TABLE 7 Labor Force Status of Science and Engineering Ph.D.s, by Field of Doctorate and Gender, 1995 (in percent)

 

Field of Doctorate

Labor Force Status and Gender

All Fields

Computer Sciences

Mathematical Sciences

Chemistry

Physics and Astronomy

Earth/Atmospheric/Marine Sciences

Agricultural/Environmental Sciences

Biological Sciences

Health Sciences

Social Sciences

Psychology

Engineering

Total Ph.D. Labor Force (No.)

492,100

6,500

23,200

53,700

35,000

14,600

19,700

99,000

15,700

68,300

76,300

80,100

Full-Time Employed *

92.8

97.7

93.5

93.3

94.1

93.6

93.8

94.1

92.6

92.8

86.7

95.0

Part-Time Employed *

5.8

1.4

4.8

4.5

4.4

4.4

4.5

4.3

5.9

6.2

12.7

3.2

Unemployed and Seeking

1.5

0.9

1.7

2.2

1.6

2.0

1.7

1.7

1.5

1.1

0.6

1.8

Male

385,200

5,500

20,500

46,200

33,000

12,800

17,100

72,500

7,700

50,100

44,000

75,800

Full-Time Employed *

94.5

98.1

94.7

93.5

94.3

94.1

94.4

95.3

94.0

94.0

92.7

95.4

Part-Time Employed *

4.1

1.0

3.5

4.3

4.2

3.8

4.0

3.2

4.2

5.0

6.6

3.0

Unemployed and Seeking

1.5

0.9

1.7

2.2

1.4

2.1

1.6

1.6

1.8

1.0

0.7

1.6

Female

106,900

**

2,700

7,500

2,000

1,800

2,600

26,500

8,100

18,200

32,300

4,200

Full-Time Employed *

86.6

**

84.5

92.0

89.4

90.1

89.9

90.8

91.2

89.3

78.5

87.8

Part-Time Employed *

11.8

**

14.1

5.8

6.9

8.6

7.7

7.3

7.5

9.3

20.9

7.5

Unemployed and Seeking

1.5

**

1.4

2.2

3.7

1.2

2.4

1.9

1.3

1.4

0.6

4.7

NOTE: Numbers are rounded to the nearest hundred; therefore, subcategories may not add to total.

*Includes those who held postdoctoral appointments.

**Too few cases to estimate.

SOURCE: National Research Council/National Science Foundation, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1995.



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