Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 3
Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States 1 DOCTORAL POPULATION IN THE SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING Distribution by Field The estimated population of science and engineering doctorates 1 in 1995 was 542,500. For this project, the population was defined to include Ph.D.s who earned their degrees in a science or engineering field from a U.S. institution between January 1942 and June 1994 and who were age 75 or younger and residing in the United States in April 1995. Twenty percent of the science and engineering Ph.D. population was composed of doctorates in biological sciences (see Table 1 ). The next largest components were engineering doctorates (16 percent), psychology doctorates (15 percent), and social science doctorates (14 percent). FIGURE 1. Science and engineering Ph.D. population, by field of doctorate, 1995. 1 Appendix D provides a list of detailed science and engineering Ph.D. fields and shows how they were grouped into the broad fields used for analysis in this report.