TABLE 2 Demographic Characteristics of Science and Engineering Ph.D.s, by Field of Doctorate, 1995 (in percent)

 

Field of Doctorate

 

Demographic Characteristics

All Fields

Computer Sciences

Mathematical Sciences

Chemistry

Physics and Astronomy

Earth/Atmospheric/Marine Sciences

Agricultural/Environmental Sciences

Biological Sciences

Health Sciences

Social Sciences

Psychology

Engineering

Total Population (No.)

542,500

6,600

25,200

61,400

38,700

16,500

22,400

109,900

16,900

75,800

82,200

87,000

Year of Doctorate

 

1942-49

0.6

0.0

0.8

2.0

0.8

0.7

0.4

0.4

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.3

1950-59

5.9

0.0

4.0

10.9

8.3

4.8

7.1

6.2

1.9

4.9

4.2

4.8

1960-69

15.0

0.0

20.6

20.2

19.8

16.6

16.0

14.5

6.6

13.5

10.9

15.7

1970-79

28.5

5.1

35.8

25.5

31.0

28.9

27.2

28.3

24.1

33.8

28.8

25.7

1980-89

30.9

43.7

24.0

26.2

24.4

29.4

32.3

31.3

37.8

31.2

36.4

30.5

1990-94

19.2

51.2

14.9

15.1

15.7

19.6

17.1

19.3

29.6

16.4

19.5

23.1

Gender

 

Male

78.5

84.3

88.2

86.2

94.3

87.8

87.5

73.2

49.2

73.8

57.7

94.9

Female

21.5

15.7

11.8

13.8

5.7

12.2

12.5

26.8

50.8

26.2

42.3

5.1

Race/Ethnic Group

 

White

83.9

67.0

82.0

83.5

83.2

91.2

86.3

86.8

84.9

86.4

91.6

70.8

Black

2.0

1.2

1.4

1.5

0.8

0.4

1.3

1.8

4.3

3.6

3.1

1.3

Asian

11.5

28.7

13.4

12.6

14.2

6.6

10.1

9.3

8.0

6.8

2.0

25.6

Native American

2.2

2.8

3.0

2.1

1.5

1.5

2.1

1.9

2.0

2.6

2.6

2.1

Hispanic

0.4

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.1

0.4

0.3

0.3

0.8

0.6

0.6

0.2

Age in 1995

 

34 or Younger

11.4

27.6

10.0

13.6

13.3

10.5

7.2

12.4

5.9

6.3

8.3

16.8

35-44

30.9

53.7

24.7

27.7

24.7

31.3

33.2

33.8

35.2

26.6

33.5

32.0

45-54

32.6

17.4

40.2

27.9

33.0

31.9

30.7

30.8

37.3

38.2

37.1

27.3

55-64

16.0

1.1

18.9

18.4

18.7

17.3

17.8

14.0

14.9

17.9

13.6

16.2

65-75

9.1

0.3

6.2

12.4

10.3

8.9

11.2

8.9

6.7

11.0

7.5

7.6

Citizenship

 

U.S. Citizen

92.1

71.7

89.2

93.4

90.4

93.5

93.0

93.9

94.9

93.3

98.2

84.5

Non-U.S. Citizen

7.9

28.3

10.8

6.6

9.6

6.5

7.0

6.1

5.1

6.7

1.8

15.5

NOTE: Numbers are rounded to the nearest hundred; therefore, subcategories may not add to total.

SOURCE: National Research Council/National Science Foundation, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1995.



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