TABLE 8 Employment Sector of Science and Engineering Ph.D.s, by Field of Doctorate, 1995 (in percent)

 

Field of Doctorate

Employment Sector

All Fields

Computer Sciences

Mathematical Sciences

Chemistry

Physcis and Astronomy

Earth/Atmospheric/Marine Sciences

Agricultural/Environmental Sciences

Biological Sciences

Health Sciences

Social Sciences

Psychology

Engineering

Employed Population (No.)

484,800

6,400

22,800

52,500

34,400

14,400

19,300

97,400

15,500

67,600

75,800

78,600

Educational Institution

48.5

50.2

67.0

33.1

47.7

47.7

47.1

58.8

56.2

65.7

39.8

33.1

2-Year College

1.4

0.6

2.0

1.9

1.2

1.4

1.3

1.6

1.3

2.2

1.4

0.3

4-Year College/University

41.2

45.5

59.3

26.0

34.5

36.8

39.2

52.3

50.7

58.8

33.1

27.3

University-Affiliated Research Institute

4.7

3.6

5.0

4.4

11.2

8.9

6.0

4.2

3.1

4.0

1.5

5.3

Elementary or Secondary School

1.1

0.5

0.7

0.8

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.7

1.1

0.8

3.9

0.1

Private For-Profit Company

30.3

43.2

22.6

55.2

33.5

22.5

30.1

22.3

21.2

10.9

19.1

53.8

Self-Employed

5.9

1.3

2.1

2.7

2.8

3.8

4.4

3.1

3.6

4.6

20.0

3.1

Private Not-for-Profit Organization

4.9

2.0

3.3

2.9

5.6

4.8

2.3

4.9

7.4

5.0

9.1

2.9

State/Local Government

2.7

0.7

0.5

1.0

0.5

3.0

2.9

2.3

4.0

4.0

7.0

0.8

U.S. Government

7.1

2.2

4.2

4.7

9.7

17.9

12.9

8.4

7.0

7.4

4.8

6.1

Other Employer

0.6

0.4

0.3

0.3

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.2

0.6

2.4

0.3

0.2

NOTE: Numbers are rounded to the nearest hundred; therefore, subcategories may not add to total.

SOURCE: National Research Council/National Science Foundation, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1995.



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