par- competition, predation, life history patterns, and .' ALAN H. YORKDALE (deceased) was the vice president for engineering and research at the Brick Institute of Ameri- ca. He studied civil engineering at Montgomery College, - George Washington University, and the University of Virginia. H~ served on the board of directors and was a fellow of the American Society for Testing and Materials, which honored him with an award of merit in 1985. Mr. Yorkdale was also on the board of directors of the Building Seismic Safety Council and authored or coauthored several articles and tech- nical papers on the research, design, and construction of brick masonry. design, building products. ~. His codes, expertise included earthquake-proof structural engineering, and masonry

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Biographical Sketches 123 PAUL ZIA is a professor and head of the Department of Civil Engineering at North Carolina State University in Raleigh. He received civil engineering degrees of B.S. from the National Chiao Tung University of China in 1949, M.S. from the University of Washington in 1952, and Ph.D. from the University of Florida in 1960. He has taught engineering at the University of California at Berkeley and at the Uni- versity of Florida in Gainesville. From 1953-55 he was vice president and chief structural engineer at Lakeland Engineer- ing Associates in Lakeland, Florida. Dr. Zia is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the Prestressed Con- crete Institute, and the American Society for Engineering Education. He is a fellow of the American Concrete Institute and the American Society of Civil Engineers and has received several awards for his contributions to civil engineering. His principal areas of expertise are in failure investigation and strength evaluation of reinforced and prestressed concrete structures and the properties and application of high-strength concrete. Staff DAVID POLICANSKY, project director, is a senior pro- gram officer with the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. He received his B.A. from Stanford University and his M.S. and Ph.D. in biology from the University of Oregon. Dr. Policansky formerly did research and taught genetics, evolution, ichthyology, and ecology at the Univer- sity of Massachusetts in Boston, Harvard University, and the University of Oregon. He also has done research on fishes at the Northeast Fisheries Center in Woods Hole and the New England Aquarium in Boston. In his currrent position at the NRC, Dr. Policansky is responsible for oversight several com- mittees. His expertise and intersts include ecology, evolu- tion, fisheries biology, and environmental policy. Dr. Poli- cansky is the author and coauthor of papers on sex changes in plants and animals, the costs of asexual versus sexual reproduction, the inheritance of asymmetry in flounders, and cumulative environmental effects, among others.

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