how the departure will affect the JILA operations; and a realistic estimate of retirements and plans for replacements.

Major Observations of the Subpanel

Major observations of the subpanel are presented below.

  • JILA is at a crucial moment of change. The confluence of retirements, new research directions, and the decision that the astrophysics component will leave JILA brings the institute to a transition point. Management of this transition will require careful planning, obtaining the proper support from NIST and the University of Colorado, and vigilant implementation of the plan.

  • Precision measurement and metrology are at the heart of JILA and its success. Renewing the institute in a way that allows it to maintain its preeminence in these areas is essential. The subpanel is convinced that efforts in these fields have enlivened the science at JILA and allowed the institute to obtain the respect and support that it enjoys in the scientific community.

  • JILA has added excellent junior (Fellow-track) staff in the last 2 years. In the next few years, further additions of young staff who complement existing expertise and can carry JILA in newly defined directions are crucial.

  • Now is the time to define the JILA of the future through careful discussion and planning. The institute has already taken an important step by deciding on a future in which the astrophysicists are no longer associated with JILA. Now the institute is faced with the challenge of obtaining the support necessary to implement this transition. Successful change is possible only if NIST and the University of Colorado are willing to provide the proper institutional backing. From the NIST viewpoint, the proposal to reshape JILA without an astrophysics component by adding two NIST Fellows and two University Fellows is sound. Retiring Fellows must also be replaced for JILA to maintain an appropriate size. Management of these hiring activities will require considerable work by the Fellows and others.

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