TABLE 4 Employment Status of Science and Engineering Ph.D.s, by Field of Doctorate, 1995 (in percent)

 

Field of Doctorate

Employment Status

All Fields

Computer Sciences

Mathematical Sciences

Chemistry

Physics and Astronomy

Earth/Atmospheric/Marine Sciences

Agricultural/Environmental Sciences

Biological Sciences

Health Sciences

Social Sciences

Psychology

Engineering

Total Population (No.)

542,500

6,600

25,200

61,400

38,700

16,500

22,400

109,900

16,900

75,800

82,200

87,000

Full-Time Employed *

84.1

96.5

86.3

81.7

84.9

83.2

82.2

84.7

85.9

83.6

80.5

87.4

Part-Time Employed *

5.2

1.4

4.4

4.0

3.9

3.9

3.9

3.8

5.5

5.6

11.8

3.0

Not Employed **

10.6

2.1

9.3

14.4

11.1

12.9

13.9

11.4

8.6

10.8

7.7

9.6

Seeking Employment

1.4

0.9

1.6

1.9

1.4

1.7

1.5

1.5

1.4

1.0

0.6

1.6

Retired

7.5

0.0

6.5

10.8

8.2

9.3

11.1

7.2

5.6

8.0

4.9

7.0

Not Seeking Employment

1.8

1.3

1.3

1.7

1.6

1.8

1.3

2.7

1.6

1.8

2.3

0.9

NOTE: Numbers are rounded to the nearest hundred; therefore, subcategories may not add to total.

*Includes those who held postdoctoral appointments.

**Percentages are not unemployment rates because they are based on the total population, which includes those retired and those not seeking employment; none of these is considered part of the labor force in this report. Unemployment rates are shown in Table 7.

SOURCE: National Research Council/National Science Foundation, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1995.



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