TABLE 5 Reasons for Not Working as Reported by Science and Engineering Ph.D.s, by Field of Doctorate, 1995 (in percent)

 

Field of Doctorate

Reasons for Not Working

All Fields

Computer Sciences

Mathematical Sciences

Chemistry

Physics and Astronomy

Earth/Atmospheric/Marine Sciences

Agricultural/Environmental Sciences

Biological Sciences

Health Sciences

Social Sciences

Psychology

Engineering

Total Not Employed (No.)

57,800

*

2,300

8,800

4,300

2,100

3,100

12,600

1,500

8,200

6,300

8,400

Retired

72.3

*

73.0

78.8

76.5

73.2

80.7

65.1

65.6

75.3

64.3

75.9

On Layoff

5.9

*

8.0

6.6

6.1

8.0

4.9

6.2

8.4

3.0

1.8

9.4

Student

2.8

*

1.4

0.7

2.2

4.3

1.6

4.7

3.0

2.1

5.4

1.9

Family Responsibilities

6.6

*

6.6

4.8

2.8

7.8

3.6

9.7

8.2

4.8

13.7

2.5

Ill/Disabled

5.1

*

5.1

3.5

5.1

3.3

2.0

6.5

6.3

6.1

9.2

2.2

Suitable Job Not Available

10.3

*

13.1

9.0

12.0

12.3

6.6

10.0

10.9

9.8

10.0

11.1

No Need or Desire to Work

8.8

*

14.5

8.3

10.0

11.1

6.7

9.0

13.8

7.4

13.2

4.1

Other Reason

6.8

*

5.4

4.1

8.5

7.9

8.7

8.3

5.7

4.8

6.5

7.9

NOTE: Numbers are rounded to the nearest hundred; therefore, subcategories may not add to total. Percentages may total more than 100 because multiple answers were allowed.

*Too few cases to estimate.

SOURCE: National Research Council/National Science Foundation, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1995.



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